source: draft-ietf-httpbis/latest/p4-conditional.xml @ 2356

Last change on this file since 2356 was 2355, checked in by fielding@…, 6 years ago

Rephrase If-Match and If-Unmodified-Since, again, to describe how a cache is supposed to evaluate them; addresses part of #479

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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
2<?xml-stylesheet type='text/xsl' href='../myxml2rfc.xslt'?>
3<!DOCTYPE rfc [
4  <!ENTITY MAY "<bcp14 xmlns='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'>MAY</bcp14>">
5  <!ENTITY MUST "<bcp14 xmlns='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'>MUST</bcp14>">
6  <!ENTITY MUST-NOT "<bcp14 xmlns='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'>MUST NOT</bcp14>">
7  <!ENTITY OPTIONAL "<bcp14 xmlns='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'>OPTIONAL</bcp14>">
8  <!ENTITY RECOMMENDED "<bcp14 xmlns='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'>RECOMMENDED</bcp14>">
9  <!ENTITY REQUIRED "<bcp14 xmlns='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'>REQUIRED</bcp14>">
10  <!ENTITY SHALL "<bcp14 xmlns='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'>SHALL</bcp14>">
11  <!ENTITY SHALL-NOT "<bcp14 xmlns='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'>SHALL NOT</bcp14>">
12  <!ENTITY SHOULD "<bcp14 xmlns='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'>SHOULD</bcp14>">
13  <!ENTITY SHOULD-NOT "<bcp14 xmlns='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'>SHOULD NOT</bcp14>">
14  <!ENTITY ID-VERSION "latest">
15  <!ENTITY ID-MONTH "August">
16  <!ENTITY ID-YEAR "2013">
17  <!ENTITY Note "<x:h xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'>Note:</x:h>">
18  <!ENTITY architecture               "<xref target='Part1' x:rel='#architecture' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
19  <!ENTITY conformance                "<xref target='Part1' x:rel='#conformance' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
20  <!ENTITY notation                   "<xref target='Part1' x:rel='#notation' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
21  <!ENTITY abnf-extension             "<xref target='Part1' x:rel='#abnf.extension' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
22  <!ENTITY acks                       "<xref target='Part1' x:rel='#acks' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
23  <!ENTITY whitespace                 "<xref target='Part1' x:rel='#whitespace' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
24  <!ENTITY field-components           "<xref target='Part1' x:rel='#field.components' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
25  <!ENTITY header-date                "<xref target='Part2' x:rel='#header.date' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
26  <!ENTITY safe-methods               "<xref target='Part2' x:rel='#safe.methods' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
27  <!ENTITY representation             "<xref target='Part2' x:rel='#representations' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
28  <!ENTITY messaging                  "<xref target='Part1' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
29  <!ENTITY semantics                  "<xref target='Part2' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
30  <!ENTITY caching                    "<xref target='Part6' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
31  <!ENTITY cache-key                  "<xref target='Part6' x:rel='#constructing.responses.from.caches' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
32  <!ENTITY freshening-responses       "<xref target='Part6' x:rel='#freshening.responses' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
33  <!ENTITY header-accept-encoding     "<xref target='Part2' x:rel='#header.accept-encoding' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
34  <!ENTITY header-if-range            "<xref target='Part5' x:rel='#header.if-range' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
35  <!ENTITY header-range               "<xref target='Part5' x:rel='#header.range' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
36  <!ENTITY header-vary                "<xref target='Part2' x:rel='#header.vary' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
37  <!ENTITY http-date                  "<xref target='Part2' x:rel='#http.date' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
38  <!ENTITY transfer-codings           "<xref target='Part1' x:rel='#transfer.codings' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
39  <!ENTITY content-negotiation        "<xref target='Part2' x:rel='#content.negotiation' xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'/>">
40]>
41<?rfc toc="yes" ?>
42<?rfc symrefs="yes" ?>
43<?rfc sortrefs="yes" ?>
44<?rfc compact="yes"?>
45<?rfc subcompact="no" ?>
46<?rfc linkmailto="no" ?>
47<?rfc editing="no" ?>
48<?rfc comments="yes"?>
49<?rfc inline="yes"?>
50<?rfc rfcedstyle="yes"?>
51<?rfc-ext allow-markup-in-artwork="yes" ?>
52<?rfc-ext include-references-in-index="yes" ?>
53<rfc obsoletes="2616" category="std" x:maturity-level="proposed"
54     ipr="pre5378Trust200902" docName="draft-ietf-httpbis-p4-conditional-&ID-VERSION;"
55     xmlns:x='http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext'>
56<x:link rel="prev" basename="p2-semantics"/>
57<x:link rel="next" basename="p5-range"/>
58<x:feedback template="mailto:ietf-http-wg@w3.org?subject={docname},%20%22{section}%22&amp;body=&lt;{ref}&gt;:"/>
59<front>
60
61  <title abbrev="HTTP/1.1 Conditional Requests">Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Conditional Requests</title>
62
63  <author initials="R." surname="Fielding" fullname="Roy T. Fielding" role="editor">
64    <organization abbrev="Adobe">Adobe Systems Incorporated</organization>
65    <address>
66      <postal>
67        <street>345 Park Ave</street>
68        <city>San Jose</city>
69        <region>CA</region>
70        <code>95110</code>
71        <country>USA</country>
72      </postal>
73      <email>fielding@gbiv.com</email>
74      <uri>http://roy.gbiv.com/</uri>
75    </address>
76  </author>
77
78  <author initials="J. F." surname="Reschke" fullname="Julian F. Reschke" role="editor">
79    <organization abbrev="greenbytes">greenbytes GmbH</organization>
80    <address>
81      <postal>
82        <street>Hafenweg 16</street>
83        <city>Muenster</city><region>NW</region><code>48155</code>
84        <country>Germany</country>
85      </postal>
86      <email>julian.reschke@greenbytes.de</email>
87      <uri>http://greenbytes.de/tech/webdav/</uri>
88    </address>
89  </author>
90
91  <date month="&ID-MONTH;" year="&ID-YEAR;"/>
92  <workgroup>HTTPbis Working Group</workgroup>
93
94<abstract>
95<t>
96   The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application-level protocol for
97   distributed, collaborative, hypertext information systems. This document
98   defines HTTP/1.1 conditional requests, including metadata header fields
99   for indicating state changes, request header fields for making
100   preconditions on such state, and rules for constructing the responses to a
101   conditional request when one or more preconditions evaluate to false.
102</t>
103</abstract>
104
105<note title="Editorial Note (To be removed by RFC Editor)">
106  <t>
107    Discussion of this draft takes place on the HTTPBIS working group
108    mailing list (ietf-http-wg@w3.org), which is archived at
109    <eref target="http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/ietf-http-wg/"/>.
110  </t>
111  <t>
112    The current issues list is at
113    <eref target="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/report/3"/> and related
114    documents (including fancy diffs) can be found at
115    <eref target="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/"/>.
116  </t>
117  <t>
118    The changes in this draft are summarized in <xref target="changes.since.23"/>.
119  </t>
120</note>
121</front>
122
123<middle>
124<section title="Introduction" anchor="introduction">
125<t>
126   Conditional requests are HTTP requests <xref target="Part2"/> that include
127   one or more header fields indicating a precondition to be tested before
128   applying the method semantics to the target resource.
129   This document defines the HTTP/1.1 conditional request mechanisms in terms
130   of the architecture, syntax notation, and conformance criteria defined in
131   <xref target="Part1"/>.
132</t>
133<t>
134   Conditional GET requests are the most efficient mechanism for HTTP
135   cache updates &caching;.  Conditionals can also be
136   applied to state-changing methods, such as PUT and DELETE, to prevent
137   the "lost update" problem: one client accidentally overwriting
138   the work of another client that has been acting in parallel.
139</t>
140<t><iref primary="true" item="selected representation"/>
141   Conditional request preconditions are based on the state of the target
142   resource as a whole (its current value set) or the state as observed
143   in a previously obtained representation (one value in that set).
144   A resource might have multiple current representations, each with its
145   own observable state.  The conditional request mechanisms assume that
146   the mapping of requests to a "selected representation" (&representation;)
147   will be consistent over time if the server intends to take advantage of
148   conditionals. Regardless, if the mapping is inconsistent and the server is
149   unable to select the appropriate representation, then no harm will result
150   when the precondition evaluates to false.
151</t>
152<t>
153   The conditional request preconditions defined by this specification are
154   evaluated by comparing the validators provided in the conditional request
155   header fields to the current validators for the selected representation
156   in the order defined by <xref target="precedence"/>.
157</t>
158
159<section title="Conformance and Error Handling" anchor="conformance">
160<t>
161   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
162   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
163   document are to be interpreted as described in <xref target="RFC2119"/>.
164</t>
165<t>
166   Conformance criteria and considerations regarding error handling
167   are defined in &conformance;.
168</t>
169</section>
170
171<section title="Syntax Notation" anchor="notation">
172<t>
173   This specification uses the Augmented Backus-Naur Form (ABNF) notation
174   of <xref target="RFC5234"/> with the list rule extension defined in
175   &notation;. <xref target="imported.abnf"/> describes rules imported from
176   other documents. <xref target="collected.abnf"/> shows the collected ABNF
177   with the list rule expanded.
178</t>
179</section>
180</section>
181
182<section title="Validators" anchor="validators">
183   <iref primary="true" item="metadata"/>
184   <iref primary="true" item="validator"/>
185<t>
186   This specification defines two forms of metadata that are commonly used
187   to observe resource state and test for preconditions: modification dates
188   (<xref target="header.last-modified"/>) and opaque entity tags
189   (<xref target="header.etag"/>).  Additional metadata that reflects resource state
190   has been defined by various extensions of HTTP, such as WebDAV
191   <xref target="RFC4918"/>, that are beyond the scope of this specification.
192   A resource metadata value is referred to as a "<x:dfn>validator</x:dfn>"
193   when it is used within a precondition.
194</t>
195
196<section title="Weak versus Strong" anchor="weak.and.strong.validators">
197   <iref primary="true" item="validator" subitem="weak"/>
198   <iref primary="true" item="validator" subitem="strong"/>
199<t>
200   Validators come in two flavors: strong or weak.  Weak validators are easy
201   to generate but are far less useful for comparisons.  Strong validators
202   are ideal for comparisons but can be very difficult (and occasionally
203   impossible) to generate efficiently.  Rather than impose that all forms
204   of resource adhere to the same strength of validator, HTTP exposes the
205   type of validator in use and imposes restrictions on when weak validators
206   can be used as preconditions.
207</t>
208<t>
209   A "strong validator" is representation metadata that changes value whenever
210   a change occurs to the representation data that would be observable in the
211   payload body of a <x:ref>200 (OK)</x:ref> response to GET.
212</t>
213<t>   
214   A strong validator might change for other reasons, such as when a
215   semantically significant part of the representation metadata is changed
216   (e.g., <x:ref>Content-Type</x:ref>), but it is in the best interests of the
217   origin server to only change the value when it is necessary to invalidate
218   the stored responses held by remote caches and authoring tools. A strong
219   validator is unique across all representations of a given resource, such
220   that no two representations of that resource can share the same validator
221   unless their representation data is identical.
222</t>
223<t>
224   Cache entries might persist for arbitrarily long periods, regardless
225   of expiration times.  Thus, a cache might attempt to validate an
226   entry using a validator that it obtained in the distant past.
227   A strong validator is unique across all versions of all
228   representations associated with a particular resource over time.
229   However, there is no implication of uniqueness across representations
230   of different resources (i.e., the same strong validator might be
231   in use for representations of multiple resources at the same time
232   and does not imply that those representations are equivalent).
233</t>
234<t>
235   There are a variety of strong validators used in practice.  The best are
236   based on strict revision control, wherein each change to a representation
237   always results in a unique node name and revision identifier being assigned
238   before the representation is made accessible to GET.  A collision-resistant hash
239   function applied to the representation data is also sufficient if the data
240   is available prior to the response header fields being sent and the digest
241   does not need to be recalculated every time a validation request is
242   received.  However, if a resource has distinct representations that differ
243   only in their metadata, such as might occur with content negotiation over
244   media types that happen to share the same data format, then the origin
245   server &SHOULD; incorporate additional information in the validator to
246   distinguish those representations.
247</t>
248<t>
249   In contrast, a "weak validator" is representation metadata that
250   might not change for every change to the representation data.  This
251   weakness might be due to limitations in how the value is calculated, such
252   as clock resolution or an inability to ensure uniqueness for all possible
253   representations of the resource, or due to a desire by the resource owner
254   to group representations by some self-determined set of equivalency
255   rather than unique sequences of data.  An origin server &SHOULD; change a
256   weak entity-tag whenever it considers prior representations to be
257   unacceptable as a substitute for the current representation. In other words,
258   a weak entity-tag ought to change whenever the origin server wants caches to
259   invalidate old responses.
260</t>
261<t>
262   For example, the representation of a weather report that changes in
263   content every second, based on dynamic measurements, might be grouped
264   into sets of equivalent representations (from the origin server's
265   perspective) with the same weak validator in order to allow cached
266   representations to be valid for a reasonable period of time (perhaps
267   adjusted dynamically based on server load or weather quality).
268   Likewise, a representation's modification time, if defined with only
269   one-second resolution, might be a weak validator if it is possible
270   for the representation to be modified twice during a single second and
271   retrieved between those modifications.
272</t>
273<t>
274   Likewise, a validator is weak if it is shared by two or more
275   representations of a given resource at the same time, unless those
276   representations have identical representation data. For example, if the
277   origin server sends the same validator for a representation with a gzip
278   content coding applied as it does for a representation with no content
279   coding, then that validator is weak. However, two simultaneous
280   representations might share the same strong validator if they differ only
281   in the representation metadata, such as when two different media types are
282   available for the same representation data.
283</t>
284<t>
285   A "use" of a validator occurs when either a client generates a request
286   and includes the validator in a precondition or when a server
287   compares two validators.
288   Weak validators are only usable in contexts that do not depend on exact
289   equality of the representation data.
290   Strong validators are usable and preferred for all conditional requests,
291   including cache validation, partial content ranges, and "lost update"
292   avoidance.
293</t>
294</section>
295
296<section title="Last-Modified" anchor="header.last-modified">
297  <iref primary="true" item="Last-Modified header field" x:for-anchor=""/>
298  <x:anchor-alias value="Last-Modified"/>
299<t>
300   The "Last-Modified" header field in a response provides a timestamp
301   indicating the date and time at which the origin server believes the
302   selected representation was last modified, as determined at the conclusion
303   of handling the request.
304</t>
305<figure><artwork type="abnf2616"><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="Last-Modified"/>
306  <x:ref>Last-Modified</x:ref> = <x:ref>HTTP-date</x:ref>
307</artwork></figure>
308<t>
309   An example of its use is
310</t>
311<figure><artwork type="example">
312  Last-Modified: Tue, 15 Nov 1994 12:45:26 GMT
313</artwork></figure>
314
315<section title="Generation" anchor="lastmod.generation">
316<t>
317   Origin servers &SHOULD; send Last-Modified for any selected
318   representation for which a last modification date can be reasonably
319   and consistently determined, since its use in conditional requests
320   and evaluating cache freshness (&caching;) results in a substantial
321   reduction of HTTP traffic on the Internet and can be a significant
322   factor in improving service scalability and reliability.
323</t>
324<t>
325   A representation is typically the sum of many parts behind the
326   resource interface.  The last-modified time would usually be
327   the most recent time that any of those parts were changed.
328   How that value is determined for any given resource is an
329   implementation detail beyond the scope of this specification.
330   What matters to HTTP is how recipients of the Last-Modified
331   header field can use its value to make conditional requests
332   and test the validity of locally cached responses.
333</t>
334<t>
335   An origin server &SHOULD; obtain the Last-Modified value of the
336   representation as close as possible to the time that it generates the
337   <x:ref>Date</x:ref> field value for its response. This allows a recipient to
338   make an accurate assessment of the representation's modification time,
339   especially if the representation changes near the time that the
340   response is generated.
341</t>
342<t>
343   An origin server with a clock &MUST-NOT; send a Last-Modified date
344   that is later than the server's time of message origination (<x:ref>Date</x:ref>).
345   If the last modification time is derived from implementation-specific
346   metadata that evaluates to some time in the future, according to the
347   origin server's clock, then the origin server &MUST; replace that
348   value with the message origination date. This prevents a future
349   modification date from having an adverse impact on cache validation.
350</t>
351<t>
352   An origin server without a clock &MUST-NOT; assign Last-Modified
353   values to a response unless these values were associated
354   with the resource by some other system or user with a reliable clock.
355</t>
356</section>
357
358<section title="Comparison" anchor="lastmod.comparison">
359<t>
360   A Last-Modified time, when used as a validator in a request, is
361   implicitly weak unless it is possible to deduce that it is strong,
362   using the following rules:
363  <list style="symbols">
364     <t>The validator is being compared by an origin server to the
365        actual current validator for the representation and,</t>
366     <t>That origin server reliably knows that the associated representation did
367        not change twice during the second covered by the presented
368        validator.</t>
369  </list>
370</t>
371<t>
372   or
373  <list style="symbols">
374     <t>The validator is about to be used by a client in an <x:ref>If-Modified-Since</x:ref>,
375        <x:ref>If-Unmodified-Since</x:ref> header field, because the client has
376        a cache entry, or <x:ref>If-Range</x:ref> for the associated
377        representation, and</t>
378     <t>That cache entry includes a <x:ref>Date</x:ref> value, which gives the
379        time when the origin server sent the original response, and</t>
380     <t>The presented Last-Modified time is at least 60 seconds before
381        the Date value.</t>
382  </list>
383</t>
384<t>
385   or
386  <list style="symbols">
387     <t>The validator is being compared by an intermediate cache to the
388        validator stored in its cache entry for the representation, and</t>
389     <t>That cache entry includes a <x:ref>Date</x:ref> value, which gives the
390        time when the origin server sent the original response, and</t>
391     <t>The presented Last-Modified time is at least 60 seconds before
392        the Date value.</t>
393  </list>
394</t>
395<t>
396   This method relies on the fact that if two different responses were
397   sent by the origin server during the same second, but both had the
398   same Last-Modified time, then at least one of those responses would
399   have a <x:ref>Date</x:ref> value equal to its Last-Modified time. The
400   arbitrary 60-second limit guards against the possibility that the Date and
401   Last-Modified values are generated from different clocks, or at somewhat
402   different times during the preparation of the response. An
403   implementation &MAY; use a value larger than 60 seconds, if it is
404   believed that 60 seconds is too short.
405</t>
406</section>
407</section>
408
409<section title="ETag" anchor="header.etag">
410  <iref primary="true" item="ETag header field" x:for-anchor=""/>
411  <x:anchor-alias value="ETag"/>
412  <x:anchor-alias value="entity-tag"/>
413  <x:anchor-alias value="opaque-tag"/>
414  <x:anchor-alias value="weak"/>
415  <x:anchor-alias value="etagc"/>
416<t>
417   The "ETag" header field in a response provides the current entity-tag for
418   the selected representation, as determined at the conclusion of handling
419   the request.
420   An entity-tag is an opaque validator for differentiating between
421   multiple representations of the same resource, regardless of whether
422   those multiple representations are due to resource state changes over
423   time, content negotiation resulting in multiple representations being
424   valid at the same time, or both. An entity-tag consists of an opaque
425   quoted string, possibly prefixed by a weakness indicator.
426</t>
427<figure><artwork type="abnf2616"><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="ETag"/><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="entity-tag"/><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="weak"/><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="opaque-tag"/><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="etagc"/>
428  <x:ref>ETag</x:ref>       = <x:ref>entity-tag</x:ref>
429
430  <x:ref>entity-tag</x:ref> = [ <x:ref>weak</x:ref> ] <x:ref>opaque-tag</x:ref>
431  <x:ref>weak</x:ref>       = <x:abnf-char-sequence>"W/"</x:abnf-char-sequence> ; "W/", case-sensitive
432  <x:ref>opaque-tag</x:ref> = <x:ref>DQUOTE</x:ref> *<x:ref>etagc</x:ref> <x:ref>DQUOTE</x:ref>
433  <x:ref>etagc</x:ref>      = %x21 / %x23-7E / <x:ref>obs-text</x:ref>
434             ; <x:ref>VCHAR</x:ref> except double quotes, plus obs-text
435</artwork></figure>
436<x:note>
437  <t>
438    &Note; Previously, opaque-tag was defined to be a quoted-string
439    (<xref target="RFC2616" x:fmt="," x:sec="3.11"/>), thus some recipients
440    might perform backslash unescaping. Servers therefore ought to avoid
441    backslash characters in entity tags.
442  </t>
443</x:note>
444<t>
445   An entity-tag can be more reliable for validation than a modification
446   date in situations where it is inconvenient to store modification
447   dates, where the one-second resolution of HTTP date values is not
448   sufficient, or where modification dates are not consistently maintained.
449</t>
450<figure><preamble>
451  Examples:
452</preamble>
453<artwork type="example">
454  ETag: "xyzzy"
455  ETag: W/"xyzzy"
456  ETag: ""
457</artwork></figure>
458<t>
459   An entity-tag can be either a weak or strong validator, with
460   strong being the default.  If an origin server provides an entity-tag
461   for a representation and the generation of that entity-tag does not satisfy
462   all of the characteristics of a strong validator
463   (<xref target="weak.and.strong.validators"/>), then the origin server
464   &MUST; mark the entity-tag as weak by prefixing its opaque value
465   with "W/" (case-sensitive).
466</t>
467
468<section title="Generation" anchor="entity.tag.generation">
469<t>
470   The principle behind entity-tags is that only the service author
471   knows the implementation of a resource well enough to select the
472   most accurate and efficient validation mechanism for that resource,
473   and that any such mechanism can be mapped to a simple sequence of
474   octets for easy comparison.  Since the value is opaque, there is no
475   need for the client to be aware of how each entity-tag is constructed.
476</t>
477<t>
478   For example, a resource that has implementation-specific versioning
479   applied to all changes might use an internal revision number, perhaps
480   combined with a variance identifier for content negotiation, to
481   accurately differentiate between representations.
482   Other implementations might use a collision-resistant hash of
483   representation content,
484   a combination of various filesystem attributes, or a modification
485   timestamp that has sub-second resolution.
486</t>
487<t>
488   Origin servers &SHOULD; send ETag for any selected representation
489   for which detection of changes can be reasonably and consistently
490   determined, since the entity-tag's use in conditional requests and
491   evaluating cache freshness (&caching;) can result in a substantial
492   reduction of HTTP network traffic and can be a significant factor in
493   improving service scalability and reliability.
494</t>
495</section>
496
497<section title="Comparison" anchor="entity.tag.comparison">
498  <x:anchor-alias value="validator.comparison"/>
499  <x:anchor-alias value="strong comparison"/>
500  <x:anchor-alias value="weak comparison"/>
501<t>
502   There are two entity-tag comparison functions, depending
503   on whether the comparison context allows the use of weak validators
504   or not:
505  <list style="symbols">
506     <t><x:dfn>Strong comparison</x:dfn>: two entity-tags are equivalent if both
507        are not weak and their opaque-tags match character-by-character.</t>
508     <t><x:dfn>Weak comparison</x:dfn>: two entity-tags are equivalent if their opaque-tags
509        match character-by-character, regardless of either or both
510        being tagged as "weak".</t>
511  </list>
512</t>
513<t>
514   The example below shows the results for a set of entity-tag pairs,
515   and both the weak and strong comparison function results:
516</t>
517<texttable align="left">
518  <ttcol>ETag 1</ttcol>
519  <ttcol>ETag 2</ttcol>
520  <ttcol>Strong Comparison</ttcol>
521  <ttcol>Weak Comparison</ttcol>
522
523  <c>W/"1"</c>
524  <c>W/"1"</c>
525  <c>no match</c>
526  <c>match</c>
527 
528  <c>W/"1"</c>
529  <c>W/"2"</c>
530  <c>no match</c>
531  <c>no match</c>
532
533  <c>W/"1"</c>
534  <c>"1"</c>
535  <c>no match</c>
536  <c>match</c>
537
538  <c>"1"</c>
539  <c>"1"</c>
540  <c>match</c>
541  <c>match</c>
542</texttable>
543</section>
544
545<section title="Example: Entity-tags Varying on Content-Negotiated Resources" anchor="example.entity.tag.vs.conneg">
546<t>
547   Consider a resource that is subject to content negotiation
548   (&content-negotiation;), and where the representations sent in response to
549   a GET request vary based on the <x:ref>Accept-Encoding</x:ref> request
550   header field (&header-accept-encoding;):
551</t>
552<figure><preamble>>> Request:</preamble><artwork type="message/http; msgtype=&#34;request&#34;"  x:indent-with="  ">
553GET /index HTTP/1.1
554Host: www.example.com
555Accept-Encoding: gzip
556
557</artwork></figure>
558<t>
559   In this case, the response might or might not use the gzip content coding.
560   If it does not, the response might look like:
561</t>
562<figure><preamble>>> Response:</preamble><artwork type="message/http; msgtype=&#34;response&#34;"  x:indent-with="  ">
563HTTP/1.1 200 OK
564Date: Fri, 26 Mar 2010 00:05:00 GMT
565ETag: "123-a"
566Content-Length: <x:length-of target="exbody"/>
567Vary: Accept-Encoding
568Content-Type: text/plain
569
570<x:span anchor="exbody">Hello World!
571Hello World!
572Hello World!
573Hello World!
574Hello World!
575</x:span></artwork></figure>
576<t>
577   An alternative representation that does use gzip content coding would be:
578</t>
579<figure><preamble>>> Response:</preamble><artwork type="message/http; msgtype=&#34;response&#34;"  x:indent-with="  ">
580HTTP/1.1 200 OK
581Date: Fri, 26 Mar 2010 00:05:00 GMT
582ETag: "123-b"
583Content-Length: 43
584Vary: Accept-Encoding
585Content-Type: text/plain
586Content-Encoding: gzip
587
588<spanx>...binary data...</spanx></artwork></figure>
589<x:note>
590  <t>
591    &Note; Content codings are a property of the representation,
592    so therefore an entity-tag of an encoded representation has to be distinct
593    from an unencoded representation to prevent conflicts during cache updates
594    and range requests.  In contrast, transfer codings (&transfer-codings;)
595    apply only during message transfer and do not require distinct entity-tags.
596  </t>
597</x:note>
598</section>
599</section>
600
601<section title="When to Use Entity-tags and Last-Modified Dates" anchor="when.to.use.entity.tags.and.last-modified.dates">
602<t>
603   We adopt a set of rules and recommendations for origin servers,
604   clients, and caches regarding when various validator types ought to
605   be used, and for what purposes.
606</t>
607<t>
608   In <x:ref>200 (OK)</x:ref> responses to GET or HEAD, an origin server:
609  <list style="symbols">
610     <t>&SHOULD; send an entity-tag validator unless it is not feasible to
611        generate one.</t>
612
613     <t>&MAY; send a weak entity-tag instead of a strong entity-tag, if
614        performance considerations support the use of weak entity-tags,
615        or if it is unfeasible to send a strong entity-tag.</t>
616
617     <t>&SHOULD; send a <x:ref>Last-Modified</x:ref> value if it is feasible to
618        send one.</t>
619  </list>
620</t>
621<t>
622   In other words, the preferred behavior for an origin server
623   is to send both a strong entity-tag and a <x:ref>Last-Modified</x:ref>
624   value in successful responses to a retrieval request.
625</t>
626<t>
627   A client:
628  <list style="symbols">
629     <t>&MUST; use that entity-tag in any cache-conditional request (using
630        <x:ref>If-Match</x:ref> or <x:ref>If-None-Match</x:ref>) if an
631        entity-tag has been provided by the origin server.</t>
632
633     <t>&SHOULD; use the <x:ref>Last-Modified</x:ref> value in non-subrange
634        cache-conditional requests (using <x:ref>If-Modified-Since</x:ref>)
635        if only a Last-Modified value has been provided by the origin server.</t>
636
637     <t>&MAY; use the <x:ref>Last-Modified</x:ref> value in subrange
638        cache-conditional requests (using <x:ref>If-Unmodified-Since</x:ref>)
639        if only a Last-Modified value has been provided by an HTTP/1.0 origin
640        server. The user agent &SHOULD; provide a way to disable this, in case
641        of difficulty.</t>
642
643     <t>&SHOULD; use both validators in cache-conditional requests if both an
644        entity-tag and a <x:ref>Last-Modified</x:ref> value have been provided
645        by the origin server. This allows both HTTP/1.0 and HTTP/1.1 caches to
646        respond appropriately.</t>
647  </list>
648</t>
649</section>
650</section>
651
652<section title="Precondition Header Fields" anchor="header.field.definitions">
653<t>
654   This section defines the syntax and semantics of HTTP/1.1 header fields
655   for applying preconditions on requests.
656   <xref target="precedence"/> defines when the preconditions are applied and
657   the order of evaluation when more than one precondition is present.
658</t>
659
660<section title="If-Match" anchor="header.if-match">
661  <iref primary="true" item="If-Match header field" x:for-anchor=""/>
662  <x:anchor-alias value="If-Match"/>
663<t>
664   The "If-Match" header field makes the request method conditional on either
665   the existence of a current representation for the target resource, when
666   the field-value is "*", or on the selected representation having an
667   entity-tag that matches one of those provided in the field-value.
668</t>
669<figure><artwork type="abnf2616"><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="If-Match"/>
670  <x:ref>If-Match</x:ref> = "*" / 1#<x:ref>entity-tag</x:ref>
671</artwork></figure>
672<t>
673   Examples:
674</t>
675<figure><artwork type="example">
676  If-Match: "xyzzy"
677  If-Match: "xyzzy", "r2d2xxxx", "c3piozzzz"
678  If-Match: *
679</artwork></figure>
680<t>
681   If the request semantics (method and header fields) allow the request to be
682   satisfied with a cached response, a cache &SHOULD; evaluate the condition
683   based on its currently stored set of suitable responses for that request
684   (see &cache-key;).
685   If the field-value is "*" and any suitable response is currently stored,
686   or if the field-value is a list of entity-tag values and at least one of
687   the suitable responses has an <x:ref>ETag</x:ref> header field with a
688   value matching an entity-tag in that list, then the cache &SHOULD; reuse
689   the most suitable of those matching responses to satisfy the request.
690   If the condition is not met, none of the cached responses is suitable for
691   reuse in response to this request.
692</t>
693<t>
694   If the request semantics cannot be satisfied with a cached response, the
695   conditional is only evaluated when received by an origin server.
696   For example, If-Match is most often used with state-changing requests,
697   such as PUT, to prevent accidental overwrites when multiple user agents
698   might be acting in parallel on the same resource (i.e., to prevent the
699   "lost update" problem).
700</t>
701<t>
702   When the If-Match field-value consists of a list of entity-tag values,
703   the condition is met if any of the entity-tags listed match, using the weak
704   comparison function (as per <xref target="entity.tag.comparison"/>), the
705   entity-tag of the selected representation.
706   When the If-Match field-value is "*", the condition is met if any current
707   representation exists for the target resource.
708</t>
709<t>
710   If the condition is met, the origin server &MAY; perform the requested
711   method.
712</t>
713<t>
714   An origin server &MUST-NOT; perform the requested method if the condition
715   is not met; instead the origin server &MUST; respond with either:
716   a) the <x:ref>412 (Precondition Failed)</x:ref> status code; or,
717   b) one of the <x:ref>2xx (Successful)</x:ref> status codes if the origin
718   server has verified that a state change is being requested and the final
719   state is already reflected in the current state of the target resource
720   (i.e., the change requested by the user agent has already succeeded, but
721   the user agent might not be aware of that because the prior response message
722   was lost or a compatible change was made by some other user agent).
723   In the latter case, the origin server &MUST-NOT; send a validator header
724   field in the response unless it can verify that the request is a duplicate
725   of an immediately prior change made by the same user agent.
726</t>
727</section>
728
729<section title="If-None-Match" anchor="header.if-none-match">
730  <iref primary="true" item="If-None-Match header field" x:for-anchor=""/>
731  <x:anchor-alias value="If-None-Match"/>
732<t>
733   The "If-None-Match" header field can be used to make a request method
734   conditional on not matching any of the current entity-tag values for
735   representations of the target resource.
736</t>
737<t>
738   If-None-Match is primarily used in conditional GET requests to enable
739   efficient updates of cached information with a minimum amount of transaction
740   overhead. A client that has one or more representations previously obtained
741   from the target resource can send If-None-Match with a list of the
742   associated entity-tags in the hope of receiving a <x:ref>304 (Not
743   Modified)</x:ref> response if at least one of those representations matches
744   the selected representation.
745</t>
746<t>
747   If-None-Match can also be used with a value of "*" to prevent an unsafe
748   request method (e.g., PUT) from inadvertently modifying an existing
749   representation of the target resource when the client believes that
750   the resource does not have a current representation (&safe-methods;).
751   This is a variation on the "lost update" problem that might arise if more
752   than one client attempts to create an initial representation for the target
753   resource.
754</t>
755<figure><artwork type="abnf2616"><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="If-None-Match"/>
756  <x:ref>If-None-Match</x:ref> = "*" / 1#<x:ref>entity-tag</x:ref>
757</artwork></figure>
758<t>
759   The If-None-Match condition is met if and only if none of the entity-tags
760   listed in the If-None-Match field value match the entity-tag of the selected
761   representation using the weak comparison function (as per <xref
762   target="entity.tag.comparison"/>), or if "*" is given and no current
763   representation exists for that resource.
764</t>
765<t>
766   If the condition is not met, the server &MUST-NOT; perform the requested
767   method. Instead, if the request method was GET or HEAD, the server &SHOULD;
768   respond with a <x:ref>304 (Not Modified)</x:ref> status code, including the
769   cache-related header fields (particularly <x:ref>ETag</x:ref>) of the
770   selected representation that has a matching entity-tag. For all other
771   request methods, the server &MUST; respond with a <x:ref>412 (Precondition
772   Failed)</x:ref> status code when the condition is not met.
773</t>
774<t>
775   If the condition is met, the server &MAY; perform the requested method and
776   &MUST; ignore any <x:ref>If-Modified-Since</x:ref> header field(s) in the
777   request. That is, if no entity-tags match, then the server &MUST-NOT; send
778   a <x:ref>304 (Not Modified)</x:ref> response.
779</t>
780<t>
781   Examples:
782</t>
783<figure><artwork type="example">
784  If-None-Match: "xyzzy"
785  If-None-Match: W/"xyzzy"
786  If-None-Match: "xyzzy", "r2d2xxxx", "c3piozzzz"
787  If-None-Match: W/"xyzzy", W/"r2d2xxxx", W/"c3piozzzz"
788  If-None-Match: *
789</artwork></figure>
790</section>
791
792<section title="If-Modified-Since" anchor="header.if-modified-since">
793  <iref primary="true" item="If-Modified-Since header field" x:for-anchor=""/>
794  <x:anchor-alias value="If-Modified-Since"/>
795<t>
796   The "If-Modified-Since" header field can be used with GET or HEAD to make
797   the method conditional by modification date: if the selected representation
798   has not been modified since the time specified in this field, then
799   do not perform the request method; instead, respond as detailed below.
800</t>
801<figure><artwork type="abnf2616"><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="If-Modified-Since"/>
802  <x:ref>If-Modified-Since</x:ref> = <x:ref>HTTP-date</x:ref>
803</artwork></figure>
804<t>
805   An example of the field is:
806</t>
807<figure><artwork type="example">
808  If-Modified-Since: Sat, 29 Oct 1994 19:43:31 GMT
809</artwork></figure>
810<t>
811   A GET method with an If-Modified-Since header field and no <x:ref>Range</x:ref>
812   header field requests that the selected representation be transferred only if
813   it has been modified since the date given by the If-Modified-Since
814   header field.
815   The algorithm for determining this includes the following cases:
816  <list style="numbers">
817      <t>If the request would normally result in anything other than a
818         <x:ref>200 (OK)</x:ref> status code, or if the passed If-Modified-Since date is
819         invalid, the response is exactly the same as for a normal GET.
820         A date that is later than the server's current time is
821         invalid.</t>
822
823      <t>If the selected representation has been modified since the
824         If-Modified-Since date, the response is exactly the same as for
825         a normal GET.</t>
826
827      <t>If the selected representation has not been modified since a valid
828         If-Modified-Since date, the server &SHOULD; send a
829         <x:ref>304 (Not Modified)</x:ref> response.</t>
830  </list>
831</t>
832<t>
833   The two purposes of this feature are to allow efficient updates of cached
834   information, with a minimum amount of transaction overhead, and to limit
835   the scope of a web traversal to resources that have recently changed.
836</t>
837<t>
838   When used for cache updates, a cache will typically use the value of the
839   cached message's <x:ref>Last-Modified</x:ref> field to generate the field
840   value of If-Modified-Since. This behavior is most interoperable for cases
841   where clocks are poorly synchronized or when the server has chosen to only
842   honor exact timestamp matches (due to a problem with Last-Modified dates
843   that appear to go "back in time" when the origin server's clock is
844   corrected or a representation is restored from an archived backup).
845   However, caches occasionally generate the field value based on other data,
846   such as the <x:ref>Date</x:ref> header field of the cached message or the
847   local clock time that the message was received, particularly when the
848   cached message does not contain a <x:ref>Last-Modified</x:ref> field.
849</t>
850<t>
851   When used for limiting the scope of retrieval to a recent time window, a
852   user agent will generate an If-Modified-Since field value based on either
853   its own local clock or a <x:ref>Date</x:ref> header field received from the
854   server during a past run. Origin servers that choose an exact timestamp
855   match based on the selected representation's <x:ref>Last-Modified</x:ref>
856   field will not be able to help the user agent limit its data transfers to
857   only those changed during the specified window.
858</t>
859<x:note>
860  <t>
861     &Note; If a client uses an arbitrary date in the If-Modified-Since
862     header field instead of a date taken from a <x:ref>Last-Modified</x:ref>
863     or <x:ref>Date</x:ref> header field from the origin server, the client
864     ought to be aware that its date will be interpreted according to the
865     server's understanding of time.
866  </t>
867</x:note>
868</section>
869
870<section title="If-Unmodified-Since" anchor="header.if-unmodified-since">
871  <iref primary="true" item="If-Unmodified-Since header field" x:for-anchor=""/>
872  <x:anchor-alias value="If-Unmodified-Since"/>
873<t>
874   The "If-Unmodified-Since" header field makes the request method conditional
875   on the selected representation's last modification date being earlier or
876   equal to the date provided in the field-value. This field accomplishes the
877   same purpose as <x:ref>If-Match</x:ref> for cases where the user agent does
878   not have an entity-tag for the representation.
879</t>
880<figure><artwork type="abnf2616"><iref primary="true" item="Grammar" subitem="If-Unmodified-Since"/>
881  <x:ref>If-Unmodified-Since</x:ref> = <x:ref>HTTP-date</x:ref>
882</artwork></figure>
883<t>
884   An example of the field is:
885</t>
886<figure><artwork type="example">
887  If-Unmodified-Since: Sat, 29 Oct 1994 19:43:31 GMT
888</artwork></figure>
889<t>
890   A server &MUST; ignore If-Unmodified-Since if the selected representation
891   has an entity-tag and the request contains an If-Match header field;
892   the condition in If-Match, when applicable, is considered to be a more
893   accurate replacement for the condition in If-Unmodified-Since.
894</t>
895<t>
896   A server &MUST; ignore the If-Unmodified-Since header field if the
897   received field-value is not a valid HTTP-date.
898</t>
899<t>
900   If the request semantics (method and header fields) allow the request to be
901   satisfied with a cached response, a cache &SHOULD; evaluate the condition
902   based on its currently stored set of suitable responses for that request
903   (see &cache-key;).
904   If the most suitable response has a <x:ref>Last-Modified</x:ref> date that
905   is earlier or equal to the date given in If-Unmodified-Since, the
906   cache &SHOULD; reuse that response to satisfy the request.
907   If the condition is not met, none of the stored responses is suitable for
908   reuse in response to this request.
909</t>
910<t>
911   If the request semantics cannot be satisfied with a cached response, the
912   conditional is only evaluated when received by an origin server.
913   If the selected representation has not been modified since the time
914   specified in this field, then the condition is met.
915</t>
916<t>
917   If the condition is met, the origin server &MAY; perform the requested
918   method.
919</t>
920<t>
921   An origin server &MUST-NOT; perform the requested method if the condition
922   is not met; instead the origin server &MUST; respond with either:
923   a) the <x:ref>412 (Precondition Failed)</x:ref> status code; or,
924   b) one of the <x:ref>2xx (Successful)</x:ref> status codes if the origin
925   server has verified that a state change is being requested and the final
926   state is already reflected in the current state of the target resource
927   (i.e., the change requested by the user agent has already succeeded, but
928   the user agent might not be aware of that because the prior response message
929   was lost or a compatible change was made by some other user agent).
930   In the latter case, the origin server &MUST-NOT; send a validator header
931   field in the response unless it can verify that the request is a duplicate
932   of an immediately prior change made by the same user agent.
933</t>
934</section>
935
936<section title="If-Range" anchor="header.if-range">
937<t>
938   The "If-Range" header field provides a special conditional request
939   mechanism that is similar to <x:ref>If-Match</x:ref> and
940   <x:ref>If-Unmodified-Since</x:ref> but specific to range requests.
941   If-Range is defined in &header-if-range;.
942</t>
943</section>
944
945</section>
946
947<section title="Status Code Definitions" anchor="status.code.definitions">
948<section title="304 Not Modified" anchor="status.304">
949  <iref primary="true" item="304 Not Modified (status code)" x:for-anchor=""/>
950  <x:anchor-alias value="304"/>
951  <x:anchor-alias value="304 (Not Modified)"/>
952<t>
953   The <x:dfn>304 (Not Modified)</x:dfn> status code indicates that a
954   conditional GET or HEAD request has been
955   received and would have resulted in a <x:ref>200 (OK)</x:ref> response
956   if it were not for the fact that the condition has evaluated to false.
957   In other words, there is no need for the server to transfer a
958   representation of the target resource because the request indicates that
959   the client, which made the request conditional, already has a valid
960   representation; the server is therefore redirecting the client to make
961   use of that stored representation as if it were the payload of a
962   <x:ref>200 (OK)</x:ref> response.
963</t>
964<t>
965   The server generating a 304 response &MUST; generate any of the following
966   header fields that would have been sent in a <x:ref>200 (OK)</x:ref>
967   response to the same request:
968   <x:ref>Cache-Control</x:ref>,
969   <x:ref>Content-Location</x:ref>,
970   <x:ref>ETag</x:ref>,
971   <x:ref>Expires</x:ref>, and
972   <x:ref>Vary</x:ref>.
973</t>
974<t>
975   Since the goal of a 304 response is to minimize information transfer
976   when the recipient already has one or more cached representations,
977   a sender &SHOULD-NOT; generate representation metadata other
978   than the above listed fields unless said metadata exists for the
979   purpose of guiding cache updates (e.g., <x:ref>Last-Modified</x:ref> might
980   be useful if the response does not have an <x:ref>ETag</x:ref> field).
981</t>
982<t>
983   Requirements on a cache that receives a 304 response are defined in
984   &freshening-responses;. If the conditional request originated with an
985   outbound client, such as a user agent with its own cache sending a
986   conditional GET to a shared proxy, then the proxy &SHOULD; forward the
987   304 response to that client.
988</t>
989<t>
990   A 304 response cannot contain a message-body; it is always
991   terminated by the first empty line after the header fields.
992</t>
993</section>
994
995<section title="412 Precondition Failed" anchor="status.412">
996  <iref primary="true" item="412 Precondition Failed (status code)" x:for-anchor=""/>
997  <x:anchor-alias value="412 (Precondition Failed)"/>
998<t>
999   The <x:dfn>412 (Precondition Failed)</x:dfn> status code indicates that one
1000   or more preconditions given in the request header fields evaluated to false
1001   when tested on the server. This response code allows the client to place
1002   preconditions on the current resource state (its current representations
1003   and metadata) and thus prevent the request method from being applied if the
1004   target resource is in an unexpected state.
1005</t>
1006</section>
1007</section>
1008
1009<section title="Evaluation and Precedence" anchor="precedence">
1010<t>
1011   For each conditional request, a server &MUST; evaluate the request
1012   preconditions after it has successfully performed its normal request checks
1013   (i.e., just before it would perform the action associated with the request
1014   method). Preconditions are ignored if the server determines that an error
1015   or redirect response applies before they are evaluated. Otherwise, the
1016   evaluation depends on both the method semantics and the choice of
1017   conditional.
1018</t>
1019<t>
1020   A conditional request header field that is designed specifically for cache
1021   validation, which includes <x:ref>If-None-Match</x:ref> and
1022   <x:ref>If-Modified-Since</x:ref> when used in a GET or HEAD request,
1023   allows cached representations to be refreshed without repeatedly
1024   transferring data already held by the client. Evaluating to false is thus
1025   an indication that the client can continue to use its local copy of the
1026   selected representation, as indicated by the server generating a
1027   <x:ref>304 (Not Modified)</x:ref> response that includes only those header
1028   fields useful for refreshing the cached representation.
1029</t>
1030<t>
1031   All other conditionals are intended to signal failure when the
1032   precondition evaluates to false. For example, an <x:ref>If-Match</x:ref>
1033   conditional sent with a state-changing method (e.g., POST, PUT, DELETE) is
1034   intended to prevent the request from taking effect on the target resource
1035   if the resource state does not match the expected state. In other words,
1036   evaluating the condition to false means that the resource has been changed
1037   by some other client, perhaps by another user attempting to edit the same
1038   resource, and thus preventing the request from being applied saves the
1039   client from overwriting some other client's work. This result is indicated
1040   by the server generating a <x:ref>412 (Precondition Failed)</x:ref>
1041   response.
1042</t>
1043<t>
1044   The conditional request header fields defined by this specification are
1045   ignored for request methods that never involve the selection or
1046   modification of a <x:ref>selected representation</x:ref> (e.g., CONNECT,
1047   OPTIONS, and TRACE). Other conditional request header fields, defined by
1048   extensions to HTTP, might place conditions on the state of the target
1049   resource in general, or on a group of resources. For instance, the If header
1050   field in WebDAV can make a request conditional on various aspects (such
1051   as locks) of multiple resources
1052   (<xref target="RFC4918" x:fmt="," x:sec="10.4"/>).
1053</t>
1054<t>
1055   When more than one conditional request header field is present in a request,
1056   the order in which the fields are evaluated becomes important. In practice,
1057   the fields defined in this document are consistently implemented in a
1058   single, logical order, due to the fact that entity tags are presumed to be
1059   more accurate than date validators. For example, the only reason to send
1060   both <x:ref>If-Modified-Since</x:ref> and <x:ref>If-None-Match</x:ref> in
1061   the same GET request is to support intermediary caches that might not have
1062   implemented <x:ref>If-None-Match</x:ref>, so it makes sense to ignore the
1063   <x:ref>If-Modified-Since</x:ref> when entity tags are understood and
1064   available for the selected representation.
1065</t>
1066<t>
1067   The general rule of conditional precedence is that exact match conditions
1068   are evaluated before cache-validating conditions and, within that order,
1069   last-modified conditions are only evaluated if the corresponding
1070   entity tag condition is not present (or not applicable because the
1071   selected representation does not have an entity tag).
1072</t>
1073<t>
1074   Specifically, the fields defined by this specification are evaluated
1075   as follows:
1076   <list style="numbers">
1077     <t anchor="precedence1">When <x:ref>If-Match</x:ref> is present, evaluate it:
1078       <list style="symbols">
1079         <t>if true, continue to step <xref target="precedence3" format="counter"/></t>
1080         <t>if false, respond <x:ref>412 (Precondition Failed)</x:ref> unless
1081            it can be determined that the state-changing request has already
1082            succeeded (see <xref target="header.if-match"/>)</t>
1083       </list>
1084     </t>
1085     <t anchor="precedence2">When <x:ref>If-Match</x:ref> is not present and
1086        <x:ref>If-Unmodified-Since</x:ref> is present, evaluate it:
1087       <list style="symbols">
1088         <t>if true, continue to step <xref target="precedence3" format="counter"/></t>
1089         <t>if false, respond <x:ref>412 (Precondition Failed)</x:ref> unless
1090            it can be determined that the state-changing request has already
1091            succeeded (see <xref target="header.if-unmodified-since"/>)</t>
1092       </list>
1093     </t>
1094     <t anchor="precedence3">When <x:ref>If-None-Match</x:ref> is present, evaluate it:
1095       <list style="symbols">
1096         <t>if true, continue to step <xref target="precedence5" format="counter"/></t>
1097         <t>if false for GET/HEAD, respond <x:ref>304 (Not Modified)</x:ref></t>
1098         <t>if false for other methods, respond <x:ref>412 (Precondition Failed)</x:ref></t>
1099       </list>
1100     </t>
1101     <t anchor="precedence4">When the method is GET or HEAD,
1102        <x:ref>If-None-Match</x:ref> is not present, and
1103        <x:ref>If-Modified-Since</x:ref> is present, evaluate it:
1104       <list style="symbols">
1105         <t>if true, continue to step <xref target="precedence5" format="counter"/></t>
1106         <t>if false, respond <x:ref>304 (Not Modified)</x:ref></t>
1107       </list>
1108     </t>
1109     <t anchor="precedence5">When the method is GET and both <x:ref>Range</x:ref> and
1110        <x:ref>If-Range</x:ref> are present, evaluate If-Range:
1111       <list style="symbols">
1112         <t>if the validator matches and the Range specification is
1113            applicable to the selected representation, respond
1114            <x:ref>206 (Partial Content)</x:ref> <xref target="Part5"/></t>
1115       </list>
1116     </t>
1117     <t anchor="precedencelast">Otherwise,
1118       <list style="symbols">
1119         <t>all conditions are met, so perform the requested action and
1120            respond according to its success or failure.</t>
1121       </list>
1122     </t>
1123   </list>
1124</t>
1125<t>
1126   Any extension to HTTP/1.1 that defines additional conditional request
1127   header fields ought to define its own expectations regarding the order
1128   for evaluating such fields in relation to those defined in this document
1129   and other conditionals that might be found in practice.
1130</t>
1131</section>
1132
1133<section title="IANA Considerations" anchor="IANA.considerations">
1134
1135<section title="Status Code Registration" anchor="status.code.registration">
1136<t>
1137   The HTTP Status Code Registry located at <eref target="http://www.iana.org/assignments/http-status-codes"/>
1138   shall be updated with the registrations below:
1139</t>
1140<?BEGININC p4-conditional.iana-status-codes ?>
1141<!--AUTOGENERATED FROM extract-status-code-defs.xslt, do not edit manually-->
1142<texttable align="left" suppress-title="true" anchor="iana.status.code.registration.table">
1143   <ttcol>Value</ttcol>
1144   <ttcol>Description</ttcol>
1145   <ttcol>Reference</ttcol>
1146   <c>304</c>
1147   <c>Not Modified</c>
1148   <c>
1149      <xref target="status.304"/>
1150   </c>
1151   <c>412</c>
1152   <c>Precondition Failed</c>
1153   <c>
1154      <xref target="status.412"/>
1155   </c>
1156</texttable>
1157<!--(END)-->
1158<?ENDINC p4-conditional.iana-status-codes ?>
1159</section>
1160
1161<section title="Header Field Registration" anchor="header.field.registration">
1162<t>
1163   HTTP header fields are registered within the Message Header Field Registry
1164   maintained at
1165   <eref target="http://www.iana.org/assignments/message-headers/message-header-index.html"/>.
1166</t>
1167<t>
1168   This document defines the following HTTP header fields, so their
1169   associated registry entries shall be updated according to the permanent
1170   registrations below (see <xref target="BCP90"/>):
1171</t>
1172<?BEGININC p4-conditional.iana-headers ?>
1173<!--AUTOGENERATED FROM extract-header-defs.xslt, do not edit manually-->
1174<texttable align="left" suppress-title="true" anchor="iana.header.registration.table">
1175   <ttcol>Header Field Name</ttcol>
1176   <ttcol>Protocol</ttcol>
1177   <ttcol>Status</ttcol>
1178   <ttcol>Reference</ttcol>
1179
1180   <c>ETag</c>
1181   <c>http</c>
1182   <c>standard</c>
1183   <c>
1184      <xref target="header.etag"/>
1185   </c>
1186   <c>If-Match</c>
1187   <c>http</c>
1188   <c>standard</c>
1189   <c>
1190      <xref target="header.if-match"/>
1191   </c>
1192   <c>If-Modified-Since</c>
1193   <c>http</c>
1194   <c>standard</c>
1195   <c>
1196      <xref target="header.if-modified-since"/>
1197   </c>
1198   <c>If-None-Match</c>
1199   <c>http</c>
1200   <c>standard</c>
1201   <c>
1202      <xref target="header.if-none-match"/>
1203   </c>
1204   <c>If-Unmodified-Since</c>
1205   <c>http</c>
1206   <c>standard</c>
1207   <c>
1208      <xref target="header.if-unmodified-since"/>
1209   </c>
1210   <c>Last-Modified</c>
1211   <c>http</c>
1212   <c>standard</c>
1213   <c>
1214      <xref target="header.last-modified"/>
1215   </c>
1216</texttable>
1217<!--(END)-->
1218<?ENDINC p4-conditional.iana-headers ?>
1219<t>
1220   The change controller is: "IETF (iesg@ietf.org) - Internet Engineering Task Force".
1221</t>
1222</section>
1223</section>
1224
1225<section title="Security Considerations" anchor="security.considerations">
1226<t>
1227   This section is meant to inform developers, information providers, and
1228   users of known security concerns specific to the HTTP/1.1 conditional
1229   request mechanisms. More general security considerations are addressed
1230   in HTTP messaging &messaging; and semantics &semantics;.
1231</t>
1232<t>
1233   The validators defined by this specification are not intended to ensure
1234   the validity of a representation, guard against malicious changes, or
1235   detect man-in-the-middle attacks. At best, they enable more efficient cache
1236   updates and optimistic concurrent writes when all participants are behaving
1237   nicely. At worst, the conditions will fail and the client will receive a
1238   response that is no more harmful than an HTTP exchange without conditional
1239   requests.
1240</t>
1241<t>
1242   An entity-tag can be abused in ways that create privacy risks. For example,
1243   a site might deliberately construct a semantically invalid entity-tag that
1244   is unique to the user or user agent, send it in a cacheable response with a
1245   long freshness time, and then read that entity-tag in later conditional
1246   requests as a means of re-identifying that user or user agent. Such an
1247   identifying tag would become a persistent identifier for as long as the
1248   user agent retained the original cache entry. User agents that cache
1249   representations ought to ensure that the cache is cleared or replaced
1250   whenever the user performs privacy-maintaining actions, such as clearing
1251   stored cookies or changing to a private browsing mode.
1252</t>
1253</section>
1254
1255<section title="Acknowledgments" anchor="acks">
1256<t>
1257  See &acks;.
1258</t>
1259</section>
1260</middle>
1261<back>
1262
1263<references title="Normative References">
1264
1265<reference anchor="Part1">
1266  <front>
1267    <title>Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Message Syntax and Routing</title>
1268    <author initials="R." surname="Fielding" fullname="Roy T. Fielding" role="editor">
1269      <organization abbrev="Adobe">Adobe Systems Incorporated</organization>
1270      <address><email>fielding@gbiv.com</email></address>
1271    </author>
1272    <author initials="J. F." surname="Reschke" fullname="Julian F. Reschke" role="editor">
1273      <organization abbrev="greenbytes">greenbytes GmbH</organization>
1274      <address><email>julian.reschke@greenbytes.de</email></address>
1275    </author>
1276    <date month="&ID-MONTH;" year="&ID-YEAR;"/>
1277  </front>
1278  <seriesInfo name="Internet-Draft" value="draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-&ID-VERSION;"/>
1279  <x:source href="p1-messaging.xml" basename="p1-messaging"/>
1280</reference>
1281
1282<reference anchor="Part2">
1283  <front>
1284    <title>Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Semantics and Content</title>
1285    <author initials="R." surname="Fielding" fullname="Roy T. Fielding" role="editor">
1286      <organization abbrev="Adobe">Adobe Systems Incorporated</organization>
1287      <address><email>fielding@gbiv.com</email></address>
1288    </author>
1289    <author initials="J. F." surname="Reschke" fullname="Julian F. Reschke" role="editor">
1290      <organization abbrev="greenbytes">greenbytes GmbH</organization>
1291      <address><email>julian.reschke@greenbytes.de</email></address>
1292    </author>
1293    <date month="&ID-MONTH;" year="&ID-YEAR;"/>
1294  </front>
1295  <seriesInfo name="Internet-Draft" value="draft-ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics-&ID-VERSION;"/>
1296  <x:source href="p2-semantics.xml" basename="p2-semantics">
1297    <x:defines>2xx</x:defines>
1298    <x:defines>2xx (Successful)</x:defines>
1299    <x:defines>200 (OK)</x:defines>
1300    <x:defines>204 (No Content)</x:defines>
1301    <x:defines>Accept-Encoding</x:defines>
1302    <x:defines>Content-Location</x:defines>
1303    <x:defines>Content-Type</x:defines>
1304    <x:defines>Date</x:defines>
1305    <x:defines>Location</x:defines>
1306    <x:defines>Vary</x:defines>
1307    <x:defines>selected representation</x:defines>
1308  </x:source>
1309</reference>
1310
1311<reference anchor="Part5">
1312  <front>
1313    <title>Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Range Requests</title>
1314    <author initials="R." surname="Fielding" fullname="Roy T. Fielding" role="editor">
1315      <organization abbrev="Adobe">Adobe Systems Incorporated</organization>
1316      <address><email>fielding@gbiv.com</email></address>
1317    </author>
1318    <author initials="Y." surname="Lafon" fullname="Yves Lafon" role="editor">
1319      <organization abbrev="W3C">World Wide Web Consortium</organization>
1320      <address><email>ylafon@w3.org</email></address>
1321    </author>
1322    <author initials="J. F." surname="Reschke" fullname="Julian F. Reschke" role="editor">
1323      <organization abbrev="greenbytes">greenbytes GmbH</organization>
1324      <address><email>julian.reschke@greenbytes.de</email></address>
1325    </author>
1326    <date month="&ID-MONTH;" year="&ID-YEAR;"/>
1327  </front>
1328  <seriesInfo name="Internet-Draft" value="draft-ietf-httpbis-p5-range-&ID-VERSION;"/>
1329  <x:source href="p5-range.xml" basename="p5-range">
1330    <x:defines>If-Range</x:defines>
1331    <x:defines>Range</x:defines>
1332    <x:defines>206 (Partial Content)</x:defines>
1333  </x:source>
1334</reference>
1335
1336<reference anchor="Part6">
1337  <front>
1338    <title>Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Caching</title>
1339    <author initials="R." surname="Fielding" fullname="Roy T. Fielding" role="editor">
1340      <organization abbrev="Adobe">Adobe Systems Incorporated</organization>
1341      <address><email>fielding@gbiv.com</email></address>
1342    </author>
1343    <author initials="M." surname="Nottingham" fullname="Mark Nottingham" role="editor">
1344      <organization>Akamai</organization>
1345      <address><email>mnot@mnot.net</email></address>
1346    </author>
1347    <author initials="J. F." surname="Reschke" fullname="Julian F. Reschke" role="editor">
1348      <organization abbrev="greenbytes">greenbytes GmbH</organization>
1349      <address><email>julian.reschke@greenbytes.de</email></address>
1350    </author>
1351    <date month="&ID-MONTH;" year="&ID-YEAR;"/>
1352  </front>
1353  <seriesInfo name="Internet-Draft" value="draft-ietf-httpbis-p6-cache-&ID-VERSION;"/>
1354  <x:source href="p6-cache.xml" basename="p6-cache">
1355    <x:defines>Cache-Control</x:defines>
1356    <x:defines>Expires</x:defines>
1357  </x:source>
1358</reference>
1359
1360<reference anchor="RFC2119">
1361  <front>
1362    <title>Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels</title>
1363    <author initials="S." surname="Bradner" fullname="Scott Bradner">
1364      <organization>Harvard University</organization>
1365      <address><email>sob@harvard.edu</email></address>
1366    </author>
1367    <date month="March" year="1997"/>
1368  </front>
1369  <seriesInfo name="BCP" value="14"/>
1370  <seriesInfo name="RFC" value="2119"/>
1371</reference>
1372
1373<reference anchor="RFC5234">
1374  <front>
1375    <title abbrev="ABNF for Syntax Specifications">Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF</title>
1376    <author initials="D." surname="Crocker" fullname="Dave Crocker" role="editor">
1377      <organization>Brandenburg InternetWorking</organization>
1378      <address>
1379        <email>dcrocker@bbiw.net</email>
1380      </address> 
1381    </author>
1382    <author initials="P." surname="Overell" fullname="Paul Overell">
1383      <organization>THUS plc.</organization>
1384      <address>
1385        <email>paul.overell@thus.net</email>
1386      </address>
1387    </author>
1388    <date month="January" year="2008"/>
1389  </front>
1390  <seriesInfo name="STD" value="68"/>
1391  <seriesInfo name="RFC" value="5234"/>
1392</reference>
1393
1394</references>
1395
1396<references title="Informative References">
1397
1398<reference anchor="RFC2616">
1399  <front>
1400    <title>Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1</title>
1401    <author initials="R." surname="Fielding" fullname="R. Fielding">
1402      <organization>University of California, Irvine</organization>
1403      <address><email>fielding@ics.uci.edu</email></address>
1404    </author>
1405    <author initials="J." surname="Gettys" fullname="J. Gettys">
1406      <organization>W3C</organization>
1407      <address><email>jg@w3.org</email></address>
1408    </author>
1409    <author initials="J." surname="Mogul" fullname="J. Mogul">
1410      <organization>Compaq Computer Corporation</organization>
1411      <address><email>mogul@wrl.dec.com</email></address>
1412    </author>
1413    <author initials="H." surname="Frystyk" fullname="H. Frystyk">
1414      <organization>MIT Laboratory for Computer Science</organization>
1415      <address><email>frystyk@w3.org</email></address>
1416    </author>
1417    <author initials="L." surname="Masinter" fullname="L. Masinter">
1418      <organization>Xerox Corporation</organization>
1419      <address><email>masinter@parc.xerox.com</email></address>
1420    </author>
1421    <author initials="P." surname="Leach" fullname="P. Leach">
1422      <organization>Microsoft Corporation</organization>
1423      <address><email>paulle@microsoft.com</email></address>
1424    </author>
1425    <author initials="T." surname="Berners-Lee" fullname="T. Berners-Lee">
1426      <organization>W3C</organization>
1427      <address><email>timbl@w3.org</email></address>
1428    </author>
1429    <date month="June" year="1999"/>
1430  </front>
1431  <seriesInfo name="RFC" value="2616"/>
1432</reference>
1433
1434<reference anchor='BCP90'>
1435  <front>
1436    <title>Registration Procedures for Message Header Fields</title>
1437    <author initials='G.' surname='Klyne' fullname='G. Klyne'>
1438      <organization>Nine by Nine</organization>
1439      <address><email>GK-IETF@ninebynine.org</email></address>
1440    </author>
1441    <author initials='M.' surname='Nottingham' fullname='M. Nottingham'>
1442      <organization>BEA Systems</organization>
1443      <address><email>mnot@pobox.com</email></address>
1444    </author>
1445    <author initials='J.' surname='Mogul' fullname='J. Mogul'>
1446      <organization>HP Labs</organization>
1447      <address><email>JeffMogul@acm.org</email></address>
1448    </author>
1449    <date year='2004' month='September' />
1450  </front>
1451  <seriesInfo name='BCP' value='90' />
1452  <seriesInfo name='RFC' value='3864' />
1453</reference>
1454
1455<reference anchor='RFC4918'>
1456  <front>
1457    <title>HTTP Extensions for Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV)</title>
1458    <author initials="L.M." surname="Dusseault" fullname="Lisa Dusseault" role="editor" >
1459      <organization abbrev="CommerceNet">CommerceNet</organization>
1460      <address><email>ldusseault@commerce.net</email></address>
1461    </author>
1462    <date month="June" year="2007" />
1463  </front>
1464  <seriesInfo name='RFC' value='4918' />
1465</reference>
1466</references>
1467
1468<section title="Changes from RFC 2616" anchor="changes.from.rfc.2616">
1469<t>
1470  The definition of validator weakness has been expanded and clarified.
1471  (<xref target="weak.and.strong.validators" />)
1472</t>
1473<t>
1474  Weak entity-tags are now allowed in all requests except range requests
1475  (Sections <xref target="weak.and.strong.validators" format="counter"/> and
1476  <xref target="header.if-none-match" format="counter"/>).
1477</t>
1478<t>
1479  The <x:ref>ETag</x:ref> header field ABNF has been changed to not use
1480  quoted-string, thus avoiding escaping issues.
1481  (<xref target="header.etag" />)
1482</t>
1483<t>
1484  ETag is defined to provide an entity tag for the selected representation,
1485  thereby clarifying what it applies to in various situations (such as a
1486  PUT response).
1487  (<xref target="header.etag" />)
1488</t>
1489<t>
1490  The precedence for evaluation of conditional requests has been defined.
1491  (<xref target="precedence" />)
1492</t>
1493</section>
1494
1495<section title="Imported ABNF" anchor="imported.abnf">
1496  <x:anchor-alias value="ALPHA"/>
1497  <x:anchor-alias value="CR"/>
1498  <x:anchor-alias value="DIGIT"/>
1499  <x:anchor-alias value="DQUOTE"/>
1500  <x:anchor-alias value="LF"/>
1501  <x:anchor-alias value="OCTET"/>
1502  <x:anchor-alias value="VCHAR"/>
1503  <x:anchor-alias value="core.rules"/>
1504  <x:anchor-alias value="obs-text"/>
1505  <x:anchor-alias value="OWS"/>
1506  <x:anchor-alias value="HTTP-date"/>
1507<t>
1508  The following core rules are included by
1509  reference, as defined in <xref target="RFC5234" x:fmt="of" x:sec="B.1"/>:
1510  ALPHA (letters), CR (carriage return), CRLF (CR LF), CTL (controls),
1511  DIGIT (decimal 0-9), DQUOTE (double quote),
1512  HEXDIG (hexadecimal 0-9/A-F/a-f), LF (line feed),
1513  OCTET (any 8-bit sequence of data), SP (space), and
1514  VCHAR (any visible US-ASCII character).
1515</t>
1516<t>
1517  The rules below are defined in <xref target="Part1"/>:
1518</t>
1519<figure><artwork type="abnf2616">
1520  <x:ref>OWS</x:ref>           = &lt;OWS, defined in &whitespace;&gt;
1521  <x:ref>obs-text</x:ref>      = &lt;obs-text, defined in &field-components;&gt;
1522</artwork></figure>
1523<t>
1524  The rules below are defined in other parts:
1525</t>
1526<figure><artwork type="abnf2616">
1527  <x:ref>HTTP-date</x:ref>     = &lt;HTTP-date, defined in &http-date;&gt;
1528</artwork></figure>
1529</section> 
1530
1531<?BEGININC p4-conditional.abnf-appendix ?>
1532<section xmlns:x="http://purl.org/net/xml2rfc/ext" title="Collected ABNF" anchor="collected.abnf">
1533<t>
1534  In the collected ABNF below, list rules are expanded as per <xref target="Part1" x:rel="#notation"/>.
1535</t><figure>
1536<artwork type="abnf" name="p4-conditional.parsed-abnf">
1537<x:ref>ETag</x:ref> = entity-tag
1538
1539<x:ref>HTTP-date</x:ref> = &lt;HTTP-date, defined in [Part2], Section 7.1.1.1&gt;
1540
1541<x:ref>If-Match</x:ref> = "*" / ( *( "," OWS ) entity-tag *( OWS "," [ OWS
1542 entity-tag ] ) )
1543<x:ref>If-Modified-Since</x:ref> = HTTP-date
1544<x:ref>If-None-Match</x:ref> = "*" / ( *( "," OWS ) entity-tag *( OWS "," [ OWS
1545 entity-tag ] ) )
1546<x:ref>If-Unmodified-Since</x:ref> = HTTP-date
1547
1548<x:ref>Last-Modified</x:ref> = HTTP-date
1549
1550<x:ref>OWS</x:ref> = &lt;OWS, defined in [Part1], Section 3.2.3&gt;
1551
1552<x:ref>entity-tag</x:ref> = [ weak ] opaque-tag
1553<x:ref>etagc</x:ref> = "!" / %x23-7E ; '#'-'~'
1554 / obs-text
1555
1556<x:ref>obs-text</x:ref> = &lt;obs-text, defined in [Part1], Section 3.2.6&gt;
1557<x:ref>opaque-tag</x:ref> = DQUOTE *etagc DQUOTE
1558
1559<x:ref>weak</x:ref> = %x57.2F ; W/
1560</artwork>
1561</figure>
1562</section>
1563<?ENDINC p4-conditional.abnf-appendix ?>
1564
1565<section title="Change Log (to be removed by RFC Editor before publication)" anchor="change.log">
1566<t>
1567  Changes up to the first Working Group Last Call draft are summarized
1568  in <eref target="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-p4-conditional-19#appendix-C"/>.
1569</t>
1570
1571<section title="Since draft-ietf-httpbis-p4-conditional-19" anchor="changes.since.19">
1572<t>
1573  Closed issues:
1574  <list style="symbols"> 
1575    <t>
1576      <eref target="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/241"/>:
1577      "Need to clarify eval order/interaction of conditional headers"
1578    </t>
1579    <t>
1580      <eref target="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/345"/>:
1581      "Required headers on 304 and 206"
1582    </t>
1583    <t>
1584      <eref target="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/350"/>:
1585      "Optionality of Conditional Request Support"
1586    </t>
1587    <t>
1588      <eref target="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/354"/>:
1589      "ETags and Conditional Requests"
1590    </t>
1591    <t>
1592      <eref target="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/361"/>:
1593      "ABNF requirements for recipients"
1594    </t>
1595    <t>
1596      <eref target="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/363"/>:
1597      "Rare cases"
1598    </t>
1599    <t>
1600      <eref target="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/365"/>:
1601      "Conditional Request Security Considerations"
1602    </t>
1603    <t>
1604      <eref target="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/371"/>:
1605      "If-Modified-Since lacks definition for method != GET"
1606    </t>
1607    <t>
1608      <eref target="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/372"/>:
1609      "refactor conditional header field descriptions"
1610    </t>
1611  </list>
1612</t>
1613</section>
1614
1615<section title="Since draft-ietf-httpbis-p4-conditional-20" anchor="changes.since.20">
1616<t>
1617  <list style="symbols">
1618    <t>
1619      Conformance criteria and considerations regarding error handling are
1620      now defined in Part 1.
1621    </t>
1622  </list>
1623</t>
1624</section>
1625
1626<section title="Since draft-ietf-httpbis-p4-conditional-21" anchor="changes.since.21">
1627<t>
1628  Closed issues:
1629  <list style="symbols"> 
1630    <t>
1631      <eref target="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/96"/>:
1632      "Conditional GET text"
1633    </t>
1634    <t>
1635      <eref target="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/350"/>:
1636      "Optionality of Conditional Request Support"
1637    </t>
1638    <t>
1639      <eref target="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/384"/>:
1640      "unclear prose in definition of 304"
1641    </t>
1642    <t>
1643      <eref target="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/401"/>:
1644      "ETags and Conneg"
1645    </t>
1646    <t>
1647      <eref target="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/402"/>:
1648      "Comparison function for If-Match and If-None-Match"
1649    </t>
1650    <t>
1651      <eref target="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/406"/>:
1652      "304 without validator"
1653    </t>
1654    <t>
1655      <eref target="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/427"/>:
1656      "If-Match and 428"
1657    </t>
1658  </list>
1659</t>
1660</section>
1661
1662<section title="Since draft-ietf-httpbis-p4-conditional-22" anchor="changes.since.22">
1663<t>
1664  Closed issues:
1665  <list style="symbols">
1666    <t>
1667      <eref target="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/436"/>:
1668      "explain list expansion in ABNF appendices"
1669    </t>
1670    <t>
1671      <eref target="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/437"/>:
1672      "incorrect example dates"
1673    </t>
1674  </list>
1675</t>
1676<t>
1677  Partly resolved issues:
1678  <list style="symbols">
1679    <t>
1680      <eref target="http://tools.ietf.org/wg/httpbis/trac/ticket/461"/>:
1681      "Editorial suggestions"
1682    </t>
1683  </list>
1684</t>
1685</section>
1686
1687<section title="Since draft-ietf-httpbis-p4-conditional-23" anchor="changes.since.23">
1688<t>
1689  None yet.
1690</t>
1691</section>
1692</section>
1693
1694</back>
1695</rfc>
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