Changeset 374


Ignore:
Timestamp:
Nov 13, 2008, 2:27:55 PM (11 years ago)
Author:
julian.reschke@…
Message:

Resolve #34: update to current URI spec, get rid of discussion of URI history (closes #34)

Location:
draft-ietf-httpbis/latest
Files:
8 edited

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  • draft-ietf-httpbis/latest/p1-messaging.html

    r372 r374  
    516516      <ul class="toc">
    517517         <li class="tocline0">1.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#introduction">Introduction</a><ul class="toc">
    518                <li class="tocline1">1.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#intro.purpose">Purpose</a></li>
    519                <li class="tocline1">1.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#intro.requirements">Requirements</a></li>
    520                <li class="tocline1">1.3&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#intro.overall.operation">Overall Operation</a></li>
     518               <li class="tocline1">1.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#intro.requirements">Requirements</a></li>
     519               <li class="tocline1">1.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#intro.overall.operation">Overall Operation</a></li>
    521520            </ul>
    522521         </li>
     
    530529               <li class="tocline1">3.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#http.version">HTTP Version</a></li>
    531530               <li class="tocline1">3.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#uri">Uniform Resource Identifiers</a><ul class="toc">
    532                      <li class="tocline1">3.2.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#general.syntax">General Syntax</a></li>
    533                      <li class="tocline1">3.2.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#http.url">http URL</a></li>
    534                      <li class="tocline1">3.2.3&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#uri.comparison">URI Comparison</a></li>
     531                     <li class="tocline1">3.2.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#http.uri">http URI scheme</a></li>
     532                     <li class="tocline1">3.2.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#uri.comparison">URI Comparison</a></li>
    535533                  </ul>
    536534               </li>
     
    658656      </ul>
    659657      <h1 id="rfc.section.1" class="np"><a href="#rfc.section.1">1.</a>&nbsp;<a id="introduction" href="#introduction">Introduction</a></h1>
    660       <p id="rfc.section.1.p.1">The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application-level protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information
    661          systems. HTTP has been in use by the World-Wide Web global information initiative since 1990. The first version of HTTP, commonly
    662          referred to as HTTP/0.9, was a simple protocol for raw data transfer across the Internet with only a single method and no
    663          metadata. HTTP/1.0, as defined by <a href="#RFC1945" id="rfc.xref.RFC1945.1"><cite title="Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.0">[RFC1945]</cite></a>, improved the protocol by allowing messages to be in the format of MIME-like messages, containing metadata about the data
    664          transferred and modifiers on the request/response semantics. However, HTTP/1.0 did not sufficiently take into consideration
    665          the effects of hierarchical proxies, caching, the need for persistent connections, or name-based virtual hosts. In addition,
    666          the proliferation of incompletely-implemented applications calling themselves "HTTP/1.0" necessitated a protocol version change
    667          in order for two communicating applications to determine each other's true capabilities.
    668       </p>
    669       <p id="rfc.section.1.p.2">This document is Part 1 of the seven-part specification that defines the protocol referred to as "HTTP/1.1", obsoleting <a href="#RFC2616" id="rfc.xref.RFC2616.1"><cite title="Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1">[RFC2616]</cite></a>. HTTP/1.1 remains compatible with HTTP/1.0 by including more stringent requirements that enable reliable implementations
    670          and adding only those new features that will either be safely ignored by an HTTP/1.0 recipient or only sent when communicating
    671          with a party advertising compliance with HTTP/1.1. Part 1 defines those aspects of HTTP/1.1 related to overall network operation,
    672          message framing, interaction with transport protocols, and URI schemes.
    673       </p>
    674       <p id="rfc.section.1.p.3">This document is currently disorganized in order to minimize the changes between drafts and enable reviewers to see the smaller
    675          errata changes. The next draft will reorganize the sections to better reflect the content. In particular, the sections will
    676          be organized according to the typical process of deciding when to use HTTP (URI schemes), overall network operation, connection
    677          management, message framing, and generic message parsing. The current mess reflects how widely dispersed these topics and
    678          associated requirements had become in <a href="#RFC2616" id="rfc.xref.RFC2616.2"><cite title="Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1">[RFC2616]</cite></a>.
    679       </p>
    680       <h2 id="rfc.section.1.1"><a href="#rfc.section.1.1">1.1</a>&nbsp;<a id="intro.purpose" href="#intro.purpose">Purpose</a></h2>
    681       <p id="rfc.section.1.1.p.1">Practical information systems require more functionality than simple retrieval, including search, front-end update, and annotation.
    682          HTTP allows an open-ended set of methods and headers that indicate the purpose of a request <a href="#RFC2324" id="rfc.xref.RFC2324.1"><cite title="Hyper Text Coffee Pot Control Protocol (HTCPCP/1.0)">[RFC2324]</cite></a>. It builds on the discipline of reference provided by the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) <a href="#RFC1630" id="rfc.xref.RFC1630.1"><cite title="Universal Resource Identifiers in WWW: A Unifying Syntax for the Expression of Names and Addresses of Objects on the Network as used in the World-Wide Web">[RFC1630]</cite></a>, as a location (URL) <a href="#RFC1738" id="rfc.xref.RFC1738.1"><cite title="Uniform Resource Locators (URL)">[RFC1738]</cite></a> or name (URN) <a href="#RFC1737" id="rfc.xref.RFC1737.1"><cite title="Functional Requirements for Uniform Resource Names">[RFC1737]</cite></a>, for indicating the resource to which a method is to be applied. Messages are passed in a format similar to that used by
    683          Internet mail <a href="#RFC5322" id="rfc.xref.RFC5322.1"><cite title="Internet Message Format">[RFC5322]</cite></a> as defined by the Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) <a href="#RFC2045" id="rfc.xref.RFC2045.1"><cite title="Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) Part One: Format of Internet Message Bodies">[RFC2045]</cite></a>.
    684       </p>
    685       <p id="rfc.section.1.1.p.2">HTTP is also used as a generic protocol for communication between user agents and proxies/gateways to other Internet systems,
    686          including those supported by the SMTP <a href="#RFC2821" id="rfc.xref.RFC2821.1"><cite title="Simple Mail Transfer Protocol">[RFC2821]</cite></a>, NNTP <a href="#RFC3977" id="rfc.xref.RFC3977.1"><cite title="Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP)">[RFC3977]</cite></a>, FTP <a href="#RFC959" id="rfc.xref.RFC959.1"><cite title="File Transfer Protocol">[RFC959]</cite></a>, Gopher <a href="#RFC1436" id="rfc.xref.RFC1436.1"><cite title="The Internet Gopher Protocol (a distributed document search and retrieval protocol)">[RFC1436]</cite></a>, and WAIS <a href="#WAIS" id="rfc.xref.WAIS.1"><cite title="WAIS Interface Protocol Prototype Functional Specification (v1.5)">[WAIS]</cite></a> protocols. In this way, HTTP allows basic hypermedia access to resources available from diverse applications.
    687       </p>
    688       <h2 id="rfc.section.1.2"><a href="#rfc.section.1.2">1.2</a>&nbsp;<a id="intro.requirements" href="#intro.requirements">Requirements</a></h2>
    689       <p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.1">The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL"
     658      <p id="rfc.section.1.p.1">The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application-level request/response protocol that uses extensible semantics and
     659         MIME-like message payloads for flexible interaction with network-based hypermedia information systems. HTTP relies upon the
     660         Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) standard <a href="#RFC3986" id="rfc.xref.RFC3986.1"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC3986]</cite></a> to indicate resource targets for interaction and to identify other resources. Messages are passed in a format similar to that
     661         used by Internet mail <a href="#RFC5322" id="rfc.xref.RFC5322.1"><cite title="Internet Message Format">[RFC5322]</cite></a> and the Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) <a href="#RFC2045" id="rfc.xref.RFC2045.1"><cite title="Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) Part One: Format of Internet Message Bodies">[RFC2045]</cite></a> (see <a href="p3-payload.html#differences.between.http.entities.and.rfc.2045.entities" title="Differences Between HTTP Entities and RFC 2045 Entities">Appendix A</a> of <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a> for the differences between HTTP and MIME messages).
     662      </p>
     663      <p id="rfc.section.1.p.2">HTTP is also designed for use as a generic protocol for translating communication to and from other Internet information systems,
     664         such as USENET news services via NNTP <a href="#RFC3977" id="rfc.xref.RFC3977.1"><cite title="Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP)">[RFC3977]</cite></a>, file services via FTP <a href="#RFC959" id="rfc.xref.RFC959.1"><cite title="File Transfer Protocol">[RFC959]</cite></a>, Gopher <a href="#RFC1436" id="rfc.xref.RFC1436.1"><cite title="The Internet Gopher Protocol (a distributed document search and retrieval protocol)">[RFC1436]</cite></a>, and WAIS <a href="#WAIS" id="rfc.xref.WAIS.1"><cite title="WAIS Interface Protocol Prototype Functional Specification (v1.5)">[WAIS]</cite></a>. HTTP proxies and gateways provide access to alternative information services by translating their diverse protocols into
     665         a hypermedia format that can be viewed and manipulated by clients in the same way as HTTP services.
     666      </p>
     667      <p id="rfc.section.1.p.3">This document is Part 1 of the seven-part specification of HTTP, defining the protocol referred to as "HTTP/1.1" and obsoleting <a href="#RFC2616" id="rfc.xref.RFC2616.1"><cite title="Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1">[RFC2616]</cite></a>. Part 1 defines how clients determine when to use HTTP, the URI schemes specific to HTTP-based resources, overall network
     668         operation with transport protocol connection management, and HTTP message framing. Our goal is to define all of the mechanisms
     669         necessary for HTTP message handling that are independent of message semantics, thereby defining the complete set of requirements
     670         for an HTTP message relay or generic message parser.
     671      </p>
     672      <h2 id="rfc.section.1.1"><a href="#rfc.section.1.1">1.1</a>&nbsp;<a id="intro.requirements" href="#intro.requirements">Requirements</a></h2>
     673      <p id="rfc.section.1.1.p.1">The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL"
    690674         in this document are to be interpreted as described in <a href="#RFC2119" id="rfc.xref.RFC2119.1"><cite title="Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels">[RFC2119]</cite></a>.
    691675      </p>
    692       <p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.2">An implementation is not compliant if it fails to satisfy one or more of the <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> or <em class="bcp14">REQUIRED</em> level requirements for the protocols it implements. An implementation that satisfies all the <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> or <em class="bcp14">REQUIRED</em> level and all the <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> level requirements for its protocols is said to be "unconditionally compliant"; one that satisfies all the <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> level requirements but not all the <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> level requirements for its protocols is said to be "conditionally compliant."
    693       </p>
    694       <h2 id="rfc.section.1.3"><a href="#rfc.section.1.3">1.3</a>&nbsp;<a id="intro.overall.operation" href="#intro.overall.operation">Overall Operation</a></h2>
    695       <p id="rfc.section.1.3.p.1">HTTP is a request/response protocol. A client sends a request to the server in the form of a request method, URI, and protocol
     676      <p id="rfc.section.1.1.p.2">An implementation is not compliant if it fails to satisfy one or more of the <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> or <em class="bcp14">REQUIRED</em> level requirements for the protocols it implements. An implementation that satisfies all the <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> or <em class="bcp14">REQUIRED</em> level and all the <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> level requirements for its protocols is said to be "unconditionally compliant"; one that satisfies all the <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> level requirements but not all the <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> level requirements for its protocols is said to be "conditionally compliant."
     677      </p>
     678      <h2 id="rfc.section.1.2"><a href="#rfc.section.1.2">1.2</a>&nbsp;<a id="intro.overall.operation" href="#intro.overall.operation">Overall Operation</a></h2>
     679      <p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.1">HTTP is a request/response protocol. A client sends a request to the server in the form of a request method, URI, and protocol
    696680         version, followed by a MIME-like message containing request modifiers, client information, and possible body content over
    697681         a connection with a server. The server responds with a status line, including the message's protocol version and a success
    698682         or error code, followed by a MIME-like message containing server information, entity metainformation, and possible entity-body
    699          content. The relationship between HTTP and MIME is described in <a href="p3-payload.html#differences.between.http.entities.and.rfc.2045.entities" title="Differences Between HTTP Entities and RFC 2045 Entities">Appendix A</a> of <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>.
    700       </p>
    701       <p id="rfc.section.1.3.p.2">Most HTTP communication is initiated by a user agent and consists of a request to be applied to a resource on some origin
     683         content. The relationship between HTTP and MIME is described in <a href="p3-payload.html#differences.between.http.entities.and.rfc.2045.entities" title="Differences Between HTTP Entities and RFC 2045 Entities">Appendix A</a> of <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>.
     684      </p>
     685      <p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.2">Most HTTP communication is initiated by a user agent and consists of a request to be applied to a resource on some origin
    702686         server. In the simplest case, this may be accomplished via a single connection (v) between the user agent (UA) and the origin
    703687         server (O).
     
    706690    UA -------------------v------------------- O
    707691       &lt;----------------------- response chain
    708 </pre><p id="rfc.section.1.3.p.4">A more complicated situation occurs when one or more intermediaries are present in the request/response chain. There are three
     692</pre><p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.4">A more complicated situation occurs when one or more intermediaries are present in the request/response chain. There are three
    709693         common forms of intermediary: proxy, gateway, and tunnel. A proxy is a forwarding agent, receiving requests for a URI in its
    710694         absolute form, rewriting all or part of the message, and forwarding the reformatted request toward the server identified by
     
    717701    UA -----v----- A -----v----- B -----v----- C -----v----- O
    718702       &lt;------------------------------------- response chain
    719 </pre><p id="rfc.section.1.3.p.6">The figure above shows three intermediaries (A, B, and C) between the user agent and origin server. A request or response
     703</pre><p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.6">The figure above shows three intermediaries (A, B, and C) between the user agent and origin server. A request or response
    720704         message that travels the whole chain will pass through four separate connections. This distinction is important because some
    721705         HTTP communication options may apply only to the connection with the nearest, non-tunnel neighbor, only to the end-points
     
    724708         to servers other than C, at the same time that it is handling A's request.
    725709      </p>
    726       <p id="rfc.section.1.3.p.7">Any party to the communication which is not acting as a tunnel may employ an internal cache for handling requests. The effect
     710      <p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.7">Any party to the communication which is not acting as a tunnel may employ an internal cache for handling requests. The effect
    727711         of a cache is that the request/response chain is shortened if one of the participants along the chain has a cached response
    728712         applicable to that request. The following illustrates the resulting chain if B has a cached copy of an earlier response from
     
    732716       UA -----v----- A -----v----- B - - - - - - C - - - - - - O
    733717          &lt;--------- response chain
    734 </pre><p id="rfc.section.1.3.p.9">Not all responses are usefully cacheable, and some requests may contain modifiers which place special requirements on cache
     718</pre><p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.9">Not all responses are usefully cacheable, and some requests may contain modifiers which place special requirements on cache
    735719         behavior. HTTP requirements for cache behavior and cacheable responses are defined in <a href="p6-cache.html#caching" title="Introduction">Section 1</a> of <a href="#Part6" id="rfc.xref.Part6.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 6: Caching">[Part6]</cite></a>.
    736720      </p>
    737       <p id="rfc.section.1.3.p.10">In fact, there are a wide variety of architectures and configurations of caches and proxies currently being experimented with
     721      <p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.10">In fact, there are a wide variety of architectures and configurations of caches and proxies currently being experimented with
    738722         or deployed across the World Wide Web. These systems include national hierarchies of proxy caches to save transoceanic bandwidth,
    739723         systems that broadcast or multicast cache entries, organizations that distribute subsets of cached data via CD-ROM, and so
     
    743727         failing that, at least reliable indications of failure.
    744728      </p>
    745       <p id="rfc.section.1.3.p.11">HTTP communication usually takes place over TCP/IP connections. The default port is TCP 80 (&lt;<a href="http://www.iana.org/assignments/port-numbers">http://www.iana.org/assignments/port-numbers</a>&gt;), but other ports can be used. This does not preclude HTTP from being implemented on top of any other protocol on the Internet,
     729      <p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.11">HTTP communication usually takes place over TCP/IP connections. The default port is TCP 80 (&lt;<a href="http://www.iana.org/assignments/port-numbers">http://www.iana.org/assignments/port-numbers</a>&gt;), but other ports can be used. This does not preclude HTTP from being implemented on top of any other protocol on the Internet,
    746730         or on other networks. HTTP only presumes a reliable transport; any protocol that provides such guarantees can be used; the
    747731         mapping of the HTTP/1.1 request and response structures onto the transport data units of the protocol in question is outside
    748732         the scope of this specification.
    749733      </p>
    750       <p id="rfc.section.1.3.p.12">In HTTP/1.0, most implementations used a new connection for each request/response exchange. In HTTP/1.1, a connection may
     734      <p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.12">In HTTP/1.0, most implementations used a new connection for each request/response exchange. In HTTP/1.1, a connection may
    751735         be used for one or more request/response exchanges, although connections may be closed for a variety of reasons (see <a href="#persistent.connections" title="Persistent Connections">Section&nbsp;7.1</a>).
    752736      </p>
     
    773757      <div id="rule.CRLF">
    774758         <p id="rfc.section.2.2.p.2">  HTTP/1.1 defines the sequence CR LF as the end-of-line marker for all protocol elements except the entity-body (see <a href="#tolerant.applications" title="Tolerant Applications">Appendix&nbsp;A</a> for tolerant applications). The end-of-line marker within an entity-body is defined by its associated media type, as described
    775             in <a href="p3-payload.html#media.types" title="Media Types">Section 3.3</a> of <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>.
     759            in <a href="p3-payload.html#media.types" title="Media Types">Section 3.3</a> of <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.3"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>.
    776760         </p>
    777761      </div>
     
    845829      <div id="rfc.figure.u.12"></div><pre class="inline">  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">request-header</a>  = &lt;request-header, defined in <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics">[Part2]</cite></a>, <a href="p2-semantics.html#request.header.fields" title="Request Header Fields">Section 4</a>&gt;
    846830  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">response-header</a> = &lt;response-header, defined in <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics">[Part2]</cite></a>, <a href="p2-semantics.html#response.header.fields" title="Response Header Fields">Section 6</a>&gt;
    847 </pre><div id="rfc.figure.u.13"></div><pre class="inline">  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">accept-params</a>   = &lt;accept-params, defined in <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.3"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>, <a href="p3-payload.html#header.accept" title="Accept">Section 6.1</a>&gt;
    848   <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">entity-body</a>     = &lt;entity-body, defined in <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.4"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>, <a href="p3-payload.html#entity.body" title="Entity Body">Section 4.2</a>&gt;
    849   <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">entity-header</a>   = &lt;entity-header, defined in <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>, <a href="p3-payload.html#entity.header.fields" title="Entity Header Fields">Section 4.1</a>&gt;
     831</pre><div id="rfc.figure.u.13"></div><pre class="inline">  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">accept-params</a>   = &lt;accept-params, defined in <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.4"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>, <a href="p3-payload.html#header.accept" title="Accept">Section 6.1</a>&gt;
     832  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">entity-body</a>     = &lt;entity-body, defined in <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>, <a href="p3-payload.html#entity.body" title="Entity Body">Section 4.2</a>&gt;
     833  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">entity-header</a>   = &lt;entity-header, defined in <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.6"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>, <a href="p3-payload.html#entity.header.fields" title="Entity Header Fields">Section 4.1</a>&gt;
    850834</pre><div id="rfc.figure.u.14"></div><pre class="inline">  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">Cache-Control</a>   = &lt;Cache-Control, defined in <a href="#Part6" id="rfc.xref.Part6.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 6: Caching">[Part6]</cite></a>, <a href="p6-cache.html#header.pragma" title="Pragma">Section 16.4</a>&gt;
    851835  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">Pragma</a>          = &lt;Pragma, defined in <a href="#Part6" id="rfc.xref.Part6.3"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 6: Caching">[Part6]</cite></a>, <a href="p6-cache.html#header.pragma" title="Pragma">Section 16.4</a>&gt;
     
    884868      </dl>
    885869      <h2 id="rfc.section.3.2"><a href="#rfc.section.3.2">3.2</a>&nbsp;<a id="uri" href="#uri">Uniform Resource Identifiers</a></h2>
    886       <p id="rfc.section.3.2.p.1">URIs have been known by many names: WWW addresses, Universal Document Identifiers, Universal Resource Identifiers <a href="#RFC1630" id="rfc.xref.RFC1630.2"><cite title="Universal Resource Identifiers in WWW: A Unifying Syntax for the Expression of Names and Addresses of Objects on the Network as used in the World-Wide Web">[RFC1630]</cite></a>, and finally the combination of Uniform Resource Locators (URL) <a href="#RFC1738" id="rfc.xref.RFC1738.2"><cite title="Uniform Resource Locators (URL)">[RFC1738]</cite></a> and Names (URN) <a href="#RFC1737" id="rfc.xref.RFC1737.2"><cite title="Functional Requirements for Uniform Resource Names">[RFC1737]</cite></a>. As far as HTTP is concerned, Uniform Resource Identifiers are simply formatted strings which identify--via name, location,
    887          or any other characteristic--a resource.
    888       </p>
    889       <h3 id="rfc.section.3.2.1"><a href="#rfc.section.3.2.1">3.2.1</a>&nbsp;<a id="general.syntax" href="#general.syntax">General Syntax</a></h3>
    890       <p id="rfc.section.3.2.1.p.1">URIs in HTTP can be represented in absolute form or relative to some known base URI <a href="#RFC1808" id="rfc.xref.RFC1808.1"><cite title="Relative Uniform Resource Locators">[RFC1808]</cite></a>, depending upon the context of their use. The two forms are differentiated by the fact that absolute URIs always begin with
    891          a scheme name followed by a colon. For definitive information on URL syntax and semantics, see "Uniform Resource Identifiers
    892          (URI): Generic Syntax and Semantics," <a href="#RFC2396" id="rfc.xref.RFC2396.1"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC2396]</cite></a> (which replaces <a href="#RFC1738" id="rfc.xref.RFC1738.3"><cite title="Uniform Resource Locators (URL)">[RFC1738]</cite></a> and <a href="#RFC1808" id="rfc.xref.RFC1808.2"><cite title="Relative Uniform Resource Locators">[RFC1808]</cite></a>). This specification adopts the definitions of "URI-reference", "absoluteURI", "fragment", "relativeURI", "port", "host",
    893          "abs_path", "query", and "authority" from that specification:
    894       </p>
    895       <div id="rfc.figure.u.16"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.15"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.16"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.17"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.18"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.19"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.20"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.21"></span>  <a href="#general.syntax" class="smpl">absoluteURI</a>   = &lt;absoluteURI, defined in <a href="#RFC2396" id="rfc.xref.RFC2396.2"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC2396]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2396#section-3">Section 3</a>&gt;
    896   <a href="#general.syntax" class="smpl">authority</a>     = &lt;authority, defined in <a href="#RFC2396" id="rfc.xref.RFC2396.3"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC2396]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2396#section-3.2">Section 3.2</a>&gt;
    897   <a href="#general.syntax" class="smpl">fragment</a>      = &lt;fragment, defined in <a href="#RFC2396" id="rfc.xref.RFC2396.4"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC2396]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2396#section-4.1">Section 4.1</a>&gt;
    898   <a href="#general.syntax" class="smpl">path-absolute</a> = &lt;abs_path, defined in <a href="#RFC2396" id="rfc.xref.RFC2396.5"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC2396]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2396#section-3">Section 3</a>&gt;
    899   <a href="#general.syntax" class="smpl">port</a>          = &lt;port, defined in <a href="#RFC2396" id="rfc.xref.RFC2396.6"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC2396]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2396#section-3.2.2">Section 3.2.2</a>&gt;
    900   <a href="#general.syntax" class="smpl">query</a>         = &lt;query, defined in <a href="#RFC2396" id="rfc.xref.RFC2396.7"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC2396]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2396#section-3.4">Section 3.4</a>&gt;
    901   <a href="#general.syntax" class="smpl">relativeURI</a>   = &lt;relativeURI, defined in <a href="#RFC2396" id="rfc.xref.RFC2396.8"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC2396]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2396#section-5">Section 5</a>&gt;
    902   <a href="#general.syntax" class="smpl">uri-host</a>      = &lt;host, defined in <a href="#RFC2396" id="rfc.xref.RFC2396.9"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC2396]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2396#section-3.2.2">Section 3.2.2</a>&gt;
    903 </pre><p id="rfc.section.3.2.1.p.3">HTTP does not place any a priori limit on the length of a URI. Servers <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be able to handle the URI of any resource they serve, and <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> be able to handle URIs of unbounded length if they provide GET-based forms that could generate such URIs. A server <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> return 414 (Request-URI Too Long) status if a URI is longer than the server can handle (see <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.414" title="414 Request-URI Too Long">Section 9.4.15</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.3"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics">[Part2]</cite></a>).
    904       </p>
    905       <p id="rfc.section.3.2.1.p.4"> </p>
     870      <p id="rfc.section.3.2.p.1">Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs) <a href="#RFC3986" id="rfc.xref.RFC3986.2"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC3986]</cite></a> are used in HTTP to indicate the target of a request and to identify additional resources related to that resource, the request,
     871         or the response. Each protocol element in HTTP that allows a URI reference will indicate in its ABNF whether the element allows
     872         only a URI in absolute form, any relative reference, or some limited subset of the URI-reference grammar. Unless otherwise
     873         indicated, relative URI references are to be parsed relative to the URI corresponding to the request target (the base URI).
     874      </p>
     875      <p id="rfc.section.3.2.p.2">This specification adopts the definitions of "URI-reference", "absolute-URI", "fragment", "port", "host", "path-abempty",
     876         "path-absolute", "query", and "authority" from <a href="#RFC3986" id="rfc.xref.RFC3986.3"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC3986]</cite></a>:
     877      </p>
     878      <div id="rfc.figure.u.16"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.15"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.16"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.17"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.18"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.19"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.20"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.21"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.22"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.23"></span>  <a href="#uri" class="smpl">absolute-URI</a>   = &lt;absolute-URI, defined in <a href="#RFC3986" id="rfc.xref.RFC3986.4"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC3986]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#section-4.3">Section 4.3</a>&gt;
     879  <a href="#uri" class="smpl">authority</a>     = &lt;authority, defined in <a href="#RFC3986" id="rfc.xref.RFC3986.5"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC3986]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#section-3.2">Section 3.2</a>&gt;
     880  <a href="#uri" class="smpl">fragment</a>      = &lt;fragment, defined in <a href="#RFC3986" id="rfc.xref.RFC3986.6"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC3986]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#section-3.5">Section 3.5</a>&gt;
     881  <a href="#uri" class="smpl">path-abempty</a>  = &lt;path-abempty, defined in <a href="#RFC3986" id="rfc.xref.RFC3986.7"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC3986]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#section-3.3">Section 3.3</a>&gt;
     882  <a href="#uri" class="smpl">path-absolute</a> = &lt;path-absolute, defined in <a href="#RFC3986" id="rfc.xref.RFC3986.8"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC3986]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#section-3.3">Section 3.3</a>&gt;
     883  <a href="#uri" class="smpl">port</a>          = &lt;port, defined in <a href="#RFC3986" id="rfc.xref.RFC3986.9"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC3986]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#section-3.2.3">Section 3.2.3</a>&gt;
     884  <a href="#uri" class="smpl">query</a>         = &lt;query, defined in <a href="#RFC3986" id="rfc.xref.RFC3986.10"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC3986]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#section-3.4">Section 3.4</a>&gt;
     885  <a href="#uri" class="smpl">uri-host</a>      = &lt;host, defined in <a href="#RFC3986" id="rfc.xref.RFC3986.11"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC3986]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#section-3.2.2">Section 3.2.2</a>&gt;
     886
     887  <a href="#uri" class="smpl">relative-part</a> = &lt;relative-part, defined in <a href="#RFC3986" id="rfc.xref.RFC3986.12"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC3986]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#section-4.2">Section 4.2</a>&gt;
     888  <a href="#uri" class="smpl">relativeURI</a>   = <a href="#uri" class="smpl">relative-part</a> [ "?" <a href="#uri" class="smpl">query</a> ]
     889</pre><p id="rfc.section.3.2.p.4">HTTP does not place an a priori limit on the length of a URI. Servers <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be able to handle the URI of any resource they serve, and <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> be able to handle URIs of unbounded length if they provide GET-based forms that could generate such URIs. A server <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> return 414 (Request-URI Too Long) status if a URI is longer than the server can handle (see <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.414" title="414 Request-URI Too Long">Section 9.4.15</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.3"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics">[Part2]</cite></a>).
     890      </p>
     891      <p id="rfc.section.3.2.p.5"> </p>
    906892      <dl class="empty">
    907893         <dd> <b>Note:</b> Servers ought to be cautious about depending on URI lengths above 255 bytes, because some older client or proxy implementations
     
    909895         </dd>
    910896      </dl>
    911       <h3 id="rfc.section.3.2.2"><a href="#rfc.section.3.2.2">3.2.2</a>&nbsp;<a id="http.url" href="#http.url">http URL</a></h3>
     897      <h3 id="rfc.section.3.2.1"><a href="#rfc.section.3.2.1">3.2.1</a>&nbsp;<a id="http.uri" href="#http.uri">http URI scheme</a></h3>
    912898      <div id="rfc.iref.h.1"></div>
    913899      <div id="rfc.iref.u.1"></div>
    914       <p id="rfc.section.3.2.2.p.1">The "http" scheme is used to locate network resources via the HTTP protocol. This section defines the scheme-specific syntax
    915          and semantics for http URLs.
    916       </p>
    917       <div id="rfc.figure.u.17"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.22"></span>  <a href="#http.url" class="smpl">http-URL</a> = "http:" "//" <a href="#general.syntax" class="smpl">uri-host</a> [ ":" <a href="#general.syntax" class="smpl">port</a> ]
    918              [ <a href="#general.syntax" class="smpl">path-absolute</a> [ "?" <a href="#general.syntax" class="smpl">query</a> ]]
    919 </pre><p id="rfc.section.3.2.2.p.3">If the port is empty or not given, port 80 is assumed. The semantics are that the identified resource is located at the server
     900      <p id="rfc.section.3.2.1.p.1">The "http" scheme is used to locate network resources via the HTTP protocol. This section defines the syntax and semantics
     901         for identifiers using the http or https URI schemes.
     902      </p>
     903      <div id="rfc.figure.u.17"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.24"></span>  <a href="#http.uri" class="smpl">http-URI</a> = "http:" "//" <a href="#uri" class="smpl">authority</a> <a href="#uri" class="smpl">path-abempty</a> [ "?" <a href="#uri" class="smpl">query</a> ]
     904</pre><p id="rfc.section.3.2.1.p.3">If the port is empty or not given, port 80 is assumed. The semantics are that the identified resource is located at the server
    920905         listening for TCP connections on that port of that host, and the Request-URI for the resource is path-absolute (<a href="#request-uri" title="Request-URI">Section&nbsp;5.1.2</a>). The use of IP addresses in URLs <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> be avoided whenever possible (see <a href="#RFC1900" id="rfc.xref.RFC1900.1"><cite title="Renumbering Needs Work">[RFC1900]</cite></a>). If the path-absolute is not present in the URL, it <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be given as "/" when used as a Request-URI for a resource (<a href="#request-uri" title="Request-URI">Section&nbsp;5.1.2</a>). If a proxy receives a host name which is not a fully qualified domain name, it <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> add its domain to the host name it received. If a proxy receives a fully qualified domain name, the proxy <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> change the host name.
    921906      </p>
     
    924909         </dd>
    925910      </dl>
    926       <h3 id="rfc.section.3.2.3"><a href="#rfc.section.3.2.3">3.2.3</a>&nbsp;<a id="uri.comparison" href="#uri.comparison">URI Comparison</a></h3>
    927       <p id="rfc.section.3.2.3.p.1">When comparing two URIs to decide if they match or not, a client <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> use a case-sensitive octet-by-octet comparison of the entire URIs, with these exceptions:
     911      <h3 id="rfc.section.3.2.2"><a href="#rfc.section.3.2.2">3.2.2</a>&nbsp;<a id="uri.comparison" href="#uri.comparison">URI Comparison</a></h3>
     912      <p id="rfc.section.3.2.2.p.1">When comparing two URIs to decide if they match or not, a client <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> use a case-sensitive octet-by-octet comparison of the entire URIs, with these exceptions:
    928913      </p>
    929914      <ul>
     
    935920         <li>An empty path-absolute is equivalent to an path-absolute of "/".</li>
    936921      </ul>
    937       <p id="rfc.section.3.2.3.p.2">Characters other than those in the "reserved" set (see <a href="#RFC2396" id="rfc.xref.RFC2396.10"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC2396]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2396#section-2.2">Section 2.2</a>) are equivalent to their ""%" <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">HEXDIG</a>  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">HEXDIG</a>" encoding.
    938       </p>
    939       <p id="rfc.section.3.2.3.p.3">For example, the following three URIs are equivalent:</p>
     922      <p id="rfc.section.3.2.2.p.2">Characters other than those in the "reserved" set (see <a href="#RFC3986" id="rfc.xref.RFC3986.13"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC3986]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#section-2.2">Section 2.2</a>) are equivalent to their ""%" <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">HEXDIG</a>  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">HEXDIG</a>" encoding.
     923      </p>
     924      <p id="rfc.section.3.2.2.p.3">For example, the following three URIs are equivalent:</p>
    940925      <div id="rfc.figure.u.18"></div><pre class="text">   http://example.com:80/~smith/home.html
    941926   http://EXAMPLE.com/%7Esmith/home.html
     
    959944         time zone, and <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be assumed when reading the asctime format. HTTP-date is case sensitive and <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> include additional LWS beyond that specifically included as SP in the grammar.
    960945      </p>
    961       <div id="rfc.figure.u.20"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.23"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.24"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.25"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.26"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.27"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.28"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.29"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.30"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.31"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.32"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.33"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.34"></span>  <a href="#full.date" class="smpl">HTTP-date</a>    = <a href="#full.date" class="smpl">rfc1123-date</a> / <a href="#full.date" class="smpl">obsolete-date</a>
     946      <div id="rfc.figure.u.20"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.25"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.26"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.27"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.28"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.29"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.30"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.31"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.32"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.33"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.34"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.35"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.36"></span>  <a href="#full.date" class="smpl">HTTP-date</a>    = <a href="#full.date" class="smpl">rfc1123-date</a> / <a href="#full.date" class="smpl">obsolete-date</a>
    962947  <a href="#full.date" class="smpl">obsolete-date</a> = <a href="#full.date" class="smpl">rfc850-date</a> / <a href="#full.date" class="smpl">asctime-date</a>
    963948  <a href="#full.date" class="smpl">rfc1123-date</a> = <a href="#full.date" class="smpl">wkday</a> "," <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">SP</a> date1 <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">SP</a> time <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">SP</a> GMT
     
    10181003         is a property of the message, not of the original entity.
    10191004      </p>
    1020       <div id="rfc.figure.u.21"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.35"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.36"></span>  <a href="#transfer.codings" class="smpl">transfer-coding</a>         = "chunked" / <a href="#transfer.codings" class="smpl">transfer-extension</a>
     1005      <div id="rfc.figure.u.21"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.37"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.38"></span>  <a href="#transfer.codings" class="smpl">transfer-coding</a>         = "chunked" / <a href="#transfer.codings" class="smpl">transfer-extension</a>
    10211006  <a href="#transfer.codings" class="smpl">transfer-extension</a>      = <a href="#rule.token.separators" class="smpl">token</a> *( <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">OWS</a> ";" <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">OWS</a> <a href="#transfer.codings" class="smpl">parameter</a> )
    10221007</pre><div id="rule.parameter">
    10231008         <p id="rfc.section.3.4.p.3">      Parameters are in the form of attribute/value pairs.</p>
    10241009      </div>
    1025       <div id="rfc.figure.u.22"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.37"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.38"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.39"></span>  <a href="#transfer.codings" class="smpl">parameter</a>               = <a href="#rule.parameter" class="smpl">attribute</a> <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">BWS</a> "=" <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">BWS</a> <a href="#rule.parameter" class="smpl">value</a>
     1010      <div id="rfc.figure.u.22"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.39"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.40"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.41"></span>  <a href="#transfer.codings" class="smpl">parameter</a>               = <a href="#rule.parameter" class="smpl">attribute</a> <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">BWS</a> "=" <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">BWS</a> <a href="#rule.parameter" class="smpl">value</a>
    10261011  <a href="#rule.parameter" class="smpl">attribute</a>               = <a href="#rule.token.separators" class="smpl">token</a>
    10271012  <a href="#rule.parameter" class="smpl">value</a>                   = <a href="#rule.token.separators" class="smpl">token</a> / <a href="#rule.quoted-string" class="smpl">quoted-string</a>
     
    10371022      </p>
    10381023      <p id="rfc.section.3.4.p.8">The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) acts as a registry for transfer-coding value tokens. Initially, the registry
    1039          contains the following tokens: "chunked" (<a href="#chunked.transfer.encoding" title="Chunked Transfer Coding">Section&nbsp;3.4.1</a>), "gzip", "compress", and "deflate" (<a href="p3-payload.html#content.codings" title="Content Codings">Section 3.2</a> of <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.6"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>).
    1040       </p>
    1041       <p id="rfc.section.3.4.p.9">New transfer-coding value tokens <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> be registered in the same way as new content-coding value tokens (<a href="p3-payload.html#content.codings" title="Content Codings">Section 3.2</a> of <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.7"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>).
     1024         contains the following tokens: "chunked" (<a href="#chunked.transfer.encoding" title="Chunked Transfer Coding">Section&nbsp;3.4.1</a>), "gzip", "compress", and "deflate" (<a href="p3-payload.html#content.codings" title="Content Codings">Section 3.2</a> of <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.7"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>).
     1025      </p>
     1026      <p id="rfc.section.3.4.p.9">New transfer-coding value tokens <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> be registered in the same way as new content-coding value tokens (<a href="p3-payload.html#content.codings" title="Content Codings">Section 3.2</a> of <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.8"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>).
    10421027      </p>
    10431028      <p id="rfc.section.3.4.p.10">A server which receives an entity-body with a transfer-coding it does not understand <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> return 501 (Not Implemented), and close the connection. A server <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> send transfer-codings to an HTTP/1.0 client.
     
    10481033         necessary for the recipient to verify that it has received the full message.
    10491034      </p>
    1050       <div id="rfc.figure.u.23"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.40"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.41"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.42"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.43"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.44"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.45"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.46"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.47"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.48"></span>  <a href="#chunked.transfer.encoding" class="smpl">Chunked-Body</a>   = *<a href="#chunked.transfer.encoding" class="smpl">chunk</a>
     1035      <div id="rfc.figure.u.23"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.42"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.43"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.44"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.45"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.46"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.47"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.48"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.49"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.50"></span>  <a href="#chunked.transfer.encoding" class="smpl">Chunked-Body</a>   = *<a href="#chunked.transfer.encoding" class="smpl">chunk</a>
    10511036                   <a href="#chunked.transfer.encoding" class="smpl">last-chunk</a>
    10521037                   <a href="#chunked.transfer.encoding" class="smpl">trailer-part</a>
     
    11071092         space. By convention, the products are listed in order of their significance for identifying the application.
    11081093      </p>
    1109       <div id="rfc.figure.u.25"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.49"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.50"></span>  <a href="#product.tokens" class="smpl">product</a>         = <a href="#rule.token.separators" class="smpl">token</a> ["/" <a href="#product.tokens" class="smpl">product-version</a>]
     1094      <div id="rfc.figure.u.25"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.51"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.52"></span>  <a href="#product.tokens" class="smpl">product</a>         = <a href="#rule.token.separators" class="smpl">token</a> ["/" <a href="#product.tokens" class="smpl">product-version</a>]
    11101095  <a href="#product.tokens" class="smpl">product-version</a> = <a href="#rule.token.separators" class="smpl">token</a>
    11111096</pre><p id="rfc.section.3.5.p.3">Examples:</p>
     
    11171102      <h2 id="rfc.section.4.1"><a href="#rfc.section.4.1">4.1</a>&nbsp;<a id="message.types" href="#message.types">Message Types</a></h2>
    11181103      <p id="rfc.section.4.1.p.1">HTTP messages consist of requests from client to server and responses from server to client.</p>
    1119       <div id="rfc.figure.u.27"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.51"></span>  <a href="#message.types" class="smpl">HTTP-message</a>   = <a href="#request" class="smpl">Request</a> / <a href="#response" class="smpl">Response</a>     ; HTTP/1.1 messages
     1104      <div id="rfc.figure.u.27"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.53"></span>  <a href="#message.types" class="smpl">HTTP-message</a>   = <a href="#request" class="smpl">Request</a> / <a href="#response" class="smpl">Response</a>     ; HTTP/1.1 messages
    11201105</pre><p id="rfc.section.4.1.p.3">Request (<a href="#request" title="Request">Section&nbsp;5</a>) and Response (<a href="#response" title="Response">Section&nbsp;6</a>) messages use the generic message format of <a href="#RFC5322" id="rfc.xref.RFC5322.2"><cite title="Internet Message Format">[RFC5322]</cite></a> for transferring entities (the payload of the message). Both types of message consist of a start-line, zero or more header
    11211106         fields (also known as "headers"), an empty line (i.e., a line with nothing preceding the CRLF) indicating the end of the header
    11221107         fields, and possibly a message-body.
    11231108      </p>
    1124       <div id="rfc.figure.u.28"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.52"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.53"></span>  <a href="#message.types" class="smpl">generic-message</a> = <a href="#message.types" class="smpl">start-line</a>
     1109      <div id="rfc.figure.u.28"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.54"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.55"></span>  <a href="#message.types" class="smpl">generic-message</a> = <a href="#message.types" class="smpl">start-line</a>
    11251110                    *(<a href="#message.headers" class="smpl">message-header</a> <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">CRLF</a>)
    11261111                    <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">CRLF</a>
     
    11341119      </p>
    11351120      <h2 id="rfc.section.4.2"><a href="#rfc.section.4.2">4.2</a>&nbsp;<a id="message.headers" href="#message.headers">Message Headers</a></h2>
    1136       <p id="rfc.section.4.2.p.1">HTTP header fields, which include general-header (<a href="#general.header.fields" title="General Header Fields">Section&nbsp;4.5</a>), request-header (<a href="p2-semantics.html#request.header.fields" title="Request Header Fields">Section 4</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.4"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics">[Part2]</cite></a>), response-header (<a href="p2-semantics.html#response.header.fields" title="Response Header Fields">Section 6</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics">[Part2]</cite></a>), and entity-header (<a href="p3-payload.html#entity.header.fields" title="Entity Header Fields">Section 4.1</a> of <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.8"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>) fields, follow the same generic format as that given in <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5322#section-2.1">Section 2.1</a> of <a href="#RFC5322" id="rfc.xref.RFC5322.3"><cite title="Internet Message Format">[RFC5322]</cite></a>. Each header field consists of a name followed by a colon (":") and the field value. Field names are case-insensitive. The
     1121      <p id="rfc.section.4.2.p.1">HTTP header fields, which include general-header (<a href="#general.header.fields" title="General Header Fields">Section&nbsp;4.5</a>), request-header (<a href="p2-semantics.html#request.header.fields" title="Request Header Fields">Section 4</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.4"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics">[Part2]</cite></a>), response-header (<a href="p2-semantics.html#response.header.fields" title="Response Header Fields">Section 6</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics">[Part2]</cite></a>), and entity-header (<a href="p3-payload.html#entity.header.fields" title="Entity Header Fields">Section 4.1</a> of <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.9"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>) fields, follow the same generic format as that given in <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5322#section-2.1">Section 2.1</a> of <a href="#RFC5322" id="rfc.xref.RFC5322.3"><cite title="Internet Message Format">[RFC5322]</cite></a>. Each header field consists of a name followed by a colon (":") and the field value. Field names are case-insensitive. The
    11371122         field value <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> be preceded by any amount of LWS, though a single SP is preferred. Header fields can be extended over multiple lines by preceding
    11381123         each extra line with at least one SP or HTAB. Applications ought to follow "common form", where one is known or indicated,
     
    11401125         forms.
    11411126      </p>
    1142       <div id="rfc.figure.u.29"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.54"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.55"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.56"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.57"></span>  <a href="#message.headers" class="smpl">message-header</a> = <a href="#message.headers" class="smpl">field-name</a> ":" [ <a href="#message.headers" class="smpl">field-value</a> ]
     1127      <div id="rfc.figure.u.29"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.56"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.57"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.58"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.59"></span>  <a href="#message.headers" class="smpl">message-header</a> = <a href="#message.headers" class="smpl">field-name</a> ":" [ <a href="#message.headers" class="smpl">field-value</a> ]
    11431128  <a href="#message.headers" class="smpl">field-name</a>     = <a href="#rule.token.separators" class="smpl">token</a>
    11441129  <a href="#message.headers" class="smpl">field-value</a>    = *( <a href="#message.headers" class="smpl">field-content</a> / <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">OWS</a> )
     
    11701155         header field (<a href="#header.transfer-encoding" id="rfc.xref.header.transfer-encoding.2" title="Transfer-Encoding">Section&nbsp;8.7</a>).
    11711156      </p>
    1172       <div id="rfc.figure.u.30"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.58"></span>  <a href="#message.body" class="smpl">message-body</a> = <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">entity-body</a>
     1157      <div id="rfc.figure.u.30"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.60"></span>  <a href="#message.body" class="smpl">message-body</a> = <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">entity-body</a>
    11731158               / &lt;entity-body encoded as per <a href="#header.transfer-encoding" class="smpl">Transfer-Encoding</a>&gt;
    11741159</pre><p id="rfc.section.4.3.p.3">Transfer-Encoding <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be used to indicate any transfer-codings applied by an application to ensure safe and proper transfer of the message. Transfer-Encoding
     
    12381223         to the entity being transferred. These header fields apply only to the message being transmitted.
    12391224      </p>
    1240       <div id="rfc.figure.u.31"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.59"></span>  <a href="#general.header.fields" class="smpl">general-header</a> = <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">Cache-Control</a>            ; <a href="#Part6" id="rfc.xref.Part6.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 6: Caching">[Part6]</cite></a>, <a href="p6-cache.html#header.cache-control" title="Cache-Control">Section 16.2</a>
     1225      <div id="rfc.figure.u.31"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.61"></span>  <a href="#general.header.fields" class="smpl">general-header</a> = <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">Cache-Control</a>            ; <a href="#Part6" id="rfc.xref.Part6.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 6: Caching">[Part6]</cite></a>, <a href="p6-cache.html#header.cache-control" title="Cache-Control">Section 16.2</a>
    12411226                 / <a href="#header.connection" class="smpl">Connection</a>               ; <a href="#header.connection" id="rfc.xref.header.connection.1" title="Connection">Section&nbsp;8.1</a>
    12421227                 / <a href="#header.date" class="smpl">Date</a>                     ; <a href="#header.date" id="rfc.xref.header.date.1" title="Date">Section&nbsp;8.3</a>
     
    12551240         resource, the identifier of the resource, and the protocol version in use.
    12561241      </p>
    1257       <div id="rfc.figure.u.32"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.60"></span>  <a href="#request" class="smpl">Request</a>       = <a href="#request-line" class="smpl">Request-Line</a>              ; <a href="#request-line" title="Request-Line">Section&nbsp;5.1</a>
     1242      <div id="rfc.figure.u.32"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.62"></span>  <a href="#request" class="smpl">Request</a>       = <a href="#request-line" class="smpl">Request-Line</a>              ; <a href="#request-line" title="Request-Line">Section&nbsp;5.1</a>
    12581243                  *(( <a href="#general.header.fields" class="smpl">general-header</a>        ; <a href="#general.header.fields" title="General Header Fields">Section&nbsp;4.5</a>
    12591244                   / <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">request-header</a>         ; <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.7"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics">[Part2]</cite></a>, <a href="p2-semantics.html#request.header.fields" title="Request Header Fields">Section 4</a>
    1260                    / <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">entity-header</a> ) <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">CRLF</a>)  ; <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.9"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>, <a href="p3-payload.html#entity.header.fields" title="Entity Header Fields">Section 4.1</a>
     1245                   / <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">entity-header</a> ) <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">CRLF</a>)  ; <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.10"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>, <a href="p3-payload.html#entity.header.fields" title="Entity Header Fields">Section 4.1</a>
    12611246                  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">CRLF</a>
    12621247                  [ <a href="#message.body" class="smpl">message-body</a> ]          ; <a href="#message.body" title="Message Body">Section&nbsp;4.3</a>
     
    12651250         elements are separated by SP characters. No CR or LF is allowed except in the final CRLF sequence.
    12661251      </p>
    1267       <div id="rfc.figure.u.33"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.61"></span>  <a href="#request-line" class="smpl">Request-Line</a>   = <a href="#method" class="smpl">Method</a> <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">SP</a> <a href="#request-uri" class="smpl">Request-URI</a> <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">SP</a> <a href="#http.version" class="smpl">HTTP-Version</a> <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">CRLF</a>
     1252      <div id="rfc.figure.u.33"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.63"></span>  <a href="#request-line" class="smpl">Request-Line</a>   = <a href="#method" class="smpl">Method</a> <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">SP</a> <a href="#request-uri" class="smpl">Request-URI</a> <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">SP</a> <a href="#http.version" class="smpl">HTTP-Version</a> <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">CRLF</a>
    12681253</pre><h3 id="rfc.section.5.1.1"><a href="#rfc.section.5.1.1">5.1.1</a>&nbsp;<a id="method" href="#method">Method</a></h3>
    12691254      <p id="rfc.section.5.1.1.p.1">The Method token indicates the method to be performed on the resource identified by the Request-URI. The method is case-sensitive.</p>
    1270       <div id="rfc.figure.u.34"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.62"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.63"></span>  <a href="#method" class="smpl">Method</a>         = <a href="#rule.token.separators" class="smpl">token</a>
     1255      <div id="rfc.figure.u.34"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.64"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.65"></span>  <a href="#method" class="smpl">Method</a>         = <a href="#rule.token.separators" class="smpl">token</a>
    12711256</pre><h3 id="rfc.section.5.1.2"><a href="#rfc.section.5.1.2">5.1.2</a>&nbsp;<a id="request-uri" href="#request-uri">Request-URI</a></h3>
    12721257      <p id="rfc.section.5.1.2.p.1">The Request-URI is a Uniform Resource Identifier (<a href="#uri" title="Uniform Resource Identifiers">Section&nbsp;3.2</a>) and identifies the resource upon which to apply the request.
    12731258      </p>
    1274       <div id="rfc.figure.u.35"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.64"></span>  <a href="#request-uri" class="smpl">Request-URI</a>    = "*"
    1275                  / <a href="#general.syntax" class="smpl">absoluteURI</a>
    1276                  / ( <a href="#general.syntax" class="smpl">path-absolute</a> [ "?" <a href="#general.syntax" class="smpl">query</a> ] )
    1277                  / <a href="#general.syntax" class="smpl">authority</a>
     1259      <div id="rfc.figure.u.35"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.66"></span>  <a href="#request-uri" class="smpl">Request-URI</a>    = "*"
     1260                 / <a href="#uri" class="smpl">absolute-URI</a>
     1261                 / ( <a href="#uri" class="smpl">path-absolute</a> [ "?" <a href="#uri" class="smpl">query</a> ] )
     1262                 / <a href="#uri" class="smpl">authority</a>
    12781263</pre><p id="rfc.section.5.1.2.p.3">The four options for Request-URI are dependent on the nature of the request. The asterisk "*" means that the request does
    12791264         not apply to a particular resource, but to the server itself, and is only allowed when the method used does not necessarily
     
    12811266      </p>
    12821267      <div id="rfc.figure.u.36"></div><pre class="text">    OPTIONS * HTTP/1.1
    1283 </pre><p id="rfc.section.5.1.2.p.5">The absoluteURI form is <em class="bcp14">REQUIRED</em> when the request is being made to a proxy. The proxy is requested to forward the request or service it from a valid cache,
    1284          and return the response. Note that the proxy <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> forward the request on to another proxy or directly to the server specified by the absoluteURI. In order to avoid request
     1268</pre><p id="rfc.section.5.1.2.p.5">The absolute-URI form is <em class="bcp14">REQUIRED</em> when the request is being made to a proxy. The proxy is requested to forward the request or service it from a valid cache,
     1269         and return the response. Note that the proxy <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> forward the request on to another proxy or directly to the server specified by the absolute-URI. In order to avoid request
    12851270         loops, a proxy <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be able to recognize all of its server names, including any aliases, local variations, and the numeric IP address. An example
    12861271         Request-Line would be:
    12871272      </p>
    12881273      <div id="rfc.figure.u.37"></div><pre class="text">    GET http://www.example.org/pub/WWW/TheProject.html HTTP/1.1
    1289 </pre><p id="rfc.section.5.1.2.p.7">To allow for transition to absoluteURIs in all requests in future versions of HTTP, all HTTP/1.1 servers <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> accept the absoluteURI form in requests, even though HTTP/1.1 clients will only generate them in requests to proxies.
     1274</pre><p id="rfc.section.5.1.2.p.7">To allow for transition to absolute-URIs in all requests in future versions of HTTP, all HTTP/1.1 servers <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> accept the absolute-URI form in requests, even though HTTP/1.1 clients will only generate them in requests to proxies.
    12901275      </p>
    12911276      <p id="rfc.section.5.1.2.p.8">The authority form is only used by the CONNECT method (<a href="p2-semantics.html#CONNECT" title="CONNECT">Section 8.9</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.8"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics">[Part2]</cite></a>).
    12921277      </p>
    12931278      <p id="rfc.section.5.1.2.p.9">The most common form of Request-URI is that used to identify a resource on an origin server or gateway. In this case the absolute
    1294          path of the URI <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be transmitted (see <a href="#general.syntax" title="General Syntax">Section&nbsp;3.2.1</a>, path-absolute) as the Request-URI, and the network location of the URI (authority) <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be transmitted in a Host header field. For example, a client wishing to retrieve the resource above directly from the origin
     1279         path of the URI <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be transmitted (see <a href="#http.uri" title="http URI scheme">Section&nbsp;3.2.1</a>, path-absolute) as the Request-URI, and the network location of the URI (authority) <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be transmitted in a Host header field. For example, a client wishing to retrieve the resource above directly from the origin
    12951280         server would create a TCP connection to port 80 of the host "www.example.org" and send the lines:
    12961281      </p>
     
    13001285         URI, it <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be given as "/" (the server root).
    13011286      </p>
    1302       <p id="rfc.section.5.1.2.p.12">The Request-URI is transmitted in the format specified in <a href="#general.syntax" title="General Syntax">Section&nbsp;3.2.1</a>. If the Request-URI is encoded using the "% <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">HEXDIG</a>  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">HEXDIG</a>" encoding (<a href="#RFC2396" id="rfc.xref.RFC2396.11"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC2396]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2396#section-2.4.1">Section 2.4.1</a>), the origin server <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> decode the Request-URI in order to properly interpret the request. Servers <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> respond to invalid Request-URIs with an appropriate status code.
     1287      <p id="rfc.section.5.1.2.p.12">The Request-URI is transmitted in the format specified in <a href="#http.uri" title="http URI scheme">Section&nbsp;3.2.1</a>. If the Request-URI is encoded using the "% <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">HEXDIG</a>  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">HEXDIG</a>" encoding (<a href="#RFC3986" id="rfc.xref.RFC3986.14"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC3986]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#section-2.4">Section 2.4</a>), the origin server <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> decode the Request-URI in order to properly interpret the request. Servers <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> respond to invalid Request-URIs with an appropriate status code.
    13031288      </p>
    13041289      <p id="rfc.section.5.1.2.p.13">A transparent proxy <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> rewrite the "path-absolute" part of the received Request-URI when forwarding it to the next inbound server, except as noted
     
    13201305      </p>
    13211306      <ol>
    1322          <li>If Request-URI is an absoluteURI, the host is part of the Request-URI. Any Host header field value in the request <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be ignored.
    1323          </li>
    1324          <li>If the Request-URI is not an absoluteURI, and the request includes a Host header field, the host is determined by the Host
     1307         <li>If Request-URI is an absolute-URI, the host is part of the Request-URI. Any Host header field value in the request <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be ignored.
     1308         </li>
     1309         <li>If the Request-URI is not an absolute-URI, and the request includes a Host header field, the host is determined by the Host
    13251310            header field value.
    13261311         </li>
     
    13331318      <h1 id="rfc.section.6"><a href="#rfc.section.6">6.</a>&nbsp;<a id="response" href="#response">Response</a></h1>
    13341319      <p id="rfc.section.6.p.1">After receiving and interpreting a request message, a server responds with an HTTP response message.</p>
    1335       <div id="rfc.figure.u.39"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.65"></span>  <a href="#response" class="smpl">Response</a>      = <a href="#status-line" class="smpl">Status-Line</a>               ; <a href="#status-line" title="Status-Line">Section&nbsp;6.1</a>
     1320      <div id="rfc.figure.u.39"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.67"></span>  <a href="#response" class="smpl">Response</a>      = <a href="#status-line" class="smpl">Status-Line</a>               ; <a href="#status-line" title="Status-Line">Section&nbsp;6.1</a>
    13361321                  *(( <a href="#general.header.fields" class="smpl">general-header</a>        ; <a href="#general.header.fields" title="General Header Fields">Section&nbsp;4.5</a>
    13371322                   / <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">response-header</a>        ; <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.9"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics">[Part2]</cite></a>, <a href="p2-semantics.html#response.header.fields" title="Response Header Fields">Section 6</a>
    1338                    / <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">entity-header</a> ) <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">CRLF</a>)  ; <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.10"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>, <a href="p3-payload.html#entity.header.fields" title="Entity Header Fields">Section 4.1</a>
     1323                   / <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">entity-header</a> ) <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">CRLF</a>)  ; <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.11"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>, <a href="p3-payload.html#entity.header.fields" title="Entity Header Fields">Section 4.1</a>
    13391324                  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">CRLF</a>
    13401325                  [ <a href="#message.body" class="smpl">message-body</a> ]          ; <a href="#message.body" title="Message Body">Section&nbsp;4.3</a>
     
    13441329         CRLF sequence.
    13451330      </p>
    1346       <div id="rfc.figure.u.40"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.66"></span>  <a href="#status-line" class="smpl">Status-Line</a> = <a href="#http.version" class="smpl">HTTP-Version</a> <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">SP</a> <a href="#status.code.and.reason.phrase" class="smpl">Status-Code</a> <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">SP</a> <a href="#status.code.and.reason.phrase" class="smpl">Reason-Phrase</a> <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">CRLF</a>
     1331      <div id="rfc.figure.u.40"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.68"></span>  <a href="#status-line" class="smpl">Status-Line</a> = <a href="#http.version" class="smpl">HTTP-Version</a> <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">SP</a> <a href="#status.code.and.reason.phrase" class="smpl">Status-Code</a> <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">SP</a> <a href="#status.code.and.reason.phrase" class="smpl">Reason-Phrase</a> <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">CRLF</a>
    13471332</pre><h3 id="rfc.section.6.1.1"><a href="#rfc.section.6.1.1">6.1.1</a>&nbsp;<a id="status.code.and.reason.phrase" href="#status.code.and.reason.phrase">Status Code and Reason Phrase</a></h3>
    13481333      <p id="rfc.section.6.1.1.p.1">The Status-Code element is a 3-digit integer result code of the attempt to understand and satisfy the request. These codes
     
    13611346         <li>5xx: Server Error - The server failed to fulfill an apparently valid request</li>
    13621347      </ul>
    1363       <div id="rfc.figure.u.41"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.67"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.68"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.69"></span>  <a href="#status.code.and.reason.phrase" class="smpl">Status-Code</a>    = 3<a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">DIGIT</a>
     1348      <div id="rfc.figure.u.41"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.69"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.70"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.71"></span>  <a href="#status.code.and.reason.phrase" class="smpl">Status-Code</a>    = 3<a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">DIGIT</a>
    13641349  <a href="#status.code.and.reason.phrase" class="smpl">Reason-Phrase</a>  = *&lt;<a href="#rule.TEXT" class="smpl">TEXT</a>, excluding <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">CR</a>, <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">LF</a>&gt;
    13651350</pre><h1 id="rfc.section.7"><a href="#rfc.section.7">7.</a>&nbsp;<a id="connections" href="#connections">Connections</a></h1>
     
    15531538      </p>
    15541539      <p id="rfc.section.8.1.p.2">The Connection header's value has the following grammar:</p>
    1555       <div id="rfc.figure.u.42"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.70"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.71"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.72"></span>  <a href="#header.connection" class="smpl">Connection</a>       = "Connection" ":" <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">OWS</a> <a href="#header.connection" class="smpl">Connection-v</a>
     1540      <div id="rfc.figure.u.42"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.72"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.73"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.74"></span>  <a href="#header.connection" class="smpl">Connection</a>       = "Connection" ":" <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">OWS</a> <a href="#header.connection" class="smpl">Connection-v</a>
    15561541  <a href="#header.connection" class="smpl">Connection-v</a>     = 1#<a href="#header.connection" class="smpl">connection-token</a>
    15571542  <a href="#header.connection" class="smpl">connection-token</a> = <a href="#rule.token.separators" class="smpl">token</a>
     
    15821567         or, in the case of the HEAD method, the size of the entity-body that would have been sent had the request been a GET.
    15831568      </p>
    1584       <div id="rfc.figure.u.44"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.73"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.74"></span>  <a href="#header.content-length" class="smpl">Content-Length</a>   = "Content-Length" ":" <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">OWS</a> 1*<a href="#header.content-length" class="smpl">Content-Length-v</a>
     1569      <div id="rfc.figure.u.44"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.75"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.76"></span>  <a href="#header.content-length" class="smpl">Content-Length</a>   = "Content-Length" ":" <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">OWS</a> 1*<a href="#header.content-length" class="smpl">Content-Length-v</a>
    15851570  <a href="#header.content-length" class="smpl">Content-Length-v</a> = 1*<a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">DIGIT</a>
    15861571</pre><p id="rfc.section.8.2.p.3">An example is</p>
     
    16001585         as orig-date in <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5322#section-3.6.1">Section 3.6.1</a> of <a href="#RFC5322" id="rfc.xref.RFC5322.4"><cite title="Internet Message Format">[RFC5322]</cite></a>. The field value is an HTTP-date, as described in <a href="#full.date" title="Full Date">Section&nbsp;3.3.1</a>; it <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be sent in rfc1123-date format.
    16011586      </p>
    1602       <div id="rfc.figure.u.46"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.75"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.76"></span>  <a href="#header.date" class="smpl">Date</a>   = "Date" ":" <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">OWS</a> <a href="#header.date" class="smpl">Date-v</a>
     1587      <div id="rfc.figure.u.46"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.77"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.78"></span>  <a href="#header.date" class="smpl">Date</a>   = "Date" ":" <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">OWS</a> <a href="#header.date" class="smpl">Date-v</a>
    16031588  <a href="#header.date" class="smpl">Date-v</a> = <a href="#full.date" class="smpl">HTTP-date</a>
    16041589</pre><p id="rfc.section.8.3.p.3">An example is</p>
     
    16351620      <h2 id="rfc.section.8.4"><a href="#rfc.section.8.4">8.4</a>&nbsp;<a id="header.host" href="#header.host">Host</a></h2>
    16361621      <p id="rfc.section.8.4.p.1">The request-header field "Host" specifies the Internet host and port number of the resource being requested, as obtained from
    1637          the original URI given by the user or referring resource (generally an HTTP URL, as described in <a href="#http.url" title="http URL">Section&nbsp;3.2.2</a>). The Host field value <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> represent the naming authority of the origin server or gateway given by the original URL. This allows the origin server or
     1622         the original URI given by the user or referring resource (generally an HTTP URL, as described in <a href="#http.uri" title="http URI scheme">Section&nbsp;3.2.1</a>). The Host field value <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> represent the naming authority of the origin server or gateway given by the original URL. This allows the origin server or
    16381623         gateway to differentiate between internally-ambiguous URLs, such as the root "/" URL of a server for multiple host names on
    16391624         a single IP address.
    16401625      </p>
    1641       <div id="rfc.figure.u.48"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.77"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.78"></span>  <a href="#header.host" class="smpl">Host</a>   = "Host" ":" <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">OWS</a> <a href="#header.host" class="smpl">Host-v</a>
    1642   <a href="#header.host" class="smpl">Host-v</a> = <a href="#general.syntax" class="smpl">uri-host</a> [ ":" <a href="#general.syntax" class="smpl">port</a> ] ; <a href="#http.url" title="http URL">Section&nbsp;3.2.2</a>
     1626      <div id="rfc.figure.u.48"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.79"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.80"></span>  <a href="#header.host" class="smpl">Host</a>   = "Host" ":" <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">OWS</a> <a href="#header.host" class="smpl">Host-v</a>
     1627  <a href="#header.host" class="smpl">Host-v</a> = <a href="#uri" class="smpl">uri-host</a> [ ":" <a href="#uri" class="smpl">port</a> ] ; <a href="#http.uri" title="http URI scheme">Section&nbsp;3.2.1</a>
    16431628</pre><p id="rfc.section.8.4.p.3">A "host" without any trailing port information implies the default port for the service requested (e.g., "80" for an HTTP
    16441629         URL). For example, a request on the origin server for &lt;http://www.example.org/pub/WWW/&gt; would properly include:
     
    16591644         and/or a comma-separated list of extension transfer-coding names with optional accept parameters (as described in <a href="#transfer.codings" title="Transfer Codings">Section&nbsp;3.4</a>).
    16601645      </p>
    1661       <div id="rfc.figure.u.50"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.79"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.80"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.81"></span>  <a href="#header.te" class="smpl">TE</a>        = "TE" ":" <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">OWS</a> <a href="#header.te" class="smpl">TE-v</a>
     1646      <div id="rfc.figure.u.50"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.81"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.82"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.83"></span>  <a href="#header.te" class="smpl">TE</a>        = "TE" ":" <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">OWS</a> <a href="#header.te" class="smpl">TE-v</a>
    16621647  <a href="#header.te" class="smpl">TE-v</a>      = #<a href="#header.te" class="smpl">t-codings</a>
    16631648  <a href="#header.te" class="smpl">t-codings</a> = "trailers" / ( <a href="#transfer.codings" class="smpl">transfer-extension</a> [ <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">accept-params</a> ] )
     
    16851670         <li>
    16861671            <p>If the transfer-coding being tested is one of the transfer-codings listed in the TE field, then it is acceptable unless it
    1687                is accompanied by a qvalue of 0. (As defined in <a href="p3-payload.html#quality.values" title="Quality Values">Section 3.4</a> of <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.11"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>, a qvalue of 0 means "not acceptable.")
     1672               is accompanied by a qvalue of 0. (As defined in <a href="p3-payload.html#quality.values" title="Quality Values">Section 3.4</a> of <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.12"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>, a qvalue of 0 means "not acceptable.")
    16881673            </p>
    16891674         </li>
     
    17031688         chunked transfer-coding.
    17041689      </p>
    1705       <div id="rfc.figure.u.52"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.82"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.83"></span>  <a href="#header.trailer" class="smpl">Trailer</a>   = "Trailer" ":" <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">OWS</a> <a href="#header.trailer" class="smpl">Trailer-v</a>
     1690      <div id="rfc.figure.u.52"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.84"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.85"></span>  <a href="#header.trailer" class="smpl">Trailer</a>   = "Trailer" ":" <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">OWS</a> <a href="#header.trailer" class="smpl">Trailer-v</a>
    17061691  <a href="#header.trailer" class="smpl">Trailer-v</a> = 1#<a href="#message.headers" class="smpl">field-name</a>
    17071692</pre><p id="rfc.section.8.6.p.3">An HTTP/1.1 message <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> include a Trailer header field in a message using chunked transfer-coding with a non-empty trailer. Doing so allows the recipient
     
    17241709         transfer-coding is a property of the message, not of the entity.
    17251710      </p>
    1726       <div id="rfc.figure.u.53"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.84"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.85"></span>  <a href="#header.transfer-encoding" class="smpl">Transfer-Encoding</a>   = "Transfer-Encoding" ":" <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">OWS</a> <a href="#header.transfer-encoding" class="smpl">Transfer-Encoding-v</a>
     1711      <div id="rfc.figure.u.53"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.86"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.87"></span>  <a href="#header.transfer-encoding" class="smpl">Transfer-Encoding</a>   = "Transfer-Encoding" ":" <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">OWS</a> <a href="#header.transfer-encoding" class="smpl">Transfer-Encoding-v</a>
    17271712  <a href="#header.transfer-encoding" class="smpl">Transfer-Encoding-v</a> = 1#<a href="#transfer.codings" class="smpl">transfer-coding</a>
    17281713</pre><p id="rfc.section.8.7.p.3">Transfer-codings are defined in <a href="#transfer.codings" title="Transfer Codings">Section&nbsp;3.4</a>. An example is:
     
    17381723         to use if the server finds it appropriate to switch protocols. The server <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> use the Upgrade header field within a 101 (Switching Protocols) response to indicate which protocol(s) are being switched.
    17391724      </p>
    1740       <div id="rfc.figure.u.55"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.86"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.87"></span>  <a href="#header.upgrade" class="smpl">Upgrade</a>   = "Upgrade" ":" <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">OWS</a> <a href="#header.upgrade" class="smpl">Upgrade-v</a>
     1725      <div id="rfc.figure.u.55"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.88"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.89"></span>  <a href="#header.upgrade" class="smpl">Upgrade</a>   = "Upgrade" ":" <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">OWS</a> <a href="#header.upgrade" class="smpl">Upgrade-v</a>
    17411726  <a href="#header.upgrade" class="smpl">Upgrade-v</a> = 1#<a href="#product.tokens" class="smpl">product</a>
    17421727</pre><p id="rfc.section.8.8.p.3">For example,</p>
     
    17701755         of all senders along the request/response chain.
    17711756      </p>
    1772       <div id="rfc.figure.u.57"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.88"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.89"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.90"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.91"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.92"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.93"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.94"></span>  <a href="#header.via" class="smpl">Via</a>               = "Via" ":" <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">OWS</a> <a href="#header.via" class="smpl">Via-v</a>
     1757      <div id="rfc.figure.u.57"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.90"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.91"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.92"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.93"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.94"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.95"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.96"></span>  <a href="#header.via" class="smpl">Via</a>               = "Via" ":" <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">OWS</a> <a href="#header.via" class="smpl">Via-v</a>
    17731758  <a href="#header.via" class="smpl">Via-v</a>             = 1#( <a href="#header.via" class="smpl">received-protocol</a> <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">RWS</a> <a href="#header.via" class="smpl">received-by</a> [ <a href="#rule.whitespace" class="smpl">RWS</a> <a href="#rule.comment" class="smpl">comment</a> ] )
    17741759  <a href="#header.via" class="smpl">received-protocol</a> = [ <a href="#header.via" class="smpl">protocol-name</a> "/" ] <a href="#header.via" class="smpl">protocol-version</a>
    17751760  <a href="#header.via" class="smpl">protocol-name</a>     = <a href="#rule.token.separators" class="smpl">token</a>
    17761761  <a href="#header.via" class="smpl">protocol-version</a>  = <a href="#rule.token.separators" class="smpl">token</a>
    1777   <a href="#header.via" class="smpl">received-by</a>       = ( <a href="#general.syntax" class="smpl">uri-host</a> [ ":" <a href="#general.syntax" class="smpl">port</a> ] ) / <a href="#header.via" class="smpl">pseudonym</a>
     1762  <a href="#header.via" class="smpl">received-by</a>       = ( <a href="#uri" class="smpl">uri-host</a> [ ":" <a href="#uri" class="smpl">port</a> ] ) / <a href="#header.via" class="smpl">pseudonym</a>
    17781763  <a href="#header.via" class="smpl">pseudonym</a>         = <a href="#rule.token.separators" class="smpl">token</a>
    17791764</pre><p id="rfc.section.8.9.p.3">The received-protocol indicates the protocol version of the message received by the server or client along each segment of
     
    18901875      <p id="rfc.section.9.1.p.2">The change controller is: "IETF (iesg@ietf.org) - Internet Engineering Task Force".</p>
    18911876      <h2 id="rfc.section.9.2"><a href="#rfc.section.9.2">9.2</a>&nbsp;<a id="uri.scheme.registration" href="#uri.scheme.registration">URI Scheme Registration</a></h2>
    1892       <p id="rfc.section.9.2.p.1">The entry for the "http" URI Scheme in the registry located at &lt;<a href="http://www.iana.org/assignments/uri-schemes.html">http://www.iana.org/assignments/uri-schemes.html</a>&gt; should be updated to point to <a href="#http.url" title="http URL">Section&nbsp;3.2.2</a> of this document (see <a href="#RFC4395" id="rfc.xref.RFC4395.1"><cite title="Guidelines and Registration Procedures for New URI Schemes">[RFC4395]</cite></a>).
     1877      <p id="rfc.section.9.2.p.1">The entry for the "http" URI Scheme in the registry located at &lt;<a href="http://www.iana.org/assignments/uri-schemes.html">http://www.iana.org/assignments/uri-schemes.html</a>&gt; should be updated to point to <a href="#http.uri" title="http URI scheme">Section&nbsp;3.2.1</a> of this document (see <a href="#RFC4395" id="rfc.xref.RFC4395.1"><cite title="Guidelines and Registration Procedures for New URI Schemes">[RFC4395]</cite></a>).
    18931878      </p>
    18941879      <h2 id="rfc.section.9.3"><a href="#rfc.section.9.3">9.3</a>&nbsp;<a id="internet.media.type.http" href="#internet.media.type.http">Internet Media Type Registrations</a></h2>
     
    20742059      <p id="rfc.section.10.6.p.1">They exist. They are hard to defend against. Research continues. Beware.</p>
    20752060      <h1 id="rfc.section.11"><a href="#rfc.section.11">11.</a>&nbsp;<a id="ack" href="#ack">Acknowledgments</a></h1>
    2076       <p id="rfc.section.11.p.1">This specification makes heavy use of the augmented BNF and generic constructs defined by David H. Crocker for <a href="#RFC5234" id="rfc.xref.RFC5234.4"><cite title="Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF">[RFC5234]</cite></a>. Similarly, it reuses many of the definitions provided by Nathaniel Borenstein and Ned Freed for MIME <a href="#RFC2045" id="rfc.xref.RFC2045.3"><cite title="Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) Part One: Format of Internet Message Bodies">[RFC2045]</cite></a>. We hope that their inclusion in this specification will help reduce past confusion over the relationship between HTTP and
    2077          Internet mail message formats.
    2078       </p>
    2079       <p id="rfc.section.11.p.2">HTTP has evolved considerably over the years. It has benefited from a large and active developer community--the many people
     2061      <p id="rfc.section.11.p.1">HTTP has evolved considerably over the years. It has benefited from a large and active developer community--the many people
    20802062         who have participated on the www-talk mailing list--and it is that community which has been most responsible for the success
    20812063         of HTTP and of the World-Wide Web in general. Marc Andreessen, Robert Cailliau, Daniel W. Connolly, Bob Denny, John Franks,
     
    20832065         and Marc VanHeyningen deserve special recognition for their efforts in defining early aspects of the protocol.
    20842066      </p>
    2085       <p id="rfc.section.11.p.3">This document has benefited greatly from the comments of all those participating in the HTTP-WG. In addition to those already
     2067      <p id="rfc.section.11.p.2">This document has benefited greatly from the comments of all those participating in the HTTP-WG. In addition to those already
    20862068         mentioned, the following individuals have contributed to this specification:
    20872069      </p>
    2088       <p id="rfc.section.11.p.4">Gary Adams, Harald Tveit Alvestrand, Keith Ball, Brian Behlendorf, Paul Burchard, Maurizio Codogno, Mike Cowlishaw, Roman
     2070      <p id="rfc.section.11.p.3">Gary Adams, Harald Tveit Alvestrand, Keith Ball, Brian Behlendorf, Paul Burchard, Maurizio Codogno, Mike Cowlishaw, Roman
    20892071         Czyborra, Michael A. Dolan, Daniel DuBois, David J. Fiander, Alan Freier, Marc Hedlund, Greg Herlihy, Koen Holtman, Alex Hopmann,
    20902072         Bob Jernigan, Shel Kaphan, Rohit Khare, John Klensin, Martijn Koster, Alexei Kosut, David M. Kristol, Daniel LaLiberte, Ben
     
    20942076         Weinman, Francois Yergeau, Mary Ellen Zurko, Josh Cohen.
    20952077      </p>
    2096       <p id="rfc.section.11.p.5">Thanks to the "cave men" of Palo Alto. You know who you are.</p>
    2097       <p id="rfc.section.11.p.6">Jim Gettys (the editor of <a href="#RFC2616" id="rfc.xref.RFC2616.3"><cite title="Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1">[RFC2616]</cite></a>) wishes particularly to thank Roy Fielding, the editor of <a href="#RFC2068" id="rfc.xref.RFC2068.5"><cite title="Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1">[RFC2068]</cite></a>, along with John Klensin, Jeff Mogul, Paul Leach, Dave Kristol, Koen Holtman, John Franks, Josh Cohen, Alex Hopmann, Scott
     2078      <p id="rfc.section.11.p.4">Thanks to the "cave men" of Palo Alto. You know who you are.</p>
     2079      <p id="rfc.section.11.p.5">Jim Gettys (the editor of <a href="#RFC2616" id="rfc.xref.RFC2616.2"><cite title="Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1">[RFC2616]</cite></a>) wishes particularly to thank Roy Fielding, the editor of <a href="#RFC2068" id="rfc.xref.RFC2068.5"><cite title="Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1">[RFC2068]</cite></a>, along with John Klensin, Jeff Mogul, Paul Leach, Dave Kristol, Koen Holtman, John Franks, Josh Cohen, Alex Hopmann, Scott
    20982080         Lawrence, and Larry Masinter for their help. And thanks go particularly to Jeff Mogul and Scott Lawrence for performing the
    20992081         "MUST/MAY/SHOULD" audit.
    21002082      </p>
    2101       <p id="rfc.section.11.p.7">The Apache Group, Anselm Baird-Smith, author of Jigsaw, and Henrik Frystyk implemented RFC 2068 early, and we wish to thank
     2083      <p id="rfc.section.11.p.6">The Apache Group, Anselm Baird-Smith, author of Jigsaw, and Henrik Frystyk implemented RFC 2068 early, and we wish to thank
    21022084         them for the discovery of many of the problems that this document attempts to rectify.
     2085      </p>
     2086      <p id="rfc.section.11.p.7">This specification makes heavy use of the augmented BNF and generic constructs defined by David H. Crocker for <a href="#RFC5234" id="rfc.xref.RFC5234.4"><cite title="Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF">[RFC5234]</cite></a>. Similarly, it reuses many of the definitions provided by Nathaniel Borenstein and Ned Freed for MIME <a href="#RFC2045" id="rfc.xref.RFC2045.3"><cite title="Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) Part One: Format of Internet Message Bodies">[RFC2045]</cite></a>. We hope that their inclusion in this specification will help reduce past confusion over the relationship between HTTP and
     2087         Internet mail message formats.
    21032088      </p>
    21042089      <h1 id="rfc.references"><a id="rfc.section.12" href="#rfc.section.12">12.</a> References
     
    21502135         </tr>
    21512136         <tr>
    2152             <td class="reference"><b id="RFC2396">[RFC2396]</b></td>
    2153             <td class="top"><a title="World Wide Web Consortium">Berners-Lee, T.</a>, <a title="Department of Information and Computer Science">Fielding, R.T.</a>, and <a title="Xerox PARC">L. Masinter</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2396">Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI): Generic Syntax</a>”, RFC&nbsp;2396, August&nbsp;1998.
     2137            <td class="reference"><b id="RFC3986">[RFC3986]</b></td>
     2138            <td class="top"><a title="World Wide Web Consortium">Berners-Lee, T.</a>, <a title="Day Software">Fielding, R.</a>, and <a title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">L. Masinter</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986">Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax</a>”, RFC&nbsp;3986, STD&nbsp;66, January&nbsp;2005.
    21542139            </td>
    21552140         </tr>
     
    21662151      <h2 id="rfc.references.2"><a href="#rfc.section.12.2" id="rfc.section.12.2">12.2</a> Informative References
    21672152      </h2>
    2168       <table summary="Informative References">                                                           
     2153      <table summary="Informative References">                                               
    21692154         <tr>
    21702155            <td class="reference"><b id="Kri2001">[Kri2001]</b></td>
     
    21992184         </tr>
    22002185         <tr>
    2201             <td class="reference"><b id="RFC1630">[RFC1630]</b></td>
    2202             <td class="top"><a title="CERN, World-Wide Web project">Berners-Lee, T.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc1630">Universal Resource Identifiers in WWW: A Unifying Syntax for the Expression of Names and Addresses of Objects on the Network
    2203                   as used in the World-Wide Web</a>”, RFC&nbsp;1630, June&nbsp;1994.
    2204             </td>
    2205          </tr>
    2206          <tr>
    2207             <td class="reference"><b id="RFC1737">[RFC1737]</b></td>
    2208             <td class="top"><a title="Xerox Palo Alto Research Center">Masinter, L.</a> and <a title="MIT Laboratory for Computer Science">K. Sollins</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc1737">Functional Requirements for Uniform Resource Names</a>”, RFC&nbsp;1737, December&nbsp;1994.
    2209             </td>
    2210          </tr>
    2211          <tr>
    2212             <td class="reference"><b id="RFC1738">[RFC1738]</b></td>
    2213             <td class="top"><a title="CERN, World-Wide Web project">Berners-Lee, T.</a>, <a title="Xerox PARC">Masinter, L.</a>, and <a title="University of Minnesota, Computer and Information Services">M. McCahill</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc1738">Uniform Resource Locators (URL)</a>”, RFC&nbsp;1738, December&nbsp;1994.
    2214             </td>
    2215          </tr>
    2216          <tr>
    2217             <td class="reference"><b id="RFC1808">[RFC1808]</b></td>
    2218             <td class="top"><a title="University of California Irvine, Department of Information and Computer Science">Fielding, R.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc1808">Relative Uniform Resource Locators</a>”, RFC&nbsp;1808, June&nbsp;1995.
    2219             </td>
    2220          </tr>
    2221          <tr>
    22222186            <td class="reference"><b id="RFC1900">[RFC1900]</b></td>
    22232187            <td class="top"><a title="CERN, Computing and Networks Division">Carpenter, B.</a> and <a title="cisco Systems">Y. Rekhter</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc1900">Renumbering Needs Work</a>”, RFC&nbsp;1900, February&nbsp;1996.
     
    22452209         </tr>
    22462210         <tr>
    2247             <td class="reference"><b id="RFC2324">[RFC2324]</b></td>
    2248             <td class="top"><a title="Xerox Palo Alto Research Center">Masinter, L.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2324">Hyper Text Coffee Pot Control Protocol (HTCPCP/1.0)</a>”, RFC&nbsp;2324, April&nbsp;1998.
    2249             </td>
    2250          </tr>
    2251          <tr>
    22522211            <td class="reference"><b id="RFC2616">[RFC2616]</b></td>
    22532212            <td class="top"><a title="University of California, Irvine">Fielding, R.</a>, <a title="W3C">Gettys, J.</a>, <a title="Compaq Computer Corporation">Mogul, J.</a>, <a title="MIT Laboratory for Computer Science">Frystyk, H.</a>, <a title="Xerox Corporation">Masinter, L.</a>, <a title="Microsoft Corporation">Leach, P.</a>, and <a title="W3C">T. Berners-Lee</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2616">Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1</a>”, RFC&nbsp;2616, June&nbsp;1999.
     
    22572216            <td class="reference"><b id="RFC2818">[RFC2818]</b></td>
    22582217            <td class="top"><a title="RTFM, Inc.">Rescorla, E.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2818">HTTP Over TLS</a>”, RFC&nbsp;2818, May&nbsp;2000.
    2259             </td>
    2260          </tr>
    2261          <tr>
    2262             <td class="reference"><b id="RFC2821">[RFC2821]</b></td>
    2263             <td class="top"><a title="AT&amp;T Laboratories">Klensin, J.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2821">Simple Mail Transfer Protocol</a>”, RFC&nbsp;2821, April&nbsp;2001.
    22642218            </td>
    22652219         </tr>
     
    23462300      </p>
    23472301      <p id="rfc.section.A.p.4">The character set of an entity-body <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> be labeled as the lowest common denominator of the character codes used within that body, with the exception that not labeling
    2348          the entity is preferred over labeling the entity with the labels US-ASCII or ISO-8859-1. See <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.12"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>.
     2302         the entity is preferred over labeling the entity with the labels US-ASCII or ISO-8859-1. See <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.13"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>.
    23492303      </p>
    23502304      <p id="rfc.section.A.p.5">Additional rules for requirements on parsing and encoding of dates and other potential problems with date encodings include:</p>
     
    23652319      </p>
    23662320      <h1 id="rfc.section.C"><a href="#rfc.section.C">C.</a>&nbsp;<a id="compatibility" href="#compatibility">Compatibility with Previous Versions</a></h1>
    2367       <p id="rfc.section.C.p.1">It is beyond the scope of a protocol specification to mandate compliance with previous versions. HTTP/1.1 was deliberately
     2321      <p id="rfc.section.C.p.1">HTTP has been in use by the World-Wide Web global information initiative since 1990. The first version of HTTP, later referred
     2322         to as HTTP/0.9, was a simple protocol for hypertext data transfer across the Internet with only a single method and no metadata.
     2323         HTTP/1.0, as defined by <a href="#RFC1945" id="rfc.xref.RFC1945.1"><cite title="Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.0">[RFC1945]</cite></a>, added a range of request methods and MIME-like messaging that could include metadata about the data transferred and modifiers
     2324         on the request/response semantics. However, HTTP/1.0 did not sufficiently take into consideration the effects of hierarchical
     2325         proxies, caching, the need for persistent connections, or name-based virtual hosts. The proliferation of incompletely-implemented
     2326         applications calling themselves "HTTP/1.0" further necessitated a protocol version change in order for two communicating applications
     2327         to determine each other's true capabilities.
     2328      </p>
     2329      <p id="rfc.section.C.p.2">HTTP/1.1 remains compatible with HTTP/1.0 by including more stringent requirements that enable reliable implementations, adding
     2330         only those new features that will either be safely ignored by an HTTP/1.0 recipient or only sent when communicating with a
     2331         party advertising compliance with HTTP/1.1.
     2332      </p>
     2333      <p id="rfc.section.C.p.3">It is beyond the scope of a protocol specification to mandate compliance with previous versions. HTTP/1.1 was deliberately
    23682334         designed, however, to make supporting previous versions easy. It is worth noting that, at the time of composing this specification
    23692335         (1996), we would expect commercial HTTP/1.1 servers to:
     
    23742340         <li>respond appropriately with a message in the same major version used by the client.</li>
    23752341      </ul>
    2376       <p id="rfc.section.C.p.2">And we would expect HTTP/1.1 clients to: </p>
     2342      <p id="rfc.section.C.p.4">And we would expect HTTP/1.1 clients to: </p>
    23772343      <ul>
    23782344         <li>recognize the format of the Status-Line for HTTP/1.0 and 1.1 responses;</li>
    23792345         <li>understand any valid response in the format of HTTP/0.9, 1.0, or 1.1.</li>
    23802346      </ul>
    2381       <p id="rfc.section.C.p.3">For most implementations of HTTP/1.0, each connection is established by the client prior to the request and closed by the
     2347      <p id="rfc.section.C.p.5">For most implementations of HTTP/1.0, each connection is established by the client prior to the request and closed by the
    23822348         server after sending the response. Some implementations implement the Keep-Alive version of persistent connections described
    23832349         in <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2068#section-19.7.1">Section 19.7.1</a> of <a href="#RFC2068" id="rfc.xref.RFC2068.6"><cite title="Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1">[RFC2068]</cite></a>.
     
    24292395      <p id="rfc.section.C.3.p.2">Transfer-coding and message lengths all interact in ways that required fixing exactly when chunked encoding is used (to allow
    24302396         for transfer encoding that may not be self delimiting); it was important to straighten out exactly how message lengths are
    2431          computed. (Sections <a href="#transfer.codings" title="Transfer Codings">3.4</a>, <a href="#message.length" title="Message Length">4.4</a>, <a href="#header.content-length" id="rfc.xref.header.content-length.3" title="Content-Length">8.2</a>, see also <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.13"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>, <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses">[Part5]</cite></a> and <a href="#Part6" id="rfc.xref.Part6.8"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 6: Caching">[Part6]</cite></a>)
     2397         computed. (Sections <a href="#transfer.codings" title="Transfer Codings">3.4</a>, <a href="#message.length" title="Message Length">4.4</a>, <a href="#header.content-length" id="rfc.xref.header.content-length.3" title="Content-Length">8.2</a>, see also <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.14"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>, <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses">[Part5]</cite></a> and <a href="#Part6" id="rfc.xref.Part6.8"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 6: Caching">[Part6]</cite></a>)
    24322398      </p>
    24332399      <p id="rfc.section.C.3.p.3">The use and interpretation of HTTP version numbers has been clarified by <a href="#RFC2145" id="rfc.xref.RFC2145.3"><cite title="Use and Interpretation of HTTP Version Numbers">[RFC2145]</cite></a>. Require proxies to upgrade requests to highest protocol version they support to deal with problems discovered in HTTP/1.0
     
    24512417      <p id="rfc.section.C.4.p.4">Clarification that the chunk length does not include the count of the octets in the chunk header and trailer. (<a href="#chunked.transfer.encoding" title="Chunked Transfer Coding">Section&nbsp;3.4.1</a>)
    24522418      </p>
    2453       <p id="rfc.section.C.4.p.5">Fix BNF to add query, as the abs_path production in <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2396#section-3">Section 3</a> of <a href="#RFC2396" id="rfc.xref.RFC2396.12"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC2396]</cite></a> doesn't define it. (<a href="#request-uri" title="Request-URI">Section&nbsp;5.1.2</a>)
     2419      <p id="rfc.section.C.4.p.5">Update use of abs_path production from RFC1808 to the path-absolute + query components of RFC3986. (<a href="#request-uri" title="Request-URI">Section&nbsp;5.1.2</a>)
    24542420      </p>
    24552421      <p id="rfc.section.C.4.p.6">Clarify exactly when close connection options must be sent. (<a href="#header.connection" id="rfc.xref.header.connection.8" title="Connection">Section&nbsp;8.1</a>)
     
    24912457      <dl class="empty">
    24922458         <dd>The information transferred as the payload of a request or response. An entity consists of metainformation in the form of
    2493             entity-header fields and content in the form of an entity-body, as described in <a href="p3-payload.html#entity" title="Entity">Section 4</a> of <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.14"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>.
     2459            entity-header fields and content in the form of an entity-body, as described in <a href="p3-payload.html#entity" title="Entity">Section 4</a> of <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.15"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>.
    24942460         </dd>
    24952461      </dl>
     
    24972463      </p>
    24982464      <dl class="empty">
    2499          <dd>An entity included with a response that is subject to content negotiation, as described in <a href="p3-payload.html#content.negotiation" title="Content Negotiation">Section 5</a> of <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.15"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>. There may exist multiple representations associated with a particular response status.
     2465         <dd>An entity included with a response that is subject to content negotiation, as described in <a href="p3-payload.html#content.negotiation" title="Content Negotiation">Section 5</a> of <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.16"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>. There may exist multiple representations associated with a particular response status.
    25002466         </dd>
    25012467      </dl>
     
    25032469      </p>
    25042470      <dl class="empty">
    2505          <dd>The mechanism for selecting the appropriate representation when servicing a request, as described in <a href="p3-payload.html#content.negotiation" title="Content Negotiation">Section 5</a> of <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.16"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>. The representation of entities in any response can be negotiated (including error responses).
     2471         <dd>The mechanism for selecting the appropriate representation when servicing a request, as described in <a href="p3-payload.html#content.negotiation" title="Content Negotiation">Section 5</a> of <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.17"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>. The representation of entities in any response can be negotiated (including error responses).
    25062472         </dd>
    25072473      </dl>
     
    25502516         </dd>
    25512517      </dl>
    2552       <p id="rfc.section.D.p.16"> <span id="rfc.iref.g.95"></span>  <dfn>gateway</dfn> 
     2518      <p id="rfc.section.D.p.16"> <span id="rfc.iref.g.97"></span>  <dfn>gateway</dfn> 
    25532519      </p>
    25542520      <dl class="empty">
     
    25962562      <h2 id="rfc.section.E.1"><a href="#rfc.section.E.1">E.1</a>&nbsp;Since RFC2616
    25972563      </h2>
    2598       <p id="rfc.section.E.1.p.1">Extracted relevant partitions from <a href="#RFC2616" id="rfc.xref.RFC2616.4"><cite title="Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1">[RFC2616]</cite></a>.
     2564      <p id="rfc.section.E.1.p.1">Extracted relevant partitions from <a href="#RFC2616" id="rfc.xref.RFC2616.3"><cite title="Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1">[RFC2616]</cite></a>.
    25992565      </p>
    26002566      <h2 id="rfc.section.E.2"><a href="#rfc.section.E.2">E.2</a>&nbsp;Since draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-00
     
    27182684      <p id="rfc.section.E.6.p.1">Closed issues: </p>
    27192685      <ul>
     2686         <li> &lt;<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/34">http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/34</a>&gt;: "Out-of-date reference for URIs"
     2687         </li>
    27202688         <li> &lt;<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/132">http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/132</a>&gt;: "RFC 2822 is updated by RFC 5322"
    27212689         </li>
     
    27832751            </li>
    27842752            <li class="indline0"><a id="rfc.index.G" href="#rfc.index.G"><b>G</b></a><ul class="ind">
    2785                   <li class="indline1">gateway&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.95">D</a></li>
     2753                  <li class="indline1">gateway&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.97">D</a></li>
    27862754                  <li class="indline1"><tt>Grammar</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;
    27872755                     <ul class="ind">
    2788                         <li class="indline1"><tt>absoluteURI</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.15"><b>3.2.1</b></a></li>
    2789                         <li class="indline1"><tt>asctime-date</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.27"><b>3.3.1</b></a></li>
    2790                         <li class="indline1"><tt>attribute</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.38"><b>3.4</b></a></li>
    2791                         <li class="indline1"><tt>authority</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.16"><b>3.2.1</b></a></li>
     2756                        <li class="indline1"><tt>absolute-URI</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.16"><b>3.2</b></a></li>
     2757                        <li class="indline1"><tt>asctime-date</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.29"><b>3.3.1</b></a></li>
     2758                        <li class="indline1"><tt>attribute</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.40"><b>3.4</b></a></li>
     2759                        <li class="indline1"><tt>authority</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.17"><b>3.2</b></a></li>
    27922760                        <li class="indline1"><tt>BWS</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.3"><b>2.2</b></a></li>
    2793                         <li class="indline1"><tt>chunk</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.41"><b>3.4.1</b></a></li>
    2794                         <li class="indline1"><tt>chunk-data</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.47"><b>3.4.1</b></a></li>
    2795                         <li class="indline1"><tt>chunk-ext</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.44"><b>3.4.1</b></a></li>
    2796                         <li class="indline1"><tt>chunk-ext-name</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.45"><b>3.4.1</b></a></li>
    2797                         <li class="indline1"><tt>chunk-ext-val</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.46"><b>3.4.1</b></a></li>
    2798                         <li class="indline1"><tt>chunk-size</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.42"><b>3.4.1</b></a></li>
    2799                         <li class="indline1"><tt>Chunked-Body</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.40"><b>3.4.1</b></a></li>
     2761                        <li class="indline1"><tt>chunk</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.43"><b>3.4.1</b></a></li>
     2762                        <li class="indline1"><tt>chunk-data</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.49"><b>3.4.1</b></a></li>
     2763                        <li class="indline1"><tt>chunk-ext</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.46"><b>3.4.1</b></a></li>
     2764                        <li class="indline1"><tt>chunk-ext-name</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.47"><b>3.4.1</b></a></li>
     2765                        <li class="indline1"><tt>chunk-ext-val</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.48"><b>3.4.1</b></a></li>
     2766                        <li class="indline1"><tt>chunk-size</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.44"><b>3.4.1</b></a></li>
     2767                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Chunked-Body</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.42"><b>3.4.1</b></a></li>
    28002768                        <li class="indline1"><tt>comment</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.7"><b>2.2</b></a></li>
    2801                         <li class="indline1"><tt>Connection</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.70"><b>8.1</b></a></li>
    2802                         <li class="indline1"><tt>connection-token</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.72"><b>8.1</b></a></li>
    2803                         <li class="indline1"><tt>Connection-v</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.71"><b>8.1</b></a></li>
    2804                         <li class="indline1"><tt>Content-Length</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.73"><b>8.2</b></a></li>
    2805                         <li class="indline1"><tt>Content-Length-v</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.74"><b>8.2</b></a></li>
     2769                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Connection</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.72"><b>8.1</b></a></li>
     2770                        <li class="indline1"><tt>connection-token</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.74"><b>8.1</b></a></li>
     2771                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Connection-v</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.73"><b>8.1</b></a></li>
     2772                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Content-Length</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.75"><b>8.2</b></a></li>
     2773                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Content-Length-v</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.76"><b>8.2</b></a></li>
    28062774                        <li class="indline1"><tt>ctext</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.8"><b>2.2</b></a></li>
    2807                         <li class="indline1"><tt>Date</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.75"><b>8.3</b></a></li>
    2808                         <li class="indline1"><tt>Date-v</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.76"><b>8.3</b></a></li>
    2809                         <li class="indline1"><tt>date1</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.28"><b>3.3.1</b></a></li>
    2810                         <li class="indline1"><tt>date2</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.29"><b>3.3.1</b></a></li>
    2811                         <li class="indline1"><tt>date3</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.30"><b>3.3.1</b></a></li>
    2812                         <li class="indline1"><tt>extension-code</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.68"><b>6.1.1</b></a></li>
    2813                         <li class="indline1"><tt>extension-method</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.63"><b>5.1.1</b></a></li>
    2814                         <li class="indline1"><tt>field-content</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.57"><b>4.2</b></a></li>
    2815                         <li class="indline1"><tt>field-name</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.55"><b>4.2</b></a></li>
    2816                         <li class="indline1"><tt>field-value</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.56"><b>4.2</b></a></li>
    2817                         <li class="indline1"><tt>general-header</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.59"><b>4.5</b></a></li>
    2818                         <li class="indline1"><tt>generic-message</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.52"><b>4.1</b></a></li>
    2819                         <li class="indline1"><tt>Host</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.77"><b>8.4</b></a></li>
    2820                         <li class="indline1"><tt>Host-v</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.78"><b>8.4</b></a></li>
    2821                         <li class="indline1"><tt>HTTP-date</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.23"><b>3.3.1</b></a></li>
    2822                         <li class="indline1"><tt>HTTP-message</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.51"><b>4.1</b></a></li>
     2775                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Date</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.77"><b>8.3</b></a></li>
     2776                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Date-v</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.78"><b>8.3</b></a></li>
     2777                        <li class="indline1"><tt>date1</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.30"><b>3.3.1</b></a></li>
     2778                        <li class="indline1"><tt>date2</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.31"><b>3.3.1</b></a></li>
     2779                        <li class="indline1"><tt>date3</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.32"><b>3.3.1</b></a></li>
     2780                        <li class="indline1"><tt>extension-code</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.70"><b>6.1.1</b></a></li>
     2781                        <li class="indline1"><tt>extension-method</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.65"><b>5.1.1</b></a></li>
     2782                        <li class="indline1"><tt>field-content</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.59"><b>4.2</b></a></li>
     2783                        <li class="indline1"><tt>field-name</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.57"><b>4.2</b></a></li>
     2784                        <li class="indline1"><tt>field-value</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.58"><b>4.2</b></a></li>
     2785                        <li class="indline1"><tt>general-header</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.61"><b>4.5</b></a></li>
     2786                        <li class="indline1"><tt>generic-message</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.54"><b>4.1</b></a></li>
     2787                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Host</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.79"><b>8.4</b></a></li>
     2788                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Host-v</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.80"><b>8.4</b></a></li>
     2789                        <li class="indline1"><tt>HTTP-date</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.25"><b>3.3.1</b></a></li>
     2790                        <li class="indline1"><tt>HTTP-message</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.53"><b>4.1</b></a></li>
    28232791                        <li class="indline1"><tt>HTTP-Prot-Name</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.14"><b>3.1</b></a></li>
    2824                         <li class="indline1"><tt>http-URL</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.22"><b>3.2.2</b></a></li>
     2792                        <li class="indline1"><tt>http-URI</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.24"><b>3.2.1</b></a></li>
    28252793                        <li class="indline1"><tt>HTTP-Version</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.13"><b>3.1</b></a></li>
    2826                         <li class="indline1"><tt>last-chunk</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.43"><b>3.4.1</b></a></li>
    2827                         <li class="indline1"><tt>message-body</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.58"><b>4.3</b></a></li>
    2828                         <li class="indline1"><tt>message-header</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.54"><b>4.2</b></a></li>
    2829                         <li class="indline1"><tt>Method</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.62"><b>5.1.1</b></a></li>
    2830                         <li class="indline1"><tt>month</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.34"><b>3.3.1</b></a></li>
    2831                         <li class="indline1"><tt>obsolete-date</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.25"><b>3.3.1</b></a></li>
     2794                        <li class="indline1"><tt>last-chunk</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.45"><b>3.4.1</b></a></li>
     2795                        <li class="indline1"><tt>message-body</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.60"><b>4.3</b></a></li>
     2796                        <li class="indline1"><tt>message-header</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.56"><b>4.2</b></a></li>
     2797                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Method</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.64"><b>5.1.1</b></a></li>
     2798                        <li class="indline1"><tt>month</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.36"><b>3.3.1</b></a></li>
     2799                        <li class="indline1"><tt>obsolete-date</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.27"><b>3.3.1</b></a></li>
    28322800                        <li class="indline1"><tt>OWS</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.1"><b>2.2</b></a></li>
    2833                         <li class="indline1"><tt>parameter</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.37"><b>3.4</b></a></li>
    2834                         <li class="indline1"><tt>path-absolute</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.17"><b>3.2.1</b></a></li>
    2835                         <li class="indline1"><tt>port</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.18"><b>3.2.1</b></a></li>
    2836                         <li class="indline1"><tt>product</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.49"><b>3.5</b></a></li>
    2837                         <li class="indline1"><tt>product-version</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.50"><b>3.5</b></a></li>
    2838                         <li class="indline1"><tt>protocol-name</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.91"><b>8.9</b></a></li>
    2839                         <li class="indline1"><tt>protocol-version</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.92"><b>8.9</b></a></li>
    2840                         <li class="indline1"><tt>pseudonym</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.94"><b>8.9</b></a></li>
     2801                        <li class="indline1"><tt>parameter</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.39"><b>3.4</b></a></li>
     2802                        <li class="indline1"><tt>path-absolute</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.18"><b>3.2</b></a></li>
     2803                        <li class="indline1"><tt>port</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.19"><b>3.2</b></a></li>
     2804                        <li class="indline1"><tt>product</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.51"><b>3.5</b></a></li>
     2805                        <li class="indline1"><tt>product-version</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.52"><b>3.5</b></a></li>
     2806                        <li class="indline1"><tt>protocol-name</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.93"><b>8.9</b></a></li>
     2807                        <li class="indline1"><tt>protocol-version</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.94"><b>8.9</b></a></li>
     2808                        <li class="indline1"><tt>pseudonym</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.96"><b>8.9</b></a></li>
    28412809                        <li class="indline1"><tt>qdtext</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.10"><b>2.2</b></a></li>
    2842                         <li class="indline1"><tt>query</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.19"><b>3.2.1</b></a></li>
     2810                        <li class="indline1"><tt>query</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.20"><b>3.2</b></a></li>
    28432811                        <li class="indline1"><tt>quoted-pair</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.12"><b>2.2</b></a></li>
    28442812                        <li class="indline1"><tt>quoted-string</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.9"><b>2.2</b></a></li>
    28452813                        <li class="indline1"><tt>quoted-text</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.11"><b>2.2</b></a></li>
    2846                         <li class="indline1"><tt>Reason-Phrase</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.69"><b>6.1.1</b></a></li>
    2847                         <li class="indline1"><tt>received-by</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.93"><b>8.9</b></a></li>
    2848                         <li class="indline1"><tt>received-protocol</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.90"><b>8.9</b></a></li>
    2849                         <li class="indline1"><tt>relativeURI</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.20"><b>3.2.1</b></a></li>
    2850                         <li class="indline1"><tt>Request</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.60"><b>5</b></a></li>
    2851                         <li class="indline1"><tt>Request-Line</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.61"><b>5.1</b></a></li>
    2852                         <li class="indline1"><tt>Request-URI</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.64"><b>5.1.2</b></a></li>
    2853                         <li class="indline1"><tt>Response</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.65"><b>6</b></a></li>
    2854                         <li class="indline1"><tt>rfc1123-date</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.24"><b>3.3.1</b></a></li>
    2855                         <li class="indline1"><tt>rfc850-date</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.26"><b>3.3.1</b></a></li>
     2814                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Reason-Phrase</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.71"><b>6.1.1</b></a></li>
     2815                        <li class="indline1"><tt>received-by</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.95"><b>8.9</b></a></li>
     2816                        <li class="indline1"><tt>received-protocol</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.92"><b>8.9</b></a></li>
     2817                        <li class="indline1"><tt>relative-part</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.23"><b>3.2</b></a></li>
     2818                        <li class="indline1"><tt>relativeURI</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.22"><b>3.2</b></a></li>
     2819                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Request</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.62"><b>5</b></a></li>
     2820                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Request-Line</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.63"><b>5.1</b></a></li>
     2821                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Request-URI</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.66"><b>5.1.2</b></a></li>
     2822                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Response</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.67"><b>6</b></a></li>
     2823                        <li class="indline1"><tt>rfc1123-date</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.26"><b>3.3.1</b></a></li>
     2824                        <li class="indline1"><tt>rfc850-date</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.28"><b>3.3.1</b></a></li>
    28562825                        <li class="indline1"><tt>RWS</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.2"><b>2.2</b></a></li>
    2857                         <li class="indline1"><tt>start-line</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.53"><b>4.1</b></a></li>
    2858                         <li class="indline1"><tt>Status-Code</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.67"><b>6.1.1</b></a></li>
    2859                         <li class="indline1"><tt>Status-Line</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.66"><b>6.1</b></a></li>
    2860                         <li class="indline1"><tt>t-codings</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.81"><b>8.5</b></a></li>
     2826                        <li class="indline1"><tt>start-line</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.55"><b>4.1</b></a></li>
     2827                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Status-Code</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.69"><b>6.1.1</b></a></li>
     2828                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Status-Line</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.68"><b>6.1</b></a></li>
     2829                        <li class="indline1"><tt>t-codings</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.83"><b>8.5</b></a></li>
    28612830                        <li class="indline1"><tt>tchar</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.6"><b>2.2</b></a></li>
    2862                         <li class="indline1"><tt>TE</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.79"><b>8.5</b></a></li>
    2863                         <li class="indline1"><tt>TE-v</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.80"><b>8.5</b></a></li>
     2831                        <li class="indline1"><tt>TE</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.81"><b>8.5</b></a></li>
     2832                        <li class="indline1"><tt>TE-v</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.82"><b>8.5</b></a></li>
    28642833                        <li class="indline1"><tt>TEXT</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.4"><b>2.2</b></a></li>
    2865                         <li class="indline1"><tt>time</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.31"><b>3.3.1</b></a></li>
     2834                        <li class="indline1"><tt>time</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.33"><b>3.3.1</b></a></li>
    28662835                        <li class="indline1"><tt>token</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.5"><b>2.2</b></a></li>
    2867                         <li class="indline1"><tt>Trailer</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.82"><b>8.6</b></a></li>
    2868                         <li class="indline1"><tt>trailer-part</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.48"><b>3.4.1</b></a></li>
    2869                         <li class="indline1"><tt>Trailer-v</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.83"><b>8.6</b></a></li>
    2870                         <li class="indline1"><tt>transfer-coding</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.35"><b>3.4</b></a></li>
    2871                         <li class="indline1"><tt>Transfer-Encoding</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.84"><b>8.7</b></a></li>
    2872                         <li class="indline1"><tt>Transfer-Encoding-v</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.85"><b>8.7</b></a></li>
    2873                         <li class="indline1"><tt>transfer-extension</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.36"><b>3.4</b></a></li>
    2874                         <li class="indline1"><tt>Upgrade</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.86"><b>8.8</b></a></li>
    2875                         <li class="indline1"><tt>Upgrade-v</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.87"><b>8.8</b></a></li>
    2876                         <li class="indline1"><tt>uri-host</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.21"><b>3.2.1</b></a></li>
    2877                         <li class="indline1"><tt>value</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.39"><b>3.4</b></a></li>
    2878                         <li class="indline1"><tt>Via</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.88"><b>8.9</b></a></li>
    2879                         <li class="indline1"><tt>Via-v</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.89"><b>8.9</b></a></li>
    2880                         <li class="indline1"><tt>weekday</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.33"><b>3.3.1</b></a></li>
    2881                         <li class="indline1"><tt>wkday</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.32"><b>3.3.1</b></a></li>
     2836                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Trailer</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.84"><b>8.6</b></a></li>
     2837                        <li class="indline1"><tt>trailer-part</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.50"><b>3.4.1</b></a></li>
     2838                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Trailer-v</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.85"><b>8.6</b></a></li>
     2839                        <li class="indline1"><tt>transfer-coding</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.37"><b>3.4</b></a></li>
     2840                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Transfer-Encoding</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.86"><b>8.7</b></a></li>
     2841                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Transfer-Encoding-v</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.87"><b>8.7</b></a></li>
     2842                        <li class="indline1"><tt>transfer-extension</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.38"><b>3.4</b></a></li>
     2843                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Upgrade</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.88"><b>8.8</b></a></li>
     2844                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Upgrade-v</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.89"><b>8.8</b></a></li>
     2845                        <li class="indline1"><tt>uri-host</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.21"><b>3.2</b></a></li>
     2846                        <li class="indline1"><tt>URI-reference</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.15"><b>3.2</b></a></li>
     2847                        <li class="indline1"><tt>value</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.41"><b>3.4</b></a></li>
     2848                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Via</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.90"><b>8.9</b></a></li>
     2849                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Via-v</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.91"><b>8.9</b></a></li>
     2850                        <li class="indline1"><tt>weekday</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.35"><b>3.3.1</b></a></li>
     2851                        <li class="indline1"><tt>wkday</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.34"><b>3.3.1</b></a></li>
    28822852                     </ul>
    28832853                  </li>
     
    28992869                  </li>
    29002870                  <li class="indline1">Host header&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.h.6"><b>8.4</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.header.host.1">9.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.header.host.2">C.1.1</a></li>
    2901                   <li class="indline1">http URI scheme&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.h.1"><b>3.2.2</b></a></li>
    2902                   <li class="indline1">https URI scheme&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.h.2">3.2.2</a></li>
     2871                  <li class="indline1">http URI scheme&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.h.1"><b>3.2.1</b></a></li>
     2872                  <li class="indline1">https URI scheme&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.h.2">3.2.1</a></li>
    29032873               </ul>
    29042874            </li>
     
    29342904            <li class="indline0"><a id="rfc.index.P" href="#rfc.index.P"><b>P</b></a><ul class="ind">
    29352905                  <li class="indline1"><em>Pad1995</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Pad1995.1">7.1.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#Pad1995"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
    2936                   <li class="indline1"><em>Part2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.1">2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.2">2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.3">3.2.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.4">4.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.5">4.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.6">4.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.7">5</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.8">5.1.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.9">6</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.10">6.1.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.11">7.1.2.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.12">7.1.4</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.13">7.2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.14">7.2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.15">7.2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.16">7.2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#Part2"><b>12.1</b></a><ul class="ind">
     2906                  <li class="indline1"><em>Part2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.1">2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.2">2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.3">3.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.4">4.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.5">4.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.6">4.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.7">5</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.8">5.1.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.9">6</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.10">6.1.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.11">7.1.2.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.12">7.1.4</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.13">7.2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.14">7.2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.15">7.2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.16">7.2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#Part2"><b>12.1</b></a><ul class="ind">
    29372907                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.6">4.3</a></li>
    29382908                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 4</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.1">2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.4">4.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.7">5</a></li>
     
    29432913                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 9.1.1</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.13">7.2.3</a></li>
    29442914                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 9.1</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.16">7.2.3</a></li>
    2945                         <li class="indline1"><em>Section 9.4.15</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.3">3.2.1</a></li>
     2915                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 9.4.15</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.3">3.2</a></li>
    29462916                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 10.2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.14">7.2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part2.15">7.2.3</a></li>
    29472917                     </ul>
    29482918                  </li>
    2949                   <li class="indline1"><em>Part3</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.1">1.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.2">2.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.3">2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.4">2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.5">2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.6">3.4</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.7">3.4</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.8">4.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.9">5</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.10">6</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.11">8.5</a>, <a class="iref" href="#Part3"><b>12.1</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.12">A</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.13">C.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.14">D</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.15">D</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.16">D</a><ul class="ind">
    2950                         <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3.2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.6">3.4</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.7">3.4</a></li>
    2951                         <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3.3</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.2">2.2</a></li>
    2952                         <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3.4</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.11">8.5</a></li>
    2953                         <li class="indline1"><em>Section 4.1</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.5">2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.8">4.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.9">5</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.10">6</a></li>
    2954                         <li class="indline1"><em>Section 4</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.14">D</a></li>
    2955                         <li class="indline1"><em>Section 4.2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.4">2.3</a></li>
    2956                         <li class="indline1"><em>Section 5</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.15">D</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.16">D</a></li>
    2957                         <li class="indline1"><em>Section 6.1</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.3">2.3</a></li>
    2958                         <li class="indline1"><em>Appendix A</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.1">1.3</a></li>
     2919                  <li class="indline1"><em>Part3</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.1">1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.2">1.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.3">2.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.4">2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.5">2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.6">2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.7">3.4</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.8">3.4</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.9">4.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.10">5</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.11">6</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.12">8.5</a>, <a class="iref" href="#Part3"><b>12.1</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.13">A</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.14">C.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.15">D</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.16">D</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.17">D</a><ul class="ind">
     2920                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3.2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.7">3.4</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.8">3.4</a></li>
     2921                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3.3</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.3">2.2</a></li>
     2922                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3.4</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.12">8.5</a></li>
     2923                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 4.1</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.6">2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.9">4.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.10">5</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.11">6</a></li>
     2924                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 4</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.15">D</a></li>
     2925                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 4.2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.5">2.3</a></li>
     2926                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 5</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.16">D</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.17">D</a></li>
     2927                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 6.1</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.4">2.3</a></li>
     2928                        <li class="indline1"><em>Appendix A</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.1">1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part3.2">1.2</a></li>
    29592929                     </ul>
    29602930                  </li>
    29612931                  <li class="indline1"><em>Part5</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#Part5"><b>12.1</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part5.1">C.3</a></li>
    2962                   <li class="indline1"><em>Part6</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.1">1.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.2">2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.3">2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.4">2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.5">4.5</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.6">4.5</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.7">4.5</a>, <a class="iref" href="#Part6"><b>12.1</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.8">C.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.9">D</a><ul class="ind">
    2963                         <li class="indline1"><em>Section 1</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.1">1.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.9">D</a></li>
     2932                  <li class="indline1"><em>Part6</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.1">1.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.2">2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.3">2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.4">2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.5">4.5</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.6">4.5</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.7">4.5</a>, <a class="iref" href="#Part6"><b>12.1</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.8">C.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.9">D</a><ul class="ind">
     2933                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 1</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.1">1.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.9">D</a></li>
    29642934                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 16.2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.5">4.5</a></li>
    29652935                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 16.4</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.2">2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.3">2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.6">4.5</a></li>
     
    29772947                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC1123</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC1123.1">3.3.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC1123"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
    29782948                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC1305</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC1305.1">8.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC1305"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
    2979                   <li class="indline1"><em>RFC1436</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC1436.1">1.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC1436"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
    2980                   <li class="indline1"><em>RFC1630</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC1630.1">1.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC1630.2">3.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC1630"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
    2981                   <li class="indline1"><em>RFC1737</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC1737.1">1.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC1737.2">3.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC1737"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
    2982                   <li class="indline1"><em>RFC1738</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC1738.1">1.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC1738.2">3.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC1738.3">3.2.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC1738"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
    2983                   <li class="indline1"><em>RFC1808</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC1808.1">3.2.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC1808.2">3.2.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC1808"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
    2984                   <li class="indline1"><em>RFC1900</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC1900.1">3.2.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC1900.2">10.4</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC1900"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
    2985                   <li class="indline1"><em>RFC1945</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC1945.1">1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC1945"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
    2986                   <li class="indline1"><em>RFC2045</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2045.1">1.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2045.2">3.4</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2045.3">11</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC2045"><b>12.1</b></a></li>
     2949                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC1436</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC1436.1">1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC1436"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
     2950                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC1900</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC1900.1">3.2.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC1900.2">10.4</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC1900"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
     2951                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC1945</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#RFC1945"><b>12.2</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC1945.1">C</a></li>
     2952                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC2045</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2045.1">1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2045.2">3.4</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2045.3">11</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC2045"><b>12.1</b></a></li>
    29872953                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC2047</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2047.1">2.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC2047"><b>12.1</b></a></li>
    29882954                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC2068</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2068.1">3.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2068.2">7.1.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2068.3">7.1.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2068.4">7.2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2068.5">11</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC2068"><b>12.2</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2068.6">C</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2068.7">C.2</a><ul class="ind">
     
    29912957                  </li>
    29922958                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC2109</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2109.1">4.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC2109"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
    2993                   <li class="indline1"><em>RFC2119</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2119.1">1.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC2119"><b>12.1</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2119.2">C.3</a></li>
     2959                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC2119</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2119.1">1.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC2119"><b>12.1</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2119.2">C.3</a></li>
    29942960                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC2145</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2145.1">3.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2145.2">3.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC2145"><b>12.2</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2145.3">C.3</a></li>
    2995                   <li class="indline1"><em>RFC2324</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2324.1">1.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC2324"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
    2996                   <li class="indline1"><em>RFC2396</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2396.1">3.2.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2396.2">3.2.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2396.3">3.2.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2396.4">3.2.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2396.5">3.2.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2396.6">3.2.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2396.7">3.2.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2396.8">3.2.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2396.9">3.2.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2396.10">3.2.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2396.11">5.1.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC2396"><b>12.1</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2396.12">C.4</a><ul class="ind">
    2997                         <li class="indline1"><em>Section 2.4.1</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2396.11">5.1.2</a></li>
    2998                         <li class="indline1"><em>Section 2.2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2396.10">3.2.3</a></li>
    2999                         <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3.2.2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2396.6">3.2.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2396.9">3.2.1</a></li>
    3000                         <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3.2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2396.3">3.2.1</a></li>
    3001                         <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3.4</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2396.7">3.2.1</a></li>
    3002                         <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2396.2">3.2.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2396.5">3.2.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2396.12">C.4</a></li>
    3003                         <li class="indline1"><em>Section 4.1</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2396.4">3.2.1</a></li>
    3004                         <li class="indline1"><em>Section 5</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2396.8">3.2.1</a></li>
     2961                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC2616</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2616.1">1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2616.2">11</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC2616"><b>12.2</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2616.3">E.1</a></li>
     2962                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC2818</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2818.1">3.2.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC2818"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
     2963                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC2965</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2965.1">4.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC2965"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
     2964                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC3864</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3864.1">9.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC3864"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
     2965                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC3977</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3977.1">1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC3977"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
     2966                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC3986</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3986.1">1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3986.2">3.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3986.3">3.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3986.4">3.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3986.5">3.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3986.6">3.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3986.7">3.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3986.8">3.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3986.9">3.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3986.10">3.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3986.11">3.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3986.12">3.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3986.13">3.2.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3986.14">5.1.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC3986"><b>12.1</b></a><ul class="ind">
     2967                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 2.2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3986.13">3.2.2</a></li>
     2968                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 2.4</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3986.14">5.1.2</a></li>
     2969                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3.2.3</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3986.9">3.2</a></li>
     2970                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3.2.2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3986.11">3.2</a></li>
     2971                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3.2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3986.5">3.2</a></li>
     2972                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3.3</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3986.7">3.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3986.8">3.2</a></li>
     2973                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3.4</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3986.10">3.2</a></li>
     2974                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3.5</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3986.6">3.2</a></li>
     2975                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 4.2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3986.12">3.2</a></li>
     2976                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 4.3</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3986.4">3.2</a></li>
    30052977                     </ul>
    30062978                  </li>
    3007                   <li class="indline1"><em>RFC2616</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2616.1">1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2616.2">1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2616.3">11</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC2616"><b>12.2</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2616.4">E.1</a></li>
    3008                   <li class="indline1"><em>RFC2818</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2818.1">3.2.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC2818"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
    3009                   <li class="indline1"><em>RFC2821</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2821.1">1.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC2821"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
    3010                   <li class="indline1"><em>RFC2965</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2965.1">4.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC2965"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
    3011                   <li class="indline1"><em>RFC3864</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3864.1">9.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC3864"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
    3012                   <li class="indline1"><em>RFC3977</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3977.1">1.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC3977"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
    30132979                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC4288</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC4288.1">9.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC4288"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
    30142980                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC4395</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC4395.1">9.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC4395"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
     
    30172983                     </ul>
    30182984                  </li>
    3019                   <li class="indline1"><em>RFC5322</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC5322.1">1.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC5322.2">4.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC5322.3">4.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC5322.4">8.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC5322.5">8.9</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC5322"><b>12.2</b></a><ul class="ind">
     2985                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC5322</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC5322.1">1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC5322.2">4.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC5322.3">4.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC5322.4">8.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC5322.5">8.9</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC5322"><b>12.2</b></a><ul class="ind">
    30202986                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 2.1</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC5322.3">4.2</a></li>
    30212987                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3.6.1</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC5322.4">8.3</a></li>
     
    30242990                  </li>
    30252991                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC822</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC822.1">3.3.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC822"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
    3026                   <li class="indline1"><em>RFC959</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC959.1">1.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC959"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
     2992                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC959</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC959.1">1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC959"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
    30272993               </ul>
    30282994            </li>
     
    30453011                  <li class="indline1">URI scheme&nbsp;&nbsp;
    30463012                     <ul class="ind">
    3047                         <li class="indline1">http&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.u.1"><b>3.2.2</b></a></li>
    3048                         <li class="indline1">https&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.u.2">3.2.2</a></li>
     3013                        <li class="indline1">http&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.u.1"><b>3.2.1</b></a></li>
     3014                        <li class="indline1">https&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.u.2">3.2.1</a></li>
    30493015                     </ul>
    30503016                  </li>
     
    30593025            </li>
    30603026            <li class="indline0"><a id="rfc.index.W" href="#rfc.index.W"><b>W</b></a><ul class="ind">
    3061                   <li class="indline1"><em>WAIS</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.WAIS.1">1.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#WAIS"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
     3027                  <li class="indline1"><em>WAIS</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.WAIS.1">1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#WAIS"><b>12.2</b></a></li>
    30623028               </ul>
    30633029            </li>
  • draft-ietf-httpbis/latest/p1-messaging.xml

    r372 r374  
    229229<t>
    230230   The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application-level
    231    protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information
    232    systems. HTTP has been in use by the World-Wide Web global
    233    information initiative since 1990. The first version of HTTP, commonly
    234    referred to as HTTP/0.9, was a simple protocol for raw data transfer
    235    across the Internet with only a single method and no metadata.
    236    HTTP/1.0, as defined by <xref target="RFC1945"/>, improved
    237    the protocol by allowing messages to be in the format of MIME-like
    238    messages, containing metadata about the data transferred and
    239    modifiers on the request/response semantics. However, HTTP/1.0 did
    240    not sufficiently take into consideration the effects of hierarchical
    241    proxies, caching, the need for persistent connections, or name-based
    242    virtual hosts. In addition, the proliferation of incompletely-implemented
    243    applications calling themselves "HTTP/1.0" necessitated a
    244    protocol version change in order for two communicating applications
    245    to determine each other's true capabilities.
    246 </t>
    247 <t>
    248    This document is Part 1 of the seven-part specification that defines
    249    the protocol referred to as "HTTP/1.1", obsoleting <xref target="RFC2616"/>.
    250    HTTP/1.1 remains compatible with HTTP/1.0 by including more stringent
    251    requirements that enable reliable implementations and adding only
    252    those new features that will either be safely ignored by an HTTP/1.0
    253    recipient or only sent when communicating with a party advertising
    254    compliance with HTTP/1.1.
    255    Part 1 defines those aspects of HTTP/1.1 related to overall network
    256    operation, message framing, interaction with transport protocols, and
    257    URI schemes.
    258 </t>
    259 <t>
    260    This document is currently disorganized in order to minimize the changes
    261    between drafts and enable reviewers to see the smaller errata changes.
    262    The next draft will reorganize the sections to better reflect the content.
    263    In particular, the sections will be organized according to the typical
    264    process of deciding when to use HTTP (URI schemes), overall network operation,
    265    connection management, message framing, and generic message parsing.
    266    The current mess reflects how widely dispersed these topics and associated
    267    requirements had become in <xref target="RFC2616"/>.
    268 </t>
    269 
    270 <section title="Purpose" anchor="intro.purpose">
    271 <t>
    272    Practical information systems require more functionality than simple
    273    retrieval, including search, front-end update, and annotation. HTTP
    274    allows an open-ended set of methods and headers that indicate the
    275    purpose of a request <xref target="RFC2324"/>. It builds on the discipline of reference
    276    provided by the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) <xref target="RFC1630"/>, as a location
    277    (URL) <xref target="RFC1738"/> or name (URN) <xref target="RFC1737"/>, for indicating the resource to which a
    278    method is to be applied. Messages are passed in a format similar to
    279    that used by Internet mail <xref target="RFC5322"/> as defined by the Multipurpose
    280    Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) <xref target="RFC2045"/>.
    281 </t>
    282 <t>
    283    HTTP is also used as a generic protocol for communication between
    284    user agents and proxies/gateways to other Internet systems, including
    285    those supported by the SMTP <xref target="RFC2821"/>, NNTP <xref target="RFC3977"/>, FTP <xref target="RFC959"/>, Gopher <xref target="RFC1436"/>,
    286    and WAIS <xref target="WAIS"/> protocols. In this way, HTTP allows basic hypermedia
    287    access to resources available from diverse applications.
    288 </t>
    289 </section>
     231   request/response protocol that uses extensible semantics and MIME-like
     232   message payloads for flexible interaction with network-based hypermedia
     233   information systems. HTTP relies upon the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI)
     234   standard <xref target="RFC3986"/> to indicate resource targets for
     235   interaction and to identify other resources.
     236   Messages are passed in a format similar to that used by Internet mail
     237   <xref target="RFC5322"/> and the Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
     238   (MIME) <xref target="RFC2045"/> (see &diff2045entity; for the differences
     239   between HTTP and MIME messages).
     240</t>
     241<t>
     242   HTTP is also designed for use as a generic protocol for translating
     243   communication to and from other Internet information systems, such as
     244   USENET news services via NNTP <xref target="RFC3977"/>,
     245   file services via FTP <xref target="RFC959"/>,
     246   Gopher <xref target="RFC1436"/>, and WAIS <xref target="WAIS"/>.
     247   HTTP proxies and gateways provide access to alternative information
     248   services by translating their diverse protocols into a hypermedia
     249   format that can be viewed and manipulated by clients in the same way
     250   as HTTP services.
     251</t>
     252<t>
     253   This document is Part 1 of the seven-part specification of HTTP,
     254   defining the protocol referred to as "HTTP/1.1" and obsoleting
     255   <xref target="RFC2616"/>.
     256   Part 1 defines how clients determine when to use HTTP, the URI schemes
     257   specific to HTTP-based resources, overall network operation with
     258   transport protocol connection management, and HTTP message framing.
     259   Our goal is to define all of the mechanisms necessary for HTTP message
     260   handling that are independent of message semantics, thereby defining the
     261   complete set of requirements for an HTTP message relay or generic
     262   message parser.
     263</t>
    290264
    291265<section title="Requirements" anchor="intro.requirements">
     
    697671<section title="Uniform Resource Identifiers" anchor="uri">
    698672<t>
    699    URIs have been known by many names: WWW addresses, Universal Document
    700    Identifiers, Universal Resource Identifiers <xref target="RFC1630"/>, and finally the
    701    combination of Uniform Resource Locators (URL) <xref target="RFC1738"/> and Names (URN)
    702    <xref target="RFC1737"/>. As far as HTTP is concerned, Uniform Resource Identifiers are
    703    simply formatted strings which identify--via name, location, or any
    704    other characteristic--a resource.
    705 </t>
    706 
    707 <section title="General Syntax" anchor="general.syntax">
    708   <x:anchor-alias value="absoluteURI"/>
     673   Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs) <xref target="RFC3986"/> are used in HTTP
     674   to indicate the target of a request and to identify additional resources related
     675   to that resource, the request, or the response. Each protocol element in HTTP
     676   that allows a URI reference will indicate in its ABNF whether the element allows
     677   only a URI in absolute form, any relative reference, or some limited subset of
     678   the URI-reference grammar. Unless otherwise indicated, relative URI references
     679   are to be parsed relative to the URI corresponding to the request target
     680   (the base URI).
     681</t>
     682  <x:anchor-alias value="URI-reference"/>
     683  <x:anchor-alias value="absolute-URI"/>
    709684  <x:anchor-alias value="authority"/>
    710685  <x:anchor-alias value="fragment"/>
     686  <x:anchor-alias value="path-abempty"/>
    711687  <x:anchor-alias value="path-absolute"/>
    712688  <x:anchor-alias value="port"/>
    713689  <x:anchor-alias value="query"/>
    714690  <x:anchor-alias value="relativeURI"/>
     691  <x:anchor-alias value="relative-part"/>
    715692  <x:anchor-alias value="uri-host"/>
    716693<t>
    717    URIs in HTTP can be represented in absolute form or relative to some
    718    known base URI <xref target="RFC1808"/>, depending upon the context of their use. The two
    719    forms are differentiated by the fact that absolute URIs always begin
    720    with a scheme name followed by a colon. For definitive information on
    721    URL syntax and semantics, see "Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI):
    722    Generic Syntax and Semantics," <xref target="RFC2396"/> (which replaces <xref target="RFC1738"/>
    723    and <xref target="RFC1808"/>). This specification adopts the
    724    definitions of "URI-reference", "absoluteURI", "fragment", "relativeURI", "port",
    725    "host", "abs_path", "query", and "authority" from that specification:
    726 </t>
    727 <figure><artwork type="abnf2616"><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="absoluteURI"/><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="authority"/><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="path-absolute"/><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="port"/><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="query"/><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="relativeURI"/><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="uri-host"/>
    728   <x:ref>absoluteURI</x:ref>   = &lt;absoluteURI, defined in <xref target="RFC2396" x:fmt="," x:sec="3"/>>
    729   <x:ref>authority</x:ref>     = &lt;authority, defined in <xref target="RFC2396" x:fmt="," x:sec="3.2"/>>
    730   <x:ref>fragment</x:ref>      = &lt;fragment, defined in <xref target="RFC2396" x:fmt="," x:sec="4.1"/>>
    731   <x:ref>path-absolute</x:ref> = &lt;abs_path, defined in <xref target="RFC2396" x:fmt="," x:sec="3"/>>
    732   <x:ref>port</x:ref>          = &lt;port, defined in <xref target="RFC2396" x:fmt="," x:sec="3.2.2"/>>
    733   <x:ref>query</x:ref>         = &lt;query, defined in <xref target="RFC2396" x:fmt="," x:sec="3.4"/>>
    734   <x:ref>relativeURI</x:ref>   = &lt;relativeURI, defined in <xref target="RFC2396" x:fmt="," x:sec="5"/>>
    735   <x:ref>uri-host</x:ref>      = &lt;host, defined in <xref target="RFC2396" x:fmt="," x:sec="3.2.2"/>>
    736 </artwork></figure>
    737 <t>
    738    HTTP does not place any a priori limit on the length of
     694   This specification adopts the definitions of "URI-reference", "absolute-URI", "fragment", "port",
     695   "host", "path-abempty", "path-absolute", "query", and "authority" from <xref target="RFC3986"/>:
     696</t>
     697<figure><artwork type="abnf2616"><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="URI-reference"/><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="absolute-URI"/><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="authority"/><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="path-absolute"/><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="port"/><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="query"/><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="uri-host"/><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="relativeURI"/><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="relative-part"/>
     698  <x:ref>absolute-URI</x:ref>   = &lt;absolute-URI, defined in <xref target="RFC3986" x:fmt="," x:sec="4.3"/>>
     699  <x:ref>authority</x:ref>     = &lt;authority, defined in <xref target="RFC3986" x:fmt="," x:sec="3.2"/>>
     700  <x:ref>fragment</x:ref>      = &lt;fragment, defined in <xref target="RFC3986" x:fmt="," x:sec="3.5"/>>
     701  <x:ref>path-abempty</x:ref>  = &lt;path-abempty, defined in <xref target="RFC3986" x:fmt="," x:sec="3.3"/>>
     702  <x:ref>path-absolute</x:ref> = &lt;path-absolute, defined in <xref target="RFC3986" x:fmt="," x:sec="3.3"/>>
     703  <x:ref>port</x:ref>          = &lt;port, defined in <xref target="RFC3986" x:fmt="," x:sec="3.2.3"/>>
     704  <x:ref>query</x:ref>         = &lt;query, defined in <xref target="RFC3986" x:fmt="," x:sec="3.4"/>>
     705  <x:ref>uri-host</x:ref>      = &lt;host, defined in <xref target="RFC3986" x:fmt="," x:sec="3.2.2"/>>
     706
     707  <x:ref>relative-part</x:ref> = &lt;relative-part, defined in <xref target="RFC3986" x:fmt="," x:sec="4.2"/>>
     708  <x:ref>relativeURI</x:ref>   = <x:ref>relative-part</x:ref> [ "?" <x:ref>query</x:ref> ]
     709</artwork></figure>
     710<t>
     711   HTTP does not place an a priori limit on the length of
    739712   a URI. Servers &MUST; be able to handle the URI of any resource they
    740713   serve, and &SHOULD; be able to handle URIs of unbounded length if they
     
    752725  </list>
    753726</t>
    754 </section>
    755 
    756 <section title="http URL" anchor="http.url">
    757   <x:anchor-alias value="http-URL"/>
     727
     728<section title="http URI scheme" anchor="http.uri">
     729  <x:anchor-alias value="http-URI"/>
    758730  <iref item="http URI scheme" primary="true"/>
    759731  <iref item="URI scheme" subitem="http" primary="true"/>
    760732<t>
    761733   The "http" scheme is used to locate network resources via the HTTP
    762    protocol. This section defines the scheme-specific syntax and
    763    semantics for http URLs.
    764 </t>
    765 <figure><artwork type="abnf2616"><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="http-URL"/>
    766   <x:ref>http-URL</x:ref> = "http:" "//" <x:ref>uri-host</x:ref> [ ":" <x:ref>port</x:ref> ]
    767              [ <x:ref>path-absolute</x:ref> [ "?" <x:ref>query</x:ref> ]]
     734   protocol. This section defines the syntax and semantics for identifiers
     735   using the http or https URI schemes.
     736</t>
     737<figure><artwork type="abnf2616"><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="http-URI"/>
     738  <x:ref>http-URI</x:ref> = "http:" "//" <x:ref>authority</x:ref> <x:ref>path-abempty</x:ref> [ "?" <x:ref>query</x:ref> ]
    768739</artwork></figure>
    769740<t>
     
    802773<t>
    803774   Characters other than those in the "reserved" set (see
    804    <xref target="RFC2396" x:fmt="," x:sec="2.2"/>) are equivalent to their
     775   <xref target="RFC3986" x:fmt="," x:sec="2.2"/>) are equivalent to their
    805776   ""%" <x:ref>HEXDIG</x:ref> <x:ref>HEXDIG</x:ref>" encoding.
    806777</t>
     
    14491420<figure><artwork type="abnf2616"><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="Request-URI"/>
    14501421  <x:ref>Request-URI</x:ref>    = "*"
    1451                  / <x:ref>absoluteURI</x:ref>
     1422                 / <x:ref>absolute-URI</x:ref>
    14521423                 / ( <x:ref>path-absolute</x:ref> [ "?" <x:ref>query</x:ref> ] )
    14531424                 / <x:ref>authority</x:ref>
     
    14641435</artwork></figure>
    14651436<t>
    1466    The absoluteURI form is &REQUIRED; when the request is being made to a
     1437   The absolute-URI form is &REQUIRED; when the request is being made to a
    14671438   proxy. The proxy is requested to forward the request or service it
    14681439   from a valid cache, and return the response. Note that the proxy &MAY;
    14691440   forward the request on to another proxy or directly to the server
    1470    specified by the absoluteURI. In order to avoid request loops, a
     1441   specified by the absolute-URI. In order to avoid request loops, a
    14711442   proxy &MUST; be able to recognize all of its server names, including
    14721443   any aliases, local variations, and the numeric IP address. An example
     
    14771448</artwork></figure>
    14781449<t>
    1479    To allow for transition to absoluteURIs in all requests in future
    1480    versions of HTTP, all HTTP/1.1 servers &MUST; accept the absoluteURI
     1450   To allow for transition to absolute-URIs in all requests in future
     1451   versions of HTTP, all HTTP/1.1 servers &MUST; accept the absolute-URI
    14811452   form in requests, even though HTTP/1.1 clients will only generate
    14821453   them in requests to proxies.
     
    14881459   The most common form of Request-URI is that used to identify a
    14891460   resource on an origin server or gateway. In this case the absolute
    1490    path of the URI &MUST; be transmitted (see <xref target="general.syntax"/>, path-absolute) as
     1461   path of the URI &MUST; be transmitted (see <xref target="http.uri"/>, path-absolute) as
    14911462   the Request-URI, and the network location of the URI (authority) &MUST;
    14921463   be transmitted in a Host header field. For example, a client wishing
     
    15061477<t>
    15071478   The Request-URI is transmitted in the format specified in
    1508    <xref target="general.syntax"/>. If the Request-URI is encoded using the
     1479   <xref target="http.uri"/>. If the Request-URI is encoded using the
    15091480   "% <x:ref>HEXDIG</x:ref> <x:ref>HEXDIG</x:ref>" encoding
    1510    (<xref target="RFC2396" x:fmt="," x:sec="2.4.1"/>), the origin server
     1481   (<xref target="RFC3986" x:fmt="," x:sec="2.4"/>), the origin server
    15111482   &MUST; decode the Request-URI in order to
    15121483   properly interpret the request. Servers &SHOULD; respond to invalid
     
    15481519   resource on an HTTP/1.1 request:
    15491520  <list style="numbers">
    1550     <t>If Request-URI is an absoluteURI, the host is part of the
     1521    <t>If Request-URI is an absolute-URI, the host is part of the
    15511522     Request-URI. Any Host header field value in the request &MUST; be
    15521523     ignored.</t>
    1553     <t>If the Request-URI is not an absoluteURI, and the request includes
     1524    <t>If the Request-URI is not an absolute-URI, and the request includes
    15541525     a Host header field, the host is determined by the Host header
    15551526     field value.</t>
     
    22462217   number of the resource being requested, as obtained from the original
    22472218   URI given by the user or referring resource (generally an HTTP URL,
    2248    as described in <xref target="http.url"/>). The Host field value &MUST; represent
     2219   as described in <xref target="http.uri"/>). The Host field value &MUST; represent
    22492220   the naming authority of the origin server or gateway given by the
    22502221   original URL. This allows the origin server or gateway to
     
    22542225<figure><artwork type="abnf2616"><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="Host"/><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="Host-v"/>
    22552226  <x:ref>Host</x:ref>   = "Host" ":" <x:ref>OWS</x:ref> <x:ref>Host-v</x:ref>
    2256   <x:ref>Host-v</x:ref> = <x:ref>uri-host</x:ref> [ ":" <x:ref>port</x:ref> ] ; <xref target="http.url"/>
     2227  <x:ref>Host-v</x:ref> = <x:ref>uri-host</x:ref> [ ":" <x:ref>port</x:ref> ] ; <xref target="http.uri"/>
    22572228</artwork></figure>
    22582229<t>
     
    26772648   The entry for the "http" URI Scheme in the registry located at
    26782649   <eref target="http://www.iana.org/assignments/uri-schemes.html"/>
    2679    should be updated to point to <xref target="http.url"/> of this document
     2650   should be updated to point to <xref target="http.uri"/> of this document
    26802651   (see <xref target="RFC4395"/>).
    26812652</t>
     
    29762947<section title="Acknowledgments" anchor="ack">
    29772948<t>
    2978    This specification makes heavy use of the augmented BNF and generic
    2979    constructs defined by David H. Crocker for <xref target="RFC5234"/>. Similarly, it
    2980    reuses many of the definitions provided by Nathaniel Borenstein and
    2981    Ned Freed for MIME <xref target="RFC2045"/>. We hope that their inclusion in this
    2982    specification will help reduce past confusion over the relationship
    2983    between HTTP and Internet mail message formats.
    2984 </t>
    2985 <t>
    29862949   HTTP has evolved considerably over the years. It has
    29872950   benefited from a large and active developer community--the many
     
    30312994   discovery of many of the problems that this document attempts to
    30322995   rectify.
     2996</t>
     2997<t>
     2998   This specification makes heavy use of the augmented BNF and generic
     2999   constructs defined by David H. Crocker for <xref target="RFC5234"/>. Similarly, it
     3000   reuses many of the definitions provided by Nathaniel Borenstein and
     3001   Ned Freed for MIME <xref target="RFC2045"/>. We hope that their inclusion in this
     3002   specification will help reduce past confusion over the relationship
     3003   between HTTP and Internet mail message formats.
    30333004</t>
    30343005</section>
     
    33053276</reference>
    33063277
    3307 <reference anchor="RFC2396">
    3308   <front>
    3309     <title abbrev="URI Generic Syntax">Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI): Generic Syntax</title>
    3310     <author initials="T." surname="Berners-Lee" fullname="Tim Berners-Lee">
    3311       <organization abbrev="MIT/LCS">World Wide Web Consortium</organization>
    3312       <address><email>timbl@w3.org</email></address>
    3313     </author>
    3314     <author initials="R.T." surname="Fielding" fullname="Roy T. Fielding">
    3315       <organization abbrev="U.C. Irvine">Department of Information and Computer Science</organization>
    3316       <address><email>fielding@ics.uci.edu</email></address>
    3317     </author>
    3318     <author initials="L." surname="Masinter" fullname="Larry Masinter">
    3319       <organization abbrev="Xerox Corporation">Xerox PARC</organization>
    3320       <address><email>masinter@parc.xerox.com</email></address>
    3321     </author>
    3322     <date month="August" year="1998"/>
    3323   </front>
    3324   <seriesInfo name="RFC" value="2396"/>
     3278<reference anchor="RFC3986">
     3279 <front>
     3280  <title abbrev='URI Generic Syntax'>Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax</title>
     3281  <author initials='T.' surname='Berners-Lee' fullname='Tim Berners-Lee'>
     3282    <organization abbrev="W3C/MIT">World Wide Web Consortium</organization>
     3283    <address>
     3284       <email>timbl@w3.org</email>
     3285       <uri>http://www.w3.org/People/Berners-Lee/</uri>
     3286    </address>
     3287  </author>
     3288  <author initials='R.' surname='Fielding' fullname='Roy T. Fielding'>
     3289    <organization abbrev="Day Software">Day Software</organization>
     3290    <address>
     3291      <email>fielding@gbiv.com</email>
     3292      <uri>http://roy.gbiv.com/</uri>
     3293    </address>
     3294  </author>
     3295  <author initials='L.' surname='Masinter' fullname='Larry Masinter'>
     3296    <organization abbrev="Adobe Systems">Adobe Systems Incorporated</organization>
     3297    <address>
     3298      <email>LMM@acm.org</email>
     3299      <uri>http://larry.masinter.net/</uri>
     3300    </address>
     3301  </author>
     3302  <date month='January' year='2005'></date>
     3303 </front>
     3304 <seriesInfo name="RFC" value="3986"/>
     3305 <seriesInfo name="STD" value="66"/>
    33253306</reference>
    33263307
     
    34623443</reference>
    34633444
    3464 <reference anchor="RFC1630">
    3465   <front>
    3466     <title abbrev="URIs in WWW">Universal Resource Identifiers in WWW: A Unifying Syntax for the Expression of Names and Addresses of Objects on the Network as used in the World-Wide Web</title>
    3467     <author initials="T." surname="Berners-Lee" fullname="Tim Berners-Lee">
    3468       <organization>CERN, World-Wide Web project</organization>
    3469       <address><email>timbl@info.cern.ch</email></address>
    3470     </author>
    3471     <date month="June" year="1994"/>
    3472   </front>
    3473   <seriesInfo name="RFC" value="1630"/>
    3474 </reference>
    3475 
    3476 <reference anchor="RFC1737">
    3477   <front>
    3478     <title abbrev="Requirements for Uniform Resource Names">Functional Requirements for Uniform Resource Names</title>
    3479     <author initials="L." surname="Masinter" fullname="Larry Masinter">
    3480       <organization>Xerox Palo Alto Research Center</organization>
    3481       <address><email>masinter@parc.xerox.com</email></address>
    3482     </author>
    3483     <author initials="K." surname="Sollins" fullname="Karen Sollins">
    3484       <organization>MIT Laboratory for Computer Science</organization>
    3485       <address><email>sollins@lcs.mit.edu</email></address>
    3486     </author>
    3487     <date month="December" year="1994"/>
    3488   </front>
    3489   <seriesInfo name="RFC" value="1737"/>
    3490 </reference>
    3491 
    3492 <reference anchor="RFC1738">
    3493   <front>
    3494     <title>Uniform Resource Locators (URL)</title>
    3495     <author initials="T." surname="Berners-Lee" fullname="Tim Berners-Lee">
    3496       <organization>CERN, World-Wide Web project</organization>
    3497       <address><email>timbl@info.cern.ch</email></address>
    3498     </author>
    3499     <author initials="L." surname="Masinter" fullname="Larry Masinter">
    3500       <organization>Xerox PARC</organization>
    3501       <address><email>masinter@parc.xerox.com</email></address>
    3502     </author>
    3503     <author initials="M." surname="McCahill" fullname="Mark McCahill">
    3504       <organization>University of Minnesota, Computer and Information Services</organization>
    3505       <address><email>mpm@boombox.micro.umn.edu</email></address>
    3506     </author>
    3507     <date month="December" year="1994"/>
    3508   </front>
    3509   <seriesInfo name="RFC" value="1738"/>
    3510 </reference>
    3511 
    3512 <reference anchor="RFC1808">
    3513   <front>
    3514     <title>Relative Uniform Resource Locators</title>
    3515     <author initials="R." surname="Fielding" fullname="Roy T. Fielding">
    3516       <organization>University of California Irvine, Department of Information and Computer Science</organization>
    3517       <address><email>fielding@ics.uci.edu</email></address>
    3518     </author>
    3519     <date month="June" year="1995"/>
    3520   </front>
    3521   <seriesInfo name="RFC" value="1808"/>
    3522 </reference>
    3523 
    35243445<reference anchor="RFC1900">
    35253446  <front>
     
    36263547</reference>
    36273548
    3628 <reference anchor="RFC2324">
    3629   <front>
    3630     <title abbrev="HTCPCP/1.0">Hyper Text Coffee Pot Control Protocol (HTCPCP/1.0)</title>
    3631     <author initials="L." surname="Masinter" fullname="Larry Masinter">
    3632       <organization>Xerox Palo Alto Research Center</organization>
    3633       <address><email>masinter@parc.xerox.com</email></address>
    3634     </author>
    3635     <date month="April" day="1" year="1998"/>
    3636   </front>
    3637   <seriesInfo name="RFC" value="2324"/>
    3638 </reference>
    3639 
    36403549<reference anchor="RFC2616">
    36413550  <front>
     
    36843593  </front>
    36853594  <seriesInfo name='RFC' value='2818' />
    3686 </reference>
    3687 
    3688 <reference anchor="RFC2821">
    3689   <front>
    3690     <title>Simple Mail Transfer Protocol</title>
    3691     <author initials="J." surname="Klensin" fullname="J. Klensin">
    3692       <organization>AT&amp;T Laboratories</organization>
    3693       <address><email>klensin@research.att.com</email></address>
    3694     </author>
    3695     <date year="2001" month="April"/>
    3696   </front>
    3697   <seriesInfo name="RFC" value="2821"/>
    36983595</reference>
    36993596
     
    39463843<section title="Compatibility with Previous Versions" anchor="compatibility">
    39473844<t>
     3845   HTTP has been in use by the World-Wide Web global information initiative
     3846   since 1990. The first version of HTTP, later referred to as HTTP/0.9,
     3847   was a simple protocol for hypertext data transfer across the Internet
     3848   with only a single method and no metadata.
     3849   HTTP/1.0, as defined by <xref target="RFC1945"/>, added a range of request
     3850   methods and MIME-like messaging that could include metadata about the data
     3851   transferred and modifiers on the request/response semantics. However,
     3852   HTTP/1.0 did not sufficiently take into consideration the effects of
     3853   hierarchical proxies, caching, the need for persistent connections, or
     3854   name-based virtual hosts. The proliferation of incompletely-implemented
     3855   applications calling themselves "HTTP/1.0" further necessitated a
     3856   protocol version change in order for two communicating applications
     3857   to determine each other's true capabilities.
     3858</t>
     3859<t>
     3860   HTTP/1.1 remains compatible with HTTP/1.0 by including more stringent
     3861   requirements that enable reliable implementations, adding only
     3862   those new features that will either be safely ignored by an HTTP/1.0
     3863   recipient or only sent when communicating with a party advertising
     3864   compliance with HTTP/1.1.
     3865</t>
     3866<t>
    39483867   It is beyond the scope of a protocol specification to mandate
    39493868   compliance with previous versions. HTTP/1.1 was deliberately
     
    41154034</t>
    41164035<t>
    4117   Fix BNF to add query, as the abs_path production in
    4118   <xref x:sec="3" x:fmt="of" target="RFC2396"/> doesn't define it.
     4036  Update use of abs_path production from RFC1808 to the path-absolute + query
     4037  components of RFC3986.
    41194038  (<xref target="request-uri"/>)
    41204039</t>
     
    45244443      Add rules for terms imported from URI spec ("absoluteURI", "authority",
    45254444      "path-absolute", "port", "query", "relativeURI", "host) -- these will
    4526       have to be updated when switching over to RFC3986. 
     4445      have to be updated when switching over to RFC3986.
    45274446    </t>
    45284447    <t>
     
    46314550  <list style="symbols">
    46324551    <t>
     4552      <eref target="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/34"/>:
     4553      "Out-of-date reference for URIs"
     4554    </t>
     4555    <t>
    46334556      <eref target="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/132"/>:
    46344557      "RFC 2822 is updated by RFC 5322"
  • draft-ietf-httpbis/latest/p2-semantics.html

    r371 r374  
    683683         <p id="rfc.section.2.p.4">                                                  The ABNF rules below are defined in other parts:</p>
    684684      </div>
    685       <div id="rfc.figure.u.3"></div><pre class="inline">  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">absoluteURI</a>   = &lt;absoluteURI, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.10"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#general.syntax" title="General Syntax">Section 3.2.1</a>&gt;
    686   <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">fragment</a>      = &lt;fragment, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.11"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#general.syntax" title="General Syntax">Section 3.2.1</a>&gt;
    687   <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">Host</a>          = &lt;Host, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.12"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.host" title="Host">Section 8.4</a>&gt;
     685      <div id="rfc.figure.u.3"></div><pre class="inline">  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">absolute-URI</a>  = &lt;absolute-URI, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.10"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#uri" title="Uniform Resource Identifiers">Section 3.2</a>&gt;
     686  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">fragment</a>      = &lt;fragment, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.11"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#uri" title="Uniform Resource Identifiers">Section 3.2</a>&gt;
     687  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">Host</a>          = &lt;Host, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.12"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#uri" title="Uniform Resource Identifiers">Section 3.2</a>&gt;
    688688  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">HTTP-date</a>     = &lt;HTTP-date, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.13"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#full.date" title="Full Date">Section 3.3.1</a>&gt;
    689689  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">product</a>       = &lt;product, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.14"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#product.tokens" title="Product Tokens">Section 3.5</a>&gt;
    690   <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">relativeURI</a>   = &lt;relativeURI, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.15"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#general.syntax" title="General Syntax">Section 3.2.1</a>&gt;
     690  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">relativeURI</a>   = &lt;relativeURI, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.15"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#uri" title="Uniform Resource Identifiers">Section 3.2</a>&gt;
    691691  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">TE</a>            = &lt;TE, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.16"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.upgrade" title="Upgrade">Section 8.8</a>&gt;
    692692</pre><div id="rfc.figure.u.4"></div><pre class="inline">  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">Accept</a>        = &lt;Accept, defined in <a href="#Part3" id="rfc.xref.Part3.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part3]</cite></a>, <a href="p3-payload.html#header.accept" title="Accept">Section 6.1</a>&gt;
     
    926926         but might be defined by future extensions to HTTP. Content negotiation <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> be used to select the appropriate response format. If no response body is included, the response <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> include a Content-Length field with a field-value of "0".
    927927      </p>
    928       <p id="rfc.section.8.2.p.7">The Max-Forwards request-header field <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> be used to target a specific proxy in the request chain. When a proxy receives an OPTIONS request on an absoluteURI for which
     928      <p id="rfc.section.8.2.p.7">The Max-Forwards request-header field <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> be used to target a specific proxy in the request chain. When a proxy receives an OPTIONS request on an absolute-URI for which
    929929         request forwarding is permitted, the proxy <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> check for a Max-Forwards field. If the Max-Forwards field-value is zero ("0"), the proxy <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> forward the message; instead, the proxy <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> respond with its own communication options. If the Max-Forwards field-value is an integer greater than zero, the proxy <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> decrement the field-value when it forwards the request. If no Max-Forwards field is present in the request, then the forwarded
    930930         request <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> include a Max-Forwards field.
     
    15271527      </p>
    15281528      <div id="rfc.figure.u.18"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.18"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.19"></span>  <a href="#header.location" class="smpl">Location</a>       = "Location" ":" <a href="#notation" class="smpl">OWS</a> <a href="#header.location" class="smpl">Location-v</a>
    1529   <a href="#header.location" class="smpl">Location-v</a>     = <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">absoluteURI</a> [ "#" <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">fragment</a> ]
     1529  <a href="#header.location" class="smpl">Location-v</a>     = <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">absolute-URI</a> [ "#" <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">fragment</a> ]
    15301530</pre><p id="rfc.section.10.4.p.3">An example is:</p>
    15311531      <div id="rfc.figure.u.19"></div><pre class="text">  Location: http://www.example.org/pub/WWW/People.html
     
    15671567      </p>
    15681568      <div id="rfc.figure.u.21"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.22"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.23"></span>  <a href="#header.referer" class="smpl">Referer</a>        = "Referer" ":" <a href="#notation" class="smpl">OWS</a> <a href="#header.referer" class="smpl">Referer-v</a>
    1569   <a href="#header.referer" class="smpl">Referer-v</a>      = <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">absoluteURI</a> / <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">relativeURI</a>
     1569  <a href="#header.referer" class="smpl">Referer-v</a>      = <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">absolute-URI</a> / <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">relativeURI</a>
    15701570</pre><p id="rfc.section.10.6.p.3">Example:</p>
    15711571      <div id="rfc.figure.u.22"></div><pre class="text">  Referer: http://www.example.org/hypertext/Overview.html
     
    25322532                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 2.2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.3">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.4">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.5">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.6">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.7">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.8">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.9">2</a></li>
    25332533                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3.1</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.23">9.5.6</a></li>
    2534                         <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3.2.1</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.10">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.11">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.15">2</a></li>
     2534                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3.2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.10">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.11">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.12">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.15">2</a></li>
    25352535                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3.3.1</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.13">2</a></li>
    25362536                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3.5</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.14">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.25">10.8</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.27">10.9</a></li>
    25372537                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 4.3</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.19">7</a></li>
    25382538                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 7.2.3</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.22">9.1.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.24">10.2</a></li>
    2539                         <li class="indline1"><em>Section 8.4</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.12">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.17">4</a></li>
     2539                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 8.4</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.17">4</a></li>
    25402540                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 8.8</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.16">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.18">4</a></li>
    25412541                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 8.9</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.20">8.8</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.26">10.8</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.28">A.2</a></li>
  • draft-ietf-httpbis/latest/p2-semantics.xml

    r371 r374  
    2424  <!ENTITY notation-abnf              "<xref target='Part1' x:rel='#notation.abnf' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
    2525  <!ENTITY basic-rules                "<xref target='Part1' x:rel='#basic.rules' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
    26   <!ENTITY general-syntax             "<xref target='Part1' x:rel='#general.syntax' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
    2726  <!ENTITY uri                        "<xref target='Part1' x:rel='#uri' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
    2827  <!ENTITY full-date                  "<xref target='Part1' x:rel='#full.date' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
     
    313312</artwork></figure>
    314313<t anchor="abnf.dependencies">
    315   <x:anchor-alias value="absoluteURI"/>
     314  <x:anchor-alias value="absolute-URI"/>
    316315  <x:anchor-alias value="Accept"/>
    317316  <x:anchor-alias value="Accept-Charset"/>
     
    341340</t>
    342341<figure><!--Part1--><artwork type="abnf2616">
    343   <x:ref>absoluteURI</x:ref>   = &lt;absoluteURI, defined in &general-syntax;&gt;
    344   <x:ref>fragment</x:ref>      = &lt;fragment, defined in &general-syntax;&gt;
    345   <x:ref>Host</x:ref>          = &lt;Host, defined in &header-host;&gt;
     342  <x:ref>absolute-URI</x:ref>  = &lt;absolute-URI, defined in &uri;&gt;
     343  <x:ref>fragment</x:ref>      = &lt;fragment, defined in &uri;&gt;
     344  <x:ref>Host</x:ref>          = &lt;Host, defined in &uri;&gt;
    346345  <x:ref>HTTP-date</x:ref>     = &lt;HTTP-date, defined in &full-date;&gt;
    347346  <x:ref>product</x:ref>       = &lt;product, defined in &product-tokens;&gt;
    348   <x:ref>relativeURI</x:ref>   = &lt;relativeURI, defined in &general-syntax;&gt;
     347  <x:ref>relativeURI</x:ref>   = &lt;relativeURI, defined in &uri;&gt;
    349348  <x:ref>TE</x:ref>            = &lt;TE, defined in &header-te;&gt;
    350349</artwork></figure>
     
    748747   The Max-Forwards request-header field &MAY; be used to target a
    749748   specific proxy in the request chain. When a proxy receives an OPTIONS
    750    request on an absoluteURI for which request forwarding is permitted,
     749   request on an absolute-URI for which request forwarding is permitted,
    751750   the proxy &MUST; check for a Max-Forwards field. If the Max-Forwards
    752751   field-value is zero ("0"), the proxy &MUST-NOT; forward the message;
     
    19481947<figure><artwork type="abnf2616"><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="Location"/><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="Location-v"/>
    19491948  <x:ref>Location</x:ref>       = "Location" ":" <x:ref>OWS</x:ref> <x:ref>Location-v</x:ref>
    1950   <x:ref>Location-v</x:ref>     = <x:ref>absoluteURI</x:ref> [ "#" <x:ref>fragment</x:ref> ]
     1949  <x:ref>Location-v</x:ref>     = <x:ref>absolute-URI</x:ref> [ "#" <x:ref>fragment</x:ref> ]
    19511950</artwork></figure>
    19521951<t>
     
    20302029<figure><artwork type="abnf2616"><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="Referer"/><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="Referer-v"/>
    20312030  <x:ref>Referer</x:ref>        = "Referer" ":" <x:ref>OWS</x:ref> <x:ref>Referer-v</x:ref>
    2032   <x:ref>Referer-v</x:ref>      = <x:ref>absoluteURI</x:ref> / <x:ref>relativeURI</x:ref>
     2031  <x:ref>Referer-v</x:ref>      = <x:ref>absolute-URI</x:ref> / <x:ref>relativeURI</x:ref>
    20332032</artwork></figure>
    20342033<t>
  • draft-ietf-httpbis/latest/p3-payload.html

    r371 r374  
    642642         <p id="rfc.section.2.p.4">                The ABNF rules below are defined in other parts:</p>
    643643      </div>
    644       <div id="rfc.figure.u.3"></div><pre class="inline">  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">absoluteURI</a>    = &lt;absoluteURI, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.9"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#general.syntax" title="General Syntax">Section 3.2.1</a>&gt;
     644      <div id="rfc.figure.u.3"></div><pre class="inline">  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">absolute-URI</a>   = &lt;absolute-URI, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.9"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#uri" title="Uniform Resource Identifiers">Section 3.2</a>&gt;
    645645  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">Content-Length</a> = &lt;Content-Length, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.10"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.content-length" title="Content-Length">Section 8.2</a>&gt;
    646   <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">relativeURI</a>    = &lt;relativeURI, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.11"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#general.syntax" title="General Syntax">Section 3.2.1</a>&gt;
     646  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">relativeURI</a>    = &lt;relativeURI, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.11"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#uri" title="Uniform Resource Identifiers">Section 3.2</a>&gt;
    647647  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">message-header</a> = &lt;message-header, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.12"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#message.headers" title="Message Headers">Section 4.2</a>&gt;
    648648</pre><div id="rfc.figure.u.4"></div><pre class="inline">  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">Last-Modified</a>  = &lt;Last-Modified, defined in <a href="#Part4" id="rfc.xref.Part4.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 4: Conditional Requests">[Part4]</cite></a>, <a href="p4-conditional.html#header.last-modified" title="Last-Modified">Section 7.6</a>&gt;
     
    12051205                    <a href="#header.content-location" class="smpl">Content-Location-v</a>
    12061206  <a href="#header.content-location" class="smpl">Content-Location-v</a> =
    1207                     <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">absoluteURI</a> / <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">relativeURI</a>
     1207                    <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">absolute-URI</a> / <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">relativeURI</a>
    12081208</pre><p id="rfc.section.6.7.p.3">The value of Content-Location also defines the base URI for the entity.</p>
    12091209      <p id="rfc.section.6.7.p.4">The Content-Location value is not a replacement for the original requested URI; it is only a statement of the location of
     
    19181918                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 2.1</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.1">2</a></li>
    19191919                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 2.2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.2">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.3">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.4">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.5">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.6">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.7">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.8">2</a></li>
    1920                         <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3.2.1</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.9">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.11">2</a></li>
     1920                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3.2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.9">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.11">2</a></li>
    19211921                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 4.2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.12">2</a></li>
    19221922                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 4.3</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.14">4.2</a></li>
  • draft-ietf-httpbis/latest/p3-payload.xml

    r371 r374  
    2828  <!ENTITY message-length           "<xref target='Part1' x:rel='#message.length' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
    2929  <!ENTITY message-headers          "<xref target='Part1' x:rel='#message.headers' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
    30   <!ENTITY general-syntax           "<xref target='Part1' x:rel='#general.syntax' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
    3130  <!ENTITY multipart-byteranges     "<xref target='Part5' x:rel='#internet.media.type.multipart.byteranges' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
     31  <!ENTITY uri                      "<xref target='Part1' x:rel='#uri' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
    3232]>
    3333<?rfc toc="yes" ?>
     
    275275</artwork></figure>
    276276<t anchor="abnf.dependencies">
    277   <x:anchor-alias value="absoluteURI"/>
     277  <x:anchor-alias value="absolute-URI"/>
    278278  <x:anchor-alias value="Allow"/>
    279279  <x:anchor-alias value="Content-Length"/>
     
    286286</t>
    287287<figure><!--Part1--><artwork type="abnf2616">
    288   <x:ref>absoluteURI</x:ref>    = &lt;absoluteURI, defined in &general-syntax;&gt;
     288  <x:ref>absolute-URI</x:ref>   = &lt;absolute-URI, defined in &uri;&gt;
    289289  <x:ref>Content-Length</x:ref> = &lt;Content-Length, defined in &header-content-length;&gt;
    290   <x:ref>relativeURI</x:ref>    = &lt;relativeURI, defined in &general-syntax;&gt;
     290  <x:ref>relativeURI</x:ref>    = &lt;relativeURI, defined in &uri;&gt;
    291291  <x:ref>message-header</x:ref> = &lt;message-header, defined in &message-headers;&gt;
    292292</artwork></figure>
     
    13811381                    <x:ref>Content-Location-v</x:ref>
    13821382  <x:ref>Content-Location-v</x:ref> =
    1383                     <x:ref>absoluteURI</x:ref> / <x:ref>relativeURI</x:ref>
     1383                    <x:ref>absolute-URI</x:ref> / <x:ref>relativeURI</x:ref>
    13841384</artwork></figure>
    13851385<t>
  • draft-ietf-httpbis/latest/p6-cache.html

    r371 r374  
    730730      <div id="rfc.figure.u.3"></div><pre class="inline">  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">field-name</a>    = &lt;field-name, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.9"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#message.headers" title="Message Headers">Section 4.2</a>&gt;
    731731  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">HTTP-date</a>     = &lt;HTTP-date, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.10"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#full.date" title="Full Date">Section 3.3.1</a>&gt;
    732   <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">port</a>          = &lt;port, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.11"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#general.syntax" title="General Syntax">Section 3.2.1</a>&gt;
     732  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">port</a>          = &lt;port, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.11"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#uri" title="Uniform Resource Identifiers">Section 3.2</a>&gt;
    733733  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">pseudonym</a>     = &lt;pseudonym, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.12"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.via" title="Via">Section 8.9</a>&gt;
    734   <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">uri-host</a>      = &lt;uri-host, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.13"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#general.syntax" title="General Syntax">Section 3.2.1</a>&gt;
     734  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">uri-host</a>      = &lt;uri-host, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.13"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#uri" title="Uniform Resource Identifiers">Section 3.2</a>&gt;
    735735</pre><h1 id="rfc.section.3"><a href="#rfc.section.3">3.</a>&nbsp;<a id="caching.overview" href="#caching.overview">Overview</a></h1>
    736736      <h2 id="rfc.section.3.1"><a href="#rfc.section.3.1">3.1</a>&nbsp;<a id="cache.correctness" href="#cache.correctness">Cache Correctness</a></h2>
     
    21552155                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 2.1</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.1">2</a></li>
    21562156                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 2.2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.2">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.3">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.4">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.5">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.6">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.7">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.8">2</a></li>
    2157                         <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3.2.1</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.11">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.13">2</a></li>
     2157                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3.2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.11">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.13">2</a></li>
    21582158                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 3.3.1</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.10">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.19">16.3</a></li>
    21592159                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 4.2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.9">2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.18">8</a></li>
  • draft-ietf-httpbis/latest/p6-cache.xml

    r371 r374  
    1717  <!ENTITY notation-abnf               "<xref target='Part1' x:rel='#notation.abnf' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
    1818  <!ENTITY basic-rules                 "<xref target='Part1' x:rel='#basic.rules' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
    19   <!ENTITY general-syntax              "<xref target='Part1' x:rel='#general.syntax' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
    2019  <!ENTITY messaging                   "<xref target='Part1' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
    2120  <!ENTITY conditional                 "<xref target='Part4' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
     
    3130  <!ENTITY safe-methods                "<xref target='Part2' x:rel='#safe.methods' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
    3231  <!ENTITY server-driven-negotiation   "<xref target='Part3' x:rel='#server-driven.negotiation' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
     32  <!ENTITY uri                         "<xref target='Part1' x:rel='#uri' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
    3333]>
    3434<?rfc toc="yes" ?>
     
    459459  <x:ref>field-name</x:ref>    = &lt;field-name, defined in &message-headers;&gt;
    460460  <x:ref>HTTP-date</x:ref>     = &lt;HTTP-date, defined in &full-date;&gt;
    461   <x:ref>port</x:ref>          = &lt;port, defined in &general-syntax;&gt;
     461  <x:ref>port</x:ref>          = &lt;port, defined in &uri;&gt;
    462462  <x:ref>pseudonym</x:ref>     = &lt;pseudonym, defined in &header-via;&gt;
    463   <x:ref>uri-host</x:ref>      = &lt;uri-host, defined in &general-syntax;&gt;
     463  <x:ref>uri-host</x:ref>      = &lt;uri-host, defined in &uri;&gt;
    464464</artwork></figure>
    465465</section>
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