Changeset 1803


Ignore:
Timestamp:
Jul 16, 2012, 3:13:57 AM (7 years ago)
Author:
julian.reschke@…
Message:

shorten titles

Location:
draft-ietf-httpbis/latest
Files:
14 edited

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Unmodified
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  • draft-ietf-httpbis/latest/p0-introduction.html

    r1799 r1803  
    393393  }
    394394  @bottom-center {
    395        content: "Expires January 16, 2013";
     395       content: "Expires January 17, 2013";
    396396  }
    397397  @bottom-right {
     
    426426      <meta name="dct.creator" content="Reschke, J. F.">
    427427      <meta name="dct.identifier" content="urn:ietf:id:draft-ietf-httpbis-p0-introduction-latest">
    428       <meta name="dct.issued" scheme="ISO8601" content="2012-07-15">
     428      <meta name="dct.issued" scheme="ISO8601" content="2012-07-16">
    429429      <meta name="dct.abstract" content="This document is the first in a series that, collectively, define the HyperText Transfer Protocol, version 1.1; otherwise known as HTTP/1.1.">
    430430      <meta name="description" content="This document is the first in a series that, collectively, define the HyperText Transfer Protocol, version 1.1; otherwise known as HTTP/1.1.">
     
    446446            </tr>
    447447            <tr>
    448                <td class="left">Expires: January 16, 2013</td>
     448               <td class="left">Expires: January 17, 2013</td>
    449449               <td class="right">W3C</td>
    450450            </tr>
     
    467467            <tr>
    468468               <td class="left"></td>
    469                <td class="right">July 15, 2012</td>
     469               <td class="right">July 16, 2012</td>
    470470            </tr>
    471471         </tbody>
     
    490490         in progress”.
    491491      </p>
    492       <p>This Internet-Draft will expire on January 16, 2013.</p>
     492      <p>This Internet-Draft will expire on January 17, 2013.</p>
    493493      <h1><a id="rfc.copyrightnotice" href="#rfc.copyrightnotice">Copyright Notice</a></h1>
    494494      <p>Copyright © 2012 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the document authors. All rights reserved.</p>
     
    526526      <ul>
    527527         <li>HTTP/1.1 Introduction - this document</li>
    528          <li><a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a> HTTP/1.1 Message Parsing, Connection Handling and URIs - How to parse a HTTP/1.1 (or below) message, and layer it onto connection-oriented
    529             protocols. Also includes the HTTP and HTTPS URI schemes.
     528         <li><a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a> HTTP/1.1 Message Routing and Syntax - How to parse a HTTP/1.1 (or below) message, and layer it onto connection-oriented protocols.
     529            Also includes the HTTP and HTTPS URI schemes.
    530530         </li>
    531          <li><a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a> HTTP/1.1 Core Semantics - Protocol elements such as methods, status codes, and payload-specific header fields. Also includes
    532             content negotiation mechanisms.
     531         <li><a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a> HTTP/1.1 Semantics and Payloads - Protocol elements such as methods, status codes, and payload-specific header fields. Also
     532            includes content negotiation mechanisms.
    533533         </li>
    534534         <li><a href="#Part4" id="rfc.xref.Part4.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 4: Conditional Requests">[Part4]</cite></a> HTTP/1.1 Conditional Requests - An extension to make requests contingent upon their current state.
    535535         </li>
    536          <li><a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses">[Part5]</cite></a> HTTP/1.1 Range Requests - An extension to request that only a portion of a response be sent back.
     536         <li><a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests">[Part5]</cite></a> HTTP/1.1 Range Requests - An extension to request that only a portion of a response be sent back.
    537537         </li>
    538538         <li><a href="#Part6" id="rfc.xref.Part6.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 6: Caching">[Part6]</cite></a> HTTP/1.1 Caching - An extension to allow storage and reuse of responses.
     
    578578         <tr>
    579579            <td class="reference"><b id="Part1">[Part1]</b></td>
    580             <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
     580            <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax"</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
    581581            </td>
    582582         </tr>
     
    593593         <tr>
    594594            <td class="reference"><b id="Part5">[Part5]</b></td>
    595             <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p5-range-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p5-range-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
     595            <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p5-range-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p5-range-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
    596596            </td>
    597597         </tr>
  • draft-ietf-httpbis/latest/p0-introduction.xml

    r1776 r1803  
    131131<t><list style="symbols">
    132132   <t>HTTP/1.1 Introduction - this document</t>
    133    <t><xref target="Part1"/> HTTP/1.1 Message Parsing, Connection Handling and
    134    URIs - How to parse a HTTP/1.1 (or below) message, and layer it onto
     133   <t><xref target="Part1"/> HTTP/1.1 Message Routing and Syntax - How to parse a HTTP/1.1 (or below) message, and layer it onto
    135134   connection-oriented protocols. Also includes the HTTP and HTTPS URI
    136135   schemes.</t>
    137    <t><xref target="Part2"/> HTTP/1.1 Core Semantics - Protocol elements such
     136   <t><xref target="Part2"/> HTTP/1.1 Semantics and Payloads - Protocol elements such
    138137   as methods, status codes, and payload-specific header fields. Also includes
    139138   content negotiation mechanisms.</t>
     
    214213<reference anchor="Part1">
    215214  <front>
    216     <title>HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing</title>
     215    <title>HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax"</title>
    217216    <author initials="R." surname="Fielding" fullname="Roy T. Fielding" role="editor">
    218217      <organization abbrev="Adobe">Adobe Systems Incorporated</organization>
     
    277276<reference anchor="Part5">
    278277  <front>
    279     <title>HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses</title>
     278    <title>HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests</title>
    280279    <author fullname="Roy T. Fielding" initials="R." role="editor" surname="Fielding">
    281280      <organization abbrev="Adobe">Adobe Systems Incorporated</organization>
  • draft-ietf-httpbis/latest/p1-messaging.html

    r1799 r1803  
    44   <head profile="http://www.w3.org/2006/03/hcard http://dublincore.org/documents/2008/08/04/dc-html/">
    55      <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
    6       <title>HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing</title><script>
     6      <title>HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax"</title><script>
    77var buttonsAdded = false;
    88
     
    449449  }
    450450  @bottom-center {
    451        content: "Expires January 16, 2013";
     451       content: "Expires January 17, 2013";
    452452  }
    453453  @bottom-right {
     
    492492      <meta name="dct.creator" content="Reschke, J. F.">
    493493      <meta name="dct.identifier" content="urn:ietf:id:draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest">
    494       <meta name="dct.issued" scheme="ISO8601" content="2012-07-15">
     494      <meta name="dct.issued" scheme="ISO8601" content="2012-07-16">
    495495      <meta name="dct.replaces" content="urn:ietf:rfc:2145">
    496496      <meta name="dct.replaces" content="urn:ietf:rfc:2616">
     
    524524            </tr>
    525525            <tr>
    526                <td class="left">Expires: January 16, 2013</td>
     526               <td class="left">Expires: January 17, 2013</td>
    527527               <td class="right">greenbytes</td>
    528528            </tr>
    529529            <tr>
    530530               <td class="left"></td>
    531                <td class="right">July 15, 2012</td>
     531               <td class="right">July 16, 2012</td>
    532532            </tr>
    533533         </tbody>
    534534      </table>
    535       <p class="title">HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing<br><span class="filename">draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest</span></p>
     535      <p class="title">HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax"<br><span class="filename">draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest</span></p>
    536536      <h1 id="rfc.abstract"><a href="#rfc.abstract">Abstract</a></h1>
    537537      <p>The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application-level protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypertext information
     
    556556         in progress”.
    557557      </p>
    558       <p>This Internet-Draft will expire on January 16, 2013.</p>
     558      <p>This Internet-Draft will expire on January 17, 2013.</p>
    559559      <h1><a id="rfc.copyrightnotice" href="#rfc.copyrightnotice">Copyright Notice</a></h1>
    560560      <p>Copyright © 2012 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the document authors. All rights reserved.</p>
     
    745745      </p>
    746746      <ul class="empty">
    747          <li>RFC xxx1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing</li>
    748          <li><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation" id="rfc.xref.Part2.1">RFC xxx2</cite>: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation
     747         <li>RFC xxx1: Message Routing and Syntax</li>
     748         <li><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads" id="rfc.xref.Part2.1">RFC xxx2</cite>: Semantics and Payloads
    749749         </li>
    750750         <li><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 4: Conditional Requests" id="rfc.xref.Part4.1">RFC xxx3</cite>: Conditional Requests
    751751         </li>
    752          <li><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses" id="rfc.xref.Part5.1">RFC xxx4</cite>: Range Requests and Partial Responses
     752         <li><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests" id="rfc.xref.Part5.1">RFC xxx4</cite>: Range Requests
    753753         </li>
    754754         <li><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 6: Caching" id="rfc.xref.Part6.1">RFC xxx5</cite>: Caching
     
    827827         "<dfn>sender</dfn>" to refer to whichever component sent a given message and the term "<dfn>recipient</dfn>" to refer to any component that receives the message.
    828828      </p>
    829       <p id="rfc.section.2.1.p.3">HTTP relies upon the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) standard <a href="#RFC3986" id="rfc.xref.RFC3986.1"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC3986]</cite></a> to indicate the target resource (<a href="#target-resource" title="Identifying a Target Resource">Section&nbsp;5.1</a>) and relationships between resources. Messages are passed in a format similar to that used by Internet mail <a href="#RFC5322" id="rfc.xref.RFC5322.1"><cite title="Internet Message Format">[RFC5322]</cite></a> and the Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) <a href="#RFC2045" id="rfc.xref.RFC2045.1"><cite title="Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) Part One: Format of Internet Message Bodies">[RFC2045]</cite></a> (see <a href="p2-semantics.html#differences.between.http.and.mime" title="Differences between HTTP and MIME">Appendix A</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a> for the differences between HTTP and MIME messages).
     829      <p id="rfc.section.2.1.p.3">HTTP relies upon the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) standard <a href="#RFC3986" id="rfc.xref.RFC3986.1"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC3986]</cite></a> to indicate the target resource (<a href="#target-resource" title="Identifying a Target Resource">Section&nbsp;5.1</a>) and relationships between resources. Messages are passed in a format similar to that used by Internet mail <a href="#RFC5322" id="rfc.xref.RFC5322.1"><cite title="Internet Message Format">[RFC5322]</cite></a> and the Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) <a href="#RFC2045" id="rfc.xref.RFC2045.1"><cite title="Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) Part One: Format of Internet Message Bodies">[RFC2045]</cite></a> (see <a href="p2-semantics.html#differences.between.http.and.mime" title="Differences between HTTP and MIME">Appendix A</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a> for the differences between HTTP and MIME messages).
    830830      </p>
    831831      <p id="rfc.section.2.1.p.4">Most HTTP communication consists of a retrieval request (GET) for a representation of some resource identified by a URI. In
     
    923923         or an intranet-to-Internet privacy filter. Such transformations are presumed to be desired by the client (or client organization)
    924924         that selected the proxy and are beyond the scope of this specification. However, when a proxy is not intended to transform
    925          a given message, we use the term "<dfn>non-transforming proxy</dfn>" to target requirements that preserve HTTP message semantics. See <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.203" title="203 Non-Authoritative Information">Section 4.4.4</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.3"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a> and <a href="p6-cache.html#header.warning" title="Warning">Section 7.6</a> of <a href="#Part6" id="rfc.xref.Part6.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 6: Caching">[Part6]</cite></a> for status and warning codes related to transformations.
     925         a given message, we use the term "<dfn>non-transforming proxy</dfn>" to target requirements that preserve HTTP message semantics. See <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.203" title="203 Non-Authoritative Information">Section 4.4.4</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.3"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a> and <a href="p6-cache.html#header.warning" title="Warning">Section 7.6</a> of <a href="#Part6" id="rfc.xref.Part6.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 6: Caching">[Part6]</cite></a> for status and warning codes related to transformations.
    926926      </p>
    927927      <p id="rfc.section.2.4.p.7"><span id="rfc.iref.g.13"></span><span id="rfc.iref.r.4"></span>  <span id="rfc.iref.a.1"></span> A "<dfn>gateway</dfn>" (a.k.a., "<dfn>reverse proxy</dfn>") is a receiving agent that acts as a layer above some other server(s) and translates the received requests to the underlying
     
    10931093      </p>
    10941094      <p id="rfc.section.2.8.1.p.6">When an "http" URI is used within a context that calls for access to the indicated resource, a client <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> attempt access by resolving the host to an IP address, establishing a TCP connection to that address on the indicated port,
    1095          and sending an HTTP request message (<a href="#http.message" title="Message Format">Section&nbsp;3</a>) containing the URI's identifying data (<a href="#message.routing" title="Message Routing">Section&nbsp;5</a>) to the server. If the server responds to that request with a non-interim HTTP response message, as described in <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.codes" title="Status Codes">Section 4</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.4"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>, then that response is considered an authoritative answer to the client's request.
     1095         and sending an HTTP request message (<a href="#http.message" title="Message Format">Section&nbsp;3</a>) containing the URI's identifying data (<a href="#message.routing" title="Message Routing">Section&nbsp;5</a>) to the server. If the server responds to that request with a non-interim HTTP response message, as described in <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.codes" title="Status Codes">Section 4</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.4"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>, then that response is considered an authoritative answer to the client's request.
    10961096      </p>
    10971097      <p id="rfc.section.2.8.1.p.7">Although HTTP is independent of the transport protocol, the "http" scheme is specific to TCP-based services because the name
     
    11911191      </div>
    11921192      <div id="rfc.figure.u.14"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.29"></span>  <a href="#method" class="smpl">method</a>         = <a href="#rule.token.separators" class="smpl">token</a>
    1193 </pre><p id="rfc.section.3.1.1.p.6">The methods defined by this specification can be found in <a href="p2-semantics.html#methods" title="Methods">Section 2</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>, along with information regarding the HTTP method registry and considerations for defining new methods.
     1193</pre><p id="rfc.section.3.1.1.p.6">The methods defined by this specification can be found in <a href="p2-semantics.html#methods" title="Methods">Section 2</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>, along with information regarding the HTTP method registry and considerations for defining new methods.
    11941194      </p>
    11951195      <div id="rfc.iref.r.6"></div>
     
    12041204      </p>
    12051205      <p id="rfc.section.3.1.1.p.10">HTTP does not place a pre-defined limit on the length of a request-line. A server that receives a method longer than any that
    1206          it implements <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> respond with either a <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.405" class="smpl">405 (Method Not Allowed)</a>, if it is an origin server, or a <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.501" class="smpl">501 (Not Implemented)</a> status code. A server <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be prepared to receive URIs of unbounded length and respond with the <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.414" class="smpl">414 (URI Too Long)</a> status code if the received request-target would be longer than the server wishes to handle (see <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.414" title="414 URI Too Long">Section 4.6.12</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.6"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>).
     1206         it implements <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> respond with either a <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.405" class="smpl">405 (Method Not Allowed)</a>, if it is an origin server, or a <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.501" class="smpl">501 (Not Implemented)</a> status code. A server <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be prepared to receive URIs of unbounded length and respond with the <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.414" class="smpl">414 (URI Too Long)</a> status code if the received request-target would be longer than the server wishes to handle (see <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.414" title="414 URI Too Long">Section 4.6.12</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.6"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>).
    12071207      </p>
    12081208      <p id="rfc.section.3.1.1.p.11">Various ad-hoc limitations on request-line length are found in practice. It is <em class="bcp14">RECOMMENDED</em> that all HTTP senders and recipients support, at a minimum, request-line lengths of up to 8000 octets.
     
    12171217      <p id="rfc.section.3.1.2.p.4">The status-code element is a 3-digit integer code describing the result of the server's attempt to understand and satisfy
    12181218         the client's corresponding request. The rest of the response message is to be interpreted in light of the semantics defined
    1219          for that status code. See <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.codes" title="Status Codes">Section 4</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.7"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a> for information about the semantics of status codes, including the classes of status code (indicated by the first digit),
     1219         for that status code. See <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.codes" title="Status Codes">Section 4</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.7"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a> for information about the semantics of status codes, including the classes of status code (indicated by the first digit),
    12201220         the status codes defined by this specification, considerations for the definition of new status codes, and the IANA registry.
    12211221      </p>
     
    12381238                 ; see <a href="#field.parsing" title="Field Parsing">Section&nbsp;3.2.2</a>
    12391239</pre><p id="rfc.section.3.2.p.3">The field-name token labels the corresponding field-value as having the semantics defined by that header field. For example,
    1240          the <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.date" class="smpl">Date</a> header field is defined in <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.date" title="Date">Section 9.10</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.8"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a> as containing the origination timestamp for the message in which it appears.
     1240         the <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.date" class="smpl">Date</a> header field is defined in <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.date" title="Date">Section 9.10</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.8"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a> as containing the origination timestamp for the message in which it appears.
    12411241      </p>
    12421242      <p id="rfc.section.3.2.p.4">HTTP header fields are fully extensible: there is no limit on the introduction of new field names, each presumably defining
     
    12461246         them.
    12471247      </p>
    1248       <p id="rfc.section.3.2.p.5">New HTTP header fields <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> be registered with IANA according to the procedures in <a href="p2-semantics.html#considerations.for.creating.header.fields" title="Considerations for Creating Header Fields">Section 3.1</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.9"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>. Unrecognized header fields <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be forwarded by a proxy unless the field-name is listed in the <a href="#header.connection" class="smpl">Connection</a> header field (<a href="#header.connection" id="rfc.xref.header.connection.3" title="Connection">Section&nbsp;6.1</a>) or the proxy is specifically configured to block or otherwise transform such fields. Unrecognized header fields <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> be ignored by other recipients.
     1248      <p id="rfc.section.3.2.p.5">New HTTP header fields <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> be registered with IANA according to the procedures in <a href="p2-semantics.html#considerations.for.creating.header.fields" title="Considerations for Creating Header Fields">Section 3.1</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.9"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>. Unrecognized header fields <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be forwarded by a proxy unless the field-name is listed in the <a href="#header.connection" class="smpl">Connection</a> header field (<a href="#header.connection" id="rfc.xref.header.connection.3" title="Connection">Section&nbsp;6.1</a>) or the proxy is specifically configured to block or otherwise transform such fields. Unrecognized header fields <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> be ignored by other recipients.
    12491249      </p>
    12501250      <p id="rfc.section.3.2.p.6">The order in which header fields with differing field names are received is not significant. However, it is "good practice"
     
    13981398      <p id="rfc.section.3.3.1.p.6">If more than one Transfer-Encoding header field is present in a message, the multiple field-values <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be combined into one field-value, according to the algorithm defined in <a href="#header.fields" title="Header Fields">Section&nbsp;3.2</a>, before determining the message body length.
    13991399      </p>
    1400       <p id="rfc.section.3.3.1.p.7">Unlike <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.content-encoding" class="smpl">Content-Encoding</a> (<a href="p2-semantics.html#content.codings" title="Content Codings">Section 5.4</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.10"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>), Transfer-Encoding is a property of the message, not of the payload, and thus <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> be added or removed by any implementation along the request/response chain. Additional information about the encoding parameters <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> be provided by other header fields not defined by this specification.
     1400      <p id="rfc.section.3.3.1.p.7">Unlike <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.content-encoding" class="smpl">Content-Encoding</a> (<a href="p2-semantics.html#content.codings" title="Content Codings">Section 5.4</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.10"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>), Transfer-Encoding is a property of the message, not of the payload, and thus <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> be added or removed by any implementation along the request/response chain. Additional information about the encoding parameters <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> be provided by other header fields not defined by this specification.
    14011401      </p>
    14021402      <p id="rfc.section.3.3.1.p.8">Transfer-Encoding <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> be sent in a response to a HEAD request or in a <a href="p4-conditional.html#status.304" class="smpl">304 (Not Modified)</a> response (<a href="p4-conditional.html#status.304" title="304 Not Modified">Section 4.1</a> of <a href="#Part4" id="rfc.xref.Part4.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 4: Conditional Requests">[Part4]</cite></a>) to a GET request, neither of which includes a message body, to indicate that the origin server would have applied a transfer
     
    16991699      </p>
    17001700      <h3 id="rfc.section.4.3.1"><a href="#rfc.section.4.3.1">4.3.1</a>&nbsp;<a id="quality.values" href="#quality.values">Quality Values</a></h3>
    1701       <p id="rfc.section.4.3.1.p.1">Both transfer codings (<a href="#header.te" class="smpl">TE</a> request header field, <a href="#header.te" id="rfc.xref.header.te.3" title="TE">Section&nbsp;4.3</a>) and content negotiation (<a href="p2-semantics.html#content.negotiation" title="Content Negotiation">Section 8</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.11"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>) use short "floating point" numbers to indicate the relative importance ("weight") of various negotiable parameters. A weight
     1701      <p id="rfc.section.4.3.1.p.1">Both transfer codings (<a href="#header.te" class="smpl">TE</a> request header field, <a href="#header.te" id="rfc.xref.header.te.3" title="TE">Section&nbsp;4.3</a>) and content negotiation (<a href="p2-semantics.html#content.negotiation" title="Content Negotiation">Section 8</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.11"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>) use short "floating point" numbers to indicate the relative importance ("weight") of various negotiable parameters. A weight
    17021702         is normalized to a real number in the range 0 through 1, where 0 is the minimum and 1 the maximum value. If a parameter has
    17031703         a quality value of 0, then content with this parameter is "not acceptable" for the client. HTTP/1.1 applications <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> generate more than three digits after the decimal point. User configuration of these values <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> also be limited in this fashion.
     
    17411741      </p>
    17421742      <p id="rfc.section.5.1.p.2">HTTP communication is initiated by a user agent for some purpose. The purpose is a combination of request semantics, which
    1743          are defined in <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.12"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>, and a target resource upon which to apply those semantics. A URI reference (<a href="#uri" title="Uniform Resource Identifiers">Section&nbsp;2.8</a>) is typically used as an identifier for the "target resource", which a user agent would resolve to its absolute form in order
     1743         are defined in <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.12"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>, and a target resource upon which to apply those semantics. A URI reference (<a href="#uri" title="Uniform Resource Identifiers">Section&nbsp;2.8</a>) is typically used as an identifier for the "target resource", which a user agent would resolve to its absolute form in order
    17441744         to obtain the "target URI". The target URI excludes the reference's fragment identifier component, if any, since fragment
    17451745         identifiers are reserved for client-side processing (<a href="#RFC3986" id="rfc.xref.RFC3986.18"><cite title="Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax">[RFC3986]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#section-3.5">Section 3.5</a>).
     
    18001800      </p>
    18011801      <div id="authority-form">
    1802          <p id="rfc.section.5.3.p.13"><span id="rfc.iref.a.3"></span> The authority-form of request-target is only used for CONNECT requests (<a href="p2-semantics.html#CONNECT" title="CONNECT">Section 2.3.8</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.13"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>). When making a CONNECT request to establish a tunnel through one or more proxies, a client <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> send only the target URI's authority component (excluding any userinfo) as the request-target. For example,
     1802         <p id="rfc.section.5.3.p.13"><span id="rfc.iref.a.3"></span> The authority-form of request-target is only used for CONNECT requests (<a href="p2-semantics.html#CONNECT" title="CONNECT">Section 2.3.8</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.13"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>). When making a CONNECT request to establish a tunnel through one or more proxies, a client <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> send only the target URI's authority component (excluding any userinfo) as the request-target. For example,
    18031803         </p>
    18041804      </div>
    18051805      <div id="rfc.figure.u.42"></div><pre class="text2">CONNECT www.example.com:80 HTTP/1.1
    18061806</pre><div id="asterisk-form">
    1807          <p id="rfc.section.5.3.p.15"><span id="rfc.iref.a.4"></span> The asterisk-form of request-target is only used for a server-wide OPTIONS request (<a href="p2-semantics.html#OPTIONS" title="OPTIONS">Section 2.3.1</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.14"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>). When a client wishes to request OPTIONS for the server as a whole, as opposed to a specific named resource of that server,
     1807         <p id="rfc.section.5.3.p.15"><span id="rfc.iref.a.4"></span> The asterisk-form of request-target is only used for a server-wide OPTIONS request (<a href="p2-semantics.html#OPTIONS" title="OPTIONS">Section 2.3.1</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.14"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>). When a client wishes to request OPTIONS for the server as a whole, as opposed to a specific named resource of that server,
    18081808            the client <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> send only "*" (%x2A) as the request-target. For example,
    18091809         </p>
     
    19341934      </p>
    19351935      <ul>
    1936          <li><a href="p2-semantics.html#header.allow" class="smpl">Allow</a> (<a href="p2-semantics.html#header.allow" title="Allow">Section 9.5</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.15"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>)
    1937          </li>
    1938          <li><a href="p2-semantics.html#header.content-location" class="smpl">Content-Location</a> (<a href="p2-semantics.html#header.content-location" title="Content-Location">Section 9.8</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.16"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>)
     1936         <li><a href="p2-semantics.html#header.allow" class="smpl">Allow</a> (<a href="p2-semantics.html#header.allow" title="Allow">Section 9.5</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.15"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>)
     1937         </li>
     1938         <li><a href="p2-semantics.html#header.content-location" class="smpl">Content-Location</a> (<a href="p2-semantics.html#header.content-location" title="Content-Location">Section 9.8</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.16"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>)
    19391939         </li>
    19401940         <li>Content-MD5 (<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2616#section-14.15">Section 14.15</a> of <a href="#RFC2616" id="rfc.xref.RFC2616.3"><cite title="Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1">[RFC2616]</cite></a>)
     
    19441944         <li><a href="p4-conditional.html#header.last-modified" class="smpl">Last-Modified</a> (<a href="p4-conditional.html#header.last-modified" title="Last-Modified">Section 2.2</a> of <a href="#Part4" id="rfc.xref.Part4.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 4: Conditional Requests">[Part4]</cite></a>)
    19451945         </li>
    1946          <li><a href="p2-semantics.html#header.server" class="smpl">Server</a> (<a href="p2-semantics.html#header.server" title="Server">Section 9.17</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.17"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>)
     1946         <li><a href="p2-semantics.html#header.server" class="smpl">Server</a> (<a href="p2-semantics.html#header.server" title="Server">Section 9.17</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.17"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>)
    19471947         </li>
    19481948      </ul>
     
    19581958      </p>
    19591959      <ul>
    1960          <li><a href="p2-semantics.html#header.content-encoding" class="smpl">Content-Encoding</a> (<a href="p2-semantics.html#header.content-encoding" title="Content-Encoding">Section 9.6</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.18"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>)
    1961          </li>
    1962          <li><a href="p5-range.html#header.content-range" class="smpl">Content-Range</a> (<a href="p5-range.html#header.content-range" title="Content-Range">Section 5.2</a> of <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses">[Part5]</cite></a>)
    1963          </li>
    1964          <li><a href="p2-semantics.html#header.content-type" class="smpl">Content-Type</a> (<a href="p2-semantics.html#header.content-type" title="Content-Type">Section 9.9</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.19"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>)
     1960         <li><a href="p2-semantics.html#header.content-encoding" class="smpl">Content-Encoding</a> (<a href="p2-semantics.html#header.content-encoding" title="Content-Encoding">Section 9.6</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.18"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>)
     1961         </li>
     1962         <li><a href="p5-range.html#header.content-range" class="smpl">Content-Range</a> (<a href="p5-range.html#header.content-range" title="Content-Range">Section 5.2</a> of <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests">[Part5]</cite></a>)
     1963         </li>
     1964         <li><a href="p2-semantics.html#header.content-type" class="smpl">Content-Type</a> (<a href="p2-semantics.html#header.content-type" title="Content-Type">Section 9.9</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.19"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>)
    19651965         </li>
    19661966      </ul>
     
    19721972         </p>
    19731973      </div>
    1974       <p id="rfc.section.5.6.2.p.8">A non-transforming proxy <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> preserve the message payload (<a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.20"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>), though it <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> change the message body through application or removal of a transfer-coding (<a href="#transfer.codings" title="Transfer Codings">Section&nbsp;4</a>).
     1974      <p id="rfc.section.5.6.2.p.8">A non-transforming proxy <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> preserve the message payload (<a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.20"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>), though it <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> change the message body through application or removal of a transfer-coding (<a href="#transfer.codings" title="Transfer Codings">Section&nbsp;4</a>).
    19751975      </p>
    19761976      <h2 id="rfc.section.5.7"><a href="#rfc.section.5.7">5.7</a>&nbsp;<a id="associating.response.to.request" href="#associating.response.to.request">Associating a Response to a Request</a></h2>
    19771977      <p id="rfc.section.5.7.p.1">HTTP does not include a request identifier for associating a given request message with its corresponding one or more response
    19781978         messages. Hence, it relies on the order of response arrival to correspond exactly to the order in which requests are made
    1979          on the same connection. More than one response message per request only occurs when one or more informational responses (<a href="p2-semantics.html#status.1xx" class="smpl">1xx</a>, see <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.1xx" title="Informational 1xx">Section 4.3</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.21"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>) precede a final response to the same request.
     1979         on the same connection. More than one response message per request only occurs when one or more informational responses (<a href="p2-semantics.html#status.1xx" class="smpl">1xx</a>, see <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.1xx" title="Informational 1xx">Section 4.3</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.21"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>) precede a final response to the same request.
    19801980      </p>
    19811981      <p id="rfc.section.5.7.p.2">A client that uses persistent connections and sends more than one request per connection <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> maintain a list of outstanding requests in the order sent on that connection and <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> associate each received response message to the highest ordered request that has not yet received a final (non-<a href="p2-semantics.html#status.1xx" class="smpl">1xx</a>) response.
     
    21222122      <p id="rfc.section.6.3.2.2.p.2">Clients which assume persistent connections and pipeline immediately after connection establishment <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> be prepared to retry their connection if the first pipelined attempt fails. If a client does such a retry, it <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> pipeline before it knows the connection is persistent. Clients <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> also be prepared to resend their requests if the server closes the connection before sending all of the corresponding responses.
    21232123      </p>
    2124       <p id="rfc.section.6.3.2.2.p.3">Clients <em class="bcp14">SHOULD NOT</em> pipeline requests using non-idempotent request methods or non-idempotent sequences of request methods (see <a href="p2-semantics.html#idempotent.methods" title="Idempotent Methods">Section 2.1.2</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.22"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>). Otherwise, a premature termination of the transport connection could lead to indeterminate results. A client wishing to
     2124      <p id="rfc.section.6.3.2.2.p.3">Clients <em class="bcp14">SHOULD NOT</em> pipeline requests using non-idempotent request methods or non-idempotent sequences of request methods (see <a href="p2-semantics.html#idempotent.methods" title="Idempotent Methods">Section 2.1.2</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.22"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>). Otherwise, a premature termination of the transport connection could lead to indeterminate results. A client wishing to
    21252125         send a non-idempotent request <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> wait to send that request until it has received the response status line for the previous request.
    21262126      </p>
     
    21522152      <h3 id="rfc.section.6.3.4"><a href="#rfc.section.6.3.4">6.3.4</a>&nbsp;<a id="persistent.retrying.requests" href="#persistent.retrying.requests">Retrying Requests</a></h3>
    21532153      <p id="rfc.section.6.3.4.p.1">Senders can close the transport connection at any time. Therefore, clients, servers, and proxies <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be able to recover from asynchronous close events. Client software <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> reopen the transport connection and retransmit the aborted sequence of requests without user interaction so long as the request
    2154          sequence is idempotent (see <a href="p2-semantics.html#idempotent.methods" title="Idempotent Methods">Section 2.1.2</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.23"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>). Non-idempotent request methods or sequences <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> be automatically retried, although user agents <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> offer a human operator the choice of retrying the request(s). Confirmation by user-agent software with semantic understanding
     2154         sequence is idempotent (see <a href="p2-semantics.html#idempotent.methods" title="Idempotent Methods">Section 2.1.2</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.23"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>). Non-idempotent request methods or sequences <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> be automatically retried, although user agents <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> offer a human operator the choice of retrying the request(s). Confirmation by user-agent software with semantic understanding
    21552155         of the application <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> substitute for user confirmation. The automatic retry <em class="bcp14">SHOULD NOT</em> be repeated if the second sequence of requests fails.
    21562156      </p>
     
    21652165      </p>
    21662166      <h3 id="rfc.section.6.4.3"><a href="#rfc.section.6.4.3">6.4.3</a>&nbsp;<a id="use.of.the.100.status" href="#use.of.the.100.status">Use of the 100 (Continue) Status</a></h3>
    2167       <p id="rfc.section.6.4.3.p.1">The purpose of the <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.100" class="smpl">100 (Continue)</a> status code (see <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.100" title="100 Continue">Section 4.3.1</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.24"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>) is to allow a client that is sending a request message with a request body to determine if the origin server is willing
     2167      <p id="rfc.section.6.4.3.p.1">The purpose of the <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.100" class="smpl">100 (Continue)</a> status code (see <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.100" title="100 Continue">Section 4.3.1</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.24"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>) is to allow a client that is sending a request message with a request body to determine if the origin server is willing
    21682168         to accept the request (based on the request header fields) before the client sends the request body. In some cases, it might
    21692169         either be inappropriate or highly inefficient for the client to send the body if the server will reject the message without
     
    21722172      <p id="rfc.section.6.4.3.p.2">Requirements for HTTP/1.1 clients: </p>
    21732173      <ul>
    2174          <li>If a client will wait for a <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.100" class="smpl">100 (Continue)</a> response before sending the request body, it <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> send an <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.expect" class="smpl">Expect</a> header field (<a href="p2-semantics.html#header.expect" title="Expect">Section 9.11</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.25"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>) with the "100-continue" expectation.
     2174         <li>If a client will wait for a <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.100" class="smpl">100 (Continue)</a> response before sending the request body, it <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> send an <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.expect" class="smpl">Expect</a> header field (<a href="p2-semantics.html#header.expect" title="Expect">Section 9.11</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.25"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>) with the "100-continue" expectation.
    21752175         </li>
    21762176         <li>A client <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> send an <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.expect" class="smpl">Expect</a> header field with the "100-continue" expectation if it does not intend to send a request body.
     
    22102210         <li>Proxies <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> maintain a record of the HTTP version numbers received from recently-referenced next-hop servers.
    22112211         </li>
    2212          <li>A proxy <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> forward a <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.100" class="smpl">100 (Continue)</a> response if the request message was received from an HTTP/1.0 (or earlier) client and did not include an <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.expect" class="smpl">Expect</a> header field with the "100-continue" expectation. This requirement overrides the general rule for forwarding of <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.1xx" class="smpl">1xx</a> responses (see <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.1xx" title="Informational 1xx">Section 4.3</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.26"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>).
     2212         <li>A proxy <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> forward a <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.100" class="smpl">100 (Continue)</a> response if the request message was received from an HTTP/1.0 (or earlier) client and did not include an <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.expect" class="smpl">Expect</a> header field with the "100-continue" expectation. This requirement overrides the general rule for forwarding of <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.1xx" class="smpl">1xx</a> responses (see <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.1xx" title="Informational 1xx">Section 4.3</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.26"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>).
    22132213         </li>
    22142214      </ul>
     
    22472247      </p>
    22482248      <p id="rfc.section.6.5.p.8">The Upgrade header field cannot be used to indicate a switch to a protocol on a different connection. For that purpose, it
    2249          is more appropriate to use a <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.3xx" class="smpl">3xx (Redirection)</a> response (<a href="p2-semantics.html#status.3xx" title="Redirection 3xx">Section 4.5</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.27"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>).
     2249         is more appropriate to use a <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.3xx" class="smpl">3xx (Redirection)</a> response (<a href="p2-semantics.html#status.3xx" title="Redirection 3xx">Section 4.5</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.27"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>).
    22502250      </p>
    22512251      <p id="rfc.section.6.5.p.9">Servers <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> include the "Upgrade" header field in <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.101" class="smpl">101 (Switching
     
    25112511         <li>Pointer to specification text</li>
    25122512      </ul>
    2513       <p id="rfc.section.7.4.p.3">Names of transfer codings <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> overlap with names of content codings (<a href="p2-semantics.html#content.codings" title="Content Codings">Section 5.4</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.28"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>) unless the encoding transformation is identical, as it is the case for the compression codings defined in <a href="#compression.codings" title="Compression Codings">Section&nbsp;4.2</a>.
     2513      <p id="rfc.section.7.4.p.3">Names of transfer codings <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> overlap with names of content codings (<a href="p2-semantics.html#content.codings" title="Content Codings">Section 5.4</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.28"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>) unless the encoding transformation is identical, as it is the case for the compression codings defined in <a href="#compression.codings" title="Compression Codings">Section&nbsp;4.2</a>.
    25142514      </p>
    25152515      <p id="rfc.section.7.4.p.4">Values to be added to this name space require IETF Review (see <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5226#section-4.1">Section 4.1</a> of <a href="#RFC5226" id="rfc.xref.RFC5226.1"><cite title="Guidelines for Writing an IANA Considerations Section in RFCs">[RFC5226]</cite></a>), and <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> conform to the purpose of transfer coding defined in this section.
     
    26702670         that most implementations will choose substantially higher limits.
    26712671      </p>
    2672       <p id="rfc.section.8.6.p.3">This specification also provides a way for servers to reject messages that have request-targets that are too long (<a href="p2-semantics.html#status.414" title="414 URI Too Long">Section 4.6.12</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.29"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>) or request entities that are too large (<a href="p2-semantics.html#status.4xx" title="Client Error 4xx">Section 4.6</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.30"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>).
     2672      <p id="rfc.section.8.6.p.3">This specification also provides a way for servers to reject messages that have request-targets that are too long (<a href="p2-semantics.html#status.414" title="414 URI Too Long">Section 4.6.12</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.29"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>) or request entities that are too large (<a href="p2-semantics.html#status.4xx" title="Client Error 4xx">Section 4.6</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.30"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>).
    26732673      </p>
    26742674      <p id="rfc.section.8.6.p.4">Other fields (including but not limited to request methods, response status phrases, header field-names, and body chunks) <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> be limited by implementations carefully, so as to not impede interoperability.
     
    27182718         <tr>
    27192719            <td class="reference"><b id="Part2">[Part2]</b></td>
    2720             <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
     2720            <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
    27212721            </td>
    27222722         </tr>
     
    27282728         <tr>
    27292729            <td class="reference"><b id="Part5">[Part5]</b></td>
    2730             <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p5-range-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p5-range-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
     2730            <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p5-range-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p5-range-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
    27312731            </td>
    27322732         </tr>
  • draft-ietf-httpbis/latest/p1-messaging.xml

    r1798 r1803  
    7575<front>
    7676
    77   <title abbrev="HTTP/1.1, Part 1">HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing</title>
     77  <title abbrev="HTTP/1.1, Part 1">HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax"</title>
    7878
    7979  <author initials="R." surname="Fielding" fullname="Roy T. Fielding" role="editor">
     
    162162   that collectively form the HTTP/1.1 specification:
    163163   <list style="empty">
    164     <t>RFC xxx1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing</t>
    165     <t><xref target="Part2" x:fmt="none">RFC xxx2</xref>: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation</t>
     164    <t>RFC xxx1: Message Routing and Syntax</t>
     165    <t><xref target="Part2" x:fmt="none">RFC xxx2</xref>: Semantics and Payloads</t>
    166166    <t><xref target="Part4" x:fmt="none">RFC xxx3</xref>: Conditional Requests</t>
    167     <t><xref target="Part5" x:fmt="none">RFC xxx4</xref>: Range Requests and Partial Responses</t>
     167    <t><xref target="Part5" x:fmt="none">RFC xxx4</xref>: Range Requests</t>
    168168    <t><xref target="Part6" x:fmt="none">RFC xxx5</xref>: Caching</t>
    169169    <t><xref target="Part7" x:fmt="none">RFC xxx6</xref>: Authentication</t>
     
    40894089<reference anchor="Part2">
    40904090  <front>
    4091     <title>HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation</title>
     4091    <title>HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads</title>
    40924092    <author initials="R." surname="Fielding" fullname="Roy T. Fielding" role="editor">
    40934093      <organization abbrev="Adobe">Adobe Systems Incorporated</organization>
     
    41674167<reference anchor="Part5">
    41684168  <front>
    4169     <title>HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses</title>
     4169    <title>HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests</title>
    41704170    <author initials="R." surname="Fielding" fullname="Roy T. Fielding" role="editor">
    41714171      <organization abbrev="Adobe">Adobe Systems Incorporated</organization>
  • draft-ietf-httpbis/latest/p2-semantics.html

    r1799 r1803  
    44   <head profile="http://www.w3.org/2006/03/hcard http://dublincore.org/documents/2008/08/04/dc-html/">
    55      <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
    6       <title>HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation</title><script>
     6      <title>HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads</title><script>
    77var buttonsAdded = false;
    88
     
    449449  }
    450450  @bottom-center {
    451        content: "Expires January 16, 2013";
     451       content: "Expires January 17, 2013";
    452452  }
    453453  @bottom-right {
     
    497497      <meta name="dct.creator" content="Reschke, J. F.">
    498498      <meta name="dct.identifier" content="urn:ietf:id:draft-ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics-latest">
    499       <meta name="dct.issued" scheme="ISO8601" content="2012-07-15">
     499      <meta name="dct.issued" scheme="ISO8601" content="2012-07-16">
    500500      <meta name="dct.replaces" content="urn:ietf:rfc:2616">
    501501      <meta name="dct.abstract" content="The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application-level protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypertext information systems. This document defines the semantics of HTTP/1.1 messages, as expressed by request methods, request header fields, response status codes, and response header fields, along with the payload of messages (metadata and body content) and mechanisms for content negotiation.">
     
    528528            </tr>
    529529            <tr>
    530                <td class="left">Expires: January 16, 2013</td>
     530               <td class="left">Expires: January 17, 2013</td>
    531531               <td class="right">greenbytes</td>
    532532            </tr>
    533533            <tr>
    534534               <td class="left"></td>
    535                <td class="right">July 15, 2012</td>
     535               <td class="right">July 16, 2012</td>
    536536            </tr>
    537537         </tbody>
    538538      </table>
    539       <p class="title">HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation<br><span class="filename">draft-ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics-latest</span></p>
     539      <p class="title">HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads<br><span class="filename">draft-ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics-latest</span></p>
    540540      <h1 id="rfc.abstract"><a href="#rfc.abstract">Abstract</a></h1>
    541541      <p>The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application-level protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypertext information
     
    560560         in progress”.
    561561      </p>
    562       <p>This Internet-Draft will expire on January 16, 2013.</p>
     562      <p>This Internet-Draft will expire on January 17, 2013.</p>
    563563      <h1><a id="rfc.copyrightnotice" href="#rfc.copyrightnotice">Copyright Notice</a></h1>
    564564      <p>Copyright © 2012 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the document authors. All rights reserved.</p>
     
    811811         interprets the message semantics in relation to the identified request target, and responds to that request with one or more
    812812         response messages. This document defines HTTP/1.1 request and response semantics in terms of the architecture, syntax notation,
    813          and conformance criteria defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>.
     813         and conformance criteria defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>.
    814814      </p>
    815815      <p id="rfc.section.1.p.2">HTTP provides a uniform interface for interacting with resources regardless of their type, nature, or implementation. HTTP
     
    836836      <p id="rfc.section.1.1.p.2">This specification targets conformance criteria according to the role of a participant in HTTP communication. Hence, HTTP
    837837         requirements are placed on senders, recipients, clients, servers, user agents, intermediaries, origin servers, proxies, gateways,
    838          or caches, depending on what behavior is being constrained by the requirement. See <a href="p1-messaging.html#architecture" title="Architecture">Section 2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a> for definitions of these terms.
     838         or caches, depending on what behavior is being constrained by the requirement. See <a href="p1-messaging.html#architecture" title="Architecture">Section 2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a> for definitions of these terms.
    839839      </p>
    840840      <p id="rfc.section.1.1.p.3">The verb "generate" is used instead of "send" where a requirement differentiates between creating a protocol element and merely
     
    854854      </p>
    855855      <h2 id="rfc.section.1.2"><a href="#rfc.section.1.2">1.2</a>&nbsp;<a id="notation" href="#notation">Syntax Notation</a></h2>
    856       <p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.1">This specification uses the Augmented Backus-Naur Form (ABNF) notation of <a href="#RFC5234" id="rfc.xref.RFC5234.1"><cite title="Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF">[RFC5234]</cite></a> with the list rule extension defined in <a href="p1-messaging.html#notation" title="Syntax Notation">Section 1.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.3"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>. <a href="#collected.abnf" title="Collected ABNF">Appendix&nbsp;D</a> shows the collected ABNF with the list rule expanded.
     856      <p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.1">This specification uses the Augmented Backus-Naur Form (ABNF) notation of <a href="#RFC5234" id="rfc.xref.RFC5234.1"><cite title="Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF">[RFC5234]</cite></a> with the list rule extension defined in <a href="p1-messaging.html#notation" title="Syntax Notation">Section 1.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.3"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>. <a href="#collected.abnf" title="Collected ABNF">Appendix&nbsp;D</a> shows the collected ABNF with the list rule expanded.
    857857      </p>
    858858      <p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.2">The following core rules are included by reference, as defined in <a href="#RFC5234" id="rfc.xref.RFC5234.2"><cite title="Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF">[RFC5234]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5234#appendix-B.1">Appendix B.1</a>: ALPHA (letters), CR (carriage return), CRLF (CR LF), CTL (controls), DIGIT (decimal 0-9), DQUOTE (double quote), HEXDIG
     
    861861      </p>
    862862      <h3 id="rfc.section.1.2.1"><a href="#rfc.section.1.2.1">1.2.1</a>&nbsp;<a id="core.rules" href="#core.rules">Core Rules</a></h3>
    863       <p id="rfc.section.1.2.1.p.1">The core rules below are defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.4"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>:
    864       </p>
    865       <div id="rfc.figure.u.1"></div><pre class="inline">  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">BWS</a>           = &lt;BWS, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#whitespace" title="Whitespace">Section 3.2.1</a>&gt;
    866   <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">OWS</a>           = &lt;OWS, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.6"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#whitespace" title="Whitespace">Section 3.2.1</a>&gt;
    867   <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">RWS</a>           = &lt;RWS, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.7"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#whitespace" title="Whitespace">Section 3.2.1</a>&gt;
    868   <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">quoted-string</a> = &lt;quoted-string, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.8"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#field.components" title="Field value components">Section 3.2.4</a>&gt;
    869   <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">token</a>         = &lt;token, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.9"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#field.components" title="Field value components">Section 3.2.4</a>&gt;
    870   <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">word</a>          = &lt;word, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.10"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#field.components" title="Field value components">Section 3.2.4</a>&gt;
     863      <p id="rfc.section.1.2.1.p.1">The core rules below are defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.4"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>:
     864      </p>
     865      <div id="rfc.figure.u.1"></div><pre class="inline">  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">BWS</a>           = &lt;BWS, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#whitespace" title="Whitespace">Section 3.2.1</a>&gt;
     866  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">OWS</a>           = &lt;OWS, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.6"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#whitespace" title="Whitespace">Section 3.2.1</a>&gt;
     867  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">RWS</a>           = &lt;RWS, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.7"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#whitespace" title="Whitespace">Section 3.2.1</a>&gt;
     868  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">quoted-string</a> = &lt;quoted-string, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.8"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#field.components" title="Field value components">Section 3.2.4</a>&gt;
     869  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">token</a>         = &lt;token, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.9"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#field.components" title="Field value components">Section 3.2.4</a>&gt;
     870  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">word</a>          = &lt;word, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.10"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#field.components" title="Field value components">Section 3.2.4</a>&gt;
    871871</pre><h3 id="rfc.section.1.2.2"><a href="#rfc.section.1.2.2">1.2.2</a>&nbsp;<a id="abnf.dependencies" href="#abnf.dependencies">ABNF Rules defined in other Parts of the Specification</a></h3>
    872872      <p id="rfc.section.1.2.2.p.1">The ABNF rules below are defined in other parts:</p>
    873       <div id="rfc.figure.u.2"></div><pre class="inline">  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">absolute-URI</a>  = &lt;absolute-URI, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.11"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#uri" title="Uniform Resource Identifiers">Section 2.8</a>&gt;
    874   <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">comment</a>       = &lt;comment, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.12"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#field.components" title="Field value components">Section 3.2.4</a>&gt;
    875   <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">partial-URI</a>   = &lt;partial-URI, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.13"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#uri" title="Uniform Resource Identifiers">Section 2.8</a>&gt;
    876   <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">qvalue</a>        = &lt;qvalue, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.14"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#quality.values" title="Quality Values">Section 4.3.1</a>&gt;
    877   <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">URI-reference</a> = &lt;URI-reference, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.15"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#uri" title="Uniform Resource Identifiers">Section 2.8</a>&gt;
     873      <div id="rfc.figure.u.2"></div><pre class="inline">  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">absolute-URI</a>  = &lt;absolute-URI, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.11"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#uri" title="Uniform Resource Identifiers">Section 2.8</a>&gt;
     874  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">comment</a>       = &lt;comment, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.12"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#field.components" title="Field value components">Section 3.2.4</a>&gt;
     875  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">partial-URI</a>   = &lt;partial-URI, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.13"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#uri" title="Uniform Resource Identifiers">Section 2.8</a>&gt;
     876  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">qvalue</a>        = &lt;qvalue, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.14"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#quality.values" title="Quality Values">Section 4.3.1</a>&gt;
     877  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">URI-reference</a> = &lt;URI-reference, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.15"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#uri" title="Uniform Resource Identifiers">Section 2.8</a>&gt;
    878878</pre><h1 id="rfc.section.2"><a href="#rfc.section.2">2.</a>&nbsp;<a id="methods" href="#methods">Methods</a></h1>
    879       <p id="rfc.section.2.p.1">The method token indicates the request method to be performed on the target resource (<a href="p1-messaging.html#effective.request.uri" title="Effective Request URI">Section 5.5</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.16"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>). The method is case-sensitive.
     879      <p id="rfc.section.2.p.1">The method token indicates the request method to be performed on the target resource (<a href="p1-messaging.html#effective.request.uri" title="Effective Request URI">Section 5.5</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.16"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>). The method is case-sensitive.
    880880      </p>
    881881      <div id="rfc.figure.u.3"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.1"></span>  <a href="#methods" class="smpl">method</a>         = <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">token</a>
     
    929929         to a single application, so that this is clear.
    930930      </p>
    931       <p id="rfc.section.2.2.1.p.3">Due to the parsing rules defined in <a href="p1-messaging.html#message.body" title="Message Body">Section 3.3</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.17"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, definitions of HTTP methods cannot prohibit the presence of a message body on either the request or the response message
     931      <p id="rfc.section.2.2.1.p.3">Due to the parsing rules defined in <a href="p1-messaging.html#message.body" title="Message Body">Section 3.3</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.17"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, definitions of HTTP methods cannot prohibit the presence of a message body on either the request or the response message
    932932         (with responses to HEAD requests being the single exception). Definitions of new methods cannot change this rule, but they
    933933         can specify that only zero-length bodies (as opposed to absent bodies) are allowed.
     
    948948         body to make more detailed queries on the server.
    949949      </p>
    950       <p id="rfc.section.2.3.1.p.4">If the request-target (<a href="p1-messaging.html#request-target" title="Request Target">Section 5.3</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.18"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>) is an asterisk ("*"), the OPTIONS request is intended to apply to the server in general rather than to a specific resource.
     950      <p id="rfc.section.2.3.1.p.4">If the request-target (<a href="p1-messaging.html#request-target" title="Request Target">Section 5.3</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.18"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>) is an asterisk ("*"), the OPTIONS request is intended to apply to the server in general rather than to a specific resource.
    951951         Since a server's communication options typically depend on the resource, the "*" request is only useful as a "ping" or "no-op"
    952952         type of method; it does nothing beyond allowing the client to test the capabilities of the server. For example, this can be
     
    972972         to be refreshed without requiring multiple requests or transferring data already held by the client.
    973973      </p>
    974       <p id="rfc.section.2.3.2.p.4">The semantics of the GET method change to a "partial GET" if the request message includes a <a href="p5-range.html#range.retrieval.requests" class="smpl">Range</a> header field (<a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses">[Part5]</cite></a>). A partial GET requests that only part of the representation be transferred, as described in <a href="p5-range.html#header.range" title="Range">Section 5.4</a> of <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses">[Part5]</cite></a>. The partial GET request is intended to reduce unnecessary network usage by allowing partially-retrieved representations
     974      <p id="rfc.section.2.3.2.p.4">The semantics of the GET method change to a "partial GET" if the request message includes a <a href="p5-range.html#range.retrieval.requests" class="smpl">Range</a> header field (<a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests">[Part5]</cite></a>). A partial GET requests that only part of the representation be transferred, as described in <a href="p5-range.html#header.range" title="Range">Section 5.4</a> of <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests">[Part5]</cite></a>. The partial GET request is intended to reduce unnecessary network usage by allowing partially-retrieved representations
    975975         to be completed without transferring data already held by the client.
    976976      </p>
     
    10741074         the related resources.
    10751075      </p>
    1076       <p id="rfc.section.2.3.5.p.10">An origin server <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> reject any PUT request that contains a <a href="p5-range.html#header.content-range" class="smpl">Content-Range</a> header field (<a href="p5-range.html#header.content-range" title="Content-Range">Section 5.2</a> of <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.3"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses">[Part5]</cite></a>), since it might be misinterpreted as partial content (or might be partial content that is being mistakenly PUT as a full
     1076      <p id="rfc.section.2.3.5.p.10">An origin server <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> reject any PUT request that contains a <a href="p5-range.html#header.content-range" class="smpl">Content-Range</a> header field (<a href="p5-range.html#header.content-range" title="Content-Range">Section 5.2</a> of <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.3"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests">[Part5]</cite></a>), since it might be misinterpreted as partial content (or might be partial content that is being mistakenly PUT as a full
    10771077         representation). Partial content updates are possible by targeting a separately identified resource with state that overlaps
    10781078         a portion of the larger resource, or by using a different method that has been specifically defined for partial updates (for
     
    11041104      </p>
    11051105      <p id="rfc.section.2.3.7.p.2">TRACE allows the client to see what is being received at the other end of the request chain and use that data for testing
    1106          or diagnostic information. The value of the <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.via" class="smpl">Via</a> header field (<a href="p1-messaging.html#header.via" title="Via">Section 6.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.19"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>) is of particular interest, since it acts as a trace of the request chain. Use of the <a href="#header.max-forwards" class="smpl">Max-Forwards</a> header field allows the client to limit the length of the request chain, which is useful for testing a chain of proxies forwarding
     1106         or diagnostic information. The value of the <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.via" class="smpl">Via</a> header field (<a href="p1-messaging.html#header.via" title="Via">Section 6.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.19"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>) is of particular interest, since it acts as a trace of the request chain. Use of the <a href="#header.max-forwards" class="smpl">Max-Forwards</a> header field allows the client to limit the length of the request chain, which is useful for testing a chain of proxies forwarding
    11071107         messages in an infinite loop.
    11081108      </p>
    1109       <p id="rfc.section.2.3.7.p.3">If the request is valid, the response <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> have a <a href="#header.content-type" class="smpl">Content-Type</a> of "message/http" (see <a href="p1-messaging.html#internet.media.type.message.http" title="Internet Media Type message/http">Section 7.3.1</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.20"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>) and contain a message body that encloses a copy of the entire request message. Responses to the TRACE method are not cacheable.
     1109      <p id="rfc.section.2.3.7.p.3">If the request is valid, the response <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> have a <a href="#header.content-type" class="smpl">Content-Type</a> of "message/http" (see <a href="p1-messaging.html#internet.media.type.message.http" title="Internet Media Type message/http">Section 7.3.1</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.20"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>) and contain a message body that encloses a copy of the entire request message. Responses to the TRACE method are not cacheable.
    11101110      </p>
    11111111      <div id="rfc.iref.c.2"></div>
     
    11151115         its behavior to blind forwarding of packets until the connection is closed.
    11161116      </p>
    1117       <p id="rfc.section.2.3.8.p.2">When using CONNECT, the request-target <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> use the authority form (<a href="p1-messaging.html#request-target" title="Request Target">Section 5.3</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.21"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>); i.e., the request-target consists of only the host name and port number of the tunnel destination, separated by a colon.
     1117      <p id="rfc.section.2.3.8.p.2">When using CONNECT, the request-target <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> use the authority form (<a href="p1-messaging.html#request-target" title="Request Target">Section 5.3</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.21"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>); i.e., the request-target consists of only the host name and port number of the tunnel destination, separated by a colon.
    11181118         For example,
    11191119      </p>
     
    11521152      <h1 id="rfc.section.3"><a href="#rfc.section.3">3.</a>&nbsp;<a id="header.fields" href="#header.fields">Header Fields</a></h1>
    11531153      <p id="rfc.section.3.p.1">Header fields are key value pairs that can be used to communicate data about the message, its payload, the target resource,
    1154          or about the connection itself (i.e., control data). See <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.fields" title="Header Fields">Section 3.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.22"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a> for a general definition of their syntax.
     1154         or about the connection itself (i.e., control data). See <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.fields" title="Header Fields">Section 3.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.22"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a> for a general definition of their syntax.
    11551155      </p>
    11561156      <h2 id="rfc.section.3.1"><a href="#rfc.section.3.1">3.1</a>&nbsp;<a id="considerations.for.creating.header.fields" href="#considerations.for.creating.header.fields">Considerations for Creating Header Fields</a></h2>
     
    11601160         with "X-" if they are to be registered (either immediately or in the future).
    11611161      </p>
    1162       <p id="rfc.section.3.1.p.3">New header field values typically have their syntax defined using ABNF (<a href="#RFC5234" id="rfc.xref.RFC5234.3"><cite title="Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF">[RFC5234]</cite></a>), using the extension defined in <a href="p1-messaging.html#abnf.extension" title="ABNF list extension: #rule">Appendix B</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.23"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a> as necessary, and are usually constrained to the range of ASCII characters. Header fields needing a greater range of characters
     1162      <p id="rfc.section.3.1.p.3">New header field values typically have their syntax defined using ABNF (<a href="#RFC5234" id="rfc.xref.RFC5234.3"><cite title="Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF">[RFC5234]</cite></a>), using the extension defined in <a href="p1-messaging.html#abnf.extension" title="ABNF list extension: #rule">Appendix B</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.23"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a> as necessary, and are usually constrained to the range of ASCII characters. Header fields needing a greater range of characters
    11631163         can use an encoding such as the one defined in <a href="#RFC5987" id="rfc.xref.RFC5987.1"><cite title="Character Set and Language Encoding for Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) Header Field Parameters">[RFC5987]</cite></a>.
    11641164      </p>
    11651165      <p id="rfc.section.3.1.p.4">Because commas (",") are used as a generic delimiter between field-values, they need to be treated with care if they are allowed
    11661166         in the field-value's payload. Typically, components that might contain a comma are protected with double-quotes using the
    1167          quoted-string ABNF production (<a href="p1-messaging.html#field.components" title="Field value components">Section 3.2.4</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.24"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>).
     1167         quoted-string ABNF production (<a href="p1-messaging.html#field.components" title="Field value components">Section 3.2.4</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.24"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>).
    11681168      </p>
    11691169      <p id="rfc.section.3.1.p.5">For example, a textual date and a URI (either of which might contain a comma) could be safely carried in field-values like
     
    11831183      <ul>
    11841184         <li>
    1185             <p>Whether the field is a single value, or whether it can be a list (delimited by commas; see <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.fields" title="Header Fields">Section 3.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.25"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>).
     1185            <p>Whether the field is a single value, or whether it can be a list (delimited by commas; see <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.fields" title="Header Fields">Section 3.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.25"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>).
    11861186            </p>
    11871187            <p>If it does not use the list syntax, document how to treat messages where the header field occurs multiple times (a sensible
     
    11991199         </li>
    12001200         <li>
    1201             <p>Whether it is appropriate to list the field-name in the <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.connection" class="smpl">Connection</a> header field (i.e., if the header field is to be hop-by-hop, see <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.connection" title="Connection">Section 6.1</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.26"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>).
     1201            <p>Whether it is appropriate to list the field-name in the <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.connection" class="smpl">Connection</a> header field (i.e., if the header field is to be hop-by-hop, see <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.connection" title="Connection">Section 6.1</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.26"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>).
    12021202            </p>
    12031203         </li>
     
    12101210         </li>
    12111211         <li>
    1212             <p>Whether the header field is useful or allowable in trailers (see <a href="p1-messaging.html#chunked.encoding" title="Chunked Transfer Coding">Section 4.1</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.27"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>).
     1212            <p>Whether the header field is useful or allowable in trailers (see <a href="p1-messaging.html#chunked.encoding" title="Chunked Transfer Coding">Section 4.1</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.27"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>).
    12131213            </p>
    12141214         </li>
     
    12611261               <tr>
    12621262                  <td class="left">Host</td>
    1263                   <td class="left"><a href="p1-messaging.html#header.host" title="Host">Section 5.4</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.28"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a></td>
     1263                  <td class="left"><a href="p1-messaging.html#header.host" title="Host">Section 5.4</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.28"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a></td>
    12641264               </tr>
    12651265               <tr>
     
    12771277               <tr>
    12781278                  <td class="left">If-Range</td>
    1279                   <td class="left"><a href="p5-range.html#header.if-range" title="If-Range">Section 5.3</a> of <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.4"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses">[Part5]</cite></a></td>
     1279                  <td class="left"><a href="p5-range.html#header.if-range" title="If-Range">Section 5.3</a> of <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.4"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests">[Part5]</cite></a></td>
    12801280               </tr>
    12811281               <tr>
     
    12931293               <tr>
    12941294                  <td class="left">Range</td>
    1295                   <td class="left"><a href="p5-range.html#header.range" title="Range">Section 5.4</a> of <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses">[Part5]</cite></a></td>
     1295                  <td class="left"><a href="p5-range.html#header.range" title="Range">Section 5.4</a> of <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests">[Part5]</cite></a></td>
    12961296               </tr>
    12971297               <tr>
     
    13011301               <tr>
    13021302                  <td class="left">TE</td>
    1303                   <td class="left"><a href="p1-messaging.html#header.te" title="TE">Section 4.3</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.29"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a></td>
     1303                  <td class="left"><a href="p1-messaging.html#header.te" title="TE">Section 4.3</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.29"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a></td>
    13041304               </tr>
    13051305               <tr>
     
    13121312      <h2 id="rfc.section.3.3"><a href="#rfc.section.3.3">3.3</a>&nbsp;<a id="response.header.fields" href="#response.header.fields">Response Header Fields</a></h2>
    13131313      <p id="rfc.section.3.3.p.1">The response header fields allow the server to pass additional information about the response which cannot be placed in the
    1314          status-line. These header fields give information about the server and about further access to the target resource (<a href="p1-messaging.html#effective.request.uri" title="Effective Request URI">Section 5.5</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.30"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>).
     1314         status-line. These header fields give information about the server and about further access to the target resource (<a href="p1-messaging.html#effective.request.uri" title="Effective Request URI">Section 5.5</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.30"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>).
    13151315      </p>
    13161316      <div id="rfc.table.u.2">
     
    13251325               <tr>
    13261326                  <td class="left">Accept-Ranges</td>
    1327                   <td class="left"><a href="p5-range.html#header.accept-ranges" title="Accept-Ranges">Section 5.1</a> of <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.6"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses">[Part5]</cite></a></td>
     1327                  <td class="left"><a href="p5-range.html#header.accept-ranges" title="Accept-Ranges">Section 5.1</a> of <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.6"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests">[Part5]</cite></a></td>
    13281328               </tr>
    13291329               <tr>
     
    13961396      </p>
    13971397      <h2 id="rfc.section.4.1"><a href="#rfc.section.4.1">4.1</a>&nbsp;<a id="overview.of.status.codes" href="#overview.of.status.codes">Overview of Status Codes</a></h2>
    1398       <p id="rfc.section.4.1.p.1">The status codes listed below are defined in this specification, <a href="p4-conditional.html#status.code.definitions" title="Status Code Definitions">Section 4</a> of <a href="#Part4" id="rfc.xref.Part4.7"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 4: Conditional Requests">[Part4]</cite></a>, <a href="p5-range.html#status.code.definitions" title="Status Code Definitions">Section 3</a> of <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.7"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses">[Part5]</cite></a>, and <a href="p7-auth.html#status.code.definitions" title="Status Code Definitions">Section 3</a> of <a href="#Part7" id="rfc.xref.Part7.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 7: Authentication">[Part7]</cite></a>. The reason phrases listed here are only recommendations — they can be replaced by local equivalents without affecting the
     1398      <p id="rfc.section.4.1.p.1">The status codes listed below are defined in this specification, <a href="p4-conditional.html#status.code.definitions" title="Status Code Definitions">Section 4</a> of <a href="#Part4" id="rfc.xref.Part4.7"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 4: Conditional Requests">[Part4]</cite></a>, <a href="p5-range.html#status.code.definitions" title="Status Code Definitions">Section 3</a> of <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.7"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests">[Part5]</cite></a>, and <a href="p7-auth.html#status.code.definitions" title="Status Code Definitions">Section 3</a> of <a href="#Part7" id="rfc.xref.Part7.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 7: Authentication">[Part7]</cite></a>. The reason phrases listed here are only recommendations — they can be replaced by local equivalents without affecting the
    13991399         protocol.
    14001400      </p>
     
    14521452                  <td class="left">206</td>
    14531453                  <td class="left">Partial Content</td>
    1454                   <td id="status.206" class="left"><a href="p5-range.html#status.206" title="206 Partial Content">Section 3.1</a> of <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.8"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses">[Part5]</cite></a></td>
     1454                  <td id="status.206" class="left"><a href="p5-range.html#status.206" title="206 Partial Content">Section 3.1</a> of <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.8"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests">[Part5]</cite></a></td>
    14551455               </tr>
    14561456               <tr>
     
    15721572                  <td class="left">416</td>
    15731573                  <td class="left">Requested range not satisfiable</td>
    1574                   <td id="status.416" class="left"><a href="p5-range.html#status.416" title="416 Requested Range Not Satisfiable">Section 3.2</a> of <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.9"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses">[Part5]</cite></a></td>
     1574                  <td id="status.416" class="left"><a href="p5-range.html#status.416" title="416 Requested Range Not Satisfiable">Section 3.2</a> of <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.9"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests">[Part5]</cite></a></td>
    15751575               </tr>
    15761576               <tr>
     
    16601660      <p id="rfc.section.4.3.1.p.1">The client <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> continue with its request. This interim response is used to inform the client that the initial part of the request has been
    16611661         received and has not yet been rejected by the server. The client <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> continue by sending the remainder of the request or, if the request has already been completed, ignore this response. The
    1662          server <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> send a final response after the request has been completed. See <a href="p1-messaging.html#use.of.the.100.status" title="Use of the 100 (Continue) Status">Section 6.4.3</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.31"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a> for detailed discussion of the use and handling of this status code.
     1662         server <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> send a final response after the request has been completed. See <a href="p1-messaging.html#use.of.the.100.status" title="Use of the 100 (Continue) Status">Section 6.4.3</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.31"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a> for detailed discussion of the use and handling of this status code.
    16631663      </p>
    16641664      <div id="rfc.iref.22"></div>
    16651665      <div id="rfc.iref.s.4"></div>
    16661666      <h3 id="rfc.section.4.3.2"><a href="#rfc.section.4.3.2">4.3.2</a>&nbsp;<a id="status.101" href="#status.101">101 Switching Protocols</a></h3>
    1667       <p id="rfc.section.4.3.2.p.1">The server understands and is willing to comply with the client's request, via the <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.upgrade" class="smpl">Upgrade</a> message header field (<a href="p1-messaging.html#header.upgrade" title="Upgrade">Section 6.5</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.32"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>), for a change in the application protocol being used on this connection. The server will switch protocols to those defined
     1667      <p id="rfc.section.4.3.2.p.1">The server understands and is willing to comply with the client's request, via the <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.upgrade" class="smpl">Upgrade</a> message header field (<a href="p1-messaging.html#header.upgrade" title="Upgrade">Section 6.5</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.32"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>), for a change in the application protocol being used on this connection. The server will switch protocols to those defined
    16681668         by the response's Upgrade header field immediately after the empty line which terminates the 101 response.
    16691669      </p>
     
    17201720      <div id="rfc.iref.s.9"></div>
    17211721      <h3 id="rfc.section.4.4.4"><a href="#rfc.section.4.4.4">4.4.4</a>&nbsp;<a id="status.203" href="#status.203">203 Non-Authoritative Information</a></h3>
    1722       <p id="rfc.section.4.4.4.p.1">The representation in the response has been transformed or otherwise modified by a transforming proxy (<a href="p1-messaging.html#intermediaries" title="Intermediaries">Section 2.4</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.33"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>). Note that the behavior of transforming intermediaries is controlled by the no-transform Cache-Control directive (<a href="p6-cache.html#header.cache-control" title="Cache-Control">Section 7.2</a> of <a href="#Part6" id="rfc.xref.Part6.12"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 6: Caching">[Part6]</cite></a>).
     1722      <p id="rfc.section.4.4.4.p.1">The representation in the response has been transformed or otherwise modified by a transforming proxy (<a href="p1-messaging.html#intermediaries" title="Intermediaries">Section 2.4</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.33"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>). Note that the behavior of transforming intermediaries is controlled by the no-transform Cache-Control directive (<a href="p6-cache.html#header.cache-control" title="Cache-Control">Section 7.2</a> of <a href="#Part6" id="rfc.xref.Part6.12"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 6: Caching">[Part6]</cite></a>).
    17231723      </p>
    17241724      <p id="rfc.section.4.4.4.p.2">This status code is only appropriate when the response status code would have been <a href="#status.200" class="smpl">200 (OK)</a> otherwise. When the status code before transformation would have been different, the 214 Transformation Applied warn-code
     
    17551755         another input action.
    17561756      </p>
    1757       <p id="rfc.section.4.4.6.p.2">The message body included with the response <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be empty. Note that receivers still need to parse the response according to the algorithm defined in <a href="p1-messaging.html#message.body" title="Message Body">Section 3.3</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.34"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>.
     1757      <p id="rfc.section.4.4.6.p.2">The message body included with the response <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be empty. Note that receivers still need to parse the response according to the algorithm defined in <a href="p1-messaging.html#message.body" title="Message Body">Section 3.3</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.34"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>.
    17581758      </p>
    17591759      <h2 id="rfc.section.4.5"><a href="#rfc.section.4.5">4.5</a>&nbsp;<a id="status.3xx" href="#status.3xx">Redirection 3xx</a></h2>
     
    20142014      <div id="rfc.iref.s.35"></div>
    20152015      <h3 id="rfc.section.4.6.15"><a href="#rfc.section.4.6.15">4.6.15</a>&nbsp;<a id="status.426" href="#status.426">426 Upgrade Required</a></h3>
    2016       <p id="rfc.section.4.6.15.p.1">The request can not be completed without a prior protocol upgrade. This response <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> include an <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.upgrade" class="smpl">Upgrade</a> header field (<a href="p1-messaging.html#header.upgrade" title="Upgrade">Section 6.5</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.35"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>) specifying the required protocols.
     2016      <p id="rfc.section.4.6.15.p.1">The request can not be completed without a prior protocol upgrade. This response <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> include an <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.upgrade" class="smpl">Upgrade</a> header field (<a href="p1-messaging.html#header.upgrade" title="Upgrade">Section 6.5</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.35"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>) specifying the required protocols.
    20172017      </p>
    20182018      <div id="rfc.figure.u.7"></div>
     
    20792079      <p id="rfc.section.4.7.6.p.1">The server does not support, or refuses to support, the protocol version that was used in the request message. The server
    20802080         is indicating that it is unable or unwilling to complete the request using the same major version as the client, as described
    2081          in <a href="p1-messaging.html#http.version" title="Protocol Versioning">Section 2.7</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.36"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, other than with this error message. The response <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> contain a representation describing why that version is not supported and what other protocols are supported by that server.
     2081         in <a href="p1-messaging.html#http.version" title="Protocol Versioning">Section 2.7</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.36"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, other than with this error message. The response <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> contain a representation describing why that version is not supported and what other protocols are supported by that server.
    20822082      </p>
    20832083      <h1 id="rfc.section.5"><a href="#rfc.section.5">5.</a>&nbsp;<a id="protocol.parameters" href="#protocol.parameters">Protocol Parameters</a></h1>
     
    22082208      </p>
    22092209      <ul class="empty">
    2210          <li>See <a href="p1-messaging.html#compress.coding" title="Compress Coding">Section 4.2.1</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.37"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>.
     2210         <li>See <a href="p1-messaging.html#compress.coding" title="Compress Coding">Section 4.2.1</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.37"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>.
    22112211         </li>
    22122212      </ul>
     
    22142214      </p>
    22152215      <ul class="empty">
    2216          <li>See <a href="p1-messaging.html#deflate.coding" title="Deflate Coding">Section 4.2.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.38"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>.
     2216         <li>See <a href="p1-messaging.html#deflate.coding" title="Deflate Coding">Section 4.2.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.38"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>.
    22172217         </li>
    22182218      </ul>
     
    22202220      </p>
    22212221      <ul class="empty">
    2222          <li>See <a href="p1-messaging.html#gzip.coding" title="Gzip Coding">Section 4.2.3</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.39"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>.
     2222         <li>See <a href="p1-messaging.html#gzip.coding" title="Gzip Coding">Section 4.2.3</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.39"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>.
    22232223         </li>
    22242224      </ul>
     
    22322232         <li>Pointer to specification text</li>
    22332233      </ul>
    2234       <p id="rfc.section.5.4.1.p.3">Names of content codings <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> overlap with names of transfer codings (<a href="p1-messaging.html#transfer.codings" title="Transfer Codings">Section 4</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.40"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>), unless the encoding transformation is identical (as is the case for the compression codings defined in <a href="p1-messaging.html#compression.codings" title="Compression Codings">Section 4.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.41"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>).
     2234      <p id="rfc.section.5.4.1.p.3">Names of content codings <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> overlap with names of transfer codings (<a href="p1-messaging.html#transfer.codings" title="Transfer Codings">Section 4</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.40"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>), unless the encoding transformation is identical (as is the case for the compression codings defined in <a href="p1-messaging.html#compression.codings" title="Compression Codings">Section 4.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.41"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>).
    22352235      </p>
    22362236      <p id="rfc.section.5.4.1.p.4">Values to be added to this name space require IETF Review (see <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5226#section-4.1">Section 4.1</a> of <a href="#RFC5226" id="rfc.xref.RFC5226.3"><cite title="Guidelines for Writing an IANA Considerations Section in RFCs">[RFC5226]</cite></a>), and <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> conform to the purpose of content coding defined in this section.
     
    23312331               <tr>
    23322332                  <td class="left">Content-Length</td>
    2333                   <td class="left"><a href="p1-messaging.html#header.content-length" title="Content-Length">Section 3.3.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.42"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a></td>
     2333                  <td class="left"><a href="p1-messaging.html#header.content-length" title="Content-Length">Section 3.3.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.42"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a></td>
    23342334               </tr>
    23352335               <tr>
    23362336                  <td class="left">Content-Range</td>
    2337                   <td class="left"><a href="p5-range.html#header.content-range" title="Content-Range">Section 5.2</a> of <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.10"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses">[Part5]</cite></a></td>
     2337                  <td class="left"><a href="p5-range.html#header.content-range" title="Content-Range">Section 5.2</a> of <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.10"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests">[Part5]</cite></a></td>
    23382338               </tr>
    23392339            </tbody>
     
    23412341      </div>
    23422342      <h2 id="rfc.section.6.2"><a href="#rfc.section.6.2">6.2</a>&nbsp;<a id="payload.body" href="#payload.body">Payload Body</a></h2>
    2343       <p id="rfc.section.6.2.p.1">A payload body is only present in a message when a message body is present, as described in <a href="p1-messaging.html#message.body" title="Message Body">Section 3.3</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.43"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>. The payload body is obtained from the message body by decoding any <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.transfer-encoding" class="smpl">Transfer-Encoding</a> that might have been applied to ensure safe and proper transfer of the message.
     2343      <p id="rfc.section.6.2.p.1">A payload body is only present in a message when a message body is present, as described in <a href="p1-messaging.html#message.body" title="Message Body">Section 3.3</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.43"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>. The payload body is obtained from the message body by decoding any <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.transfer-encoding" class="smpl">Transfer-Encoding</a> that might have been applied to ensure safe and proper transfer of the message.
    23442344      </p>
    23452345      <div id="rfc.iref.r.1"></div>
     
    23602360         in an HTTP message, it is referred to as the payload of the message.
    23612361      </p>
    2362       <p id="rfc.section.7.p.4">A representation body is only present in a message when a message body is present, as described in <a href="p1-messaging.html#message.body" title="Message Body">Section 3.3</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.44"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>. The representation body is obtained from the message body by decoding any <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.transfer-encoding" class="smpl">Transfer-Encoding</a> that might have been applied to ensure safe and proper transfer of the message.
     2362      <p id="rfc.section.7.p.4">A representation body is only present in a message when a message body is present, as described in <a href="p1-messaging.html#message.body" title="Message Body">Section 3.3</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.44"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>. The representation body is obtained from the message body by decoding any <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.transfer-encoding" class="smpl">Transfer-Encoding</a> that might have been applied to ensure safe and proper transfer of the message.
    23632363      </p>
    23642364      <h2 id="rfc.section.7.1"><a href="#rfc.section.7.1">7.1</a>&nbsp;<a id="identifying.response.associated.with.representation" href="#identifying.response.associated.with.representation">Identifying the Resource Associated with a Representation</a></h2>
    23652365      <p id="rfc.section.7.1.p.1">It is sometimes necessary to determine an identifier for the resource associated with a representation.</p>
    23662366      <p id="rfc.section.7.1.p.2">An HTTP request representation, when present, is always associated with an anonymous (i.e., unidentified) resource.</p>
    2367       <p id="rfc.section.7.1.p.3">In the common case, an HTTP response is a representation of the target resource (see <a href="p1-messaging.html#effective.request.uri" title="Effective Request URI">Section 5.5</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.45"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>). However, this is not always the case. To determine the URI of the resource a response is associated with, the following
     2367      <p id="rfc.section.7.1.p.3">In the common case, an HTTP response is a representation of the target resource (see <a href="p1-messaging.html#effective.request.uri" title="Effective Request URI">Section 5.5</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.45"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>). However, this is not always the case. To determine the URI of the resource a response is associated with, the following
    23682368         rules are used (with the first applicable one being selected):
    23692369      </p>
     
    25262526            (Not Acceptable)</a> response.
    25272527      </p>
    2528       <p id="rfc.section.8.1.p.5">Many of the mechanisms for expressing preferences use quality values to declare relative preference. See <a href="p1-messaging.html#quality.values" title="Quality Values">Section 4.3.1</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.46"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a> for more information.
     2528      <p id="rfc.section.8.1.p.5">Many of the mechanisms for expressing preferences use quality values to declare relative preference. See <a href="p1-messaging.html#quality.values" title="Quality Values">Section 4.3.1</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.46"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a> for more information.
    25292529      </p>
    25302530      <p id="rfc.section.8.1.p.6">HTTP/1.1 includes the following header fields for enabling server-driven negotiation through description of user agent capabilities
     
    25812581      <p id="rfc.section.9.1.p.4">Each media-range <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> be followed by one or more accept-params, beginning with the "q" parameter for indicating a relative quality factor. The first
    25822582         "q" parameter (if any) separates the media-range parameter(s) from the accept-params. Quality factors allow the user or user
    2583          agent to indicate the relative degree of preference for that media-range, using the qvalue scale from 0 to 1 (<a href="p1-messaging.html#quality.values" title="Quality Values">Section 4.3.1</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.47"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>). The default value is q=1.
     2583         agent to indicate the relative degree of preference for that media-range, using the qvalue scale from 0 to 1 (<a href="p1-messaging.html#quality.values" title="Quality Values">Section 4.3.1</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.47"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>). The default value is q=1.
    25842584      </p>
    25852585      <div class="note" id="rfc.section.9.1.p.5">
     
    27092709         </li>
    27102710         <li>If the representation's content-coding is one of the content-codings listed in the Accept-Encoding field, then it is acceptable
    2711             unless it is accompanied by a qvalue of 0. (As defined in <a href="p1-messaging.html#quality.values" title="Quality Values">Section 4.3.1</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.48"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, a qvalue of 0 means "not acceptable".)
     2711            unless it is accompanied by a qvalue of 0. (As defined in <a href="p1-messaging.html#quality.values" title="Quality Values">Section 4.3.1</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.48"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, a qvalue of 0 means "not acceptable".)
    27122712         </li>
    27132713         <li>If multiple content-codings are acceptable, then the acceptable content-coding with the highest non-zero qvalue is preferred.</li>
     
    28342834      </p>
    28352835      <div id="rfc.figure.u.42"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.43"></span>  <a href="#header.content-location" class="smpl">Content-Location</a> = <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">absolute-URI</a> / <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">partial-URI</a>
    2836 </pre><p id="rfc.section.9.8.p.3">The Content-Location value is not a replacement for the effective Request URI (<a href="p1-messaging.html#effective.request.uri" title="Effective Request URI">Section 5.5</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.49"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>). It is representation metadata. It has the same syntax and semantics as the header field of the same name defined for MIME
     2836</pre><p id="rfc.section.9.8.p.3">The Content-Location value is not a replacement for the effective Request URI (<a href="p1-messaging.html#effective.request.uri" title="Effective Request URI">Section 5.5</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.49"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>). It is representation metadata. It has the same syntax and semantics as the header field of the same name defined for MIME
    28372837         body parts in <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2557#section-4">Section 4</a> of <a href="#RFC2557" id="rfc.xref.RFC2557.1"><cite title="MIME Encapsulation of Aggregate Documents, such as HTML (MHTML)">[RFC2557]</cite></a>. However, its appearance in an HTTP message has some special implications for HTTP recipients.
    28382838      </p>
     
    29282928      </p>
    29292929      <ul class="empty">
    2930          <li>The "100-continue" expectation is defined <a href="p1-messaging.html#use.of.the.100.status" title="Use of the 100 (Continue) Status">Section 6.4.3</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.50"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>. It does not support any expect-params.
     2930         <li>The "100-continue" expectation is defined <a href="p1-messaging.html#use.of.the.100.status" title="Use of the 100 (Continue) Status">Section 6.4.3</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.50"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>. It does not support any expect-params.
    29312931         </li>
    29322932      </ul>
     
    30393039      <h2 id="rfc.section.9.17"><a href="#rfc.section.9.17">9.17</a>&nbsp;<a id="header.server" href="#header.server">Server</a></h2>
    30403040      <p id="rfc.section.9.17.p.1">The "Server" header field contains information about the software used by the origin server to handle the request.</p>
    3041       <p id="rfc.section.9.17.p.2">The field can contain multiple product tokens (<a href="#product.tokens" title="Product Tokens">Section&nbsp;5.2</a>) and comments (<a href="p1-messaging.html#header.fields" title="Header Fields">Section 3.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.51"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>) identifying the server and any significant subproducts. The product tokens are listed in order of their significance for
     3041      <p id="rfc.section.9.17.p.2">The field can contain multiple product tokens (<a href="#product.tokens" title="Product Tokens">Section&nbsp;5.2</a>) and comments (<a href="p1-messaging.html#header.fields" title="Header Fields">Section 3.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.51"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>) identifying the server and any significant subproducts. The product tokens are listed in order of their significance for
    30423042         identifying the application.
    30433043      </p>
     
    30453045</pre><p id="rfc.section.9.17.p.4">Example:</p>
    30463046      <div id="rfc.figure.u.60"></div><pre class="text">  Server: CERN/3.0 libwww/2.17
    3047 </pre><p id="rfc.section.9.17.p.6">If the response is being forwarded through a proxy, the proxy application <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> modify the <a href="#header.server" class="smpl">Server</a> header field. Instead, it <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> include a <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.via" class="smpl">Via</a> field (as described in <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.via" title="Via">Section 6.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.52"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>).
     3047</pre><p id="rfc.section.9.17.p.6">If the response is being forwarded through a proxy, the proxy application <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> modify the <a href="#header.server" class="smpl">Server</a> header field. Instead, it <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> include a <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.via" class="smpl">Via</a> field (as described in <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.via" title="Via">Section 6.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.52"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>).
    30483048      </p>
    30493049      <div class="note" id="rfc.section.9.17.p.7">
     
    30613061         user agent limitations.
    30623062      </p>
    3063       <p id="rfc.section.9.18.p.3">The field can contain multiple product tokens (<a href="#product.tokens" title="Product Tokens">Section&nbsp;5.2</a>) and comments (<a href="p1-messaging.html#header.fields" title="Header Fields">Section 3.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.53"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>) identifying the agent and its significant subproducts. By convention, the product tokens are listed in order of their significance
     3063      <p id="rfc.section.9.18.p.3">The field can contain multiple product tokens (<a href="#product.tokens" title="Product Tokens">Section&nbsp;5.2</a>) and comments (<a href="p1-messaging.html#header.fields" title="Header Fields">Section 3.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.53"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>) identifying the agent and its significant subproducts. By convention, the product tokens are listed in order of their significance
    30643064         for identifying the application.
    30653065      </p>
     
    35583558                  <td class="left">compress</td>
    35593559                  <td class="left">UNIX "compress" program method</td>
    3560                   <td class="left"> <a href="p1-messaging.html#compress.coding" title="Compress Coding">Section 4.2.1</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.54"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>
     3560                  <td class="left"> <a href="p1-messaging.html#compress.coding" title="Compress Coding">Section 4.2.1</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.54"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>
    35613561                  </td>
    35623562               </tr>
     
    35653565                  <td class="left">"deflate" compression mechanism (<a href="#RFC1951" id="rfc.xref.RFC1951.1"><cite title="DEFLATE Compressed Data Format Specification version 1.3">[RFC1951]</cite></a>) used inside the "zlib" data format (<a href="#RFC1950" id="rfc.xref.RFC1950.1"><cite title="ZLIB Compressed Data Format Specification version 3.3">[RFC1950]</cite></a>)
    35663566                  </td>
    3567                   <td class="left"> <a href="p1-messaging.html#deflate.coding" title="Deflate Coding">Section 4.2.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.55"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>
     3567                  <td class="left"> <a href="p1-messaging.html#deflate.coding" title="Deflate Coding">Section 4.2.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.55"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>
    35683568                  </td>
    35693569               </tr>
     
    35713571                  <td class="left">gzip</td>
    35723572                  <td class="left">Same as GNU zip <a href="#RFC1952" id="rfc.xref.RFC1952.1"><cite title="GZIP file format specification version 4.3">[RFC1952]</cite></a></td>
    3573                   <td class="left"> <a href="p1-messaging.html#gzip.coding" title="Gzip Coding">Section 4.2.3</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.56"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>
     3573                  <td class="left"> <a href="p1-messaging.html#gzip.coding" title="Gzip Coding">Section 4.2.3</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.56"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>
    35743574                  </td>
    35753575               </tr>
     
    36633663      </p>
    36643664      <h1 id="rfc.section.12"><a href="#rfc.section.12">12.</a>&nbsp;<a id="acks" href="#acks">Acknowledgments</a></h1>
    3665       <p id="rfc.section.12.p.1">See <a href="p1-messaging.html#acks" title="Acknowledgments">Section 9</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.57"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>.
     3665      <p id="rfc.section.12.p.1">See <a href="p1-messaging.html#acks" title="Acknowledgments">Section 9</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.57"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>.
    36663666      </p>
    36673667      <h1 id="rfc.references"><a id="rfc.section.13" href="#rfc.section.13">13.</a> References
     
    36723672         <tr>
    36733673            <td class="reference"><b id="Part1">[Part1]</b></td>
    3674             <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
     3674            <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax"</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
    36753675            </td>
    36763676         </tr>
     
    36823682         <tr>
    36833683            <td class="reference"><b id="Part5">[Part5]</b></td>
    3684             <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p5-range-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p5-range-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
     3684            <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p5-range-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p5-range-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
    36853685            </td>
    36863686         </tr>
     
    39713971      <p id="rfc.section.C.p.16">Allow <a href="#header.referer" class="smpl">Referer</a> field value of "about:blank" as alternative to not specifying it. (<a href="#header.referer" id="rfc.xref.header.referer.3" title="Referer">Section&nbsp;9.15</a>)
    39723972      </p>
    3973       <p id="rfc.section.C.p.17">In the description of the <a href="#header.server" class="smpl">Server</a> header field, the <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.via" class="smpl">Via</a> field was described as a SHOULD. The requirement was and is stated correctly in the description of the Via header field in <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.via" title="Via">Section 6.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.58"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>. (<a href="#header.server" id="rfc.xref.header.server.4" title="Server">Section&nbsp;9.17</a>)
     3973      <p id="rfc.section.C.p.17">In the description of the <a href="#header.server" class="smpl">Server</a> header field, the <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.via" class="smpl">Via</a> field was described as a SHOULD. The requirement was and is stated correctly in the description of the Via header field in <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.via" title="Via">Section 6.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.58"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>. (<a href="#header.server" id="rfc.xref.header.server.4" title="Server">Section&nbsp;9.17</a>)
    39743974      </p>
    39753975      <p id="rfc.section.C.p.18">Clarify contexts that charset is used in. (<a href="#character.sets" title="Character Encodings (charset)">Section&nbsp;5.3</a>)
  • draft-ietf-httpbis/latest/p2-semantics.xml

    r1797 r1803  
    134134<front>
    135135
    136   <title abbrev="HTTP/1.1, Part 2">HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation</title>
     136  <title abbrev="HTTP/1.1, Part 2">HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads</title>
    137137
    138138  <author initials="R." surname="Fielding" fullname="Roy T. Fielding" role="editor">
     
    46214621<reference anchor="Part1">
    46224622  <front>
    4623     <title>HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing</title>
     4623    <title>HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax"</title>
    46244624    <author initials="R." surname="Fielding" fullname="Roy T. Fielding" role="editor">
    46254625      <organization abbrev="Adobe">Adobe Systems Incorporated</organization>
     
    46764676<reference anchor="Part5">
    46774677  <front>
    4678     <title>HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses</title>
     4678    <title>HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests</title>
    46794679    <author initials="R." surname="Fielding" fullname="Roy T. Fielding" role="editor">
    46804680      <organization abbrev="Adobe">Adobe Systems Incorporated</organization>
  • draft-ietf-httpbis/latest/p4-conditional.html

    r1802 r1803  
    628628      </ul>
    629629      <h1 id="rfc.section.1" class="np"><a href="#rfc.section.1">1.</a>&nbsp;<a id="introduction" href="#introduction">Introduction</a></h1>
    630       <p id="rfc.section.1.p.1">Conditional requests are HTTP requests <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a> that include one or more header fields indicating a precondition to be tested before applying the method semantics to the
     630      <p id="rfc.section.1.p.1">Conditional requests are HTTP requests <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a> that include one or more header fields indicating a precondition to be tested before applying the method semantics to the
    631631         target resource. Each precondition is based on metadata that is expected to change if the selected representation of the target
    632632         resource is changed. This document defines the HTTP/1.1 conditional request mechanisms in terms of the architecture, syntax
    633          notation, and conformance criteria defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>.
     633         notation, and conformance criteria defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>.
    634634      </p>
    635635      <p id="rfc.section.1.p.2">Conditional GET requests are the most efficient mechanism for HTTP cache updates <a href="#Part6" id="rfc.xref.Part6.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 6: Caching">[Part6]</cite></a>. Conditionals can also be applied to state-changing methods, such as PUT and DELETE, to prevent the "lost update" problem:
     
    654654      <p id="rfc.section.1.1.p.2">This specification targets conformance criteria according to the role of a participant in HTTP communication. Hence, HTTP
    655655         requirements are placed on senders, recipients, clients, servers, user agents, intermediaries, origin servers, proxies, gateways,
    656          or caches, depending on what behavior is being constrained by the requirement. See <a href="p1-messaging.html#architecture" title="Architecture">Section 2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a> for definitions of these terms.
     656         or caches, depending on what behavior is being constrained by the requirement. See <a href="p1-messaging.html#architecture" title="Architecture">Section 2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a> for definitions of these terms.
    657657      </p>
    658658      <p id="rfc.section.1.1.p.3">The verb "generate" is used instead of "send" where a requirement differentiates between creating a protocol element and merely
     
    672672      </p>
    673673      <h2 id="rfc.section.1.2"><a href="#rfc.section.1.2">1.2</a>&nbsp;<a id="notation" href="#notation">Syntax Notation</a></h2>
    674       <p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.1">This specification uses the Augmented Backus-Naur Form (ABNF) notation of <a href="#RFC5234" id="rfc.xref.RFC5234.1"><cite title="Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF">[RFC5234]</cite></a> with the list rule extension defined in <a href="p1-messaging.html#notation" title="Syntax Notation">Section 1.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.3"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>. <a href="#collected.abnf" title="Collected ABNF">Appendix&nbsp;B</a> shows the collected ABNF with the list rule expanded.
     674      <p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.1">This specification uses the Augmented Backus-Naur Form (ABNF) notation of <a href="#RFC5234" id="rfc.xref.RFC5234.1"><cite title="Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF">[RFC5234]</cite></a> with the list rule extension defined in <a href="p1-messaging.html#notation" title="Syntax Notation">Section 1.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.3"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>. <a href="#collected.abnf" title="Collected ABNF">Appendix&nbsp;B</a> shows the collected ABNF with the list rule expanded.
    675675      </p>
    676676      <p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.2">The following core rules are included by reference, as defined in <a href="#RFC5234" id="rfc.xref.RFC5234.2"><cite title="Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF">[RFC5234]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5234#appendix-B.1">Appendix B.1</a>: ALPHA (letters), CR (carriage return), CRLF (CR LF), CTL (controls), DIGIT (decimal 0-9), DQUOTE (double quote), HEXDIG
     
    678678         character).
    679679      </p>
    680       <p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.3">The ABNF rules below are defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.4"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a> and <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>:
    681       </p>
    682       <div id="rfc.figure.u.1"></div><pre class="inline">  <a href="#notation" class="smpl">OWS</a>           = &lt;OWS, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#whitespace" title="Whitespace">Section 3.2.1</a>&gt;
    683   <a href="#notation" class="smpl">obs-text</a>      = &lt;obs-text, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.6"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#field.components" title="Field value components">Section 3.2.4</a>&gt;
    684   <a href="#notation" class="smpl">HTTP-date</a>     = &lt;HTTP-date, defined in <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.3"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>, <a href="p2-semantics.html#http.date" title="Date/Time Formats">Section 5.1</a>&gt;
     680      <p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.3">The ABNF rules below are defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.4"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a> and <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>:
     681      </p>
     682      <div id="rfc.figure.u.1"></div><pre class="inline">  <a href="#notation" class="smpl">OWS</a>           = &lt;OWS, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#whitespace" title="Whitespace">Section 3.2.1</a>&gt;
     683  <a href="#notation" class="smpl">obs-text</a>      = &lt;obs-text, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.6"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#field.components" title="Field value components">Section 3.2.4</a>&gt;
     684  <a href="#notation" class="smpl">HTTP-date</a>     = &lt;HTTP-date, defined in <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.3"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>, <a href="p2-semantics.html#http.date" title="Date/Time Formats">Section 5.1</a>&gt;
    685685</pre><div id="rfc.iref.m.1"></div>
    686686      <div id="rfc.iref.v.1"></div>
     
    890890      </div>
    891891      <h3 id="rfc.section.2.3.3"><a href="#rfc.section.2.3.3">2.3.3</a>&nbsp;<a id="example.entity.tag.vs.conneg" href="#example.entity.tag.vs.conneg">Example: Entity-tags varying on Content-Negotiated Resources</a></h3>
    892       <p id="rfc.section.2.3.3.p.1">Consider a resource that is subject to content negotiation (<a href="p2-semantics.html#content.negotiation" title="Content Negotiation">Section 8</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.4"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>), and where the representations returned upon a GET request vary based on the <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.accept-encoding" class="smpl">Accept-Encoding</a> request header field (<a href="p2-semantics.html#header.accept-encoding" title="Accept-Encoding">Section 9.3</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>):
     892      <p id="rfc.section.2.3.3.p.1">Consider a resource that is subject to content negotiation (<a href="p2-semantics.html#content.negotiation" title="Content Negotiation">Section 8</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.4"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>), and where the representations returned upon a GET request vary based on the <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.accept-encoding" class="smpl">Accept-Encoding</a> request header field (<a href="p2-semantics.html#header.accept-encoding" title="Accept-Encoding">Section 9.3</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>):
    893893      </p>
    894894      <div id="rfc.figure.u.6"></div>
     
    924924         <p> <b>Note:</b> Content codings are a property of the representation, so therefore an entity-tag of an encoded representation has to be distinct
    925925            from an unencoded representation to prevent conflicts during cache updates and range requests. In contrast, transfer codings
    926             (<a href="p1-messaging.html#transfer.codings" title="Transfer Codings">Section 4</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.7"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>) apply only during message transfer and do not require distinct entity-tags.
     926            (<a href="p1-messaging.html#transfer.codings" title="Transfer Codings">Section 4</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.7"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>) apply only during message transfer and do not require distinct entity-tags.
    927927         </p>
    928928      </div>
     
    10581058      <p id="rfc.section.3.3.p.6">The purpose of this feature is to allow efficient updates of cached information with a minimum amount of transaction overhead. </p>
    10591059      <ul class="empty">
    1060          <li> <b>Note:</b> The <a href="p5-range.html#range.retrieval.requests" class="smpl">Range</a> header field modifies the meaning of If-Modified-Since; see <a href="p5-range.html#header.range" title="Range">Section 5.4</a> of <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses">[Part5]</cite></a> for full details.
     1060         <li> <b>Note:</b> The <a href="p5-range.html#range.retrieval.requests" class="smpl">Range</a> header field modifies the meaning of If-Modified-Since; see <a href="p5-range.html#header.range" title="Range">Section 5.4</a> of <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests">[Part5]</cite></a> for full details.
    10611061         </li>
    10621062         <li> <b>Note:</b> If-Modified-Since times are interpreted by the server, whose clock might not be synchronized with the client.
     
    10881088      </p>
    10891089      <h2 id="rfc.section.3.5"><a href="#rfc.section.3.5">3.5</a>&nbsp;<a id="header.if-range" href="#header.if-range">If-Range</a></h2>
    1090       <p id="rfc.section.3.5.p.1">The "If-Range" header field provides a special conditional request mechanism that is similar to <a href="#header.if-match" class="smpl">If-Match</a> and <a href="#header.if-unmodified-since" class="smpl">If-Unmodified-Since</a> but specific to HTTP range requests. If-Range is defined in <a href="p5-range.html#header.if-range" title="If-Range">Section 5.3</a> of <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses">[Part5]</cite></a>.
     1090      <p id="rfc.section.3.5.p.1">The "If-Range" header field provides a special conditional request mechanism that is similar to <a href="#header.if-match" class="smpl">If-Match</a> and <a href="#header.if-unmodified-since" class="smpl">If-Unmodified-Since</a> but specific to HTTP range requests. If-Range is defined in <a href="p5-range.html#header.if-range" title="If-Range">Section 5.3</a> of <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests">[Part5]</cite></a>.
    10911091      </p>
    10921092      <h1 id="rfc.section.4"><a href="#rfc.section.4">4.</a>&nbsp;<a id="status.code.definitions" href="#status.code.definitions">Status Code Definitions</a></h1>
     
    10991099         as if it were the payload of a 200 response. The 304 response <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> contain a message-body, and thus is always terminated by the first empty line after the header fields.
    11001100      </p>
    1101       <p id="rfc.section.4.1.p.2">A 304 response <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> include a <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.date" class="smpl">Date</a> header field (<a href="p2-semantics.html#header.date" title="Date">Section 9.10</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.6"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>) unless the origin server does not have a clock that can provide a reasonable approximation of the current time. If a <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.200" class="smpl">200
     1101      <p id="rfc.section.4.1.p.2">A 304 response <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> include a <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.date" class="smpl">Date</a> header field (<a href="p2-semantics.html#header.date" title="Date">Section 9.10</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.6"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>) unless the origin server does not have a clock that can provide a reasonable approximation of the current time. If a <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.200" class="smpl">200
    11021102            (OK)</a> response to the same request would have included any of the header fields <a href="p6-cache.html#header.cache-control" class="smpl">Cache-Control</a>, <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.content-location" class="smpl">Content-Location</a>, <a href="#header.etag" class="smpl">ETag</a>, <a href="p6-cache.html#header.expires" class="smpl">Expires</a>, or <a href="p6-cache.html#header.vary" class="smpl">Vary</a>, then those same header fields <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be sent in a 304 response.
    11031103      </p>
     
    12581258      <p id="rfc.section.6.2.p.2">The change controller is: "IETF (iesg@ietf.org) - Internet Engineering Task Force".</p>
    12591259      <h1 id="rfc.section.7"><a href="#rfc.section.7">7.</a>&nbsp;<a id="security.considerations" href="#security.considerations">Security Considerations</a></h1>
    1260       <p id="rfc.section.7.p.1">No additional security considerations have been identified beyond those applicable to HTTP in general <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.8"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>.
     1260      <p id="rfc.section.7.p.1">No additional security considerations have been identified beyond those applicable to HTTP in general <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.8"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>.
    12611261      </p>
    12621262      <p id="rfc.section.7.p.2">The validators defined by this specification are not intended to ensure the validity of a representation, guard against malicious
     
    12661266      </p>
    12671267      <h1 id="rfc.section.8"><a href="#rfc.section.8">8.</a>&nbsp;<a id="acks" href="#acks">Acknowledgments</a></h1>
    1268       <p id="rfc.section.8.p.1">See <a href="p1-messaging.html#acks" title="Acknowledgments">Section 9</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.9"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>.
     1268      <p id="rfc.section.8.p.1">See <a href="p1-messaging.html#acks" title="Acknowledgments">Section 9</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.9"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>.
    12691269      </p>
    12701270      <h1 id="rfc.references"><a id="rfc.section.9" href="#rfc.section.9">9.</a> References
     
    12751275         <tr>
    12761276            <td class="reference"><b id="Part1">[Part1]</b></td>
    1277             <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
     1277            <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax"</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
    12781278            </td>
    12791279         </tr>
    12801280         <tr>
    12811281            <td class="reference"><b id="Part2">[Part2]</b></td>
    1282             <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
     1282            <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
    12831283            </td>
    12841284         </tr>
    12851285         <tr>
    12861286            <td class="reference"><b id="Part5">[Part5]</b></td>
    1287             <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p5-range-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p5-range-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
     1287            <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p5-range-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p5-range-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
    12881288            </td>
    12891289         </tr>
  • draft-ietf-httpbis/latest/p4-conditional.xml

    r1802 r1803  
    12551255<reference anchor="Part1">
    12561256  <front>
    1257     <title>HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing</title>
     1257    <title>HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax"</title>
    12581258    <author initials="R." surname="Fielding" fullname="Roy T. Fielding" role="editor">
    12591259      <organization abbrev="Adobe">Adobe Systems Incorporated</organization>
     
    12761276<reference anchor="Part2">
    12771277  <front>
    1278     <title>HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation</title>
     1278    <title>HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads</title>
    12791279    <author initials="R." surname="Fielding" fullname="Roy T. Fielding" role="editor">
    12801280      <organization abbrev="Adobe">Adobe Systems Incorporated</organization>
     
    13061306<reference anchor="Part5">
    13071307  <front>
    1308     <title>HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses</title>
     1308    <title>HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests</title>
    13091309    <author initials="R." surname="Fielding" fullname="Roy T. Fielding" role="editor">
    13101310      <organization abbrev="Adobe">Adobe Systems Incorporated</organization>
  • draft-ietf-httpbis/latest/p5-range.html

    r1799 r1803  
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    6       <title>HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses</title><script>
     6      <title>HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests</title><script>
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    451        content: "Expires January 16, 2013";
     451       content: "Expires January 17, 2013";
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    492492      <meta name="dct.creator" content="Reschke, J. F.">
    493493      <meta name="dct.identifier" content="urn:ietf:id:draft-ietf-httpbis-p5-range-latest">
    494       <meta name="dct.issued" scheme="ISO8601" content="2012-07-15">
     494      <meta name="dct.issued" scheme="ISO8601" content="2012-07-16">
    495495      <meta name="dct.replaces" content="urn:ietf:rfc:2616">
    496496      <meta name="dct.abstract" content="The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application-level protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypertext information systems. HTTP has been in use by the World Wide Web global information initiative since 1990. This document is Part 5 of the seven-part specification that defines the protocol referred to as &#34;HTTP/1.1&#34; and, taken together, obsoletes RFC 2616. Part 5 defines range requests and the rules for constructing and combining responses to those requests.">
     
    518518            </tr>
    519519            <tr>
    520                <td class="left">Expires: January 16, 2013</td>
     520               <td class="left">Expires: January 17, 2013</td>
    521521               <td class="right">J. Reschke, Editor</td>
    522522            </tr>
     
    527527            <tr>
    528528               <td class="left"></td>
    529                <td class="right">July 15, 2012</td>
     529               <td class="right">July 16, 2012</td>
    530530            </tr>
    531531         </tbody>
    532532      </table>
    533       <p class="title">HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses<br><span class="filename">draft-ietf-httpbis-p5-range-latest</span></p>
     533      <p class="title">HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests<br><span class="filename">draft-ietf-httpbis-p5-range-latest</span></p>
    534534      <h1 id="rfc.abstract"><a href="#rfc.abstract">Abstract</a></h1>
    535535      <p>The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application-level protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypertext information
     
    554554         in progress”.
    555555      </p>
    556       <p>This Internet-Draft will expire on January 16, 2013.</p>
     556      <p>This Internet-Draft will expire on January 17, 2013.</p>
    557557      <h1><a id="rfc.copyrightnotice" href="#rfc.copyrightnotice">Copyright Notice</a></h1>
    558558      <p>Copyright © 2012 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the document authors. All rights reserved.</p>
     
    673673      <p id="rfc.section.1.1.p.2">This specification targets conformance criteria according to the role of a participant in HTTP communication. Hence, HTTP
    674674         requirements are placed on senders, recipients, clients, servers, user agents, intermediaries, origin servers, proxies, gateways,
    675          or caches, depending on what behavior is being constrained by the requirement. See <a href="p1-messaging.html#architecture" title="Architecture">Section 2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a> for definitions of these terms.
     675         or caches, depending on what behavior is being constrained by the requirement. See <a href="p1-messaging.html#architecture" title="Architecture">Section 2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a> for definitions of these terms.
    676676      </p>
    677677      <p id="rfc.section.1.1.p.3">The verb "generate" is used instead of "send" where a requirement differentiates between creating a protocol element and merely
     
    691691      </p>
    692692      <h2 id="rfc.section.1.2"><a href="#rfc.section.1.2">1.2</a>&nbsp;<a id="notation" href="#notation">Syntax Notation</a></h2>
    693       <p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.1">This specification uses the Augmented Backus-Naur Form (ABNF) notation of <a href="#RFC5234" id="rfc.xref.RFC5234.1"><cite title="Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF">[RFC5234]</cite></a> with the list rule extension defined in <a href="p1-messaging.html#notation" title="Syntax Notation">Section 1.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>. <a href="#collected.abnf" title="Collected ABNF">Appendix&nbsp;C</a> shows the collected ABNF with the list rule expanded.
     693      <p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.1">This specification uses the Augmented Backus-Naur Form (ABNF) notation of <a href="#RFC5234" id="rfc.xref.RFC5234.1"><cite title="Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF">[RFC5234]</cite></a> with the list rule extension defined in <a href="p1-messaging.html#notation" title="Syntax Notation">Section 1.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>. <a href="#collected.abnf" title="Collected ABNF">Appendix&nbsp;C</a> shows the collected ABNF with the list rule expanded.
    694694      </p>
    695695      <p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.2">The following core rules are included by reference, as defined in <a href="#RFC5234" id="rfc.xref.RFC5234.2"><cite title="Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF">[RFC5234]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5234#appendix-B.1">Appendix B.1</a>: ALPHA (letters), CR (carriage return), CRLF (CR LF), CTL (controls), DIGIT (decimal 0-9), DQUOTE (double quote), HEXDIG
     
    700700      </p>
    701701      <h3 id="rfc.section.1.2.1"><a href="#rfc.section.1.2.1">1.2.1</a>&nbsp;<a id="core.rules" href="#core.rules">Core Rules</a></h3>
    702       <p id="rfc.section.1.2.1.p.1">The core rules below are defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.3"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a> and <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>:
    703       </p>
    704       <div id="rfc.figure.u.1"></div><pre class="inline">  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">OWS</a>        = &lt;OWS, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.4"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#whitespace" title="Whitespace">Section 3.2.1</a>&gt;
    705   <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">token</a>      = &lt;token, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#field.components" title="Field value components">Section 3.2.4</a>&gt;
    706   <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">HTTP-date</a>  = &lt;HTTP-date, defined in <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>, <a href="p2-semantics.html#http.date" title="Date/Time Formats">Section 5.1</a>&gt;
     702      <p id="rfc.section.1.2.1.p.1">The core rules below are defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.3"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a> and <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>:
     703      </p>
     704      <div id="rfc.figure.u.1"></div><pre class="inline">  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">OWS</a>        = &lt;OWS, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.4"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#whitespace" title="Whitespace">Section 3.2.1</a>&gt;
     705  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">token</a>      = &lt;token, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#field.components" title="Field value components">Section 3.2.4</a>&gt;
     706  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">HTTP-date</a>  = &lt;HTTP-date, defined in <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>, <a href="p2-semantics.html#http.date" title="Date/Time Formats">Section 5.1</a>&gt;
    707707</pre><h3 id="rfc.section.1.2.2"><a href="#rfc.section.1.2.2">1.2.2</a>&nbsp;<a id="abnf.dependencies" href="#abnf.dependencies">ABNF Rules defined in other Parts of the Specification</a></h3>
    708708      <p id="rfc.section.1.2.2.p.1">The ABNF rules below are defined in other parts:</p>
     
    11121112      </p>
    11131113      <h1 id="rfc.section.8"><a href="#rfc.section.8">8.</a>&nbsp;<a id="acks" href="#acks">Acknowledgments</a></h1>
    1114       <p id="rfc.section.8.p.1">See <a href="p1-messaging.html#acks" title="Acknowledgments">Section 9</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.6"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>.
     1114      <p id="rfc.section.8.p.1">See <a href="p1-messaging.html#acks" title="Acknowledgments">Section 9</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.6"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>.
    11151115      </p>
    11161116      <h1 id="rfc.references"><a id="rfc.section.9" href="#rfc.section.9">9.</a> References
     
    11211121         <tr>
    11221122            <td class="reference"><b id="Part1">[Part1]</b></td>
    1123             <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
     1123            <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax"</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
    11241124            </td>
    11251125         </tr>
    11261126         <tr>
    11271127            <td class="reference"><b id="Part2">[Part2]</b></td>
    1128             <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
     1128            <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
    11291129            </td>
    11301130         </tr>
  • draft-ietf-httpbis/latest/p5-range.xml

    r1776 r1803  
    4949<front>
    5050
    51   <title abbrev="HTTP/1.1, Part 5">HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses</title>
     51  <title abbrev="HTTP/1.1, Part 5">HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests</title>
    5252
    5353  <author initials="R." surname="Fielding" fullname="Roy T. Fielding" role="editor">
     
    10171017<reference anchor="Part1">
    10181018  <front>
    1019     <title>HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing</title>
     1019    <title>HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax"</title>
    10201020    <author initials="R." surname="Fielding" fullname="Roy T. Fielding" role="editor">
    10211021      <organization abbrev="Adobe">Adobe Systems Incorporated</organization>
     
    10401040<reference anchor="Part2">
    10411041  <front>
    1042     <title>HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation</title>
     1042    <title>HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads</title>
    10431043    <author initials="R." surname="Fielding" fullname="Roy T. Fielding" role="editor">
    10441044      <organization abbrev="Adobe">Adobe Systems Incorporated</organization>
  • draft-ietf-httpbis/latest/p6-cache.html

    r1799 r1803  
    452452  }
    453453  @bottom-center {
    454        content: "Expires January 16, 2013";
     454       content: "Expires January 17, 2013";
    455455  }
    456456  @bottom-right {
     
    498498      <meta name="dct.creator" content="Reschke, J. F.">
    499499      <meta name="dct.identifier" content="urn:ietf:id:draft-ietf-httpbis-p6-cache-latest">
    500       <meta name="dct.issued" scheme="ISO8601" content="2012-07-15">
     500      <meta name="dct.issued" scheme="ISO8601" content="2012-07-16">
    501501      <meta name="dct.replaces" content="urn:ietf:rfc:2616">
    502502      <meta name="dct.abstract" content="The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application-level protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypertext information systems. HTTP has been in use by the World Wide Web global information initiative since 1990. This document is Part 6 of the seven-part specification that defines the protocol referred to as &#34;HTTP/1.1&#34; and, taken together, obsoletes RFC 2616. Part 6 defines requirements on HTTP caches and the associated header fields that control cache behavior or indicate cacheable response messages.">
     
    524524            </tr>
    525525            <tr>
    526                <td class="left">Expires: January 16, 2013</td>
     526               <td class="left">Expires: January 17, 2013</td>
    527527               <td class="right">M. Nottingham, Editor</td>
    528528            </tr>
     
    541541            <tr>
    542542               <td class="left"></td>
    543                <td class="right">July 15, 2012</td>
     543               <td class="right">July 16, 2012</td>
    544544            </tr>
    545545         </tbody>
     
    570570         in progress”.
    571571      </p>
    572       <p>This Internet-Draft will expire on January 16, 2013.</p>
     572      <p>This Internet-Draft will expire on January 17, 2013.</p>
    573573      <h1><a id="rfc.copyrightnotice" href="#rfc.copyrightnotice">Copyright Notice</a></h1>
    574574      <p>Copyright © 2012 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the document authors. All rights reserved.</p>
     
    789789      <p id="rfc.section.1.3.p.2">This specification targets conformance criteria according to the role of a participant in HTTP communication. Hence, HTTP
    790790         requirements are placed on senders, recipients, clients, servers, user agents, intermediaries, origin servers, proxies, gateways,
    791          or caches, depending on what behavior is being constrained by the requirement. See <a href="p1-messaging.html#architecture" title="Architecture">Section 2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a> for definitions of these terms.
     791         or caches, depending on what behavior is being constrained by the requirement. See <a href="p1-messaging.html#architecture" title="Architecture">Section 2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a> for definitions of these terms.
    792792      </p>
    793793      <p id="rfc.section.1.3.p.3">The verb "generate" is used instead of "send" where a requirement differentiates between creating a protocol element and merely
     
    807807      </p>
    808808      <h2 id="rfc.section.1.4"><a href="#rfc.section.1.4">1.4</a>&nbsp;<a id="notation" href="#notation">Syntax Notation</a></h2>
    809       <p id="rfc.section.1.4.p.1">This specification uses the Augmented Backus-Naur Form (ABNF) notation of <a href="#RFC5234" id="rfc.xref.RFC5234.1"><cite title="Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF">[RFC5234]</cite></a> with the list rule extension defined in <a href="p1-messaging.html#notation" title="Syntax Notation">Section 1.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>. <a href="#collected.abnf" title="Collected ABNF">Appendix&nbsp;B</a> shows the collected ABNF with the list rule expanded.
     809      <p id="rfc.section.1.4.p.1">This specification uses the Augmented Backus-Naur Form (ABNF) notation of <a href="#RFC5234" id="rfc.xref.RFC5234.1"><cite title="Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF">[RFC5234]</cite></a> with the list rule extension defined in <a href="p1-messaging.html#notation" title="Syntax Notation">Section 1.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>. <a href="#collected.abnf" title="Collected ABNF">Appendix&nbsp;B</a> shows the collected ABNF with the list rule expanded.
    810810      </p>
    811811      <p id="rfc.section.1.4.p.2">The following core rules are included by reference, as defined in <a href="#RFC5234" id="rfc.xref.RFC5234.2"><cite title="Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF">[RFC5234]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5234#appendix-B.1">Appendix B.1</a>: ALPHA (letters), CR (carriage return), CRLF (CR LF), CTL (controls), DIGIT (decimal 0-9), DQUOTE (double quote), HEXDIG
     
    814814      </p>
    815815      <h3 id="rfc.section.1.4.1"><a href="#rfc.section.1.4.1">1.4.1</a>&nbsp;<a id="core.rules" href="#core.rules">Core Rules</a></h3>
    816       <p id="rfc.section.1.4.1.p.1">The core rules below are defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.3"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>:
    817       </p>
    818       <div id="rfc.figure.u.1"></div><pre class="inline">  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">OWS</a>           = &lt;OWS, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.4"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#whitespace" title="Whitespace">Section 3.2.1</a>&gt;
    819   <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">quoted-string</a> = &lt;quoted-string, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#field.components" title="Field value components">Section 3.2.4</a>&gt;
    820   <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">token</a>         = &lt;token, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.6"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#field.components" title="Field value components">Section 3.2.4</a>&gt;
     816      <p id="rfc.section.1.4.1.p.1">The core rules below are defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.3"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>:
     817      </p>
     818      <div id="rfc.figure.u.1"></div><pre class="inline">  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">OWS</a>           = &lt;OWS, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.4"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#whitespace" title="Whitespace">Section 3.2.1</a>&gt;
     819  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">quoted-string</a> = &lt;quoted-string, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#field.components" title="Field value components">Section 3.2.4</a>&gt;
     820  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">token</a>         = &lt;token, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.6"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#field.components" title="Field value components">Section 3.2.4</a>&gt;
    821821</pre><h3 id="rfc.section.1.4.2"><a href="#rfc.section.1.4.2">1.4.2</a>&nbsp;<a id="abnf.dependencies" href="#abnf.dependencies">ABNF Rules defined in other Parts of the Specification</a></h3>
    822822      <p id="rfc.section.1.4.2.p.1">The ABNF rules below are defined in other parts:</p>
    823       <div id="rfc.figure.u.2"></div><pre class="inline">  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">field-name</a>    = &lt;field-name, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.7"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.fields" title="Header Fields">Section 3.2</a>&gt;
    824   <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">HTTP-date</a>     = &lt;HTTP-date, defined in <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>, <a href="p2-semantics.html#http.date" title="Date/Time Formats">Section 5.1</a>&gt;
    825   <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">port</a>          = &lt;port, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.8"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#uri" title="Uniform Resource Identifiers">Section 2.8</a>&gt;
    826   <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">pseudonym</a>     = &lt;pseudonym, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.9"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.via" title="Via">Section 6.2</a>&gt;
    827   <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">uri-host</a>      = &lt;uri-host, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.10"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#uri" title="Uniform Resource Identifiers">Section 2.8</a>&gt;
     823      <div id="rfc.figure.u.2"></div><pre class="inline">  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">field-name</a>    = &lt;field-name, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.7"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.fields" title="Header Fields">Section 3.2</a>&gt;
     824  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">HTTP-date</a>     = &lt;HTTP-date, defined in <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>, <a href="p2-semantics.html#http.date" title="Date/Time Formats">Section 5.1</a>&gt;
     825  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">port</a>          = &lt;port, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.8"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#uri" title="Uniform Resource Identifiers">Section 2.8</a>&gt;
     826  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">pseudonym</a>     = &lt;pseudonym, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.9"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.via" title="Via">Section 6.2</a>&gt;
     827  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">uri-host</a>      = &lt;uri-host, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.10"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#uri" title="Uniform Resource Identifiers">Section 2.8</a>&gt;
    828828</pre><h3 id="rfc.section.1.4.3"><a href="#rfc.section.1.4.3">1.4.3</a>&nbsp;<a id="delta-seconds" href="#delta-seconds">Delta Seconds</a></h3>
    829829      <p id="rfc.section.1.4.3.p.1">The delta-seconds rule specifies a non-negative integer, representing time in seconds.</p>
     
    835835      <div id="rfc.iref.c.5"></div>
    836836      <h1 id="rfc.section.2"><a href="#rfc.section.2">2.</a>&nbsp;<a id="caching.overview" href="#caching.overview">Overview of Cache Operation</a></h1>
    837       <p id="rfc.section.2.p.1">Proper cache operation preserves the semantics of HTTP transfers (<a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>) while eliminating the transfer of information already held in the cache. Although caching is an entirely <em class="bcp14">OPTIONAL</em> feature of HTTP, we assume that reusing the cached response is desirable and that such reuse is the default behavior when
     837      <p id="rfc.section.2.p.1">Proper cache operation preserves the semantics of HTTP transfers (<a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>) while eliminating the transfer of information already held in the cache. Although caching is an entirely <em class="bcp14">OPTIONAL</em> feature of HTTP, we assume that reusing the cached response is desirable and that such reuse is the default behavior when
    838838         no requirement or locally-desired configuration prevents it. Therefore, HTTP cache requirements are focused on preventing
    839839         a cache from either storing a non-reusable response or reusing a stored response inappropriately.
     
    887887      </p>
    888888      <h2 id="rfc.section.3.1"><a href="#rfc.section.3.1">3.1</a>&nbsp;<a id="incomplete.responses" href="#incomplete.responses">Storing Incomplete Responses</a></h2>
    889       <p id="rfc.section.3.1.p.1">A response message is considered complete when all of the octets indicated by the message framing (<a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.11"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>) are received prior to the connection being closed. If the request is GET, the response status is <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.200" class="smpl">200
     889      <p id="rfc.section.3.1.p.1">A response message is considered complete when all of the octets indicated by the message framing (<a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.11"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>) are received prior to the connection being closed. If the request is GET, the response status is <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.200" class="smpl">200
    890890            (OK)</a>, and the entire response header block has been received, a cache <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> store an incomplete response message body if the cache entry is recorded as incomplete. Likewise, a <a href="p5-range.html#status.206" class="smpl">206 (Partial Content)</a> response <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> be stored as if it were an incomplete <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.200" class="smpl">200
    891891            (OK)</a> cache entry. However, a cache <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> store incomplete or partial content responses if it does not support the <a href="p5-range.html#range.retrieval.requests" class="smpl">Range</a> and <a href="p5-range.html#header.content-range" class="smpl">Content-Range</a> header fields or if it does not understand the range units used in those fields.
    892892      </p>
    893       <p id="rfc.section.3.1.p.2">A cache <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> complete a stored incomplete response by making a subsequent range request (<a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses">[Part5]</cite></a>) and combining the successful response with the stored entry, as defined in <a href="#combining.responses" title="Combining Partial Content">Section&nbsp;4.4</a>. A cache <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> use an incomplete response to answer requests unless the response has been made complete or the request is partial and specifies
     893      <p id="rfc.section.3.1.p.2">A cache <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> complete a stored incomplete response by making a subsequent range request (<a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests">[Part5]</cite></a>) and combining the successful response with the stored entry, as defined in <a href="#combining.responses" title="Combining Partial Content">Section&nbsp;4.4</a>. A cache <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> use an incomplete response to answer requests unless the response has been made complete or the request is partial and specifies
    894894         a range that is wholly within the incomplete response. A cache <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> send a partial response to a client without explicitly marking it as such using the <a href="p5-range.html#status.206" class="smpl">206 (Partial Content)</a> status code.
    895895      </p>
     
    907907      </p>
    908908      <ul>
    909          <li>The presented effective request URI (<a href="p1-messaging.html#effective.request.uri" title="Effective Request URI">Section 5.5</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.12"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>) and that of the stored response match, and
     909         <li>The presented effective request URI (<a href="p1-messaging.html#effective.request.uri" title="Effective Request URI">Section 5.5</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.12"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>) and that of the stored response match, and
    910910         </li>
    911911         <li>the request method associated with the stored response allows it to be used for the presented request, and</li>
     
    931931      <p id="rfc.section.4.p.3">When a stored response is used to satisfy a request without validation, a cache <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> include a single <a href="#header.age" class="smpl">Age</a> header field (<a href="#header.age" id="rfc.xref.header.age.1" title="Age">Section&nbsp;7.1</a>) in the response with a value equal to the stored response's current_age; see <a href="#age.calculations" title="Calculating Age">Section&nbsp;4.1.3</a>.
    932932      </p>
    933       <p id="rfc.section.4.p.4">A cache <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> write through requests with methods that are unsafe (<a href="p2-semantics.html#safe.methods" title="Safe Methods">Section 2.1.1</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.3"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>) to the origin server; i.e., a cache is not allowed to generate a reply to such a request before having forwarded the request
     933      <p id="rfc.section.4.p.4">A cache <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> write through requests with methods that are unsafe (<a href="p2-semantics.html#safe.methods" title="Safe Methods">Section 2.1.1</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.3"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>) to the origin server; i.e., a cache is not allowed to generate a reply to such a request before having forwarded the request
    934934         and having received a corresponding response.
    935935      </p>
     
    985985      <h3 id="rfc.section.4.1.2"><a href="#rfc.section.4.1.2">4.1.2</a>&nbsp;<a id="heuristic.freshness" href="#heuristic.freshness">Calculating Heuristic Freshness</a></h3>
    986986      <p id="rfc.section.4.1.2.p.1">If no explicit expiration time is present in a stored response that has a status code whose definition allows heuristic freshness
    987          to be used (including the following in <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.codes" title="Status Codes">Section 4</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.4"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>: <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.200" class="smpl">200 (OK)</a>, <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.203" class="smpl">203 (Non-Authoritative Information)</a>, <a href="p5-range.html#status.206" class="smpl">206 (Partial
     987         to be used (including the following in <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.codes" title="Status Codes">Section 4</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.4"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>: <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.200" class="smpl">200 (OK)</a>, <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.203" class="smpl">203 (Non-Authoritative Information)</a>, <a href="p5-range.html#status.206" class="smpl">206 (Partial
    988988            Content)</a>, <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.300" class="smpl">300 (Multiple Choices)</a>, <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.301" class="smpl">301 (Moved
    989989            Permanently)</a> and <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.410" class="smpl">410 (Gone)</a>), a cache <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> calculate a heuristic expiration time. A cache <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> use heuristics to determine freshness for responses with status codes that do not explicitly allow it.
     
    10181018      <ul class="empty">
    10191019         <li>HTTP/1.1 requires origin servers to send a <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.date" class="smpl">Date</a> header field, if possible, with every response, giving the time at which the response was generated. The term "date_value"
    1020             denotes the value of the Date header field, in a form appropriate for arithmetic operations. See <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.date" title="Date">Section 9.10</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a> for the definition of the Date header field, and for requirements regarding responses without it.
     1020            denotes the value of the Date header field, in a form appropriate for arithmetic operations. See <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.date" title="Date">Section 9.10</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a> for the definition of the Date header field, and for requirements regarding responses without it.
    10211021         </li>
    10221022      </ul>
     
    11491149      <ul>
    11501150         <li>adding or removing whitespace, where allowed in the header field's syntax</li>
    1151          <li>combining multiple header fields with the same field name (see <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.fields" title="Header Fields">Section 3.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.13"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>)
     1151         <li>combining multiple header fields with the same field name (see <a href="p1-messaging.html#header.fields" title="Header Fields">Section 3.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.13"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>)
    11521152         </li>
    11531153         <li>normalizing both header field values in a way that is known to have identical semantics, according to the header field's specification
     
    11691169      <h2 id="rfc.section.4.4"><a href="#rfc.section.4.4">4.4</a>&nbsp;<a id="combining.responses" href="#combining.responses">Combining Partial Content</a></h2>
    11701170      <p id="rfc.section.4.4.p.1">A response might transfer only a partial representation if the connection closed prematurely or if the request used one or
    1171          more Range specifiers (<a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses">[Part5]</cite></a>). After several such transfers, a cache might have received several ranges of the same representation. A cache <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> combine these ranges into a single stored response, and reuse that response to satisfy later requests, if they all share the
    1172          same strong validator and the cache complies with the client requirements in <a href="p5-range.html#combining.byte.ranges" title="Combining Ranges">Section 4.2</a> of <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.3"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses">[Part5]</cite></a>.
     1171         more Range specifiers (<a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests">[Part5]</cite></a>). After several such transfers, a cache might have received several ranges of the same representation. A cache <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> combine these ranges into a single stored response, and reuse that response to satisfy later requests, if they all share the
     1172         same strong validator and the cache complies with the client requirements in <a href="p5-range.html#combining.byte.ranges" title="Combining Ranges">Section 4.2</a> of <a href="#Part5" id="rfc.xref.Part5.3"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests">[Part5]</cite></a>.
    11731173      </p>
    11741174      <p id="rfc.section.4.4.p.2">When combining the new response with one or more stored responses, a cache <em class="bcp14">MUST</em>:
     
    12001200      </ul>
    12011201      <h1 id="rfc.section.6"><a href="#rfc.section.6">6.</a>&nbsp;<a id="invalidation.after.updates.or.deletions" href="#invalidation.after.updates.or.deletions">Request Methods that Invalidate</a></h1>
    1202       <p id="rfc.section.6.p.1">Because unsafe request methods (<a href="p2-semantics.html#safe.methods" title="Safe Methods">Section 2.1.1</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.6"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>) such as PUT, POST or DELETE have the potential for changing state on the origin server, intervening caches can use them
     1202      <p id="rfc.section.6.p.1">Because unsafe request methods (<a href="p2-semantics.html#safe.methods" title="Safe Methods">Section 2.1.1</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.6"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>) such as PUT, POST or DELETE have the potential for changing state on the origin server, intervening caches can use them
    12031203         to keep their contents up-to-date.
    12041204      </p>
    1205       <p id="rfc.section.6.p.2">A cache <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> invalidate the effective Request URI (<a href="p1-messaging.html#effective.request.uri" title="Effective Request URI">Section 5.5</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.14"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>) as well as the URI(s) in the <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.location" class="smpl">Location</a> and <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.content-location" class="smpl">Content-Location</a> response header fields (if present) when a non-error response to a request with an unsafe method is received.
    1206       </p>
    1207       <p id="rfc.section.6.p.3">However, a cache <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> invalidate a URI from a <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.location" class="smpl">Location</a> or <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.content-location" class="smpl">Content-Location</a> response header field if the host part of that URI differs from the host part in the effective request URI (<a href="p1-messaging.html#effective.request.uri" title="Effective Request URI">Section 5.5</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.15"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>). This helps prevent denial of service attacks.
    1208       </p>
    1209       <p id="rfc.section.6.p.4">A cache <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> invalidate the effective request URI (<a href="p1-messaging.html#effective.request.uri" title="Effective Request URI">Section 5.5</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.16"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>) when it receives a non-error response to a request with a method whose safety is unknown.
     1205      <p id="rfc.section.6.p.2">A cache <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> invalidate the effective Request URI (<a href="p1-messaging.html#effective.request.uri" title="Effective Request URI">Section 5.5</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.14"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>) as well as the URI(s) in the <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.location" class="smpl">Location</a> and <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.content-location" class="smpl">Content-Location</a> response header fields (if present) when a non-error response to a request with an unsafe method is received.
     1206      </p>
     1207      <p id="rfc.section.6.p.3">However, a cache <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> invalidate a URI from a <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.location" class="smpl">Location</a> or <a href="p2-semantics.html#header.content-location" class="smpl">Content-Location</a> response header field if the host part of that URI differs from the host part in the effective request URI (<a href="p1-messaging.html#effective.request.uri" title="Effective Request URI">Section 5.5</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.15"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>). This helps prevent denial of service attacks.
     1208      </p>
     1209      <p id="rfc.section.6.p.4">A cache <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> invalidate the effective request URI (<a href="p1-messaging.html#effective.request.uri" title="Effective Request URI">Section 5.5</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.16"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>) when it receives a non-error response to a request with a method whose safety is unknown.
    12101210      </p>
    12111211      <p id="rfc.section.6.p.5">Here, a "non-error response" is one with a <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.2xx" class="smpl">2xx (Successful)</a> or <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.3xx" class="smpl">3xx (Redirection)</a> status code. "Invalidate" means that the cache will either remove all stored responses related to the effective request URI,
     
    14871487         that time.
    14881488      </p>
    1489       <p id="rfc.section.7.3.p.3">The field-value is an absolute date and time as defined by HTTP-date in <a href="p2-semantics.html#http.date" title="Date/Time Formats">Section 5.1</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.7"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>; a sender <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> use the rfc1123-date format.
     1489      <p id="rfc.section.7.3.p.3">The field-value is an absolute date and time as defined by HTTP-date in <a href="p2-semantics.html#http.date" title="Date/Time Formats">Section 5.1</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.7"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>; a sender <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> use the rfc1123-date format.
    14901490      </p>
    14911491      <div id="rfc.figure.u.11"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.5"></span>  <a href="#header.expires" class="smpl">Expires</a> = <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">HTTP-date</a>
     
    18911891      </p>
    18921892      <h1 id="rfc.section.11"><a href="#rfc.section.11">11.</a>&nbsp;<a id="acks" href="#acks">Acknowledgments</a></h1>
    1893       <p id="rfc.section.11.p.1">See <a href="p1-messaging.html#acks" title="Acknowledgments">Section 9</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.17"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>.
     1893      <p id="rfc.section.11.p.1">See <a href="p1-messaging.html#acks" title="Acknowledgments">Section 9</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.17"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>.
    18941894      </p>
    18951895      <h1 id="rfc.references"><a id="rfc.section.12" href="#rfc.section.12">12.</a> References
     
    19001900         <tr>
    19011901            <td class="reference"><b id="Part1">[Part1]</b></td>
    1902             <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
     1902            <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax"</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
    19031903            </td>
    19041904         </tr>
    19051905         <tr>
    19061906            <td class="reference"><b id="Part2">[Part2]</b></td>
    1907             <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
     1907            <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
    19081908            </td>
    19091909         </tr>
     
    19151915         <tr>
    19161916            <td class="reference"><b id="Part5">[Part5]</b></td>
    1917             <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p5-range-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p5-range-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
     1917            <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p5-range-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p5-range-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
    19181918            </td>
    19191919         </tr>
  • draft-ietf-httpbis/latest/p6-cache.xml

    r1794 r1803  
    22902290  <reference anchor="Part1">
    22912291    <front>
    2292       <title>HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing</title>
     2292      <title>HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax"</title>
    22932293      <author fullname="Roy T. Fielding" initials="R." role="editor" surname="Fielding">
    22942294        <organization abbrev="Adobe">Adobe Systems Incorporated</organization>
     
    23142314  <reference anchor="Part2">
    23152315    <front>
    2316       <title>HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation</title>
     2316      <title>HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads</title>
    23172317      <author fullname="Roy T. Fielding" initials="R." role="editor" surname="Fielding">
    23182318        <organization abbrev="Adobe">Adobe Systems Incorporated</organization>
     
    23792379  <reference anchor="Part5">
    23802380    <front>
    2381       <title>HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial Responses</title>
     2381      <title>HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests</title>
    23822382      <author fullname="Roy T. Fielding" initials="R." role="editor" surname="Fielding">
    23832383        <organization abbrev="Adobe">Adobe Systems Incorporated</organization>
  • draft-ietf-httpbis/latest/p7-auth.html

    r1799 r1803  
    449449  }
    450450  @bottom-center {
    451        content: "Expires January 16, 2013";
     451       content: "Expires January 17, 2013";
    452452  }
    453453  @bottom-right {
     
    489489      <meta name="dct.creator" content="Reschke, J. F.">
    490490      <meta name="dct.identifier" content="urn:ietf:id:draft-ietf-httpbis-p7-auth-latest">
    491       <meta name="dct.issued" scheme="ISO8601" content="2012-07-15">
     491      <meta name="dct.issued" scheme="ISO8601" content="2012-07-16">
    492492      <meta name="dct.replaces" content="urn:ietf:rfc:2616">
    493493      <meta name="dct.abstract" content="The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application-level protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems. HTTP has been in use by the World Wide Web global information initiative since 1990. This document is Part 7 of the seven-part specification that defines the protocol referred to as &#34;HTTP/1.1&#34; and, taken together, obsoletes RFC 2616. Part 7 defines the HTTP Authentication framework.">
     
    520520            </tr>
    521521            <tr>
    522                <td class="left">Expires: January 16, 2013</td>
     522               <td class="left">Expires: January 17, 2013</td>
    523523               <td class="right">greenbytes</td>
    524524            </tr>
    525525            <tr>
    526526               <td class="left"></td>
    527                <td class="right">July 15, 2012</td>
     527               <td class="right">July 16, 2012</td>
    528528            </tr>
    529529         </tbody>
     
    552552         in progress”.
    553553      </p>
    554       <p>This Internet-Draft will expire on January 16, 2013.</p>
     554      <p>This Internet-Draft will expire on January 17, 2013.</p>
    555555      <h1><a id="rfc.copyrightnotice" href="#rfc.copyrightnotice">Copyright Notice</a></h1>
    556556      <p>Copyright © 2012 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the document authors. All rights reserved.</p>
     
    638638      <p id="rfc.section.1.1.p.2">This specification targets conformance criteria according to the role of a participant in HTTP communication. Hence, HTTP
    639639         requirements are placed on senders, recipients, clients, servers, user agents, intermediaries, origin servers, proxies, gateways,
    640          or caches, depending on what behavior is being constrained by the requirement. See <a href="p1-messaging.html#architecture" title="Architecture">Section 2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a> for definitions of these terms.
     640         or caches, depending on what behavior is being constrained by the requirement. See <a href="p1-messaging.html#architecture" title="Architecture">Section 2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a> for definitions of these terms.
    641641      </p>
    642642      <p id="rfc.section.1.1.p.3">The verb "generate" is used instead of "send" where a requirement differentiates between creating a protocol element and merely
     
    656656      </p>
    657657      <h2 id="rfc.section.1.2"><a href="#rfc.section.1.2">1.2</a>&nbsp;<a id="notation" href="#notation">Syntax Notation</a></h2>
    658       <p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.1">This specification uses the Augmented Backus-Naur Form (ABNF) notation of <a href="#RFC5234" id="rfc.xref.RFC5234.1"><cite title="Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF">[RFC5234]</cite></a> with the list rule extension defined in <a href="p1-messaging.html#notation" title="Syntax Notation">Section 1.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>. <a href="#collected.abnf" title="Collected ABNF">Appendix&nbsp;B</a> shows the collected ABNF with the list rule expanded.
     658      <p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.1">This specification uses the Augmented Backus-Naur Form (ABNF) notation of <a href="#RFC5234" id="rfc.xref.RFC5234.1"><cite title="Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF">[RFC5234]</cite></a> with the list rule extension defined in <a href="p1-messaging.html#notation" title="Syntax Notation">Section 1.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>. <a href="#collected.abnf" title="Collected ABNF">Appendix&nbsp;B</a> shows the collected ABNF with the list rule expanded.
    659659      </p>
    660660      <p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.2">The following core rules are included by reference, as defined in <a href="#RFC5234" id="rfc.xref.RFC5234.2"><cite title="Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF">[RFC5234]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5234#appendix-B.1">Appendix B.1</a>: ALPHA (letters), CR (carriage return), CRLF (CR LF), CTL (controls), DIGIT (decimal 0-9), DQUOTE (double quote), HEXDIG
     
    663663      </p>
    664664      <h3 id="rfc.section.1.2.1"><a href="#rfc.section.1.2.1">1.2.1</a>&nbsp;<a id="core.rules" href="#core.rules">Core Rules</a></h3>
    665       <p id="rfc.section.1.2.1.p.1">The core rules below are defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.3"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>:
    666       </p>
    667       <div id="rfc.figure.u.1"></div><pre class="inline">  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">BWS</a>           = &lt;BWS, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.4"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#whitespace" title="Whitespace">Section 3.2.1</a>&gt;
    668   <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">OWS</a>           = &lt;OWS, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#whitespace" title="Whitespace">Section 3.2.1</a>&gt;
    669   <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">quoted-string</a> = &lt;quoted-string, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.6"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#field.components" title="Field value components">Section 3.2.4</a>&gt;
    670   <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">token</a>         = &lt;token, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.7"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#field.components" title="Field value components">Section 3.2.4</a>&gt;
     665      <p id="rfc.section.1.2.1.p.1">The core rules below are defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.3"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>:
     666      </p>
     667      <div id="rfc.figure.u.1"></div><pre class="inline">  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">BWS</a>           = &lt;BWS, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.4"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#whitespace" title="Whitespace">Section 3.2.1</a>&gt;
     668  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">OWS</a>           = &lt;OWS, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.5"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#whitespace" title="Whitespace">Section 3.2.1</a>&gt;
     669  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">quoted-string</a> = &lt;quoted-string, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.6"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#field.components" title="Field value components">Section 3.2.4</a>&gt;
     670  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">token</a>         = &lt;token, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.7"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#field.components" title="Field value components">Section 3.2.4</a>&gt;
    671671</pre><h1 id="rfc.section.2"><a href="#rfc.section.2">2.</a>&nbsp;<a id="access.authentication.framework" href="#access.authentication.framework">Access Authentication Framework</a></h1>
    672672      <h2 id="rfc.section.2.1"><a href="#rfc.section.2.1">2.1</a>&nbsp;<a id="challenge.and.response" href="#challenge.and.response">Challenge and Response</a></h2>
     
    718718         a proxy <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> return a <a href="#status.407" class="smpl">407 (Proxy Authentication Required)</a> response. Such responses <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> include a <a href="#header.proxy-authenticate" class="smpl">Proxy-Authenticate</a> header field containing a (possibly new) challenge applicable to the proxy.
    719719      </p>
    720       <p id="rfc.section.2.1.p.16">A server receiving credentials that are valid, but not adequate to gain access, ought to respond with the <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.403" class="smpl">403 (Forbidden)</a> status code (<a href="p2-semantics.html#status.403" title="403 Forbidden">Section 4.6.3</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation">[Part2]</cite></a>).
     720      <p id="rfc.section.2.1.p.16">A server receiving credentials that are valid, but not adequate to gain access, ought to respond with the <a href="p2-semantics.html#status.403" class="smpl">403 (Forbidden)</a> status code (<a href="p2-semantics.html#status.403" title="403 Forbidden">Section 4.6.3</a> of <a href="#Part2" id="rfc.xref.Part2.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads">[Part2]</cite></a>).
    721721      </p>
    722722      <p id="rfc.section.2.1.p.17">The HTTP protocol does not restrict applications to this simple challenge-response mechanism for access authentication. Additional
     
    731731      <h2 id="rfc.section.2.2"><a href="#rfc.section.2.2">2.2</a>&nbsp;<a id="protection.space" href="#protection.space">Protection Space (Realm)</a></h2>
    732732      <p id="rfc.section.2.2.p.1">The authentication parameter realm is reserved for use by authentication schemes that wish to indicate the scope of protection.</p>
    733       <p id="rfc.section.2.2.p.2">A <dfn>protection space</dfn> is defined by the canonical root URI (the scheme and authority components of the effective request URI; see <a href="p1-messaging.html#effective.request.uri" title="Effective Request URI">Section 5.5</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.8"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>) of the server being accessed, in combination with the realm value if present. These realms allow the protected resources
     733      <p id="rfc.section.2.2.p.2">A <dfn>protection space</dfn> is defined by the canonical root URI (the scheme and authority components of the effective request URI; see <a href="p1-messaging.html#effective.request.uri" title="Effective Request URI">Section 5.5</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.8"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>) of the server being accessed, in combination with the realm value if present. These realms allow the protected resources
    734734         on a server to be partitioned into a set of protection spaces, each with its own authentication scheme and/or authorization
    735735         database. The realm value is a string, generally assigned by the origin server, which can have additional semantics specific
     
    766766            <p>HTTP authentication is presumed to be stateless: all of the information necessary to authenticate a request <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be provided in the request, rather than be dependent on the server remembering prior requests. Authentication based on, or
    767767               bound to, the underlying connection is outside the scope of this specification and inherently flawed unless steps are taken
    768                to ensure that the connection cannot be used by any party other than the authenticated user (see <a href="p1-messaging.html#intermediaries" title="Intermediaries">Section 2.4</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.9"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>).
     768               to ensure that the connection cannot be used by any party other than the authenticated user (see <a href="p1-messaging.html#intermediaries" title="Intermediaries">Section 2.4</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.9"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>).
    769769            </p>
    770770         </li>
     
    853853      <h2 id="rfc.section.4.2"><a href="#rfc.section.4.2">4.2</a>&nbsp;<a id="header.proxy-authenticate" href="#header.proxy-authenticate">Proxy-Authenticate</a></h2>
    854854      <p id="rfc.section.4.2.p.1">The "Proxy-Authenticate" header field consists of at least one challenge that indicates the authentication scheme(s) and parameters
    855          applicable to the proxy for this effective request URI (<a href="p1-messaging.html#effective.request.uri" title="Effective Request URI">Section 5.5</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.10"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>). It <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be included as part of a <a href="#status.407" class="smpl">407 (Proxy Authentication Required)</a> response.
     855         applicable to the proxy for this effective request URI (<a href="p1-messaging.html#effective.request.uri" title="Effective Request URI">Section 5.5</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.10"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>). It <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be included as part of a <a href="#status.407" class="smpl">407 (Proxy Authentication Required)</a> response.
    856856      </p>
    857857      <div id="rfc.figure.u.6"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.7"></span>  <a href="#header.proxy-authenticate" class="smpl">Proxy-Authenticate</a> = 1#<a href="#challenge.and.response" class="smpl">challenge</a>
     
    878878      <h2 id="rfc.section.4.4"><a href="#rfc.section.4.4">4.4</a>&nbsp;<a id="header.www-authenticate" href="#header.www-authenticate">WWW-Authenticate</a></h2>
    879879      <p id="rfc.section.4.4.p.1">The "WWW-Authenticate" header field consists of at least one challenge that indicates the authentication scheme(s) and parameters
    880          applicable to the effective request URI (<a href="p1-messaging.html#effective.request.uri" title="Effective Request URI">Section 5.5</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.11"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>).
     880         applicable to the effective request URI (<a href="p1-messaging.html#effective.request.uri" title="Effective Request URI">Section 5.5</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.11"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a>).
    881881      </p>
    882882      <p id="rfc.section.4.4.p.2">It <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be included in <a href="#status.401" class="smpl">401 (Unauthorized)</a> response messages and <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> be included in other response messages to indicate that supplying credentials (or different credentials) might affect the
     
    10191019         Lawrence C. Stewart for their work on that specification. See <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2617#section-6">Section 6</a> of <a href="#RFC2617" id="rfc.xref.RFC2617.4"><cite title="HTTP Authentication: Basic and Digest Access Authentication">[RFC2617]</cite></a> for further acknowledgements.
    10201020      </p>
    1021       <p id="rfc.section.7.p.2">See <a href="p1-messaging.html#acks" title="Acknowledgments">Section 9</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.12"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a> for the Acknowledgments related to this document revision.
     1021      <p id="rfc.section.7.p.2">See <a href="p1-messaging.html#acks" title="Acknowledgments">Section 9</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.12"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax&#34;">[Part1]</cite></a> for the Acknowledgments related to this document revision.
    10221022      </p>
    10231023      <h1 id="rfc.references"><a id="rfc.section.8" href="#rfc.section.8">8.</a> References
     
    10281028         <tr>
    10291029            <td class="reference"><b id="Part1">[Part1]</b></td>
    1030             <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
     1030            <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax"</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
    10311031            </td>
    10321032         </tr>
    10331033         <tr>
    10341034            <td class="reference"><b id="Part2">[Part2]</b></td>
    1035             <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
     1035            <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Adobe Systems Incorporated">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics-latest (work in progress), July&nbsp;2012.
    10361036            </td>
    10371037         </tr>
  • draft-ietf-httpbis/latest/p7-auth.xml

    r1791 r1803  
    870870<reference anchor="Part1">
    871871  <front>
    872     <title>HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing</title>
     872    <title>HTTP/1.1, part 1: Message Routing and Syntax"</title>
    873873    <author initials="R." surname="Fielding" fullname="Roy T. Fielding" role="editor">
    874874      <organization abbrev="Adobe">Adobe Systems Incorporated</organization>
     
    891891<reference anchor="Part2">
    892892  <front>
    893     <title>HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics, Payload and Content Negotiation</title>
     893    <title>HTTP/1.1, part 2: Semantics and Payloads</title>
    894894    <author fullname="Roy T. Fielding" initials="R." role="editor" surname="Fielding">
    895895      <organization abbrev="Adobe">Adobe Systems Incorporated</organization>
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