source: draft-ietf-httpbis/latest/p7-auth.html @ 728

Last change on this file since 728 was 728, checked in by julian.reschke@…, 10 years ago

remove unneeded contact information from RFC 5234 reference

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342       content: "HTTP/1.1, Part 7"; 
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366</style><link rel="Contents" href="#rfc.toc">
367      <link rel="Author" href="#rfc.authors">
368      <link rel="Copyright" href="#rfc.copyright">
369      <link rel="Index" href="#rfc.index">
370      <link rel="Chapter" title="1 Introduction" href="#rfc.section.1">
371      <link rel="Chapter" title="2 Status Code Definitions" href="#rfc.section.2">
372      <link rel="Chapter" title="3 Header Field Definitions" href="#rfc.section.3">
373      <link rel="Chapter" title="4 IANA Considerations" href="#rfc.section.4">
374      <link rel="Chapter" title="5 Security Considerations" href="#rfc.section.5">
375      <link rel="Chapter" title="6 Acknowledgments" href="#rfc.section.6">
376      <link rel="Chapter" href="#rfc.section.7" title="7 References">
377      <link rel="Appendix" title="A Compatibility with Previous Versions" href="#rfc.section.A">
378      <link rel="Appendix" title="B Collected ABNF" href="#rfc.section.B">
379      <link rel="Appendix" title="C Change Log (to be removed by RFC Editor before publication)" href="#rfc.section.C">
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381      <link rel="schema.DC" href="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/">
382      <meta name="DC.Creator" content="Fielding, R.">
383      <meta name="DC.Creator" content="Gettys, J.">
384      <meta name="DC.Creator" content="Mogul, J.">
385      <meta name="DC.Creator" content="Frystyk, H.">
386      <meta name="DC.Creator" content="Masinter, L.">
387      <meta name="DC.Creator" content="Leach, P.">
388      <meta name="DC.Creator" content="Berners-Lee, T.">
389      <meta name="DC.Creator" content="Lafon, Y.">
390      <meta name="DC.Creator" content="Reschke, J. F.">
391      <meta name="DC.Identifier" content="urn:ietf:id:draft-ietf-httpbis-p7-auth-latest">
392      <meta name="DC.Date.Issued" scheme="ISO8601" content="2009-11-27">
393      <meta name="DC.Relation.Replaces" content="urn:ietf:rfc:2616">
394      <meta name="DC.Description.Abstract" content="The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application-level protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems. HTTP has been in use by the World Wide Web global information initiative since 1990. This document is Part 7 of the seven-part specification that defines the protocol referred to as &#34;HTTP/1.1&#34; and, taken together, obsoletes RFC 2616. Part 7 defines HTTP Authentication.">
395      <meta name="description" content="The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application-level protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems. HTTP has been in use by the World Wide Web global information initiative since 1990. This document is Part 7 of the seven-part specification that defines the protocol referred to as &#34;HTTP/1.1&#34; and, taken together, obsoletes RFC 2616. Part 7 defines HTTP Authentication.">
396   </head>
397   <body>
398      <table class="header" border="0" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1">
399         <tr>
400            <td class="header left">HTTPbis Working Group</td>
401            <td class="header right">R. Fielding, Editor</td>
402         </tr>
403         <tr>
404            <td class="header left">Internet Draft</td>
405            <td class="header right">Day Software</td>
406         </tr>
407         <tr>
408            <td class="header left">
409               &lt;draft-ietf-httpbis-p7-auth-latest&gt;
410               
411            </td>
412            <td class="header right">J. Gettys</td>
413         </tr>
414         <tr>
415            <td class="header left">Obsoletes: <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2616">2616</a> (if approved)
416            </td>
417            <td class="header right">One Laptop per Child</td>
418         </tr>
419         <tr>
420            <td class="header left">Updates: <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2617">2617</a> (if approved)
421            </td>
422            <td class="header right">J. Mogul</td>
423         </tr>
424         <tr>
425            <td class="header left">Intended status: Standards Track</td>
426            <td class="header right">HP</td>
427         </tr>
428         <tr>
429            <td class="header left">Expires: May 31, 2010</td>
430            <td class="header right">H. Frystyk</td>
431         </tr>
432         <tr>
433            <td class="header left"></td>
434            <td class="header right">Microsoft</td>
435         </tr>
436         <tr>
437            <td class="header left"></td>
438            <td class="header right">L. Masinter</td>
439         </tr>
440         <tr>
441            <td class="header left"></td>
442            <td class="header right">Adobe Systems</td>
443         </tr>
444         <tr>
445            <td class="header left"></td>
446            <td class="header right">P. Leach</td>
447         </tr>
448         <tr>
449            <td class="header left"></td>
450            <td class="header right">Microsoft</td>
451         </tr>
452         <tr>
453            <td class="header left"></td>
454            <td class="header right">T. Berners-Lee</td>
455         </tr>
456         <tr>
457            <td class="header left"></td>
458            <td class="header right">W3C/MIT</td>
459         </tr>
460         <tr>
461            <td class="header left"></td>
462            <td class="header right">Y. Lafon, Editor</td>
463         </tr>
464         <tr>
465            <td class="header left"></td>
466            <td class="header right">W3C</td>
467         </tr>
468         <tr>
469            <td class="header left"></td>
470            <td class="header right">J. F. Reschke, Editor</td>
471         </tr>
472         <tr>
473            <td class="header left"></td>
474            <td class="header right">greenbytes</td>
475         </tr>
476         <tr>
477            <td class="header left"></td>
478            <td class="header right">November 27, 2009</td>
479         </tr>
480      </table>
481      <p class="title">HTTP/1.1, part 7: Authentication<br><span class="filename">draft-ietf-httpbis-p7-auth-latest</span></p>
482      <h1 id="rfc.abstract"><a href="#rfc.abstract">Abstract</a></h1> 
483      <p>The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application-level protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information
484         systems. HTTP has been in use by the World Wide Web global information initiative since 1990. This document is Part 7 of the
485         seven-part specification that defines the protocol referred to as "HTTP/1.1" and, taken together, obsoletes RFC 2616. Part
486         7 defines HTTP Authentication.
487      </p> 
488      <h1 id="rfc.note.1"><a href="#rfc.note.1">Editorial Note (To be removed by RFC Editor)</a></h1> 
489      <p>Discussion of this draft should take place on the HTTPBIS working group mailing list (ietf-http-wg@w3.org). The current issues
490         list is at &lt;<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/report/11">http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/report/11</a>&gt; and related documents (including fancy diffs) can be found at &lt;<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/">http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/</a>&gt;.
491      </p> 
492      <p>The changes in this draft are summarized in <a href="#changes.since.08" title="Since draft-ietf-httpbis-p7-auth-08">Appendix&nbsp;C.10</a>.
493      </p> 
494      <h1><a id="rfc.status" href="#rfc.status">Status of this Memo</a></h1>
495      <p>This Internet-Draft is submitted to IETF in full conformance with the provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.</p>
496      <p>Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), its areas, and its working groups. Note
497         that other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts.
498      </p>
499      <p>Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other
500         documents at any time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference material or to cite them other than as “work
501         in progress”.
502      </p>
503      <p>The list of current Internet-Drafts can be accessed at &lt;<a href="http://www.ietf.org/ietf/1id-abstracts.txt">http://www.ietf.org/ietf/1id-abstracts.txt</a>&gt;.
504      </p>
505      <p>The list of Internet-Draft Shadow Directories can be accessed at &lt;<a href="http://www.ietf.org/shadow.html">http://www.ietf.org/shadow.html</a>&gt;.
506      </p>
507      <p>This Internet-Draft will expire in May 31, 2010.</p>
508      <h1><a id="rfc.copyrightnotice" href="#rfc.copyrightnotice">Copyright Notice</a></h1>
509      <p>Copyright © 2009 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the document authors. All rights reserved.</p>
510      <p>This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions Relating to IETF Documents (<a href="http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info">http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info</a>) in effect on the date of publication of this document. Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights
511         and restrictions with respect to this document. Code Components extracted from this document must include Simplified BSD License
512         text as described in Section 4.e of the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as described in the BSD License.
513      </p>
514      <p>This document may contain material from IETF Documents or IETF Contributions published or made publicly available before November
515         10, 2008. The person(s) controlling the copyright in some of this material may not have granted the IETF Trust the right to
516         allow modifications of such material outside the IETF Standards Process. Without obtaining an adequate license from the person(s)
517         controlling the copyright in such materials, this document may not be modified outside the IETF Standards Process, and derivative
518         works of it may not be created outside the IETF Standards Process, except to format it for publication as an RFC or to translate
519         it into languages other than English.
520      </p>
521      <hr class="noprint">
522      <h1 class="np" id="rfc.toc"><a href="#rfc.toc">Table of Contents</a></h1>
523      <ul class="toc">
524         <li class="tocline0">1.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#introduction">Introduction</a><ul class="toc">
525               <li class="tocline1">1.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#intro.requirements">Requirements</a></li>
526               <li class="tocline1">1.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#notation">Syntax Notation</a><ul class="toc">
527                     <li class="tocline1">1.2.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#core.rules">Core Rules</a></li>
528                     <li class="tocline1">1.2.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#abnf.dependencies">ABNF Rules defined in other Parts of the Specification</a></li>
529                  </ul>
530               </li>
531            </ul>
532         </li>
533         <li class="tocline0">2.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#rfc.section.2">Status Code Definitions</a><ul class="toc">
534               <li class="tocline1">2.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#status.401">401 Unauthorized</a></li>
535               <li class="tocline1">2.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#status.407">407 Proxy Authentication Required</a></li>
536            </ul>
537         </li>
538         <li class="tocline0">3.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#header.fields">Header Field Definitions</a><ul class="toc">
539               <li class="tocline1">3.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#header.authorization">Authorization</a></li>
540               <li class="tocline1">3.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#header.proxy-authenticate">Proxy-Authenticate</a></li>
541               <li class="tocline1">3.3&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#header.proxy-authorization">Proxy-Authorization</a></li>
542               <li class="tocline1">3.4&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#header.www-authenticate">WWW-Authenticate</a></li>
543            </ul>
544         </li>
545         <li class="tocline0">4.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#IANA.considerations">IANA Considerations</a><ul class="toc">
546               <li class="tocline1">4.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#status.code.registration">Status Code Registration</a></li>
547               <li class="tocline1">4.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#message.header.registration">Message Header Registration</a></li>
548            </ul>
549         </li>
550         <li class="tocline0">5.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#security.considerations">Security Considerations</a><ul class="toc">
551               <li class="tocline1">5.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#auth.credentials.and.idle.clients">Authentication Credentials and Idle Clients</a></li>
552            </ul>
553         </li>
554         <li class="tocline0">6.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#ack">Acknowledgments</a></li>
555         <li class="tocline0">7.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#rfc.references">References</a><ul class="toc">
556               <li class="tocline1">7.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#rfc.references.1">Normative References</a></li>
557               <li class="tocline1">7.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#rfc.references.2">Informative References</a></li>
558            </ul>
559         </li>
560         <li class="tocline0"><a href="#rfc.authors">Authors' Addresses</a></li>
561         <li class="tocline0">A.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#compatibility">Compatibility with Previous Versions</a><ul class="toc">
562               <li class="tocline1">A.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#changes.from.rfc.2616">Changes from RFC 2616</a></li>
563            </ul>
564         </li>
565         <li class="tocline0">B.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#collected.abnf">Collected ABNF</a></li>
566         <li class="tocline0">C.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#change.log">Change Log (to be removed by RFC Editor before publication)</a><ul class="toc">
567               <li class="tocline1">C.1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#rfc.section.C.1">Since RFC2616</a></li>
568               <li class="tocline1">C.2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#rfc.section.C.2">Since draft-ietf-httpbis-p7-auth-00</a></li>
569               <li class="tocline1">C.3&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#rfc.section.C.3">Since draft-ietf-httpbis-p7-auth-01</a></li>
570               <li class="tocline1">C.4&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#changes.since.02">Since draft-ietf-httpbis-p7-auth-02</a></li>
571               <li class="tocline1">C.5&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#changes.since.03">Since draft-ietf-httpbis-p7-auth-03</a></li>
572               <li class="tocline1">C.6&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#changes.since.04">Since draft-ietf-httpbis-p7-auth-04</a></li>
573               <li class="tocline1">C.7&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#changes.since.05">Since draft-ietf-httpbis-p7-auth-05</a></li>
574               <li class="tocline1">C.8&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#changes.since.06">Since draft-ietf-httpbis-p7-auth-06</a></li>
575               <li class="tocline1">C.9&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#changes.since.07">Since draft-ietf-httpbis-p7-auth-07</a></li>
576               <li class="tocline1">C.10&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="#changes.since.08">Since draft-ietf-httpbis-p7-auth-08</a></li>
577            </ul>
578         </li>
579         <li class="tocline0"><a href="#rfc.index">Index</a></li>
580      </ul>
581      <h1 id="rfc.section.1" class="np"><a href="#rfc.section.1">1.</a>&nbsp;<a id="introduction" href="#introduction">Introduction</a></h1>
582      <p id="rfc.section.1.p.1">This document defines HTTP/1.1 access control and authentication. Right now it includes the extracted relevant sections of <cite title="Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1" id="rfc.xref.RFC2616.1">RFC 2616</cite> with only minor changes. The intention is to move the general framework for HTTP authentication here, as currently specified
583         in <a href="#RFC2617" id="rfc.xref.RFC2617.1"><cite title="HTTP Authentication: Basic and Digest Access Authentication">[RFC2617]</cite></a>, and allow the individual authentication mechanisms to be defined elsewhere. This introduction will be rewritten when that
584         occurs.
585      </p>
586      <p id="rfc.section.1.p.2">HTTP provides several <em class="bcp14">OPTIONAL</em> challenge-response authentication mechanisms which can be used by a server to challenge a client request and by a client to
587         provide authentication information. The general framework for access authentication, and the specification of "basic" and
588         "digest" authentication, are specified in "HTTP Authentication: Basic and Digest Access Authentication" <a href="#RFC2617" id="rfc.xref.RFC2617.2"><cite title="HTTP Authentication: Basic and Digest Access Authentication">[RFC2617]</cite></a>. This specification adopts the definitions of "challenge" and "credentials" from that specification.
589      </p>
590      <h2 id="rfc.section.1.1"><a href="#rfc.section.1.1">1.1</a>&nbsp;<a id="intro.requirements" href="#intro.requirements">Requirements</a></h2>
591      <p id="rfc.section.1.1.p.1">The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL"
592         in this document are to be interpreted as described in <a href="#RFC2119" id="rfc.xref.RFC2119.1"><cite title="Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels">[RFC2119]</cite></a>.
593      </p>
594      <p id="rfc.section.1.1.p.2">An implementation is not compliant if it fails to satisfy one or more of the <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> or <em class="bcp14">REQUIRED</em> level requirements for the protocols it implements. An implementation that satisfies all the <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> or <em class="bcp14">REQUIRED</em> level and all the <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> level requirements for its protocols is said to be "unconditionally compliant"; one that satisfies all the <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> level requirements but not all the <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> level requirements for its protocols is said to be "conditionally compliant."
595      </p>
596      <h2 id="rfc.section.1.2"><a href="#rfc.section.1.2">1.2</a>&nbsp;<a id="notation" href="#notation">Syntax Notation</a></h2>
597      <p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.1">This specification uses the ABNF syntax defined in <a href="p1-messaging.html#notation" title="Syntax Notation">Section 1.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a> (which extends the syntax defined in <a href="#RFC5234" id="rfc.xref.RFC5234.1"><cite title="Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF">[RFC5234]</cite></a> with a list rule). <a href="#collected.abnf" title="Collected ABNF">Appendix&nbsp;B</a> shows the collected ABNF, with the list rule expanded.
598      </p>
599      <p id="rfc.section.1.2.p.2">The following core rules are included by reference, as defined in <a href="#RFC5234" id="rfc.xref.RFC5234.2"><cite title="Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF">[RFC5234]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5234#appendix-B.1">Appendix B.1</a>: ALPHA (letters), CR (carriage return), CRLF (CR LF), CTL (controls), DIGIT (decimal 0-9), DQUOTE (double quote), HEXDIG
600         (hexadecimal 0-9/A-F/a-f), LF (line feed), OCTET (any 8-bit sequence of data), SP (space), VCHAR (any visible USASCII character),
601         and WSP (whitespace).
602      </p>
603      <h3 id="rfc.section.1.2.1"><a href="#rfc.section.1.2.1">1.2.1</a>&nbsp;<a id="core.rules" href="#core.rules">Core Rules</a></h3>
604      <p id="rfc.section.1.2.1.p.1">The core rules below are defined in <a href="p1-messaging.html#basic.rules" title="Basic Rules">Section 1.2.2</a> of <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.2"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>:
605      </p>
606      <div id="rfc.figure.u.1"></div><pre class="inline">  <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">OWS</a>         = &lt;OWS, defined in <a href="#Part1" id="rfc.xref.Part1.3"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing">[Part1]</cite></a>, <a href="p1-messaging.html#basic.rules" title="Basic Rules">Section 1.2.2</a>&gt;
607</pre><h3 id="rfc.section.1.2.2"><a href="#rfc.section.1.2.2">1.2.2</a>&nbsp;<a id="abnf.dependencies" href="#abnf.dependencies">ABNF Rules defined in other Parts of the Specification</a></h3>
608      <p id="rfc.section.1.2.2.p.1">  The ABNF rules below are defined in other specifications:</p>
609      <div id="rfc.figure.u.2"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.1"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.2"></span>  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">challenge</a>   = &lt;challenge, defined in <a href="#RFC2617" id="rfc.xref.RFC2617.3"><cite title="HTTP Authentication: Basic and Digest Access Authentication">[RFC2617]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2617#section-1.2">Section 1.2</a>&gt;
610  <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">credentials</a> = &lt;credentials, defined in <a href="#RFC2617" id="rfc.xref.RFC2617.4"><cite title="HTTP Authentication: Basic and Digest Access Authentication">[RFC2617]</cite></a>, <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2617#section-1.2">Section 1.2</a>&gt;
611</pre><h1 id="rfc.section.2"><a href="#rfc.section.2">2.</a>&nbsp;Status Code Definitions
612      </h1>
613      <div id="rfc.iref.2"></div>
614      <div id="rfc.iref.s.1"></div>
615      <h2 id="rfc.section.2.1"><a href="#rfc.section.2.1">2.1</a>&nbsp;<a id="status.401" href="#status.401">401 Unauthorized</a></h2>
616      <p id="rfc.section.2.1.p.1">The request requires user authentication. The response <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> include a WWW-Authenticate header field (<a href="#header.www-authenticate" id="rfc.xref.header.www-authenticate.1" title="WWW-Authenticate">Section&nbsp;3.4</a>) containing a challenge applicable to the requested resource. The client <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> repeat the request with a suitable Authorization header field (<a href="#header.authorization" id="rfc.xref.header.authorization.1" title="Authorization">Section&nbsp;3.1</a>). If the request already included Authorization credentials, then the 401 response indicates that authorization has been
617         refused for those credentials. If the 401 response contains the same challenge as the prior response, and the user agent has
618         already attempted authentication at least once, then the user <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> be presented the entity that was given in the response, since that entity might include relevant diagnostic information. HTTP
619         access authentication is explained in "HTTP Authentication: Basic and Digest Access Authentication" <a href="#RFC2617" id="rfc.xref.RFC2617.5"><cite title="HTTP Authentication: Basic and Digest Access Authentication">[RFC2617]</cite></a>.
620      </p>
621      <div id="rfc.iref.3"></div>
622      <div id="rfc.iref.s.2"></div>
623      <h2 id="rfc.section.2.2"><a href="#rfc.section.2.2">2.2</a>&nbsp;<a id="status.407" href="#status.407">407 Proxy Authentication Required</a></h2>
624      <p id="rfc.section.2.2.p.1">This code is similar to 401 (Unauthorized), but indicates that the client must first authenticate itself with the proxy. The
625         proxy <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> return a Proxy-Authenticate header field (<a href="#header.proxy-authenticate" id="rfc.xref.header.proxy-authenticate.1" title="Proxy-Authenticate">Section&nbsp;3.2</a>) containing a challenge applicable to the proxy for the requested resource. The client <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> repeat the request with a suitable Proxy-Authorization header field (<a href="#header.proxy-authorization" id="rfc.xref.header.proxy-authorization.1" title="Proxy-Authorization">Section&nbsp;3.3</a>). HTTP access authentication is explained in "HTTP Authentication: Basic and Digest Access Authentication" <a href="#RFC2617" id="rfc.xref.RFC2617.6"><cite title="HTTP Authentication: Basic and Digest Access Authentication">[RFC2617]</cite></a>.
626      </p>
627      <h1 id="rfc.section.3"><a href="#rfc.section.3">3.</a>&nbsp;<a id="header.fields" href="#header.fields">Header Field Definitions</a></h1>
628      <p id="rfc.section.3.p.1">This section defines the syntax and semantics of HTTP/1.1 header fields related to authentication.</p>
629      <div id="rfc.iref.a.1"></div>
630      <div id="rfc.iref.h.1"></div>
631      <h2 id="rfc.section.3.1"><a href="#rfc.section.3.1">3.1</a>&nbsp;<a id="header.authorization" href="#header.authorization">Authorization</a></h2>
632      <p id="rfc.section.3.1.p.1">The "Authorization" request-header field allows a user agent to authenticate itself with a server -- usually, but not necessary,
633         after receiving a 401 (Unauthorized) response. Its value consists of credentials containing information of the user agent
634         for the realm of the resource being requested.
635      </p>
636      <div id="rfc.figure.u.3"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.3"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.4"></span>  <a href="#header.authorization" class="smpl">Authorization</a>   = "Authorization" ":" <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">OWS</a> <a href="#header.authorization" class="smpl">Authorization-v</a>
637  <a href="#header.authorization" class="smpl">Authorization-v</a> = <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">credentials</a>
638</pre><p id="rfc.section.3.1.p.3">HTTP access authentication is described in "HTTP Authentication: Basic and Digest Access Authentication" <a href="#RFC2617" id="rfc.xref.RFC2617.7"><cite title="HTTP Authentication: Basic and Digest Access Authentication">[RFC2617]</cite></a>. If a request is authenticated and a realm specified, the same credentials <em class="bcp14">SHOULD</em> be valid for all other requests within this realm (assuming that the authentication scheme itself does not require otherwise,
639         such as credentials that vary according to a challenge value or using synchronized clocks).
640      </p>
641      <p id="rfc.section.3.1.p.4">When a shared cache (see <a href="p6-cache.html#shared.and.non-shared.caches">Section 1.2</a> of <a href="#Part6" id="rfc.xref.Part6.1"><cite title="HTTP/1.1, part 6: Caching">[Part6]</cite></a>) receives a request containing an Authorization field, it <em class="bcp14">MUST NOT</em> return the corresponding response as a reply to any other request, unless one of the following specific exceptions holds:
642      </p>
643      <p id="rfc.section.3.1.p.5"> </p>
644      <ol>
645         <li>If the response includes the "s-maxage" cache-control directive, the cache <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> use that response in replying to a subsequent request. But (if the specified maximum age has passed) a proxy cache <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> first revalidate it with the origin server, using the request-headers from the new request to allow the origin server to authenticate
646            the new request. (This is the defined behavior for s-maxage.) If the response includes "s-maxage=0", the proxy <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> always revalidate it before re-using it.
647         </li>
648         <li>If the response includes the "must-revalidate" cache-control directive, the cache <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> use that response in replying to a subsequent request. But if the response is stale, all caches <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> first revalidate it with the origin server, using the request-headers from the new request to allow the origin server to authenticate
649            the new request.
650         </li>
651         <li>If the response includes the "public" cache-control directive, it <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> be returned in reply to any subsequent request.
652         </li>
653      </ol>
654      <div id="rfc.iref.p.1"></div>
655      <div id="rfc.iref.h.2"></div>
656      <h2 id="rfc.section.3.2"><a href="#rfc.section.3.2">3.2</a>&nbsp;<a id="header.proxy-authenticate" href="#header.proxy-authenticate">Proxy-Authenticate</a></h2>
657      <p id="rfc.section.3.2.p.1">The "Proxy-Authenticate" response-header field consists of a challenge that indicates the authentication scheme and parameters
658         applicable to the proxy for this request-target. It <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be included as part of a 407 (Proxy Authentication Required) response.
659      </p>
660      <div id="rfc.figure.u.4"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.5"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.6"></span>  <a href="#header.proxy-authenticate" class="smpl">Proxy-Authenticate</a>   = "Proxy-Authenticate" ":" <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">OWS</a>
661                         <a href="#header.proxy-authenticate" class="smpl">Proxy-Authenticate-v</a>
662  <a href="#header.proxy-authenticate" class="smpl">Proxy-Authenticate-v</a> = 1#<a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">challenge</a>
663</pre><p id="rfc.section.3.2.p.3">The HTTP access authentication process is described in "HTTP Authentication: Basic and Digest Access Authentication" <a href="#RFC2617" id="rfc.xref.RFC2617.8"><cite title="HTTP Authentication: Basic and Digest Access Authentication">[RFC2617]</cite></a>. Unlike WWW-Authenticate, the Proxy-Authenticate header field applies only to the current connection and <em class="bcp14">SHOULD NOT</em> be passed on to downstream clients. However, an intermediate proxy might need to obtain its own credentials by requesting
664         them from the downstream client, which in some circumstances will appear as if the proxy is forwarding the Proxy-Authenticate
665         header field.
666      </p>
667      <div id="rfc.iref.p.2"></div>
668      <div id="rfc.iref.h.3"></div>
669      <h2 id="rfc.section.3.3"><a href="#rfc.section.3.3">3.3</a>&nbsp;<a id="header.proxy-authorization" href="#header.proxy-authorization">Proxy-Authorization</a></h2>
670      <p id="rfc.section.3.3.p.1">The "Proxy-Authorization" request-header field allows the client to identify itself (or its user) to a proxy which requires
671         authentication. Its value consists of credentials containing the authentication information of the user agent for the proxy
672         and/or realm of the resource being requested.
673      </p>
674      <div id="rfc.figure.u.5"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.7"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.8"></span>  <a href="#header.proxy-authorization" class="smpl">Proxy-Authorization</a>   = "Proxy-Authorization" ":" <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">OWS</a>
675                          <a href="#header.proxy-authorization" class="smpl">Proxy-Authorization-v</a>
676  <a href="#header.proxy-authorization" class="smpl">Proxy-Authorization-v</a> = <a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">credentials</a>
677</pre><p id="rfc.section.3.3.p.3">The HTTP access authentication process is described in "HTTP Authentication: Basic and Digest Access Authentication" <a href="#RFC2617" id="rfc.xref.RFC2617.9"><cite title="HTTP Authentication: Basic and Digest Access Authentication">[RFC2617]</cite></a>. Unlike Authorization, the Proxy-Authorization header field applies only to the next outbound proxy that demanded authentication
678         using the Proxy-Authenticate field. When multiple proxies are used in a chain, the Proxy-Authorization header field is consumed
679         by the first outbound proxy that was expecting to receive credentials. A proxy <em class="bcp14">MAY</em> relay the credentials from the client request to the next proxy if that is the mechanism by which the proxies cooperatively
680         authenticate a given request.
681      </p>
682      <div id="rfc.iref.w.1"></div>
683      <div id="rfc.iref.h.4"></div>
684      <h2 id="rfc.section.3.4"><a href="#rfc.section.3.4">3.4</a>&nbsp;<a id="header.www-authenticate" href="#header.www-authenticate">WWW-Authenticate</a></h2>
685      <p id="rfc.section.3.4.p.1">The "WWW-Authenticate" response-header field consists of at least one challenge that indicates the authentication scheme(s)
686         and parameters applicable to the request-target. It <em class="bcp14">MUST</em> be included in 401 (Unauthorized) response messages.
687      </p>
688      <div id="rfc.figure.u.6"></div><pre class="inline"><span id="rfc.iref.g.9"></span><span id="rfc.iref.g.10"></span>  <a href="#header.www-authenticate" class="smpl">WWW-Authenticate</a>   = "WWW-Authenticate" ":" <a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">OWS</a> <a href="#header.www-authenticate" class="smpl">WWW-Authenticate-v</a>
689  <a href="#header.www-authenticate" class="smpl">WWW-Authenticate-v</a> = 1#<a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">challenge</a>
690</pre><p id="rfc.section.3.4.p.3">The HTTP access authentication process is described in "HTTP Authentication: Basic and Digest Access Authentication" <a href="#RFC2617" id="rfc.xref.RFC2617.10"><cite title="HTTP Authentication: Basic and Digest Access Authentication">[RFC2617]</cite></a>. User agents are advised to take special care in parsing the WWW-Authenticate field value as it might contain more than one
691         challenge, or if more than one WWW-Authenticate header field is provided, the contents of a challenge itself can contain a
692         comma-separated list of authentication parameters.
693      </p>
694      <h1 id="rfc.section.4"><a href="#rfc.section.4">4.</a>&nbsp;<a id="IANA.considerations" href="#IANA.considerations">IANA Considerations</a></h1>
695      <h2 id="rfc.section.4.1"><a href="#rfc.section.4.1">4.1</a>&nbsp;<a id="status.code.registration" href="#status.code.registration">Status Code Registration</a></h2>
696      <p id="rfc.section.4.1.p.1">The HTTP Status Code Registry located at &lt;<a href="http://www.iana.org/assignments/http-status-codes">http://www.iana.org/assignments/http-status-codes</a>&gt; should be updated with the registrations below:
697      </p>
698      <div id="rfc.table.1">
699         <div id="iana.status.code.registration.table"></div>
700         <table class="tt full left" cellpadding="3" cellspacing="0">
701            <thead>
702               <tr>
703                  <th>Value</th>
704                  <th>Description</th>
705                  <th>Reference</th>
706               </tr>
707            </thead>
708            <tbody>
709               <tr>
710                  <td class="left">401</td>
711                  <td class="left">Unauthorized</td>
712                  <td class="left"> <a href="#status.401" id="rfc.xref.status.401.1" title="401 Unauthorized">Section&nbsp;2.1</a> 
713                  </td>
714               </tr>
715               <tr>
716                  <td class="left">407</td>
717                  <td class="left">Proxy Authentication Required</td>
718                  <td class="left"> <a href="#status.407" id="rfc.xref.status.407.1" title="407 Proxy Authentication Required">Section&nbsp;2.2</a> 
719                  </td>
720               </tr>
721            </tbody>
722         </table>
723      </div>
724      <h2 id="rfc.section.4.2"><a href="#rfc.section.4.2">4.2</a>&nbsp;<a id="message.header.registration" href="#message.header.registration">Message Header Registration</a></h2>
725      <p id="rfc.section.4.2.p.1">The Message Header Registry located at &lt;<a href="http://www.iana.org/assignments/message-headers/message-header-index.html">http://www.iana.org/assignments/message-headers/message-header-index.html</a>&gt; should be updated with the permanent registrations below (see <a href="#RFC3864" id="rfc.xref.RFC3864.1"><cite title="Registration Procedures for Message Header Fields">[RFC3864]</cite></a>):
726      </p>
727      <div id="rfc.table.2">
728         <div id="iana.header.registration.table"></div>
729         <table class="tt full left" cellpadding="3" cellspacing="0">
730            <thead>
731               <tr>
732                  <th>Header Field Name</th>
733                  <th>Protocol</th>
734                  <th>Status</th>
735                  <th>Reference</th>
736               </tr>
737            </thead>
738            <tbody>
739               <tr>
740                  <td class="left">Authorization</td>
741                  <td class="left">http</td>
742                  <td class="left">standard</td>
743                  <td class="left"> <a href="#header.authorization" id="rfc.xref.header.authorization.2" title="Authorization">Section&nbsp;3.1</a> 
744                  </td>
745               </tr>
746               <tr>
747                  <td class="left">Proxy-Authenticate</td>
748                  <td class="left">http</td>
749                  <td class="left">standard</td>
750                  <td class="left"> <a href="#header.proxy-authenticate" id="rfc.xref.header.proxy-authenticate.2" title="Proxy-Authenticate">Section&nbsp;3.2</a> 
751                  </td>
752               </tr>
753               <tr>
754                  <td class="left">Proxy-Authorization</td>
755                  <td class="left">http</td>
756                  <td class="left">standard</td>
757                  <td class="left"> <a href="#header.proxy-authorization" id="rfc.xref.header.proxy-authorization.2" title="Proxy-Authorization">Section&nbsp;3.3</a> 
758                  </td>
759               </tr>
760               <tr>
761                  <td class="left">WWW-Authenticate</td>
762                  <td class="left">http</td>
763                  <td class="left">standard</td>
764                  <td class="left"> <a href="#header.www-authenticate" id="rfc.xref.header.www-authenticate.2" title="WWW-Authenticate">Section&nbsp;3.4</a> 
765                  </td>
766               </tr>
767            </tbody>
768         </table>
769      </div>
770      <p id="rfc.section.4.2.p.2">The change controller is: "IETF (iesg@ietf.org) - Internet Engineering Task Force".</p>
771      <h1 id="rfc.section.5"><a href="#rfc.section.5">5.</a>&nbsp;<a id="security.considerations" href="#security.considerations">Security Considerations</a></h1>
772      <p id="rfc.section.5.p.1">This section is meant to inform application developers, information providers, and users of the security limitations in HTTP/1.1
773         as described by this document. The discussion does not include definitive solutions to the problems revealed, though it does
774         make some suggestions for reducing security risks.
775      </p>
776      <h2 id="rfc.section.5.1"><a href="#rfc.section.5.1">5.1</a>&nbsp;<a id="auth.credentials.and.idle.clients" href="#auth.credentials.and.idle.clients">Authentication Credentials and Idle Clients</a></h2>
777      <p id="rfc.section.5.1.p.1">Existing HTTP clients and user agents typically retain authentication information indefinitely. HTTP/1.1 does not provide
778         a method for a server to direct clients to discard these cached credentials. This is a significant defect that requires further
779         extensions to HTTP. Circumstances under which credential caching can interfere with the application's security model include
780         but are not limited to:
781      </p>
782      <ul>
783         <li>Clients which have been idle for an extended period following which the server might wish to cause the client to reprompt
784            the user for credentials.
785         </li>
786         <li>Applications which include a session termination indication (such as a `logout' or `commit' button on a page) after which
787            the server side of the application `knows' that there is no further reason for the client to retain the credentials.
788         </li>
789      </ul>
790      <p id="rfc.section.5.1.p.2">This is currently under separate study. There are a number of work-arounds to parts of this problem, and we encourage the
791         use of password protection in screen savers, idle time-outs, and other methods which mitigate the security problems inherent
792         in this problem. In particular, user agents which cache credentials are encouraged to provide a readily accessible mechanism
793         for discarding cached credentials under user control.
794      </p>
795      <h1 id="rfc.section.6"><a href="#rfc.section.6">6.</a>&nbsp;<a id="ack" href="#ack">Acknowledgments</a></h1>
796      <p id="rfc.section.6.p.1"> <span class="comment" id="rfc.comment.1">[<a href="#rfc.comment.1" class="smpl">rfc.comment.1</a>: TBD.]</span> 
797      </p>
798      <h1 id="rfc.references"><a id="rfc.section.7" href="#rfc.section.7">7.</a> References
799      </h1>
800      <h2 id="rfc.references.1"><a href="#rfc.section.7.1" id="rfc.section.7.1">7.1</a> Normative References
801      </h2>
802      <table>         
803         <tr>
804            <td class="reference"><b id="Part1">[Part1]</b></td>
805            <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Day Software">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:jg@laptop.org" title="One Laptop per Child">Gettys, J.</a>, <a href="mailto:JeffMogul@acm.org" title="Hewlett-Packard Company">Mogul, J.</a>, <a href="mailto:henrikn@microsoft.com" title="Microsoft Corporation">Frystyk, H.</a>, <a href="mailto:LMM@acm.org" title="Adobe Systems, Incorporated">Masinter, L.</a>, <a href="mailto:paulle@microsoft.com" title="Microsoft Corporation">Leach, P.</a>, <a href="mailto:timbl@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Berners-Lee, T.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. F. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and Message Parsing</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-latest (work in progress), November&nbsp;2009.
806            </td>
807         </tr>
808         <tr>
809            <td class="reference"><b id="Part6">[Part6]</b></td>
810            <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com" title="Day Software">Fielding, R., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:jg@laptop.org" title="One Laptop per Child">Gettys, J.</a>, <a href="mailto:JeffMogul@acm.org" title="Hewlett-Packard Company">Mogul, J.</a>, <a href="mailto:henrikn@microsoft.com" title="Microsoft Corporation">Frystyk, H.</a>, <a href="mailto:LMM@acm.org" title="Adobe Systems, Incorporated">Masinter, L.</a>, <a href="mailto:paulle@microsoft.com" title="Microsoft Corporation">Leach, P.</a>, <a href="mailto:timbl@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Berners-Lee, T.</a>, <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org" title="World Wide Web Consortium">Lafon, Y., Ed.</a>, <a href="mailto:mnot@mnot.net">Nottingham, M., Ed.</a>, and <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de" title="greenbytes GmbH">J. F. Reschke, Ed.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p6-cache-latest">HTTP/1.1, part 6: Caching</a>”, Internet-Draft&nbsp;draft-ietf-httpbis-p6-cache-latest (work in progress), November&nbsp;2009.
811            </td>
812         </tr>
813         <tr>
814            <td class="reference"><b id="RFC2119">[RFC2119]</b></td>
815            <td class="top"><a href="mailto:sob@harvard.edu" title="Harvard University">Bradner, S.</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2119">Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels</a>”, BCP&nbsp;14, RFC&nbsp;2119, March&nbsp;1997.
816            </td>
817         </tr>
818         <tr>
819            <td class="reference"><b id="RFC2617">[RFC2617]</b></td>
820            <td class="top"><a href="mailto:john@math.nwu.edu" title="Northwestern University, Department of Mathematics">Franks, J.</a>, <a href="mailto:pbaker@verisign.com" title="Verisign Inc.">Hallam-Baker, P.M.</a>, <a href="mailto:jeff@AbiSource.com" title="AbiSource, Inc.">Hostetler, J.L.</a>, <a href="mailto:lawrence@agranat.com" title="Agranat Systems, Inc.">Lawrence, S.D.</a>, <a href="mailto:paulle@microsoft.com" title="Microsoft Corporation">Leach, P.J.</a>, Luotonen, A., and <a href="mailto:stewart@OpenMarket.com" title="Open Market, Inc.">L. Stewart</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2617">HTTP Authentication: Basic and Digest Access Authentication</a>”, RFC&nbsp;2617, June&nbsp;1999.
821            </td>
822         </tr>
823         <tr>
824            <td class="reference"><b id="RFC5234">[RFC5234]</b></td>
825            <td class="top"><a href="mailto:dcrocker@bbiw.net" title="Brandenburg InternetWorking">Crocker, D., Ed.</a> and <a href="mailto:paul.overell@thus.net" title="THUS plc.">P. Overell</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5234">Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF</a>”, STD&nbsp;68, RFC&nbsp;5234, January&nbsp;2008.
826            </td>
827         </tr>
828      </table>
829      <h2 id="rfc.references.2"><a href="#rfc.section.7.2" id="rfc.section.7.2">7.2</a> Informative References
830      </h2>
831      <table>   
832         <tr>
833            <td class="reference"><b id="RFC2616">[RFC2616]</b></td>
834            <td class="top"><a href="mailto:fielding@ics.uci.edu" title="University of California, Irvine">Fielding, R.</a>, <a href="mailto:jg@w3.org" title="W3C">Gettys, J.</a>, <a href="mailto:mogul@wrl.dec.com" title="Compaq Computer Corporation">Mogul, J.</a>, <a href="mailto:frystyk@w3.org" title="MIT Laboratory for Computer Science">Frystyk, H.</a>, <a href="mailto:masinter@parc.xerox.com" title="Xerox Corporation">Masinter, L.</a>, <a href="mailto:paulle@microsoft.com" title="Microsoft Corporation">Leach, P.</a>, and <a href="mailto:timbl@w3.org" title="W3C">T. Berners-Lee</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2616">Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1</a>”, RFC&nbsp;2616, June&nbsp;1999.
835            </td>
836         </tr>
837         <tr>
838            <td class="reference"><b id="RFC3864">[RFC3864]</b></td>
839            <td class="top"><a href="mailto:GK-IETF@ninebynine.org" title="Nine by Nine">Klyne, G.</a>, <a href="mailto:mnot@pobox.com" title="BEA Systems">Nottingham, M.</a>, and <a href="mailto:JeffMogul@acm.org" title="HP Labs">J. Mogul</a>, “<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3864">Registration Procedures for Message Header Fields</a>”, BCP&nbsp;90, RFC&nbsp;3864, September&nbsp;2004.
840            </td>
841         </tr>
842      </table>
843      <div class="avoidbreak">
844         <h1 id="rfc.authors"><a href="#rfc.authors">Authors' Addresses</a></h1>
845         <address class="vcard"><span class="vcardline"><span class="fn">Roy T. Fielding</span>
846               (editor)
847               <span class="n hidden"><span class="family-name">Fielding</span><span class="given-name">Roy T.</span></span></span><span class="org vcardline">Day Software</span><span class="adr"><span class="street-address vcardline">23 Corporate Plaza DR, Suite 280</span><span class="vcardline"><span class="locality">Newport Beach</span>, <span class="region">CA</span>&nbsp;<span class="postal-code">92660</span></span><span class="country-name vcardline">USA</span></span><span class="vcardline tel">Phone: <a href="tel:+1-949-706-5300"><span class="value">+1-949-706-5300</span></a></span><span class="vcardline tel"><span class="type">Fax</span>: <a href="fax:+1-949-706-5305"><span class="value">+1-949-706-5305</span></a></span><span class="vcardline">EMail: <a href="mailto:fielding@gbiv.com"><span class="email">fielding@gbiv.com</span></a></span><span class="vcardline">URI: <a href="http://roy.gbiv.com/" class="url">http://roy.gbiv.com/</a></span></address>
848         <address class="vcard"><span class="vcardline"><span class="fn">Jim Gettys</span><span class="n hidden"><span class="family-name">Gettys</span><span class="given-name">Jim</span></span></span><span class="org vcardline">One Laptop per Child</span><span class="adr"><span class="street-address vcardline">21 Oak Knoll Road</span><span class="vcardline"><span class="locality">Carlisle</span>, <span class="region">MA</span>&nbsp;<span class="postal-code">01741</span></span><span class="country-name vcardline">USA</span></span><span class="vcardline">EMail: <a href="mailto:jg@laptop.org"><span class="email">jg@laptop.org</span></a></span><span class="vcardline">URI: <a href="http://www.laptop.org/" class="url">http://www.laptop.org/</a></span></address>
849         <address class="vcard"><span class="vcardline"><span class="fn">Jeffrey C. Mogul</span><span class="n hidden"><span class="family-name">Mogul</span><span class="given-name">Jeffrey C.</span></span></span><span class="org vcardline">Hewlett-Packard Company</span><span class="adr"><span class="street-address vcardline">HP Labs, Large Scale Systems Group</span><span class="street-address vcardline">1501 Page Mill Road, MS 1177</span><span class="vcardline"><span class="locality">Palo Alto</span>, <span class="region">CA</span>&nbsp;<span class="postal-code">94304</span></span><span class="country-name vcardline">USA</span></span><span class="vcardline">EMail: <a href="mailto:JeffMogul@acm.org"><span class="email">JeffMogul@acm.org</span></a></span></address>
850         <address class="vcard"><span class="vcardline"><span class="fn">Henrik Frystyk Nielsen</span><span class="n hidden"><span class="family-name">Frystyk</span></span></span><span class="org vcardline">Microsoft Corporation</span><span class="adr"><span class="street-address vcardline">1 Microsoft Way</span><span class="vcardline"><span class="locality">Redmond</span>, <span class="region">WA</span>&nbsp;<span class="postal-code">98052</span></span><span class="country-name vcardline">USA</span></span><span class="vcardline">EMail: <a href="mailto:henrikn@microsoft.com"><span class="email">henrikn@microsoft.com</span></a></span></address>
851         <address class="vcard"><span class="vcardline"><span class="fn">Larry Masinter</span><span class="n hidden"><span class="family-name">Masinter</span><span class="given-name">Larry</span></span></span><span class="org vcardline">Adobe Systems, Incorporated</span><span class="adr"><span class="street-address vcardline">345 Park Ave</span><span class="vcardline"><span class="locality">San Jose</span>, <span class="region">CA</span>&nbsp;<span class="postal-code">95110</span></span><span class="country-name vcardline">USA</span></span><span class="vcardline">EMail: <a href="mailto:LMM@acm.org"><span class="email">LMM@acm.org</span></a></span><span class="vcardline">URI: <a href="http://larry.masinter.net/" class="url">http://larry.masinter.net/</a></span></address>
852         <address class="vcard"><span class="vcardline"><span class="fn">Paul J. Leach</span><span class="n hidden"><span class="family-name">Leach</span><span class="given-name">Paul J.</span></span></span><span class="org vcardline">Microsoft Corporation</span><span class="adr"><span class="street-address vcardline">1 Microsoft Way</span><span class="vcardline"><span class="locality">Redmond</span>, <span class="region">WA</span>&nbsp;<span class="postal-code">98052</span></span></span><span class="vcardline">EMail: <a href="mailto:paulle@microsoft.com"><span class="email">paulle@microsoft.com</span></a></span></address>
853         <address class="vcard"><span class="vcardline"><span class="fn">Tim Berners-Lee</span><span class="n hidden"><span class="family-name">Berners-Lee</span><span class="given-name">Tim</span></span></span><span class="org vcardline">World Wide Web Consortium</span><span class="adr"><span class="street-address vcardline">MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory</span><span class="street-address vcardline">The Stata Center, Building 32</span><span class="street-address vcardline">32 Vassar Street</span><span class="vcardline"><span class="locality">Cambridge</span>, <span class="region">MA</span>&nbsp;<span class="postal-code">02139</span></span><span class="country-name vcardline">USA</span></span><span class="vcardline">EMail: <a href="mailto:timbl@w3.org"><span class="email">timbl@w3.org</span></a></span><span class="vcardline">URI: <a href="http://www.w3.org/People/Berners-Lee/" class="url">http://www.w3.org/People/Berners-Lee/</a></span></address>
854         <address class="vcard"><span class="vcardline"><span class="fn">Yves Lafon</span>
855               (editor)
856               <span class="n hidden"><span class="family-name">Lafon</span><span class="given-name">Yves</span></span></span><span class="org vcardline">World Wide Web Consortium</span><span class="adr"><span class="street-address vcardline">W3C / ERCIM</span><span class="street-address vcardline">2004, rte des Lucioles</span><span class="vcardline"><span class="locality">Sophia-Antipolis</span>, <span class="region">AM</span>&nbsp;<span class="postal-code">06902</span></span><span class="country-name vcardline">France</span></span><span class="vcardline">EMail: <a href="mailto:ylafon@w3.org"><span class="email">ylafon@w3.org</span></a></span><span class="vcardline">URI: <a href="http://www.raubacapeu.net/people/yves/" class="url">http://www.raubacapeu.net/people/yves/</a></span></address>
857         <address class="vcard"><span class="vcardline"><span class="fn">Julian F. Reschke</span>
858               (editor)
859               <span class="n hidden"><span class="family-name">Reschke</span><span class="given-name">Julian F.</span></span></span><span class="org vcardline">greenbytes GmbH</span><span class="adr"><span class="street-address vcardline">Hafenweg 16</span><span class="vcardline"><span class="locality">Muenster</span>, <span class="region">NW</span>&nbsp;<span class="postal-code">48155</span></span><span class="country-name vcardline">Germany</span></span><span class="vcardline tel">Phone: <a href="tel:+492512807760"><span class="value">+49 251 2807760</span></a></span><span class="vcardline tel"><span class="type">Fax</span>: <a href="fax:+492512807761"><span class="value">+49 251 2807761</span></a></span><span class="vcardline">EMail: <a href="mailto:julian.reschke@greenbytes.de"><span class="email">julian.reschke@greenbytes.de</span></a></span><span class="vcardline">URI: <a href="http://greenbytes.de/tech/webdav/" class="url">http://greenbytes.de/tech/webdav/</a></span></address>
860      </div>
861      <h1 id="rfc.section.A" class="np"><a href="#rfc.section.A">A.</a>&nbsp;<a id="compatibility" href="#compatibility">Compatibility with Previous Versions</a></h1>
862      <h2 id="rfc.section.A.1"><a href="#rfc.section.A.1">A.1</a>&nbsp;<a id="changes.from.rfc.2616" href="#changes.from.rfc.2616">Changes from RFC 2616</a></h2>
863      <h1 id="rfc.section.B"><a href="#rfc.section.B">B.</a>&nbsp;<a id="collected.abnf" href="#collected.abnf">Collected ABNF</a></h1>
864      <div id="rfc.figure.u.7"></div> <pre class="inline"><a href="#header.authorization" class="smpl">Authorization</a> = "Authorization:" OWS Authorization-v
865<a href="#header.authorization" class="smpl">Authorization-v</a> = credentials
866
867<a href="#core.rules" class="smpl">OWS</a> = &lt;OWS, defined in [Part1], Section 1.2.2&gt;
868
869<a href="#header.proxy-authenticate" class="smpl">Proxy-Authenticate</a> = "Proxy-Authenticate:" OWS Proxy-Authenticate-v
870<a href="#header.proxy-authenticate" class="smpl">Proxy-Authenticate-v</a> = *( "," OWS ) challenge *( OWS "," [ OWS
871 challenge ] )
872<a href="#header.proxy-authorization" class="smpl">Proxy-Authorization</a> = "Proxy-Authorization:" OWS
873 Proxy-Authorization-v
874<a href="#header.proxy-authorization" class="smpl">Proxy-Authorization-v</a> = credentials
875
876<a href="#header.www-authenticate" class="smpl">WWW-Authenticate</a> = "WWW-Authenticate:" OWS WWW-Authenticate-v
877<a href="#header.www-authenticate" class="smpl">WWW-Authenticate-v</a> = *( "," OWS ) challenge *( OWS "," [ OWS
878 challenge ] )
879
880<a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">challenge</a> = &lt;challenge, defined in [RFC2617], Section 1.2&gt;
881<a href="#abnf.dependencies" class="smpl">credentials</a> = &lt;credentials, defined in [RFC2617], Section 1.2&gt;
882</pre> <div id="rfc.figure.u.8"></div>
883      <p>ABNF diagnostics:</p><pre class="inline">; Authorization defined but not used
884; Proxy-Authenticate defined but not used
885; Proxy-Authorization defined but not used
886; WWW-Authenticate defined but not used
887</pre><h1 id="rfc.section.C"><a href="#rfc.section.C">C.</a>&nbsp;<a id="change.log" href="#change.log">Change Log (to be removed by RFC Editor before publication)</a></h1>
888      <h2 id="rfc.section.C.1"><a href="#rfc.section.C.1">C.1</a>&nbsp;Since RFC2616
889      </h2>
890      <p id="rfc.section.C.1.p.1">Extracted relevant partitions from <a href="#RFC2616" id="rfc.xref.RFC2616.2"><cite title="Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1">[RFC2616]</cite></a>.
891      </p>
892      <h2 id="rfc.section.C.2"><a href="#rfc.section.C.2">C.2</a>&nbsp;Since draft-ietf-httpbis-p7-auth-00
893      </h2>
894      <p id="rfc.section.C.2.p.1">Closed issues: </p>
895      <ul>
896         <li> &lt;<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/35">http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/35</a>&gt;: "Normative and Informative references"
897         </li>
898      </ul>
899      <h2 id="rfc.section.C.3"><a href="#rfc.section.C.3">C.3</a>&nbsp;Since draft-ietf-httpbis-p7-auth-01
900      </h2>
901      <p id="rfc.section.C.3.p.1">Ongoing work on ABNF conversion (&lt;<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/36">http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/36</a>&gt;):
902      </p>
903      <ul>
904         <li>Explicitly import BNF rules for "challenge" and "credentials" from RFC2617.</li>
905         <li>Add explicit references to BNF syntax and rules imported from other parts of the specification.</li>
906      </ul>
907      <h2 id="rfc.section.C.4"><a href="#rfc.section.C.4">C.4</a>&nbsp;<a id="changes.since.02" href="#changes.since.02">Since draft-ietf-httpbis-p7-auth-02</a></h2>
908      <p id="rfc.section.C.4.p.1">Ongoing work on IANA Message Header Registration (&lt;<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/40">http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/40</a>&gt;):
909      </p>
910      <ul>
911         <li>Reference RFC 3984, and update header registrations for headers defined in this document.</li>
912      </ul>
913      <h2 id="rfc.section.C.5"><a href="#rfc.section.C.5">C.5</a>&nbsp;<a id="changes.since.03" href="#changes.since.03">Since draft-ietf-httpbis-p7-auth-03</a></h2>
914      <h2 id="rfc.section.C.6"><a href="#rfc.section.C.6">C.6</a>&nbsp;<a id="changes.since.04" href="#changes.since.04">Since draft-ietf-httpbis-p7-auth-04</a></h2>
915      <p id="rfc.section.C.6.p.1">Ongoing work on ABNF conversion (&lt;<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/36">http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/36</a>&gt;):
916      </p>
917      <ul>
918         <li>Use "/" instead of "|" for alternatives.</li>
919         <li>Introduce new ABNF rules for "bad" whitespace ("BWS"), optional whitespace ("OWS") and required whitespace ("RWS").</li>
920         <li>Rewrite ABNFs to spell out whitespace rules, factor out header value format definitions.</li>
921      </ul>
922      <h2 id="rfc.section.C.7"><a href="#rfc.section.C.7">C.7</a>&nbsp;<a id="changes.since.05" href="#changes.since.05">Since draft-ietf-httpbis-p7-auth-05</a></h2>
923      <p id="rfc.section.C.7.p.1">Final work on ABNF conversion (&lt;<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/36">http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/36</a>&gt;):
924      </p>
925      <ul>
926         <li>Add appendix containing collected and expanded ABNF, reorganize ABNF introduction.</li>
927      </ul>
928      <h2 id="rfc.section.C.8"><a href="#rfc.section.C.8">C.8</a>&nbsp;<a id="changes.since.06" href="#changes.since.06">Since draft-ietf-httpbis-p7-auth-06</a></h2>
929      <p id="rfc.section.C.8.p.1">None.</p>
930      <h2 id="rfc.section.C.9"><a href="#rfc.section.C.9">C.9</a>&nbsp;<a id="changes.since.07" href="#changes.since.07">Since draft-ietf-httpbis-p7-auth-07</a></h2>
931      <p id="rfc.section.C.9.p.1">Closed issues: </p>
932      <ul>
933         <li> &lt;<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/198">http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/198</a>&gt;: "move IANA registrations for optional status codes"
934         </li>
935      </ul>
936      <h2 id="rfc.section.C.10"><a href="#rfc.section.C.10">C.10</a>&nbsp;<a id="changes.since.08" href="#changes.since.08">Since draft-ietf-httpbis-p7-auth-08</a></h2>
937      <p id="rfc.section.C.10.p.1">None yet.</p>
938      <h1 id="rfc.index"><a href="#rfc.index">Index</a></h1>
939      <p class="noprint"><a href="#rfc.index.4">4</a> <a href="#rfc.index.A">A</a> <a href="#rfc.index.G">G</a> <a href="#rfc.index.H">H</a> <a href="#rfc.index.P">P</a> <a href="#rfc.index.R">R</a> <a href="#rfc.index.S">S</a> <a href="#rfc.index.W">W</a> 
940      </p>
941      <div class="print2col">
942         <ul class="ind">
943            <li class="indline0"><a id="rfc.index.4" href="#rfc.index.4"><b>4</b></a><ul class="ind">
944                  <li class="indline1">401 Unauthorized (status code)&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.2"><b>2.1</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.status.401.1">4.1</a></li>
945                  <li class="indline1">407 Proxy Authentication Required (status code)&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.3"><b>2.2</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.status.407.1">4.1</a></li>
946               </ul>
947            </li>
948            <li class="indline0"><a id="rfc.index.A" href="#rfc.index.A"><b>A</b></a><ul class="ind">
949                  <li class="indline1">Authorization header&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.header.authorization.1">2.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.a.1"><b>3.1</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.header.authorization.2">4.2</a></li>
950               </ul>
951            </li>
952            <li class="indline0"><a id="rfc.index.G" href="#rfc.index.G"><b>G</b></a><ul class="ind">
953                  <li class="indline1"><tt>Grammar</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;
954                     <ul class="ind">
955                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Authorization</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.3"><b>3.1</b></a></li>
956                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Authorization-v</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.4"><b>3.1</b></a></li>
957                        <li class="indline1"><tt>challenge</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.1"><b>1.2.2</b></a></li>
958                        <li class="indline1"><tt>credentials</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.2"><b>1.2.2</b></a></li>
959                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Proxy-Authenticate</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.5"><b>3.2</b></a></li>
960                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Proxy-Authenticate-v</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.6"><b>3.2</b></a></li>
961                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Proxy-Authorization</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.7"><b>3.3</b></a></li>
962                        <li class="indline1"><tt>Proxy-Authorization-v</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.8"><b>3.3</b></a></li>
963                        <li class="indline1"><tt>WWW-Authenticate</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.9"><b>3.4</b></a></li>
964                        <li class="indline1"><tt>WWW-Authenticate-v</tt>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.g.10"><b>3.4</b></a></li>
965                     </ul>
966                  </li>
967               </ul>
968            </li>
969            <li class="indline0"><a id="rfc.index.H" href="#rfc.index.H"><b>H</b></a><ul class="ind">
970                  <li class="indline1">Headers&nbsp;&nbsp;
971                     <ul class="ind">
972                        <li class="indline1">Authorization&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.header.authorization.1">2.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.h.1"><b>3.1</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.header.authorization.2">4.2</a></li>
973                        <li class="indline1">Proxy-Authenticate&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.header.proxy-authenticate.1">2.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.h.2"><b>3.2</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.header.proxy-authenticate.2">4.2</a></li>
974                        <li class="indline1">Proxy-Authorization&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.header.proxy-authorization.1">2.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.h.3"><b>3.3</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.header.proxy-authorization.2">4.2</a></li>
975                        <li class="indline1">WWW-Authenticate&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.header.www-authenticate.1">2.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.h.4"><b>3.4</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.header.www-authenticate.2">4.2</a></li>
976                     </ul>
977                  </li>
978               </ul>
979            </li>
980            <li class="indline0"><a id="rfc.index.P" href="#rfc.index.P"><b>P</b></a><ul class="ind">
981                  <li class="indline1"><em>Part1</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.1">1.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.2">1.2.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.3">1.2.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#Part1"><b>7.1</b></a><ul class="ind">
982                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 1.2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.1">1.2</a></li>
983                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 1.2.2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.2">1.2.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part1.3">1.2.1</a></li>
984                     </ul>
985                  </li>
986                  <li class="indline1"><em>Part6</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.1">3.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#Part6"><b>7.1</b></a><ul class="ind">
987                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 1.2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.Part6.1">3.1</a></li>
988                     </ul>
989                  </li>
990                  <li class="indline1">Proxy-Authenticate header&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.header.proxy-authenticate.1">2.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.p.1"><b>3.2</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.header.proxy-authenticate.2">4.2</a></li>
991                  <li class="indline1">Proxy-Authorization header&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.header.proxy-authorization.1">2.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.p.2"><b>3.3</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.header.proxy-authorization.2">4.2</a></li>
992               </ul>
993            </li>
994            <li class="indline0"><a id="rfc.index.R" href="#rfc.index.R"><b>R</b></a><ul class="ind">
995                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC2119</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2119.1">1.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC2119"><b>7.1</b></a></li>
996                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC2616</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2616.1">1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC2616"><b>7.2</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2616.2">C.1</a></li>
997                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC2617</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2617.1">1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2617.2">1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2617.3">1.2.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2617.4">1.2.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2617.5">2.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2617.6">2.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2617.7">3.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2617.8">3.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2617.9">3.3</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2617.10">3.4</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC2617"><b>7.1</b></a><ul class="ind">
998                        <li class="indline1"><em>Section 1.2</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2617.3">1.2.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC2617.4">1.2.2</a></li>
999                     </ul>
1000                  </li>
1001                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC3864</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC3864.1">4.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC3864"><b>7.2</b></a></li>
1002                  <li class="indline1"><em>RFC5234</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC5234.1">1.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC5234.2">1.2</a>, <a class="iref" href="#RFC5234"><b>7.1</b></a><ul class="ind">
1003                        <li class="indline1"><em>Appendix B.1</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.RFC5234.2">1.2</a></li>
1004                     </ul>
1005                  </li>
1006               </ul>
1007            </li>
1008            <li class="indline0"><a id="rfc.index.S" href="#rfc.index.S"><b>S</b></a><ul class="ind">
1009                  <li class="indline1">Status Codes&nbsp;&nbsp;
1010                     <ul class="ind">
1011                        <li class="indline1">401 Unauthorized&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.s.1"><b>2.1</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.status.401.1">4.1</a></li>
1012                        <li class="indline1">407 Proxy Authentication Required&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.s.2"><b>2.2</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.status.407.1">4.1</a></li>
1013                     </ul>
1014                  </li>
1015               </ul>
1016            </li>
1017            <li class="indline0"><a id="rfc.index.W" href="#rfc.index.W"><b>W</b></a><ul class="ind">
1018                  <li class="indline1">WWW-Authenticate header&nbsp;&nbsp;<a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.header.www-authenticate.1">2.1</a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.iref.w.1"><b>3.4</b></a>, <a class="iref" href="#rfc.xref.header.www-authenticate.2">4.2</a></li>
1019               </ul>
1020            </li>
1021         </ul>
1022      </div>
1023   </body>
1024</html>
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